Is There An Evergreen Wisteria

With its petite, fragrant blossoms and glossy, leathery green leaves, this woody vine adds a delicate texture to the environment. Evergreen wisteria can grow up to 30 feet tall, although it can be pruned to stay smaller. It produces a burst of wisteria-like deep mauve, pea-shaped blooms in the summer (and occasionally into the fall). Some people claim that the fragrant blossoms have a cedar or camphor scent.

It is evergreen in South Florida, as suggested by its common name, and semi-evergreen in some areas of North and Central Florida, depending on the local winter temperatures. Evergreen wisteria grows well in USDA plant hardiness zones 8 to 10, preferring full sun, though it may also tolerate some shade.

Can wisteria grow year-round?

In contrast to the popular Chinese Wisteria, the evergreen variety can remain evergreen in mild winter climates (zones 9–10) but is typically deciduous in other regions. Developed plants will consistently bloom from late spring to fall. Bees and other tiny pollinators are attracted to the flowers.

What does wisteria that is evergreen look like?

Both rabbits and chickens are considered to be animals, don’t you think? Evergreen Wisteria is neither a genuine wisteria and neither is it evergreen. Even though both Wisteria sinensis and Evergreen Wisteria belong to the same plant family called legumes and have big purple blossoms that remind me of grapes, we all recognize Wisteria sinensis as the Chinese Wisteria vine. Here’s why I prefer advising my clients to choose the Evergreen Wisteria over the Chinese Wisteria:

Features of the plant

Depending on the environment, evergreen wisteria can reach heights of 15 to 30 feet and can easily trained on any garden building. If it gets cold enough, the foliage is deciduous (drops in winter) and dark green. Since they are perennials, each spring they will produce fresh growth. The Chinese Wisteria only blooms in the spring, unlike the deep purple blossoms, which appear in the middle of summer. Another obvious distinction between Evergreen Wisteria and Chinese Wisteria is how it grows. Chinese wisteria tends to run into the lawn or garden, whereas Evergreen wisteria has a more controlled habit, clumps better, and doesn’t do that. In addition, the Evergreen has substantially fuller foliage than the Chinese Wisteria.

The Evergreen Wisteria has pea-like blooms that are 6–8 inches long and are smaller than those on the regular vine. When many plants have withered due to the heat, they bloom in the middle to late summer, which is nice. The beautiful royal purple blossoms stand out against the greenery. These flowers have AMAZING FLAVOR! Anyone and everyone will be drawn to this region of your garden by the sweet, alluring smell. They can survive in a variety of soil and moisture conditions. If pets consume the vine’s seeds or bark, they become harmful to them.

Plant Care

Evergreen wisteria should be planted in well-drained soil in a sunny location. If it isn’t raining, they prefer routine watering. Getting rid of spent blooms, or deadheading, will encourage more active flowering. A liquid fertilizer with a bloom-booster is ideal for fertilizing Evergreen Wisteria, while granular slow release fertilizer is are enough. When they are being cut back for the upcoming growth season in late winter or early spring, prune.


The Evergreen Wisteria can be trained to grow on pergolas, fences, trellises, arbors, and pretty much anything else in your yard! They can be used to add some seclusion or to cover up ugly areas like an air conditioner. They are excellent veggie garden companion plants. They fix nitrogen, a vital component of soil, in the ground. Your favorite fresh vegetables are a great addition to an edible space like a raised or rowed garden because this will also benefit the surrounding plants.

I’ve spent a lot of time teaching Evergreen Wisteria how to grow on arbors for both commercial and customer use. Truly a labor of love, it is worth every bit of effort since the opulent beauty and scent in your favorite garden seating area are the reward.

Is wisteria perennially green?

Don’t panic if your wisteria begins to drop its leaves in the fall. Deciduous wisteria predominates. Winter doesn’t keep it green, but the leaves will come back in the spring.

Before dropping their leaves, some wisteria varieties put on a show of fall color as the leaves turn yellow or gold. If it’s happening in the fall, there’s typically nothing to worry about unless you’re also observing other symptoms like an insect infestation. Yellowing and dropping leaves can be signals of disease and other problems.

While Evergreen Wisteria (Millettia reticulata) is more challenging to grow, all true Wisteria are deciduous. Your Evergreen Wisteria will most likely maintain its leaves throughout the year if you have hot summers and brief, mild winters with little below freezing. This is zone 9b and higher in the US, which includes a portion of California and Arizona as well as the southern half of Florida and Texas.

Evergreen Wisteria is deciduous like regular Wisteria in more temperate regions, so you may anticipate it to go dormant for the winter and sprout new leaves in the spring. You probably won’t be able to cultivate Evergreen Wisteria in a location that is colder than USDA zone 8 because even deciduous habit cannot shield it from prolonged, bitterly cold winters.

Types of wisteria:

There are two varieties of wisteria: Asian and American. Although aggressive growers, Asian wisterias are well-known for their stunning blossoms. American wisterias are less aggressive and still produce beautiful blossoms. Compare the most popular wisteria varieties.

Flower color:

Wisteria comes in a range of colors, such as white, pink, and blue tones, in addition to the well-known purple blossoms. If you believe you have seen a yellow wisteria flower, it was probably a golden chain tree (Laburnum).


Wisterias are deciduous, which means that when the weather becomes chilly in the fall, they lose their leaves. The misunderstanding is occasionally brought on by a different vine known as evergreen wisteria (Millettia reticulata).

Avoid planting aggressive wisterias close to your home as they can cause damage and have even been known to destroy buildings.

Wisterias can be grown in full sun or partial shade, but to promote healthy bloom development, make sure the vines get at least six hours of direct sunlight everyday. If you reside in a colder area, pick a planting location that is protected because a heavy spring frost can harm the flower buds.

Create a planting hole that is the same depth as the plant and twice as wide, then level the plant with the soil surface. Because the vines will soon fill in, you should space your plants at least 10 to 15 feet apart along the support structure.

Wisterias don’t need much care once they are planted to promote healthy growth. Water frequently over the first year until the roots take hold.

After planting, wisterias could take some time to come out of dormancy and might not start to leaf until early summer. They will leaf out at the regular time the following spring, but don’t be surprised if they don’t bloom. Wisterias take three to five years to reach full maturity and may not start blooming until then.

Wisterias grow quickly and can reach heights of up to 10 feet in in one growing season. That works out well if you need to quickly cover a fence or pergola but don’t want the vines to take over your landscape. Regular pruning (once in the summer and once in the winter) not only controls wisteria’s growth but also encourages more robust flowering by creating a framework of horizontal branches and causing spurs to grow at regular intervals.

Cut back the current year’s growth to five or six leaves in July or August, or roughly two months after the plant flowers, to get rid of stray shoots and make short branches that will produce flowers the following year. Summer pruning needs to be done more frequently. Re-prune the plant in January or February while it is dormant by removing two or three buds from the growth from the previous year.

The first few years of wisteria’s growth are crucial for creating the desired framework for the plant’s development. As soon as your wisteria begins to grow, start connecting particular lateral shoots to its support structure. You should also cut down any extra growth. An aggressive pruning may be required on elder plants to promote the growth of new branches. Cut down aging branches to the main primary stem to accomplish this. The spaces will soon be filled with new side branches that can be connected back into the support structure.

Visit the Royal Horticultural Society to view a video on how to prune wisteria vines properly.

What distinguishes a wisteria tree from a wisteria vine?

Do wisteria vines and trees differ from one another? I’ve been looking for a place to buy a tree because I’ve seen photographs. I’m always being pointed toward the vine, though. Any information would be helpful.

“Wisteria is a deciduous twining climber native to China, Japan, and eastern United States; there is no botanical distinction between a Wisteria vine and a Wisteria tree. British Royal Horticultural Society The training and trimming make a difference. The tree form is a wonderful choice for planting Wisteria in a smaller garden because it has a 30-foot growth potential and may be rather aggressive. These two websites demonstrate how to shape a wisteria vine into either the traditional or tree form. There is also a link to instructions on growing wisteria.

Do wisteria leaves fall off in the fall?

Wisteria leaves frequently turn yellow, despite the fact that illnesses rarely affect them.

Do not be alarmed if this occurs in the fall; wisteria lose their leaves in the winter.

But if leaves become yellow or lose their color in the summer, chlorosis is likely to be the cause and is brought on by the soil.

  • Wisteria struggles in soil that is very chalky, thick, or clay.
  • Put some iron sulfate in the ground.

Exists a wisteria that isn’t invasive?

Compact native wisteria blossoms can be seen twining on a Charleston, South Carolina, home’s gate.

Have you fought the invasive wisteria for half your life? Don’t give up; it has 200 years to catch up. While Wisteria floribunda was brought to the country in the 1830s, Wisteria sinensis arrived in America in 1816. “Floribunda is a fitting term for this invasive species as it is both floral and monstrously prolific. They were both brought here by well-meaning plant explorers from China and Japan, respectively. Do you hear a knock on your door? Surprise! A wisteria runner is poised to eat your banister. Your refrigerator just opened? Oh, it’s just a hungry wisteria sucker, I see. That garden gate made of iron? snapped by our pal floribunda like a chicken bone.

Wisteria that spreads quickly is perfect in today’s world of immediate pleasure. It continues to expand without stopping. After a harsh winter, the heady aroma and profusion of purple blossoms are a wonderful sign of spring. So go ahead and plant some as long as you have machete-wielding gardening security on hand constantly and/or don’t need to sleep at night. There is a wonderful alternative for those of us who cannot afford a horticultural army.

A calmer option to Asian wisteria that is native to the Southeast of the United States is Wisteria frutescens. We enquired further about this underappreciated natural gem from Peggy Cornett, the Monticello’s plant curator. She claims that by the year 1780, this hardy vine was being grown in America. It was dubbed the “Carolina Kidney Bean Tree” and was grown by Lady Jean Skipwith, a passionate gardener and plantswoman in the late eighteenth century, in her garden at Prestwould in rural south-central Virginia. In honor of his friend and mentor Caspar Wistar (1761–1818), a Philadelphia physician and paleontologist, botanist Thomas Nuttall gave the genus “wisteria” his name. However, the early nineteenth century’s introduction of the bloom-heavy Chinese and Japanese types overwhelmed interest in native wisteria.

It’s simple to identify those enlightened souls who have embraced native wisteria in G&G’s Charleston, South Carolina, headquarters. With shorter, more compact clusters of dark purple blossoms, Wisteria frutescens blooms reach their best in late spring and early summer, frequently after the Asian variety starts to fade. One such instance is the property on Tradd Street where the frutescens seen above was taken; a young vine is clinging to the iron gate. Unlike invasive wisteria, which can occasionally take up to 10 years to bloom, native wisteria develops quickly and typically blooms after the first year. Wisteria frutescens is the creeper for you if you are inspired to have wisteria in your landscaping but also want to prevent your house from being pulled off its foundation.

Are wisteria leaves yellow in the fall?

The gorgeous climbing vine wisteria features clusters of fragrant, hanging white to purple blossoms. They give fences, trellises, walls, and other structures dramatic impact where the heavy, woody vines may trail or scramble. Chinese and Japanese variants are the two most popular. Although they are both reasonably resilient vines, their lacy leaves change color and drop off in the fall. This natural occurrence or a pest, disease, or social issue could be the cause of a wisteria with yellow leaves. Investigate the reason why wisteria leaves become yellow and determine what, if anything, needs to be done to address the problem.

What season is ideal for wisteria planting?

Wisterias do best in well-drained, fertile soil, in full sun. Of the 10 species, three are grown the most frequently: Wisteria brachybotrys, Wisteria sinensis, and Wisteria floribunda, which are native to China, Japan, and the eastern United States (silky wisteria). All three species have significant growth rates and can extend out to a maximum of 20 meters (66 feet) against a wall or around 10 meters (33 feet) in trees. Wisteria can also be trained to grow as a free-standing standard in a big container or border.

Wisterias for pergolas and arches

The Japanese wisteria (Wisteria floribunda) is best exhibited hanging down from a garden structure like a pergola or arch since it has the longest flower sprays (or racemes) of all the species. They entwine in a clockwise motion while simultaneously bearing blooms and leaves. Lilac blue blooms and racemes as long as 1.2 meters (4 feet) are produced by Wisteria floribunda f. multijuga AGM in the early summer.

Wisterias for walls

Wisteria sinensis, often known as Chinese wisteria, blooms in the springtime before the leaves do. For example, Wisteria sinensis ‘Amethyst’ AGM has violet blue blooms with a reddish flush produced in dense racemes to 30cm (1ft) long in late spring or early summer. They twine anticlockwise and the racemes are shorter so they are best presented against a wall.

Silky wisteria (Wisteria brachybotrys), which can be grown against walls or on pergolas, with downy leaves and small racemes of 10-15cm (4-6in). White flowers with center yellow markings, a strong perfume, and 10-15 cm tall sprays of wisteria brachybotrys f. albiflora ‘Shiro-kapitan’ AGM bloom in the spring and early summer.

If you want to cultivate a wisteria in a big container

It is best to choose Wisteria fructens ‘Amethyst Falls’ because of its compact habit and rich clusters of lilac-blue blooms.

Always choose a wisteria that has been developed from cuttings or by grafting when purchasing one because seed-raised wisterias flower less consistently and take longer to bloom. The graft union should be seen as a swelling close to the stem’s base. Unlike species, named cultivars are virtually always grafted. Purchase your wisteria in flower or go with a specific cultivar to avoid disappointment.

Wisterias are offered for sale as container-grown plants at garden centers and online, and you can use the RHS Find a Plant tool to locate particular cultivars.

Wisteria should ideally be planted between October and April. Wisterias grown in containers can be planted at any time of the year, but fall and winter are the easiest times to maintain. Give them healthy, well-drained soil to plant in.

Wisterias bloom best in full sun, so pick a wall or pergola that faces south or west. Although blossoming will be diminished, they will still grow in light shade.

Wisterias are robust climbers that can grow to a height and width of more than 10 meters (33 feet). You’ll need to give support in the form of wires, trellises, or outside buildings like pergolas or arches against a wall. Wisteria can also be grown up a support or taught up a tree to create a standard. A wisteria can be grown in a border or container by being trained into a standard, which reduces its vigor.

If you want to grow your wisteria in a container, you’ll need a sizable one that is at least 45 cm (18 in) in diameter and is filled with potting soil with a loam basis, like John Innes No. 3.


Use Growmore or Fish, Blood and Bone on your wisteria in the spring at the suggested rate listed on the packet. Additionally, apply sulphate of potash at a rate of 20g per sq m (1/2 oz per sq yard) on sandy soils (which have low potassium levels). Fertilizers for flowering shrubs or roses are another option.

Feed wisteria in containers using Miracle-Gro, Phostrogen, or another comparable flowering plant food. A different option is to add controlled-release fertilizer to the compost.

Although wisteria has a reputation for being challenging to prune, this is untrue. Once you’ve made it a habit to prune your wisteria twice a year, you should be rewarded with a pleasing flower show.

When you prune regularly, you reduce the excessive, whippy growth from July and August to five to six leaves, or roughly 30 cm (1ft). This increases the possibility of blossom buds budding and permits the wood to ripen. Then, in February, trim these shoots even more to two or three buds, or around 10 cm (4 in), to tidy up the plant before the growing season starts and make it possible to observe the new flowers.

When your juvenile wisteria has completely covered a wall or other garden structure, start the routine pruning to promote flowering.

Small gardens benefit greatly from the training of wisteria as a free-standing standard in a border or container.

Wisteria can be trained to ascend into a tiny tree’s canopy, however doing so could eventually harm the tree. Pruning will be challenging if the plant develops into a huge tree, and a dense leaf canopy will affect flowering.

Increase your wisteria stocks by layering in the summer, taking softwood cuttings in the spring to mid-summer, or taking hardwood cuttings in the winter since seed-raised wisteria can take up to 20 years to flower.

Wisteria is typically propagated via grafting in professional nurseries, however layering is the simplest and most dependable technique for home gardeners.

Established wisteria can produce hanging, bean-like seedpods after a lengthy summer. While wisteria plants grown from seeds are typically of inferior quality, you might want to try growing wisteria yourself.

  • After the leaves have fallen, gather the seedpods and let them ripen in an open tray.
  • When the seed is ready, twist open the pod and sow it 2 cm (3/4 in) deep in seed compost.
  • Before planting if the seed is dry, soak it for 24 hours.

See our commonly asked questions page for a summary of wisteria issues.

Poor flowering

Poor flowering is the most frequent issue for backyard gardeners, and it can be brought on by a variety of factors, such as:

  • Young plants can take up to 20 years to flower, so acquire a plant that is already in bloom or go with a certain cultivar because they are typically grafted to avoid disappointment.
  • Examine your pruning methods and timing because early and midsummer trimming will prevent the growth of flowers the next year.
  • Wisteria flowers best in broad light; deep shadow produces few, if any, flowers.
  • Water your wisteria during periods of drought from July to September because a lack of water during this time will influence the development of flower buds the next year.
  • Flower buds may drop before opening as a result of spring frosts, which can harm or deform growing flowers.
  • Applying sulphate of potash in the spring will encourage bloom production for the next year in soils that may lack potassium.
  • The damage caused by pigeons or mice can be identified by torn petals or distinctive teeth marks.