In the lush gardens of the Southeast of the United States, wisteria has grown to be rather iconic. Since the flowers bloom in fragrant clusters of light purple to white along roadside and up the sides of houses in the spring, it is simple to find. However, wisteria doesn’t always look as it does.
: Wisteria is in the pea/bean family.
About five to seven species of woody, deciduous vines belonging to the Fabaceae (pea/bean) family make up the genus Wisteria. The third-largest family of flowering plants, Fabaceae contains over 19,500 species.
: Many wisteria plants you see are invasive in Florida.
Chinese wisteria (Wisteria sinensis) and Japanese wisteria (Wisteria floribunda), two Asian species that were brought to American horticulture in the early 19th century and are now considered invasive, have escaped into natural areas. The most popular variety of wisteria grown in Florida and other Southeastern states is Chinese wisteria, while Japanese wisteria is also present.
Many of the invasive plants resemble Wisteriaformosa, a hybrid of Chinese and Japanese wisteria.
Chinese and Japanese wisteria are both invasive and not advised in any part of Florida, according to the UF/IFAS Assessment of Non-native Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas.
: There is a native species of wisteria.
A Florida-friendly substitute is American wisteria (Wisteria frutescens). Individual blooms on stalks less than 1 cm tall, shorter (5–10 cm long), denser flower clusters, and hairless pods are characteristics of American wisteria.
In contrast, Chinese and Japanese wisteria often have pods that are densely hairy, individual blooms that are carried on stalks 1.5 to 2 cm tall, and longer flower clusters (up to 50 cm long). While Japanese and American wisteria bloom from April to June in northern Florida, Chinese wisteria often blooms in late March to early April (before the leaves have fully opened).
: American wisteria is a host plant to native butterflies and moths.
Native plants promote regional biodiversity, which is another justification for picking American wisteria. Wisteria frutescens serves as a host plant for several species of butterflies and moths, including:
- Skipper with a long tail (Urbanus proteus)
- Skipper with a silver spot (Epargyreus clarus)
- navy blue (Leptotes marina)
- Dusky zarucco wing (Erynnis zarucco)
- Moth Cuphodes wisteriae
- Moth Io (Automeris io)
- enduring bagworm (Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis)
- Canine borer moth (Synanthedon scitula)
- Moth of Limacodid (Acharia stimulea)
- a licorice twig borer moth (Ecdytolopha insiticiana)
- The duskywing of Horace (Erynnis horatius)
- Monarch moth (Hyalophora cecropia)
- Sphinx moth with blinders (Paonias excaecatus)
- White-marked tussock moth (Orgya leucostigma) (Orgya leucostigma)
- Autumn webworm (Hyphantria cunea)
: Wisteria is a toxic plant.
Although wisteria blooms can be eaten in moderation, the rest of the plant is thought to be poisonous to both people and animals and contains a number of chemicals that can seriously upset the stomach. The seeds and pods contain the highest concentration of poisons.
This serves as a reminder that you should *never* eat a plant unless you are confident of its identify and that it is safe to eat.
Large flower clusters are found on longer stems on Chinese wisteria, or Wisteria sinensis.
Florida is home to an invasive species called Chinese wisteria (Wisteria sinensis), which blooms from April to June.
An acceptable substitute for the invasive species of wisteria in Florida is American wisteria.
Flowers on the Chinese and Japanese wisteria range in color from purple to white to pink.
Wisteria flourishes in Florida, right?
If you want to add floral vines to your yard, choose a nursery that can suggest non-invasive plants to protect your landscaping and the environment. The EDIS publication “Flowering Vines for Florida,” which offers images, details on growth conditions, and flowering dates on a number of flowering vines suitable for Florida settings, is another excellent resource.
The “Amethyst Falls” In the teaching gardens at the Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, American Wisteria (Wisteria frutescens ‘Amethyst Falls’) is growing.
Wisteria frutescens, also known as American wisteria, and millettia reticulata, also known as evergreen wisteria, are both gorgeous, non-invasive alternatives for your home’s landscape. The vivid blue/purple blossoms of the native American wisteria cultivar “Amethyst Falls” bloom in the spring and summer. The blossoms won’t require the frequent pruning and vigilance associated with Chinese or Japanese wisterias, even though they might not be quite as fragrant.
A plus is that American wisteria serves as a host plant for the larvae of both the long-tailed skipper and silver-spotted skipper butterflies. Only USDA zones 5 to 9 are suitable for American wisteria, therefore it won’t thrive everywhere in Florida.
Fortunately, the fragrant flowering vine evergreen wisteria, also known as summer wisteria, can take the place of invasive wisteria in gardens around the state. A non-native, non-invasive vine with small, fragrant flowers that bloom in the summer, evergreen wisteria has glossy, leathery green leaves. Evergreen wisteria, which isn’t really a wisteria, can grow in USDA plant hardiness zones 8 to 10, preferring full sun, though it can also tolerate some shade.
Both of these vines are better suited for cultivation in your home landscaping because they are more fragile and grow less quickly than invasive wisteria.
Can Florida support the wisteria in blue?
I spent several years living in Greece, where my home was covered in bluish wisteria. It was lovely. Will it grow here?
Yes, to answer briefly. especially the bluish wisteria, also known as Wisteria sinensis or Chinese wisteria. This particular kind of wisteria is difficult to control in growth because it is not native to Florida and cannot be grown there. Although gorgeous, the Chinese wisteria that covered your house is regrettably regarded as invasive. Plants that are native to Florida may be quickly disrupted or suffocated by it when it flees for other regions. In reality, to find Chinese wisteria, you probably need to travel outside of our region. If you do manage to locate the plant, bear in mind that it grows swiftly and isn’t picky about where it grows or whose plants it tramples on on the route to maturity. In a container, grow it. Keep a constant check on it, and if it starts to grow outside the planned area, cut it back. It can change natural runoff pathways, displace wildlife, and remove native plants.
Other climbing vines that are native to Florida exist. amiable and simple to grow Please visit edis.ifas.ufl.edu/mg097. The first step is to choose the plant that will thrive in the location where you want it to grow. You can pick from a wide range of colors and lighting requirements. What area do you want it to expand? On a trellis, over a fence, or on a wall? Do you prefer planting in the sun or the shade? How would you describe your soil? All things to think about. Campsis radicans, a stunning reddish-pink vine with clinging rootlets, is known as the trumpet creeper. In your yard, trumpet creepers will cling to a wall and create a canvas for an artist.
Confederate jasmine can be planted if you want to draw pollinators. This plant thrives on a trellis and draws bees, butterflies, and passersby’s oohs and ahhs. One guideline applies to every plant you add to your landscape: Right Plant/Right Place. Please visit edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ep416.
My Satsuma orange tree is being eaten by something external to me. I speculated that it might be birds or insects. I have sat and looked for hours hoping to see some birds, but I never do. The fruit first develops a little prickly hole before starting to decay.
Well, to start with, it is bad that not all of the rewards of your labor go to you. It appears most likely that you will be competing with some early birds with outstanding taste because the hole starts off as a tiny prick. Even birds can observe things. They arrive at times when there are no people in the yard because they know when you are most likely to be outside.
(I understand that you would prefer that they visit the bird feeder rather than the Satsuma tree.) How can you help? Place the bird feeder away from those alluring fruit trees and make sure it is filled. Another option is using bird netting. If you cover the entire crop, they won’t eat your Satsumas as snacks. Another option is to frighten them away by hanging glistening, tinkling objects from the tree. It functions somewhat similarly to the scarecrow in the cornfield. Go to edis.ifas.ufl.edu/uw368 for more details.
What I observed this morning while looking out my window may shock you. a huge possum. It was daytime, and he had to weigh 20 pounds. They seemed to be nocturnal to me. Could he pose a threat?
Wow! 20 pound possum! That is strange. Although they do venture out during the day in cold weather or if their habitat has been damaged, you are correct that they are nocturnal animals. It is somewhat odd that the Didelphis virginiana opossum was searching for food so close to your home since there was no obvious supply nearby, such as cat or dog food.
Even if this visitor might not be a threat, you should nonetheless keep them away if you have a pet. (The possum will undoubtedly play possum, of course.) They do, however, have incredibly small and sharp teeth. This bold possum may be a mother seeking adequate food to make milk for the young.
They enjoy eating almost anything, including squirrels, snakes, rats, voles, cat food, and allegedly dropped bird seed combined with a few grubs.
There are a number of strategies to keep undesirable wildlife away. Put the pet food away. Maintain the garage door closed. Possums are skilled climbers and may decide to make your attic, basement, garden shed, or garage their home. Like many mammals, possums can transmit diseases, therefore it’s better to avoid interacting with them. In such cases, hiring a professional trapper to get rid of the animal is the only option. Visit edis.ifas.ufl.edu/uw070 to learn more.
Can wisteria survive a hot climate?
Wisteria sinensis is a noxious, invasive plant that shouldn’t be grown in gardens since it flourishes in the warm climates of the United States. Plant Wisteria frutescens if you want to cultivate a wisteria vine and live in a warm climate. This natural vine to America can reach heights of up to 40 feet while remaining non-invasive and hardy in USDA zones 5 through 9. In the middle of April, right after the leaves start to grow, the fragrant, lilac-purple blooms of the vine appear in 6-inch racemes.
Grow Millettia reticulata instead. The wisteria-like vine Millettia reticulata, also known as evergreen wisteria, is hardy in USDA zones 8 through 10 but is not invasive. Evergreen wisteria has leathery, glossy leaves and tiny, fragrant summer blossoms that grow to a height of around 16 feet. Plant Hardiness Zone 10 experiences winter temperatures between 35 and 40 degrees F.
The ideal places for wisteria to grow.
According to Kirsten Coffen, a landscape architect and designer based in Maryland, “its gorgeous spring-blooming cascade of purple (or white) scented flowers is best observed when trained on a structure, such as a robust pergola.”
Such a lush, floral canopy offers delightful shade throughout the sweltering summer months. According to Irene Kalina-Jones, a landscape designer at Outside Space NYC (opens in new tab), “We plant it on rooftops in the city, training it to cover pergolas to create shade.” “But I enjoy it grown against buildings, too,” you say.
Wisteria grows best in full sun in a protected location, such as a south or west-facing facade. When planting, work in a lot of organic matter (such as compost) to ensure that the soil is rich and well-drained.
If you want to grow wisteria up a wall or the front of a house, put some effort into building a strong structure that it can climb over many years. A tensioning system of wires is possibly preferable to a wooden trellis because wood can rot. The wires must either automatically tighten as the plant gains weight or be simple for you to tighten (via turnbuckles, for instance).
What distinguishes a wisteria tree from a wisteria vine?
Do wisteria vines and trees differ from one another? I’ve been looking for a place to buy a tree because I’ve seen photographs. I’m always being pointed toward the vine, though. Any information would be helpful.
“Wisteria is a deciduous twining climber native to China, Japan, and eastern United States; there is no botanical distinction between a Wisteria vine and a Wisteria tree. British Royal Horticultural Society The training and trimming make a difference. The tree form is a wonderful choice for planting Wisteria in a smaller garden because it has a 30-foot growth potential and may be rather aggressive. These two websites demonstrate how to shape a wisteria vine into either the traditional or tree form. There is also a link to instructions on growing wisteria.
Canines are wisteria poisonous?
Because wisteria doesn’t have a bad taste, dogs may eat deadly amounts of it.
Wisterias are absolutely gorgeous, with cascades of flowing purple blossoms. However, their leaves and blooms can also be dangerous in excessive numbers, and their seeds (and seed pods) are extremely poisonous to dogs.
Even worse, the results take time to manifest. Wisteria also doesn’t taste unpleasant, making it simple for dogs to consume excessive amounts before you realize there is a problem.
Where does wisteria thrive?
It is well known that wisteria take a very long time to bloom. For two to three years after planting, don’t anticipate blossoms. Some readers swear by the following technique to encourage blooming:
- To cut into part of the roots, take a shovel and drive it 8 to 10 inches into the ground approximately a foot and a half away from the main trunk of the wisteria.
- Approximately half of the roots should be damaged for the shrub to be shocked into reproduction (flowering).
- Don’t worry—impossible it’s to harm this unchecked, unwieldy, frequently invasive shrub!
- The flowers of wisteria can also be impacted by chilly winter temperatures.
Consider growing a wisteria species that is indigenous to North America if you live there, such as:
- Wisteria frutescens, also known as American wisteria, thrives in zones 5 through 9. Its original states span from Virginia to Texas, the southeast to Florida, and up into New York, Iowa, and Michigan in the north. The vine is 25 to 30 feet long, has glossy, dark-green leaves, and after the plant has begun to leaf out, develops huge, drooping clusters of lilac or purple-blue flowers. Only new wood will display the blossoms. Notably, the blossoms are typically less aromatic than those of Asian wisterias.
- In zones 4 to 9, Kentucky wisteria (Wisteria macrostachya) flourishes. Similar to American wisteria, this late-bloomer is a native of the Southeast of the United States (it is sometimes considered a variety or subspecies of American wisteria). The Kentucky wisteria is the quickest to blossom, bearing faintly fragrant bluish-purple flowers after only two to three years of growth.
- A gorgeous, silvery-blue cultivar of the native Kentucky wisteria called “Blue Moon” is particularly hardy. In late spring or early summer, it blooms. It can go as chilly as -40F. (-40C).
- Despite the fact that they are frequently marketed at nurseries and garden centers, Chinese wisteria (Wisteria sinensis) and Japanese wisteria (Wisteria floribunda) are non-native, invasive species, hence we do not suggest them for North American gardens. They can reach lengths of 30 to 60 feet and are hardy in Zones 5 to 9. (and beyond in the Southern U.S.). Japanese wisteria comes in two popular kinds, including:
- Popular plant known as “Honbeni” displays clusters of pink flowers in the late spring.
- “Alba” (also known as “Shiro Noda”) yields beautiful clusters of snow-white flowers in the late spring.
Are Wisteria Toxic to Pets and Humans?
Yes, the wisteria plant contains lectin and wisterin, which are poisonous to people, animals, and even pets. If taken in significant quantities, these poisons can result in anything from nausea and diarrhea to death.
If pets or young children frequent the area, it is a good idea to remove the seedpods after the plant has flowered because the material is particularly concentrated in the seeds and seedpods. Unaware children or animals won’t think twice about eating as many seedpods as they can because they are not unpleasant to taste or have an instant effect. In case of ingestion, contact your neighborhood poison control center.