Wisteria can be grown against a house wall or another robust building, like a sturdy pergola. Wisteria can be grown in a container, but only if done so as a conventional tree and with regular trimming to keep its shape. This is a highly labor-intensive option.
How to plant wisteria
Wisteria can be planted in spring or fall. Plant at the same level as it was in the original pot and water in thoroughly after thoroughly preparing the soil to guarantee a proper root run. Like an espalier fruit tree, tie the stems to horizontal galvanized wires connected to the wall. Remove all but one stem if it is climbing a pergola, and tie this stem to the post.
How to plant wisteria in a pot
Wisterias can be planted in pots, but because they are hungry plants, you will need to feed them frequently. Choose this option only if you’re training your wisteria to be a standard. Use a quality tree and shrub compost and the biggest pot you can fit. Plant at the same height as it was in the first pot and give it plenty of water.
How to care for wisteria
The wisteria plant is ravenous. During the growing season, fertilize once a month with a high potash fertilizer to promote greater flower blooming. Weekly wisteria fertilizer and watering. Use organic mulch in the fall, such as well-rotted horse dung or homemade compost, to protect your plants.
How and when to prune wisteria
Wisteria should be pruned twice a year in August and February. Focus on integrating the plant into the support throughout the first few years. This entails cutting back side shoots to five buds in early August, training in strong side shoots, and removing very low branches.
How to prune wisteria in summer
Wisteria that is pruned in the summer will produce short spurs that will transport the spring blossoms.
- Cut the long, robust shoots back from the base of the current season’s growth to a few buds.
- Choose a few sturdy shoots from young plants (less than three years old) to tie to wires or a trellis.
- Simply cut back side shoots on older wisterias to the base of your strong shoots.
Expert David Hurrion demonstrates how to prune wisteria in the summer in this little video. He demonstrates which stems to cut and how much to remove precisely:
How to prune wisteria in winter
By pruning both in winter and in the summer, you can promote the growth of the short spurs that bear the spring blooms. Anytime between late October and March is the dormant season, so do this.
- Connect fresh growth to the main structure to increase its support
- Cut back the remaining long stems sharply.
David Hurrion demonstrates how to control robust, leafy growth so it doesn’t cover budding flower buds in this video on winter-pruning wisteria:
How to propagate wisteria
Few gardeners cultivate wisteria; most opt to purchase a plant instead because it can take up to 20 years for a wisteria to bloom from a cutting. However, take softwood cuttings in the middle of April if you’re up for a battle.
- Young stems should be cut into lengths and trimmed to 10 cm, just below a leaf joint.
- Leave roughly four leaves at the top of each cutting after removing the lower ones.
- Fill pots with cutting compost, then fill them with water and let the water drain.
- Cover the cuttings with a clear plastic bag after inserting them into the pots so the leaves don’t contact.
- Make sure the cuttings are kept moist by keeping them in a well-lit area.
- Remove the bag and pot after growth is visible.
Growing wisteria: problem solving
Lack of blossoms is the most frequent issue wisteria gardeners encounter. Expecting blooms before the plant is four years old may be impractical because wisterias take their time to bloom.
David Hurrion provides tips on where to plant your wisteria, how to prune it, and how to feed it to get the most blossoms here.
Will wisteria damage my foundations?
In the spring, a house covered in wisteria looks magnificent. Can the roots harm your foundations, though? In our Quick Tips video, Catherine Mansley from BBC Gardeners’ World Magazine explains:
Can wisteria be grown indoors?
The wisteria, or Wisteria sinensis, is distinguished by its gorgeous, long-stemmed violet, blue, or white blossoms. The U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 6 through 8 are ideal for growing this pea family vine. Keep a fresh wisteria plant you’ve produced or bought indoors until spring, when you can put it outside, if it’s still too chilly outside to do so. Wisteria plants are renowned for being a robust, quickly-growing plant that thrives readily in the correct conditions, making caring for them indoors rather simple.
Mix peat moss with potting soil that won’t dry out quickly in a planter. Create a hole in the middle, then insert the plant. Around the plant’s base, compact the soil firmly before covering it with wood chips to retain moisture.
Put the plant in a location that gets plenty of direct sunshine within your house. Wisterias thrive in areas with some humidity, so make sure the area where you put the plant isn’t too dry. Keep the pot away from furnaces, heating vents, and other extremely dry areas of your house.
The wisteria plant should be placed on a stool or another high surface so that the vines can grow down the pot’s side. If you intend to replant the wisteria vine outside, it is recommended to grow the vine straight down even though it grows best on trellises or wire frames.
Pruning the wisteria vine will prevent it from becoming too big to be moved easily outside. Wisteria vines expand quickly, but trimming them will keep them under control. When new shoots begin to dangle too far over the side of the container, prune them back with pruning shears.
Where shouldn’t wisteria be grown?
In order to support the massive vine, the wisteria’s root system extends out widely and dives deep. Do wisteria roots exhibit aggression? Yes, wisteria’s root system is highly aggressive. Avoid planting wisteria next to walls or walkways because of its extensive and strong root system. These are easily harmed by a wisteria’s root system.
Experts advise inserting a corrugated panel about 6 feet (1.8 m) long and several feet (1 m) broad beside the plant to redirect the roots if you find a wisteria close to a building or pathway.
Can wisteria be grown in a tiny garden?
Wisteria is one of the best ornamental vines because of its elegant foliage, fascinating drooping seed pods, stunning fall colors, and attractive gnarled trunks and twisted branches in winter. In addition, it has pendulous racemes that hang down to form a colorful curtain of fragrant flowers in the spring and summer.
Wisterias are robust, deciduous climbers that require a lot of space to develop. However, if they are trained as a standard, with their flowers hanging down like porcelain drop earrings, their lacy foliage and extraordinary beauty in bloom may still be appreciated in tiny settings. Additionally, since stepladders won’t be necessary, pruning your wisteria will be simple.
Short flower cluster wisterias would work better for this kind of planting.
- You can locate a lovely candidate among the Japanese Wisterias (Wisteria floribunda) in “Domino.”
- With their large racemes of intensely scented, densely packed flowers blossoming early in the season, the majority of Silky Wisterias (Wisteria brachybotrys or Wisteria venusta) would also suffice. These are available in a lovely assortment of hues, including “Shiro-kapitan” in white, “Okayama” in mauve, and “Showa-Beni” in pink.
Does wisteria require a trellis to grow?
In the spring, wisteria blooms ferociously, producing clusters of lilac-colored flowers on fresh growth that develops from spurs off the main stalks. Check out our Wisteria Growing Guide for more information on wisteria maintenance, including planting and pruning.
Wisteria is a long-living vining shrub with cascades of blue to purple blossoms that, in the spring and early summer, look stunning hanging from a pergola or archway. However, this vine is known to grow fairly heavy and to grow quickly and aggressively, frequently reaching lengths of more than 30 feet. It’s advised not to put wisteria vines too close to your home since they will squirm their way into any crack or crevice they can find.
Beautifully fragrant wisteria flowers offer a feast for the senses. A brown, bean-like pod remains on the plant during the winter after flowering. There are only blooms on fresh growth.
Note: Be careful when planting wisteria! The wisteria plant contains lectin and wisterin, which are poisonous to people, animals, and even pets. If taken in significant quantities, these poisons can result in anything from nausea and diarrhea to death.
Is Wisteria an Invasive Plant?
The wisteria species Wisteria sinensis and Wisteria floribunda, which are not native to North America, are regarded as invasive in several areas. If you want to add a new wisteria to your garden, we advise choosing one of the native North American varieties, such as American wisteria (Wisteria frutescens) or Kentucky wisteria (Wisteria macrostachya), which are excellent alternatives to the Asian species.
Do you want to know how to distinguish between North American and Asian species?
While North American wisteria is not quite as aggressive in its growing tendencies and has smooth seed pods and fruits in addition to more-or-less cylindrical, bean-shaped seeds, Asian wisteria is an aggressive grower with fuzzy seed pods. Another distinction is that the flowers of American and Kentucky wisterias appear in the late spring after the plant has begun to leaf out, whereas those of Chinese wisteria do not.
When to Plant Wisteria
- Plant during the plant’s dormant season in the spring or fall.
- Wisteria can be grown from seed, although plants from seeds frequently take many years to mature and begin to bloom. It is advised to buy wisteria plants that are already established or to begin with a cutting.
Where to Plant Wisteria
- Put a plant in full sun. Even while wisteria will grow in some shade, it won’t likely bloom. Sunlight is necessary.
- Wisteria should be grown in fertile, wet, but well-draining soil.
- Wisteria will grow in most soils unless it is in bad condition, in which case you need add compost. Find out more about soil improvements and getting the soil ready for planting.
- Because wisteria grows swiftly and can easily engulf its neighbors, pick a location apart from other plants.
- Additionally, wisteria is renowned for encroaching on and infiltrating surrounding buildings like homes, garages, sheds, and so on. We highly advise against growing wisteria too near your house!
- Wisteria vines need a very strong support, like a metal or wooden trellis or pergola, to climb on. Plan carefully and use substantial materials to construct your structure because mature plants have been known to become so heavy that they destroy their supports.
Wisteria looks gorgeous growing up the side of a house, but use caution when planting it because it is a very strong vine that will get into any crack or gap!
Caring for Wisteria
- Apply a 2-inch layer of mulch and a layer of compost under the plant each spring to keep moisture in and keep weeds at bay.
- Phosphorus is often used by gardeners to promote flowering. In the spring, work a few cups of bone meal into the soil. Then, in the fall, add some rock phosphate. Study up on soil amendments.
- If you get less than an inch of rain each week, water your plants. (To determine how much rain you are receiving, set an empty food can outside and use a measuring stick to gauge the depth of the water.)
- During the summer, try pruning the out-of-control shoots every two weeks for more blooms.
- In the late winter, prune wisteria. Remove at least half of the growth from the previous year, leaving only a few buds on each stem.
- Also prune in the summer after customary flowering if you prefer a more formal appearance. On fresh growth, spurs from the main shoots of the wisteria develop its blossoms. Trim back every new shoot from this year to a spur, leaving no more than 6 inches of growth. So that there are no free, trailing shoots, the entire plant can be trained, roped in, and otherwise organized throughout this procedure.
- Mature plants that have been cultivated informally require little to no more pruning. However, for a plant that has been formally trained, side branches should be pruned back in the summer to 6 inches, then again in the winter to 3 buds.
- Possess you a fresh wisteria? After planting, aggressively prune the vine. Then, the next year, trim the main stem or stems to a height of 3 feet from the growth of the previous year. After the framework has grown to its full size, midsummer extension growth should be cut back to where it started that season.
Which climbers may be grown in containers?
Climbers that are cultivated in containers are quite adaptable and can give the landscape a new dimension, soften sharp edges, and add color and interest. They are ideal for giving patios and even balconies more height or for providing an extra measure of privacy from nosy neighbors. The majority of climbers can be grown in pots, while some are more suitable than others and some are only compatible with very big pots. The most popular selections are compact varieties of clematis and lonicera, but there are many more options as well.
- One of the most well-liked climbers is the clematis, which has distinctive blossoms in a variety of hues, including reds, purples, blues, pinks, and whites. They grow best in the sun or light shade, are often totally hardy, and are normally relatively simple to maintain.
- Clematis that grow slowly are ideal for container gardening since they stay compact and bloom early. For a spectacular floral display, think about mixing two types with complimentary colors in the same container.
- Three major classifications of clematis dictate how they should be grown:
- Early blossoming is in Group 1. In the winter or spring, clematis blooms on growth from the previous year. Pick a location that is bright and protected, prune sparingly, and incorporate the majority of evergreen clematis.
- Group 2 includes deciduous clematis, which bloom profusely in late spring and early summer or in the middle to late summer of the present growing season.
- Group 3 is a diverse group of herbaceous and late-flowering clematis that die back to the ground in the winter. includes clematis cultivars with modest, fragrant flowers as well as those with enormous, showy blossoms.
- Deciduous clematis should be planted with the root ball 5-8cm (2-3 inches) below the soil surface to encourage underground growth and to help protect them from clematis wilt. Like the majority of other climbers, evergreen cultivars like Clematis Armandii should be planted with the crown at soil level.
- In order for clematis to climb, leaf stalks must be wrapped around supports, hence some kind of support must be offered. To achieve this, you can either attach or incorporate a support, such a trellis, inside your container or place it close to a wall or fence that has horizontal wires placed.