What To Do With Monstera Roots

If you have prior expertise caring for plants, this should be quite simple because pruning aerial roots is no different from pruning any other sort of plant.

A pair of well-kept, razor-sharp, and sanitised shears is required. The shears must be sterile, just like with any kind of pruning. They could bring bacteria and fungi that could hurt or kill your plant if you don’t thoroughly clean them. Even though Monsteras are reputed to be rather robust and that is the worst-case situation, you don’t want to take any chances.

Cut immediately before the root touches the node or stem when you prune the aerial roots of your Monstera back to the stem. But be careful not to cut too near, as this might weaken the stem and provide a convenient entry point for pests, fungi, and bacteria to attack your plant. It’s crucial to eliminate the root entirely, not just a portion of it.

It is best to cut back the aerial roots of a Monstera Deliciosa after the growing season, which is typically in early spring and summer. You should be aware that pruning can promote aerial root growth, causing numerous roots to emerge where there was previously just one.

If you choose to cut a Monstera’s aerial roots, keep in mind that they are essential to the plant’s development. Even though the Monstera is intended to grow vertically, you may not want to encourage this growth. In addition to going against the plant’s nature, removing aerial roots will prevent it from absorbing part of the moisture that it would have through the roots.

How are aerial roots on Monstera used?

A gentle, damp cloth or a fast shower with lukewarm water can be used to clean your monstera’s leaves, especially the oldest ones on the plant, to eliminate any dust accumulation.

Only two fertiliser applications will be required for your monstera throughout the entire year: one in early spring and one in late summer.

Your monstera plant will eventually develop aerial roots from its stem. These aerial roots are there to support the plant; do not cut them off. If any aerial roots are too short to support a climbing plant, train them back into the soil to absorb more nutrients when they are long enough.

Can I remove the air roots from Monstera?

Your Monstera naturally has aerial roots. No need to chop them off, please. As long as you use a clean, sharp blade and cut them back if they are blocking the path, it is acceptable.

The main plant of your Monstera won’t suffer if the aerial roots are cut off. These roots are designed to ascend, not to absorb nourishment.

For additional information on what to do with the aerial roots of your Monstera, keep reading!

Can you plant aerial roots of Monstera in the ground?

Monstera deliciosa is a climber plant by nature, just like many other Aroids (members of the Araceae family). In order to ascend to the upper and better-lit sections of the forest, it requires taller trees and other supports.

In their native habitat of tropical woods in Central America, wild Monstera deliciosa individuals have aerial roots that can reach a height of over 30 metres (100 ft.). These can extend all the way from the plant’s tallest points to the ground. But what do these worm-like, woody, brown or green appendages that emerge from the stem serve for?

Although they don’t usually, monstera aerial roots frequently emerge from the nodes of the plant in a manner similar to leaves or regular roots. They may be as big as one centimetre (0.4 in thickness.) On Monstera, aerial roots serve two primary purposes:

  • supplying water and nutrients. The airborne roots that touch the forest floor and hang down underground transform into regular roots. Aerial-subterranean roots are these (Hinchee, 1981). They take in water and nutrients, carrying them all the way to the top of the plant where they are disseminated throughout the entire plant.
  • Anchoring. It is evident that a plant would simply fall off the tree or rock it is growing on if there was no method to hold it as it reaches for the sky. In order to keep the Monstera in place without becoming parasitic, aerial roots assist in grasping onto the surface.

The Monstera deliciosa is not the only indoor plant that develops aerial roots; aerial roots are actually quite prevalent among plants. Other aroids do this as well. If ignored or tilted too much to one side, succulents may also develop aerial roots, but they are not intended for climbing. The magnificent Banyan tree is a further wonderful illustration (Ficus benghalensis).

Did you realise? After they enter the earth, aerial-subterranean roots can branch out much like regular roots. However, it is less frequent and mostly occurs when their growth tip has been harmed.

Aerial roots vs. soil roots

As was already mentioned, there are certain functional similarities between the aerial roots and soil roots of Monstera. In fact, some aerial roots actually touch the earth and serve the same purpose as deep roots.

Are you aware? A mature Monstera deliciosa in the wild may end up relying only on its aerial roots. It could become disconnected from the soil roots and the location where it first appeared. It is now classified as a hemiepiphyte, which is a type of plant that grows on rocks or other plants without using parasites for part of its life cycle.

What do aerial roots look like?

It’s not hard to spot an aerial root on a Monstera deliciosa houseplant. It may begin green, but unlike typical roots, it gradually develops a coating of brown, woody material.

Monstera aerial roots can become quite thick in the wild, although they usually remain thin indoors. As your plant searches for support, they can become rather long and protrude in all directions.

Attaching your Monstera deliciosa to a moss pole could be helpful if many aerial roots are developing (also called a plant totem). This will provide a surface for the roots to cling to. Since they are climbing plants, they will develop more effectively in this manner. Additionally, it lessens the possibility of branches breaking in the future!

Can I remove aerial roots?

You can, indeed. Your Monstera Deliciosa won’t suffer any harm if the aerial roots are cut, and they will quickly regrow. Although some individuals may find it an eyesore, you can also leave them alone. These air roots have a tendency to grow out of control and resemble wild cables. When cutting the air roots, take care not to harm the Monstera root node. However, remain composed and cut them off.

With aerial roots, how do you repot Monstera deliciosa?

Because it is a tropical jungle plant, the Swiss cheese plant needs rich, nutrient-dense soil that retains moisture without becoming soggy. Peat moss is a fantastic addition to a typical, high-quality potting soil.

A pot with many of drainage holes and a depth deep enough to fit a stout stake should be chosen. The soil mixture should fill the bottom third of the pot. Lightly press the stake into the centre. Very tall and mature cheese plants will require assistance from a second person to support the upper sections when being potted.

The original soil line on the plant should be slightly below the location of the new line when the base of the plant is placed within the container. The area around the aerial roots and base roots should be filled in. Utilizing plant ties, secure the stem to the stake by compacting the potting material around the stake.

When should my Monstera be repotted?

The lovely swiss cheese plant thrives in nutrient-dense, rich soil that retains moisture without becoming always wet. The majority of premium potting soils will perform admirably. The Monstera will be particularly content if some coconut coir and/or perlite are added to the mixture. Making your own potting soil can be less expensive than buying it from the neighbourhood garden centre.

Remember to check that the pot you choose for your next project has enough draining holes. You don’t want the pot to fill up with too much water and risk root damage.

It’s time to move after you have the new pot and fresh potting soil. If you’re going to repot your Monstera deliciosa, be sure to first remove all of the old dirt by scooping it out with your hands or a spoon (but don’t press too hard or you risk damaging the roots). Make a hole at the top of your container large enough to fit all of the roots using fresh potting soil. The size of the Monstera will determine if you need a second hand to help you.

Fresh soil should fill the bottom third of the pot; lightly press it down with your hand. After setting the plant’s base on top of the soil, begin adding the remaining soil. Recompress the earth when the root system is completely covered. The plant should have a sturdy, upright posture. Add more dirt if it still feels a little loose.

Last but not least, irrigate the replanted Monstera deliciosa by around it with some room-temperature water and allowing it sink into the soil from above. Don’t overwater your plant; wait until it’s time to water again before replacing it in its location.

Repotting a Monstera is a crucial procedure that, depending on the size of your plan and the soil’s quality, you might perform once or twice a year. The optimum time of year to repot is usually in the early spring, before new leaves begin to emerge. Your plant will benefit from having new soil because it will give it the boost it needs for a spring and summer growth spurt. This will also work, albeit not as well, if you decide to repot later in the year.

Do I need to bury aerial roots?

Because they take in moisture and carbon dioxide, aerial roots on orchids are essential to the plant’s ability to develop healthy roots, leaves, and flowers. Even if the roots appear to be dead, this is true. The best course of action is to ignore the air roots.

Extensive aerial roots may indicate that your orchid is overgrown and requires a larger pot. Lower aerial roots can now be buried in the new container. Avoid forcing the roots since they can break if you do.

Are Monstera roots water-soluble?

The Monstera deliciosa can be easily rooted in water, just as many other plants. In addition to creating a stunning display piece, water propagation is a reasonably simple method of growing numerous new Monsteras with little effort. A few simple tools, a lot of sunshine, and lots of time are all you need.

You must locate a region of the Monstera deliciosa plant that has a node if you want to root it in water. Place the cutting in water in a location with bright, indirect light after using sharp shears to remove the plant beneath the node. After a few weeks, the cutting’s tip should start to sprout roots.

There is much more to this process than what is described above, but this quick summary gives you a decent idea of how simple it is to grow a Monstera in water. The remainder of the essay will cover the specifics of rooting a Monstera in water, what to expect from a cutting that has been propagated in this manner, and some advantages and disadvantages of water propagation.

Why are the roots of my plant emerging from the ground?

There are four reasons why a plant’s roots will start to show in a plant pot: the plant is root-bound; the pot is too small; the soil is too compact; or there are other environmental factors that limit the amount of nutrients in the soil.

Either the top of the soil or the bottom of the plant pot’s drainage holes will be where the roots first become visible.

Repotting is the most efficient way to solve the issue. Repotting the plant can provide the soil and room the roots need to acquire nutrients and oxygen.

To ensure that you are repotting correctly, there are a few typical mistakes to avoid, all of which we have covered in this post.

[…] Plants with bare roots are exactly what they sound like: naked roots! Hence, there is no soil included. As the excess weight of the dirt is removed, this shipping method is quite economical. […]

[…] This will stop rootbound symptoms and any other plant diseases brought on by compressed roots. […]

[…] in gently damp wood can even live bare root (that is, without being packed with a ball of soil) if they have robust roots. […]

Most root-bound plants have a variety of issues, while certain plants prefer to be root-bound.

Why do aerial roots require soil penetration?

Aerial roots serve a variety of purposes. They aid in the exchange of air, growth, stability, and nutrition. Aerial roots can frequently be cut off without endangering the plant. They are sometimes necessary for the health of the plant, though, and are better left alone.

How can a Monstera be made bushier?

Owners of Monstera deliciosa adore this plant for its big, glossy leaves, simple maintenance requirements, and the tropical feel it adds to a space. Additionally, they are fantastic for those who want to make a statement with a large plant but don’t want to spend a bunch. When given the proper care, monsteras can grow astonishingly quickly, although they don’t always take on the shape that their owners desire.

How is a Monstera shaped? Your Monstera deliciosa’s shape can be altered by trimming it or altering its surroundings. Pruning is removing a portion of the plant, whereas environmental modifications involve adjusting the plant’s light conditions, container size, or stakes.

I’ll give you a quick summary of why Monsteras develop the way they do and what to anticipate from this plant when allowed to grow organically in the sections below. I’ll also provide you with training advice so you can develop your Monstera in a particular way and some techniques for doing so.