Monstera deliciosa and Monstera adansonii are the two varieties of Monstera that are grown as indoor plants. In addition to having entirely enclosed leaf holes, Monstera adansonii differs from M. deliciosa by having longer, tapering leaves. Leaf holes on Monstera deliciosa eventually mature, move toward the edge, and then open up.
Though they hardly ever flower or produce edible fruit inside, they are one of the few aroids that produce edible fruit, especially Monstera deliciosa, which is a member of the Araceae, the Aroid Family. Although the indigenous peoples of Central America had been familiar with monsteras for a very long time, the botanical community only became publicly aware of them in the early 20th century, like many aroids.
thrives in direct light that is bright to medium. Although it cannot tolerate strong, direct sunlight, it can become accustomed to it.
Water every one to two weeks, letting the soil dry out in between applications. In brighter light, water more frequently, and in less-bright light, less frequently. Pro tip: Water that has been filtered or set out overnight before use is beneficial for monsteras.
Although normal room humidity will do, humid circumstances are preferred. Use a fine-mist mister or humidifier to increase the humidity level in the room.
Most houseplants enjoy temperatures between 65F and 85F. (18C-30C). It’s ideal to keep the temperature above 60F. (15C).
Use a potting mix that drains effectively. As needed, include elements like perlite or lava rocks to improve soil aeration.
The Monstera is a calm and often pest-free plant. Treat pests as soon as they show up by wiping down the plant frequently and weekly applications of a natural insecticide like neem oil.
SYMPTOM: Edges of leaves that are turning brown and crunchy. CAUSE: Overwatered, thirsty, or high salt buildup
How can I maintain a healthy Monstera plant?
- Balance the sun’s and the shade’s intensity. The leaves of Monstera become yellow when exposed to excessive sunlight. The plant will display a condition known as negative phototropism, in which new leaves develop toward the darkness rather than the light, if kept in the dark. (It’s a really cunning trick: in the jungle, nighttime indicates the presence of a taller tree that Monstera can scale to reach the sun.) Indirect sunlight is preferable because this isn’t attainable in a living room.
- Water Monstera once a week, evenly and moderately. Prior to adding more water, allow the soil to become somewhat dry. Keep in a relatively humid setting.
- Avoid repotting too frequently and trim regularly by pinching off new growth to control excessive growth.
Scientists have proposed the following theories as to why Monstera leaves have holes: The ability to capture sunlight on the rainforest floor is increased, according to one idea, by this puncture. According to the other theory, it allows tropical downpours to pass through the leaves, preventing harm to the plant. This explains Hurricane Plant, another name for Monstera.
Note that some of our favourite indoor plants are native to the tropics. Check out Tropical Plants 101: A Guide to Planting, Care & Design for more information. More ideas for indoor plants can be found at:
Do Monstera plants require little maintenance?
One of the most well-known indoor plants is Monstera deliciosa, and its reputation is well-earned. It has a distinctive appearance and may blend in beautifully with many different interior design trends. One indoor plant that develops quickly is this one. A Monstera plant can develop into a stunning showpiece in your house with a few years of good maintenance.
Is it simple to take care of Monstera deliciosa? Yes! One of the simpler houseplants to maintain is the monstera. Their primary needs include ample sunshine and proper watering. These two aspects are the most crucial for having a healthy Monstera deliciosa, however they do have some additional preferences.
This is a fantastic indoor plant for those who want something big-growing but don’t want the hassle of some of the more demanding selections. A Monstera deliciosa can give the impression that you have a green thumb even if you are new to houseplants. Nobody needs to know how low-maintenance this plant actually is, though!
How do I determine the health of my Monstera?
Selecting the ideal Monstera plant is a difficult undertaking. When making your pick, a number of things are taken into account.
Do you want your plant to be large or tiny, to have leaves with or without variegation, or to have a classic shape or an exquisite shape?
No matter what you decide, there is sure to be a Monstera variety that will meet all of your requirements.
First Time Adopter
For those who are just getting started, the Monstera Deliciosa is a great plant. It’s not overly huge or little, making maintenance simple. This plant has a classic shape and has lovely split leaves. Both your demands and preferences will be met by it!
Monstera Adansonii is an excellent alternative. It’s a stunning plant with a sophisticated design and fenestrated leaves, which are currently quite popular among plant enthusiasts.
The variegated Monstera might be something you want to buy if you’re a plant collector.
Monstera that is variegated has altered leaves that have lighter areas on them. These blotches can be yellow, pale green, or white.
Because Monstera is so rare, variegated plants typically cost more than plain green ones.
Additionally, because they are more likely to develop root rot, variegated monsteras are more difficult to maintain because their patterns may be unstable and capable of returning to full green.
Monstera Albo Borsigiana and Monstera Thai Constellation are the two most well-known variegated Monsteras.
The One We All Dream About
Undoubtedly the rarest member of the Monstera genus is Monstera obliqua. According to reports, the Monstera Obliqua has only ever been observed 17 times in the wild.
Monstera Obliqua and Monstera Adansonii are frequently confused. They both have the same traits, however there are some significant variations. It has been noted that Monstera obliqua appears to have more holes than leaves. The fenestrations are so severe that the leaf occasionally resembles lace. And in contrast to the thick, strong leaves of Adansonii, their leaves are much more fragile.
This variety of Monstera is by far the most expensive. One cut might cost anything from $5,000 to $8,000 USD.
How to Pick a Healthy Monstera
When trying to buy a Monstera, it’s crucial to be aware of the several warning signals that the plant might not be in good health.
When trying to decide whether the Monstera plant you’re thinking about buying is healthy or not, there are a few characteristics you should keep an eye out for. Poor plant health can result from pest infestations, foliage issues, and other factors.
Watch for Monstera leaves curl and browning
The general condition of the leaves is the first indication you ought to check for when evaluating a plant. Avoid buying this specific Monstera plant if the leaves are curled or if there is browning anywhere on the plant.
A Monstera with curling and browning leaves may have been subjected to a situation including too much sunlight, too little water, or maybe both.
Check for Pests Infestation
If there are any evidence of pests on the leaves or stems, it is another clue that your new Monstera is unhealthy. On a Monstera, you might encounter a number of pests, including mealy bugs, mealy bugs, and spider mites.
The presence of tiny insects or tiny white “dust” on the foliage of Monstera plants can indicate a pest infestation. Check for dark patches or discoloration around the stems and leaves as well. These are very subtle indications that your plant may have come into contact with pests.
If your Monstera has pests, you’ll need to cure it to get rid of the issue, which can take time and money you don’t have.
How can I encourage more leaf growth in Monstera?
You can obtain new leaves every two weeks if you provide plenty of light, humidity, and warmth for your Monstera deliciosa.
In general, Monstera Deliciosa develops rather quickly under the correct circumstances.
This is fantastic for those of you on a budget because it allows you to purchase a smaller one and wait rather than spending 70 on a larger one.
However, if you follow all the instructions carefully, your monstera plant should have no trouble growing new leaves on a monthly basis—more so if it is large enough to have several places of development.
However, your monstera has little control over how frequently it produces new leaves.
The plant is only present, trying its best (which it will doa plant will grow as big as it possibly can, given the opportunity).
You must give it food, water, humidity, and light so that it can flourish. It will be able to produce more leaves at once as it becomes bigger.
If your plant can develop one leaf per growth point each month, then the number of leaves it can produce will increase as the number of growth points increases.
Plants can occasionally be persuaded to begin a new grow point, but we’ll cover that in more detail later in the text.
Monstera requires sunlight, right?
Although they cannot survive direct sunshine, monsteras require intense light. Although they can survive in low light, they won’t develop as well. You must give your Monstera plant adequate light for it to develop a spectacular Monstera plant with the lacy leaves and the hue you admire.
Do monstera plants prefer little pots?
Unquestionably, one of the most well-known indoor plants in history is the monstera deliciosa. The characteristic leaves are frequently seen in movies, video games, and printed on at least three pillows at your neighbourhood home goods store. In addition to being a true fashion classic, it is also a very resilient and adaptable plant. We delve into the requirements for caring for this plant in this article.
Other names for Monstera deliciosa include “fruit salad plant,” “elephant ear plant,” and “swiss cheese plant.”
When should I water my Monstera deliciosa?
During the warmer months of the year, wait until the soil has dried to at least 50% of its depth. Allow the soil to totally dry up before watering in the winter.
How much light does a Monstera need?
Although they can withstand medium to low light, monstera prefer bright light. A decent test is a room with enough light to read a book by. They will develop more quickly and larger the more light they receive.
When should I fertilize my Monstera?
Mid-Spring to mid-Autumn, apply a liquid fertiliser every other time you water. You can fertilise your plants every time you water them if they are growing quickly in the summer. Fertilize not during the winter.
Should I re-pot my Monstera?
The majority of indoor plants are content to grow in small containers and will even profit from being somewhat root-bound. There is never a rush to increase the size of your pot until all the soil has had roots grow through it, just an inch or two.
It is preferable to place your Monstera in the brightest area possible when it is cultivated indoors. A excellent place to start is with enough natural light to comfortably read a book. Make sure your plant doesn’t receive too much afternoon sun in the summer to avoid burning it. Even while a location may be ideal throughout the year, on a day with a temperature of +40°C, the heat and light may be too much for the plant to take.
Monstera may thrive in low-light conditions, however the smaller the leaves are, the less fenestration there will be to grow.
Fenestration refers to the distinctive holes that make a monstera leaf so simple to recognise. Faster growth, bigger leaves, and more fenestration will occur as a result of increased light levels.
The majority of indoor plants are vulnerable to overwatering. During warm weather, we advise you to water this plant just after the top half of the soil has dried out. Try to let the soil dry up almost completely over the winter.
Depending on the time of year, the location of the plant, and the flow of air, this will take two to four weeks. Please be aware that this is the shortest length of time you can wait; especially in the winter, you can wait much longer!
In severe circumstances, overwatering this plant can cause root rot, darkened leaf tips, and even plant death. However, if you skip watering for a week or two, the plant may not even notice or may simply wilt, giving you a very clear indication that it’s time to water.
As a plant with a potential for rapid growth, monstera will undoubtedly profit from routine applications of liquid fertiliser. Every second cycle of watering throughout the warmer months of the year—spring and summer—can include some fertiliser. If your plant continues to develop during the winter, you could consider reducing the intensity of your fertiliser and using it less frequently.
Although products made from seaweed, like Seasol, are low in the essential elements for development (nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium), they are excellent soil conditioners and helpful for avoiding hydrophobia and pot shock.
Monstera enjoy being crammed within their containers. Regardless of the size of the pot, they will grow enormous. Your monstera won’t grow any bigger or faster if you put it in a big pot; most likely, all the extra damp soil will cause root rot, or your monstera will focus more energy on growing roots than leaves. It is preferable to concentrate more on a pot that complements your aesthetic while repotting and to use that pot for a few years.
It’s better to repot during the warmer months of the year if you do decide to do so. Be cautious to plant it in a container with sufficient drainage (at least one big drainage hole). The soil may dry up a little bit quicker if you choose to use a porous terracotta pot, which can be quite beneficial in preventing over-watering. A premium potting mix is an excellent place to start, but a cacti/succulent mix or even chunky orchid mix works great to help with drainage. Monstera flourish in a well-draining potting mix.
After a year or two, Monstera deliciosa’s size as a vine can become painfully obvious. This plant will spread across the ground and climb trees in the wild. You might need to stake the plant as it gets bigger in order to sustain this sprawling epiphyte and keep it standing erect. You can take a clip from the lead portion of the stem if you think the plant is getting too long. This will stop the stem’s growth and promote new shoots to emerge from the lowest parts of the plant.
The cutting can either be submerged in water or planted in wet ground. A node should be present on the stem of your stem cutting for about one inch. If the cutting already has an aerial root, it will grow considerably more quickly. Don’t worry if your cutting loses its leaves; they are not at all necessary because the stems can photosynthesise.
Overwatering is the most frequent problem that you may encounter. This will result in wilting, root rot, blackened leaf tips, and frequently white mould on the soil. Check to see if your pot is emptying and if you are watering excessively. Once it is dried, stop watering it again! In extreme circumstances, you might replace the moist soil with dry soil or move the plant outside into a covered area to hasten the drying process. Simply wait. Although this plant is unbreakable, it will take some time. A lot of good airflow will be quite beneficial.
If your plant isn’t getting enough light, it will grow long, lanky, and floppy to help it reach a potential light source. The internodes will be longer and the leaves will be more sparse. Stake the plant and/or relocate it to a more sunny area. It must be a permanent shift; periodically moving the plant into a light area would not work.
The most frequent pests are mealybugs, scale, and gnat flies, but I have never found M. deliciosa to be particularly vulnerable to insect invasion. The best course of action is to manually remove them to halt the spread right away, and then obtain a solution like neem oil, which will eradicate a variety of unpleasant creatures while being extremely safe and non-toxic.
When Monstera is outdoors, it is ideal to keep it in a semi-sheltered area. Try to locate a location where they are protected from the wind, frost, and hot afternoon sun. It should be mentioned that Monstera deliciosado does not need warm temperatures or high humidity. Although they will develop more quickly in the warmth, they can stay outside throughout winter in Melbourne. They will benefit much from the morning sun, which is completely OK.
This is the ideal place to start if you’re looking for a plant for your balcony or courtyard. This plant will grow quickly thanks to the additional bright light and the great airflow. Increased airflow around the plant will help to lower the risk of overwatering and the likelihood that viruses may infect the plants. I’ve discovered that in this posture, the leaves will also grow bigger and have more fenestration. You’re welcome to plant one right away in a garden bed!