Selecting the ideal Monstera plant is a difficult undertaking. When making your pick, a number of things are taken into account.
Do you want your plant to be large or tiny, to have leaves with or without variegation, or to have a classic shape or an exquisite shape?
No matter what you decide, there is sure to be a Monstera variety that will meet all of your requirements.
First Time Adopter
For those who are just getting started, the Monstera Deliciosa is a great plant. It’s not overly huge or little, making maintenance simple. This plant has a classic shape and has lovely split leaves. Both your demands and preferences will be met by it!
Monstera Adansonii is an excellent alternative. It’s a stunning plant with a sophisticated design and fenestrated leaves, which are currently quite popular among plant enthusiasts.
The variegated Monstera might be something you want to buy if you’re a plant collector.
Monstera that is variegated has altered leaves that have lighter areas on them. These blotches can be yellow, pale green, or white.
Because Monstera is so rare, variegated plants typically cost more than plain green ones.
Additionally, because they are more likely to develop root rot, variegated monsteras are more difficult to maintain because their patterns may be unstable and capable of returning to full green.
Monstera Albo Borsigiana and Monstera Thai Constellation are the two most well-known variegated Monsteras.
The One We All Dream About
Undoubtedly the rarest member of the Monstera genus is Monstera obliqua. According to reports, the Monstera Obliqua has only ever been observed 17 times in the wild.
Monstera Obliqua and Monstera Adansonii are frequently confused. They both have the same traits, however there are some significant variations. It has been noted that Monstera obliqua appears to have more holes than leaves. The fenestrations are so severe that the leaf occasionally resembles lace. And in contrast to the thick, strong leaves of Adansonii, their leaves are much more fragile.
This variety of Monstera is by far the most expensive. One cut might cost anything from $5,000 to $8,000 USD.
How to Pick a Healthy Monstera
When trying to buy a Monstera, it’s crucial to be aware of the several warning signals that the plant might not be in good health.
When trying to decide whether the Monstera plant you’re thinking about buying is healthy or not, there are a few characteristics you should keep an eye out for. Poor plant health can result from pest infestations, foliage issues, and other factors.
Watch for Monstera leaves curl and browning
The general condition of the leaves is the first indication you ought to check for when evaluating a plant. Avoid buying this specific Monstera plant if the leaves are curled or if there is browning anywhere on the plant.
A Monstera with curling and browning leaves may have been subjected to a situation including too much sunlight, too little water, or maybe both.
Check for Pests Infestation
If there are any evidence of pests on the leaves or stems, it is another clue that your new Monstera is unhealthy. On a Monstera, you might encounter a number of pests, including mealy bugs, mealy bugs, and spider mites.
The presence of tiny insects or tiny white “dust” on the foliage of Monstera plants can indicate a pest infestation. Check for dark patches or discoloration around the stems and leaves as well. These are very subtle indications that your plant may have come into contact with pests.
If your Monstera has pests, you’ll need to cure it to get rid of the issue, which can take time and money you don’t have.
How can you tell if Monstera is harmful?
12 typical issues with Monstera
- Foliage yellowing is a problem.
- Issue: Curling leaves, either inward or outward.
- Roots are rotting, and the plant is deteriorating.
- A wilting plant is the issue.
- Foliage blackening is a problem.
- Issue: browning of the foliage.
- Monstera is having trouble maturing.
- There is an infestation.
How can I tell if my Monstera is about to die?
A monstera plant frequently dies as a result of low humidity, being underwatered, and cold weather. Monstera are tropical plants that require thorough watering every 7 days, temperatures between 60F and 85F, and regular misting. Drought-related death of the monstera is indicated by brown, curled, or drooping leaves.
It is crucial to mimic the environment of a dying monstera, including humidity levels of around 30 percent, temperatures between 60 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit, direct sunlight, and a watering cycle that involves thorough soaking followed by a brief period of drying out for the top inch of the potting medium.
Continue reading to find out the causes of your monstera plant’s (Swiss cheese plant) demise and how to put the answers into practise to bring it back to life.
How can you maintain a healthy Monstera?
- Balance the sun’s and the shade’s intensity. The leaves of Monstera become yellow when exposed to excessive sunlight. The plant will display a condition known as negative phototropism, in which new leaves develop toward the darkness rather than the light, if kept in the dark. (It’s a really cunning trick: in the jungle, nighttime indicates the presence of a taller tree that Monstera can scale to reach the sun.) Indirect sunlight is preferable because this isn’t attainable in a living room.
- Water Monstera once a week, evenly and moderately. Prior to adding more water, allow the soil to become somewhat dry. Keep in a relatively humid setting.
- Avoid repotting too frequently and trim regularly by pinching off new growth to control excessive growth.
Scientists have proposed the following theories as to why Monstera leaves have holes: The ability to capture sunlight on the rainforest floor is increased, according to one idea, by this puncture. According to the other theory, it allows tropical downpours to pass through the leaves, preventing harm to the plant. This explains Hurricane Plant, another name for Monstera.
Note that some of our favourite indoor plants are native to the tropics. Check out Tropical Plants 101: A Guide to Planting, Care & Design for more information. More ideas for indoor plants can be found at:
How can you know if Monstera is submerged or over?
One of those problems where there are a variety of potential causes (such as nutrient deficiency). But your monstera’s leaves could turn yellow if you overwater it or submerge it.
What’s the difference?
Overwatered: The older leaves or the leaves toward the bottom of the plant will yellow first if your monstera is receiving too much water.
Underwatered: If your monstera is very dry, yellowish leaves will begin to appear on the entire plant, possibly beginning with the younger, more delicate leaves.
What appearance does Overwatered Monstera have?
The Swiss cheese plant, or Monstera, is a great choice for interior design because of its distinctively sized leaves. However, if not properly cared for, the plant is susceptible to temperature changes and overwatering and may display unfavourable symptoms including drooping and discoloured areas on the foliage. What are the symptoms of monstera overwatering, and how can you save the plant?
The yellowing, drooping, and development of brown patches on the leaves are indications of an overwatered monstera plant. To prevent root rot, repot the monstera in a potting mixture that drains properly. Lightly water the plant to keep the soil moist, and then wait until the top 2-3 inches of soil are completely dry before watering the plant again.
Why is the light green of my new Monstera leaf?
Up until they get darker and enlarge, Monstera’s fresh leaves have a pale green colour. The leaf will acquire a deeper shade of green as more chlorophyll is added to it. Mature Monstera leaves can turn light green, which can be an indication of a problem if there is not enough light, nitrogen, or water. If the issue is not resolved, the light green of the Monstera leaf will become yellow and ultimately brown. In this post, you’ll learn how monstera leaves typically grow and when having light green leaves is a problem.
Why is my Monstera drooping so much?
The Monstera prefers persistently moist soil. Make sure your plant is not being overwatered or overgrown. Water according to a regular schedule when the top 2-3 inches of soil are dry.
You can see weak, drooping, and perhaps even turning dark leaves if you unintentionally let the soil on your Monstera plant dry out completely. A thorough soak is necessary if the soil is very dry over the entire container.
How to soak-water your Monstera is as follows:
- Without the saucer, put your plant in the sink or bathtub. Pour roughly 3 to 4 cups of water into your basin. Check to see if the water is warm.
- Give your plant at least 45 minutes to absorb water through the drainage hole in the bottom of the pot.
- After giving your plant a soak, feel the soil’s top to see if the water has gotten to the top 2-3 inches.
- If the soil on your Monstera doesn’t feel completely saturated, water it a little from the top to hasten soaking.
- Drain the sink or tub once the soil of your plant is evenly moist, and then leave it to rest while it completely drains. Put the plant back in its proper place on the saucer.
As a tropical plant, your Monstera will flourish in more humid conditions. By regularly spraying the leaves of your plant, using a pebble tray, or placing a humidifier close by, you can raise the humidity level in the area around it.
Should I remove the brown-spotted Monstera leaves?
Your Monstera should have any damaged leaves removed. Trimming dead leaves helps your plant’s health in addition to improving its appearance.
- Unable to photosynthesize are dead leaves. Any brown or black areas on your Monstera’s leaves are no longer able to supply the plant with energy.
- Dead leaf sections have no protection against rot and infection in comparison to healthy leaves. Dead plant cells provide nutrients that are consumed by bacteria and fungi. For instance, you can notice mould growing on dead leaves that have been left on the plant or in the soil. To help defend the remainder of the plant against these diseases, remove any dark or damaged tissue.
It is possible that only the ripped edge of a leaf will become brown to seal a cut if there is only very minimal damage, such as accidently ripping or torn a portion of the leaf. Leave minor imperfections alone if they don’t affect other parts of the plant or interfere with your pleasure of the plant’s aesthetics.
Monstera damage to the roots and stems can be more serious than damage to the leaves because it prevents the plant from transporting water and nutrients. Visit our soon-to-be-available guides on stem damage and root rot.
Why do the leaves of my Monstera curl?
Learning to spot warning signals that your monstera is unhappy is among the most crucial aspects of monstera care. Most of these signals will be easiest to spot in the leaves. Consequently, what should you do if you find that your monstera leaves are curling?
The main offender is probably thirst or dryness. Your monstera may not be receiving enough water or the surroundings may be too dry if its leaves are curling and even seeming slightly brittle.
However, flooding your plant with additional water might not be the best solution! It’s crucial to identify the cause of your monstera’s drying out so you can address the underlying issue rather than just applying a Band-Aid repair that will only work momentarily or, worse, make matters worse!
What to do if you find your monstera leaves curling and drying out, as well as three reasons why your monstera may be too dry, are given below.
How frequently should my Monstera be misted?
Almost area in your house is a good place to plant Monstera! It can withstand low light, but develops more quickly and dramatically in an area with bright indirect light. Having said that, stay out of direct, bright sunlight as it could burn the foliage. Use a grow lamp if you don’t have access to an area with the right illumination for your Monstera.
When the top 5075 percent of the soil is dry, water your Monstera. Pour water into the pot until it begins to drain through the drainage hole at the bottom, then drain any excess water into the saucer.
Almost any atmosphere will be favourable for this plant, but if you want to give it a particular treat, spritz it once a week with a Mister. The water will have plenty of time to evaporate before dark if you spritz your Monstera in the morning.
The ideal temperature range for your Monstera is between 60 and 80 degrees. Under 55 degrees or sharp decreases in temperature are intolerable to it. In the winter, stay away from direct heater airflow and cold draughts.
Feed your plant once a month in the spring and summer for best results, using our All Purpose Fertilizer (20-20-20). To promote growth and root health, a little food will go a long way. Giving your Monstera a chance to relax during the cooler months of the year is vital since fertiliser is not required throughout the winter.
Both humans and animals are slightly poisonous to monstera leaves. Ingestion frequently results in tongue and stomach discomfort, as well as potential vomiting.
Massive leaves may attract dust. To maintain the leaves clean and healthy, use microfiber dusting gloves to wipe them down whenever you see that they are dusty or soiled. Monstera plants like to climb in the wild. You can use a moss pole or a dowel to stake wild offshoots of your Monstera in order to encourage it to grow upward. Make careful to use clean, sharp Plant Snips while trimming your Monstera.
How frequently should Monstera be watered?
Monstera deliciosa and Monstera adansonii are the two varieties of Monstera that are grown as indoor plants. In addition to having entirely enclosed leaf holes, Monstera adansonii differs from M. deliciosa by having longer, tapering leaves. Leaf holes on Monstera deliciosa eventually mature, move toward the edge, and then open up.
Though they hardly ever flower or produce edible fruit inside, they are one of the few aroids that produce edible fruit, especially Monstera deliciosa, which is a member of the Araceae, the Aroid Family. Although the indigenous peoples of Central America had been familiar with monsteras for a very long time, the botanical community only became publicly aware of them in the early 20th century, like many aroids.
thrives in direct light that is bright to medium. Although it cannot tolerate strong, direct sunlight, it can become accustomed to it.
Water every one to two weeks, letting the soil dry out in between applications. In brighter light, water more frequently, and in less-bright light, less frequently. Pro tip: Water that has been filtered or set out overnight before use is beneficial for monsteras.
Although normal room humidity will do, humid circumstances are preferred. Use a fine-mist mister or humidifier to increase the humidity level in the room.
Most houseplants enjoy temperatures between 65F and 85F. (18C-30C). It’s ideal to keep the temperature above 60F. (15C).
Use a potting mix that drains effectively. As needed, include elements like perlite or lava rocks to improve soil aeration.
The Monstera is a calm and often pest-free plant. Treat pests as soon as they show up by wiping down the plant frequently and weekly applications of a natural insecticide like neem oil.
SYMPTOM: Edges of leaves that are turning brown and crunchy. CAUSE: Overwatered, thirsty, or high salt buildup