, you should separate each leaf and node on either side of the node/aerial root into independent segments.
The youngest leaf has a node that was still propagation-viable despite not having fully matured (you can kind of see it bumping through).
After you have separated your cuttings, you should remove any outdated sheathing from the leaf stems. When submerged in water for an extended period of time, they can decay and hinder the propagation process.
Your cuttings are now ready to go to their temporary residence. All you need is water and a vessel—I like clear ones.
It’s best to let the cuts to “heal” or dry up a little bit before immersing the cuttings in water. This only takes a little while.
The aerial root can be cut back, but I prefer to leave mine uncut. To make it sit comfortably at the bottom of my vessel, I simply delicately wrap it up.
The remaining stems are then arranged in the vessel, each one being spaced apart to allow for proper root development as well as aesthetic appeal once they are planted in soil. Due to their new root system, there isn’t much room to try to arrange them at that time.
Simply add water to completely cover the roots and ends once they are positioned how you like.
Place it somewhere bright, but not in the sun, and replace the water every three to five days. After roughly 2-3 weeks, roots should start to form!
In addition to new roots, it has also sprouted a huge number of new leaves.
Here is a picture of my very first effort at growing a monstera. I took the above steps, potted the cuttings in soil after around three months, and continued. It has thrived ever since I started watering it once a week!
Your inquiries are addressed:
Yes! Once they are in the proper light and receiving the appropriate amount of water, they are excellent for beginners and very simple to care for.
I plant them in a well-draining pot using ordinary Miracle Grow indoor potting soil. No need for moss or pearls.
Yes, to answer simply. That is a factor in the propagation process. I wouldn’t recommend making excessive or frequent cuts because you run the danger of harming the plant by putting it into shock.
It’s usually time for a new and larger pot when you can see the roots through the dirt or when you notice the growth has significantly halted.
All of my plants receive fertilizer during the growth season (April to September). I will fertilize every other week because I water them all once a week. I prefer liquid fertilizers (plant food) since I can regulate the amount that each plant receives.
In the summer, grocery stores like Kroger or your neighborhood Lowe’s or Home Depot may stock them. It’s always a good idea to check for nearby and online nurseries, such as
How should a Monstera cutting be taken?
Stem cuttings are the preferred method of monstera propagation. Cuttings from Swiss cheese plants are simple to root. When using cuttings, you can either root them in water first or just bury them in the ground. Cuttings should be made immediately following a leaf node, with the bottom-most leaves removed.
Then, either partially bury the swiss cheese plant cuttings in the soil itself or root them in water for a few weeks before transplanting to a pot. There is no requirement for rooting hormone because they root so readily.
Can cuttings of Monstera grow in water?
The Monstera deliciosa can be easily rooted in water, just as many other plants. In addition to creating a stunning display piece, water propagation is a reasonably simple method of growing numerous new Monsteras with little effort. A few simple tools, a lot of sunshine, and lots of time are all you need.
You must locate a region of the Monstera deliciosa plant that has a node if you want to root it in water. Place the cutting in water in a location with bright, indirect light after using sharp shears to remove the plant beneath the node. After a few weeks, the cutting’s tip should start to sprout roots.
There is much more to this process than what is described above, but this quick summary gives you a decent idea of how simple it is to grow a Monstera in water. The remainder of the essay will cover the specifics of rooting a Monstera in water, what to expect from a cutting that has been propagated in this manner, and some advantages and disadvantages of water propagation.
Can You Propagate a Leaf Without a Node?
Simply put, no. For your cutting to produce new leaves, it MUST have a node.
You’ve certainly drooled over stunning images of a single monstera leaf in a lovely glass vase of clear water on Instagram and in home décor magazines.
The bad news is that even while a leaf without a node might develop some roots, it will still only be a leaf with roots. It won’t develop into a new monstera plant with stalks or additional leaves. There will never be more than one leaf.
The node is essential for propagation since it stores all of the genetic data required to develop a new plant.
Do All Monstera Leaves Have Nodes?
Nodes are little bumps that develop on the side of your monstera’s stem that is not covered by a leaf, not even on the stems of the leaves.
Your monstera’s vine develops nodes. In fact, because it hasn’t matured sufficiently, a young monstera may not have any nodes yet. Your monstera may not yet be mature enough to propagate from cuttings if it appears as though leaves are sprouting directly out of the soil. (However, if it’s big enough, you might be able to propagate it using separation!)
Most of your plant’s leaves will be accompanied by a node on the other side of the stem once it begins to vine.
Can You Propagate Leafless Nodes?
So, while you CANNOT propagate a node without a leaf, you CAN propagate a leaf without a node!
Online vendors may provide leafless, unrooted nodes for sale. But the success rate won’t be as high as when you propagate cuttings with one or two leaves.
How much time does Monstera take to root in water?
You should plan on giving your Monstera cutting around 6 weeks before planting it in soil so that roots can form.
In order to guarantee a strong root system has established for a better chance of survival, I often advise waiting at least 2-3 months.
However, as long as you change the water frequently, clean the roots, and transfer the cutting into a larger jar as it grows, a Monstera can survive in water for many months (if not years).
It is prepared to be put in soil when a lovely cluster of roots fills your container.
You can plant your Monstera cutting as long as it has five roots that are at least several inches long.
Keep the Roots Clean
Keep an eye on the roots as they grow every week, and don’t be hesitant to cut off any sections that seem unhealthy.
You can clip out roots that appear to be rotting as long as there are numerous healthy-looking roots (white, yellow, light green, and light brown).
These are typically distinguished from the others by being dark, mushy, or significantly more slimy.
Expect no new leaf growth.
Monstera plants cannot develop from a single leaf cutting, unlike certain other plants like Sansevieria (Snake plant) and cactus.
Monstera plants grown without nodes will, regrettably, be unable to produce new leaf growth.
It lacks the tissue needed for cell division and the development of new leaves.
The leaf can survive without a node.
To keep turgid and fresh, the leaf will continue to absorb water by osmosis.
However, it must be situated in the optimal climate to prevent overheating and excessive transpiration, which would cause the leaf to wither.
Can Monstera survive forever in the water?
Monstera plants, for example, can live in water indefinitely; just make sure to change the water if it becomes cloudy, and you may occasionally top it up with diluted hydroponic fertilizer to replace the nutrients it would normally get from soil. Additionally, see water propagation and succulent water propagation.
Is it possible to grow Monstera in soil?
Many people think that water propagation is the best or even the sole method for growing a new Monstera deliciosa from a cutting. However, a Monstera cutting can be grown in soil without first establishing the roots in water. Both approaches are effective, though many plant owners pick the approach they believe gives the most benefits.
It is simple to grow Monstera deliciosa from seed in soil. Simply take a healthy Monstera cutting with at least one node, and plant it into potting soil with good drainage. By using soil to root Monstera cuttings instead of water, the subsequent step of transferring the rooted cutting into soil is avoided.
People prefer to grow their plants in soil rather than water for a variety of reasons. Some people might discover that employing soil propagation is a simpler process or that their Monstera produces new growth more quickly. Some people have curious cats that won’t leave a water container alone. Additionally, some owners of indoor plants simply want to experiment with new methods of growing this well-liked plant.
Can you submerge aerial roots of Monstera in water?
I’ve seen several sources advise you to put a bowl of water in the planter for your Monster deliciosa and trail its aerial roots in there. According to the theory, this is because aerial roots may actually absorb moisture. However, submerging them in water nonstop won’t likely accomplish much more than cause them to deteriorate and perhaps put your plant in risk.
However, you can frequently spray the aerial roots of your Monstera. Again, there is no scientific evidence that this makes a significant difference, but it won’t hurt. In addition, since these tropical plants prefer their surroundings to be moist, make sure the air humidity is not too low.
Please feel free to leave a comment below if you have any additional queries regarding Monstera aerial roots or if you would want to discuss your own interactions with these magnificent tropical houseplants.
How much time does a Monstera cutting require to root in soil?
You followed our advice on propagation first, and now you want to know when to plant your new Monstera. Wait until the longest, whitest, fuzzy roots may branch off into numerous, smaller roots. It is appropriate to bury your Monstera cutting in soil once these little feeder roots have grown to at least 3 inches (8 cm) in length.
Comparing the root volume to the size of the pot you want to put it in will help you determine when your cutting is ready to be planted. For instance, when the root volume of a small Monstera, such as an adansonii, could fit in a 2 inch (5 cm) container, the cutting might be planted (alone or with other cuttings).
I often wait until the roots of a Monstera deliciosa, which has stronger roots, can fill a 3.5 inch (9 cm) pot. I wait till the roots of an albo variegated Monstera deliciosa can fill a 4.5 inch (11 cm) pot. When an albo Monstera cutting is planted, the chance of leaf loss from transplant shock is reduced because the cutting has more roots.
How long does it take for a Monstera cutting to root?
The length of aerial root that is available determines how long it will take a Monstera cutting to root. Additionally, it depends on whether the aerial root was expanding actively prior to the cutting.
Usually, short aerial roots grow into a single, long new root. Longer aerial roots have the ability to begin producing new roots from both the sides and the tip, hastening the rooting process. Without aerial roots, monstera cuttings must develop a new root from within the stem, which takes more time.
A Monstera deliciosa cutting with aerial roots that are actively growing ought to take root quite rapidly. The color and texture of the aerial root can be used to determine its age. It is new if it is flexible and white, light brown, or green in color. It will take a lot longer to begin producing new roots if it is stiff, dark in color, and has a lot of bark flaking off.
The aerial root typically transforms into a white, fluffy true root after a few weeks. The process of delaying feeder roots then requires a few more weeks. From the time the first fuzzy white root appears until your Monstera cutting is prepared for planting, allow a minimum of six weeks.
When a monstera root is in contact with a surface, feeder roots form more quickly. Try to use a short container while growing plants in water so that the root tip will immediately contact the bottom. The root will continue to grow without branching if the water is too deep.
I’ve had success using LiquiDirt to induce quicker root growth once roots have begun to emerge.
Switching straight from water to soil
Once your Monstera has enough roots to make the shift from its propagation medium to soil, remove it. For your roots, the switch from water to soil propagation is a significant one. This transition is more difficult than moving from moss or perlite to soil for propagation.
When you plant a Monstera cutting in soil, part of the roots may dry up or die if there aren’t enough of them. The “water roots” do not have as much fuzzy root hair to absorb water because they are accustomed to being constantly moist. They need some time to develop more fuzz so that they can absorb water from the earth.
Assume that up to one-third of the roots of your Monstera cutting will be harmed or die. You need to make sure that the new plant will be able to survive on the remaining roots.
You won’t harm your Monstera plant if its propagation media has too many roots growing in it. The nutrients in the soil and the microbiome of helpful bacteria that support soil roots are the major things you are losing out on. Your cutting will grow more quickly if you place it in soil.
I make an effort to take too many roots too lightly. I want to ensure that my cuttings survive the switch, even if they develop a little bit more slowly in the interim.
Switching to another medium before soil
Switching from water to soil is fine for low-cost plants. Try using perlite or moss instead of soil for pricey albo Monstera cuttings or any plant you want to be particularly cautious with.
Start propagating in water and continue doing so until your cutting starts to root. After that, while the roots are developing, swap to wet perlite or moss. In a firm medium, roots will branch out more and develop more fuzz. As a result, the plant’s roots are already prepared to absorb water from the soil, which lessens stress during the transition to soil.
Can Monstera live in water forever?
Your Monstera can be kept in water or some alternative media if you don’t want to plant it in soil. While water is sufficient on its own for proliferation, fertilizer is required to keep your Monstera in water over the long term.
Growing Monstera with Hydroponics
You must supply nutrients to the water when growing plants hydroponically for the growth to continue. There are three stages to permanently submerge your Monstera.
First, make frequent water changes. To prevent the growth of mold or algae, rinse the roots and maintain the container tidy.
A N-P-K fertilizer made specifically for hydroponics, like Dyna-Gro Foliage-Pro 9-3-6, should be used next. A nutrition solution is made of of water and fertilizer. To view the most recent pricing on Amazon, click the image or link.