PRO HINT: Although Monstera are normally sluggish growers, you can stimulate new growth by fertilizing them with organic fertilizer once a month in the spring and summer.
A hardy and simple-to-care-for species of flowering plant native to southern Mexico and Panama called Monstera deliciosa is also known as the “Due to the distinctive formation of ridges and holes on its more mature leaves, Swiss cheese plant is so named. The “The fruit that the plant produces in its native environment, which resembles a pineapple, gives the plant its deliciosa moniker.
Similar maintenance is needed for the variegated Monstera as for the solid Monstera deliciosa. The key distinction is that the variegated Monstera leaves’ white section cannot absorb light, making photosynthetic activity twice as difficult for the plant. Low light levels are therefore undesirable, and to keep your variegated Monstera happy, you should keep it in bright ambient light.
A warm, humid environment with plenty of water and soft sunlight are preferred by monsteras. Place your Monstera in a location that can receive medium to brilliant indirect light and away from vents and drafts where it would be exposed to dry air.
We offer a guide on how to measure light in your space if you are unclear about the lighting setup in your house or place of business.
As climbing plants, monsteras enjoy climbing up vertical surfaces. Use pegs or moss sticks to direct your Monstera’s growth upward if you prefer it to grow tall rather than wide.
How is variegation maintained in Monstera?
One of the most crucial aspects of caring for your monstera albo is understanding this. You’ll need to keep up with trimming if you want to maintain the variegation and keep it from going back to full green.
This indicates that branches with fully green leaves need to be pruned off.
Not pruning will eventually result in all of the leaves turning green, which is an issue. The plant needs to be nearly coaxed or encouraged to continue producing its stunning white leaves.
However, if your plant is entirely white, it won’t be able to photosynthesize and you don’t want that.
No matter how much you cut it back, it won’t be able to maintain its variegation if it’s placed in a dimly lit area of your home.
Monstera Albo Borsigiana
Despite some claims to the contrary, Monstera Deliciosa and Borsigiana belong to the same species.
One of the most well-known Monstera variegata has grown in popularity as a result of Instagram.
Large white patches will appear on the foliage of M. Albo Borsigiana due to a spontaneous mutation that causes the variegation. These spots are erratic and prone to become green again.
Depending on how many leaves it has, a single Monstera Albo Borsigiana cutting is worth approximately $250, while a rooted plant can range in price from $400 to $1,000.
Monstera Thai Constellation
This common house plant was created using plant tissue culture in a lab in Thailand and has undergone artificial mutation.
It is one of the most desired plants due to its lovely variation in sectoral and marble patterns. As a plant that was grown in tissue culture, the variegation is quite stable and will be passed on to new leaves as they develop.
Although a rooted Monstera Thai Constellation can cost anywhere between $250 and $350, I’ve never seen Thai Constellation advertised as a cutting.
Monstera Deliciosa Aurea
The yellow variegation of Monstera Deliciosa Aurea, also called Monstera Marmorata, gives it the look of a Golden Pothos.
It also needs regular maintenance to keep its sectoral pattern variegation. To maintain the variegation, immediately cut any leaves that have turned green.
Because it is so uncommon, Monstera Deliciosa’s Aurea variant commands a high price. Costs for rooted plants range from $2,000 to $3,000.
Is It Possible for Regular Monstera to Develop Variegation?
Regular Monstera can eventually show variegation, though it is rare. One of my friend’s Monstera Deliciosa cuttings was fortunate enough to begin displaying Albo variegation.
Only one in 100,000 plants will randomly produce a variegated Monstera. This means that in order to obtain a variegated Monstera, you would need to propagate 100,000 cuttings and hope that one of them would show the trait.
How are variations kept up?
A: I purchased a houseplant with multicolored or variegated leaves last year. All of the fresh leaves that it has produced are gradually solid green. Why? Does it require special fertilizer or has it undergone a mutation?
A: Plant forms with variegated leaves are a mutation of those with plain green leaves, and they occasionally revert.
It is doubtful that fertilizer or a lack of fertilizer led to the situation you are experiencing.
Whether or not a plant is receiving the right amount of light directly affects how well it performs. A plant may grow poorly, not blossom, and be more vulnerable to pest and disease attacks due to inadequate light. Additionally, it can make plants with patterned leaves produce only plain green leaves. It’s crucial to pick houseplants that are suitable for the environment in which they will live.
The foliage plants with green leaves need the least amount of light. Most of the time, ambient light levels will be adequate. Because two-toned leaves contain less chlorophyll, which is necessary for growth, foliage plants with variegated leaves need stronger light. The plant will produce all-green leaves to produce more chlorophyll if it does not receive enough light. Variegated plants should be put next to a window or an artificial light source.
Even more light is needed for indoor flowers. They should not be in direct sunlight, but they should be placed close to a sunny window.
The most demanding plants in terms of light are the cactus and succulents, which may even need direct sunshine to thrive.
If a lack of light is the issue, moving your plant to a position with more light will probably cause it to start generating variegated leaves once more.
Try cutting the non-variegated parts of the plant if that doesn’t work and only a portion of it has returned to solid green leaves. Ideally, the plant’s remaining variegated areas will produce new variegated leaves.
If neither of these methods is successful, you should presume that the plant has returned to its previous state, which was one with green leaves, and that it is unlikely to change again.
Even common outdoor shrubs with variegated leaves, such California privet (Ligustrum ovalifolium) and evergreen euonymus (Euonymus japinicus), can generate non-variegated shoots. To keep the desired variegated leaf appearance of the shrub, these non-variegated branches should be removed through pruning.
The optimal conditions for Bermuda grass seed germination are nights with temperatures over 65 degrees.
The ideal nighttime temperatures could not come until May for homeowners in coastal or inland valleys, compared to the desert, where that is typically in April.
Can plants develop variegation on their own?
I definitely collect variegated plants and am infatuated with them. Because of the pearl string’s variety, it is currently my favorite. Given that some kinds, like Variegated Monstera, cost astronomical sums of money, I had a few queries concerning plants with variegation. Here’s where my investigation led me:
A. The green pigment chlorophyll is absent from some plant cells, which causes variation in leaf color. Typically, a cell mutation causes it.
A. Plants can have genetic (inherited) or random variegation (chimeric). If the color change is hereditary, it is stable, which means that it will return to the new plant if you produce a green stem from a plant with colored leaves or plant its seed.
A variety of factors might cause variegated plants to revert or turn green. It could be a response to temperature extremes—hot or cold—or to low light levels. Some claim that since the plant grows stronger when it has more chlorophyll, it might have done so as a means of survival. When this occurs, it is preferable to remove the afflicted leaves because, if you don’t, the plain green foliage, which has more chlorophyll and vigor than the variegated foliage, may really take over the plant.
A. Variegation cannot be artificially created or done at home. To spread the variegated plant love, it is best to borrow a cutting from a friend or give your own away.
Can you create a variegated plant?
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When two tissues with different genetic compositions are present close to one another, houseplants develop chimeric variegation. This occasionally causes new colorful patterns to appear on a plant’s leaves and blooms.
Plant collectors have a strong preference for variegated indoor plants, which can fetch some incredibly high prices. Therefore, it should come as no surprise that many indoor gardeners question if it is possible to cause the color differences that could raise the value of their plant stock.
The good news is that using a variety of techniques, including chemical mutagens (like ethyl methanesulfonate), ionizing radiation exposure (like X-Rays and gamma rays), and gene transposition from one plant to another, it is possible to induce the creation of variegated tissues in houseplants.
The bad news is that it would not be possible (or even safe) to try to induce variegation in plants using either of these ways at home because it is a complicated procedure. As an indoor gardener, the simplest technique to get a variegated plant still involves patiently waiting for a special genotype to emerge on its own.
In the sections that follow, we’ll examine a few techniques for inducing variegation in indoor plants and explain why they can be too demanding for casual houseplant hobbyists.
Can a plant quickly develop different colors?
What causes some plants to have variegated leaves intrigues me. The characteristics of cacti and the design of flowers to attract pollinators—are these adaptations for survival?
The green pigment chlorophyll is missing from some plant cells, which is why leaf color can vary. It is typically the product of a cell mutation and is not an adaptation to the environment. It can be inherited (genetic) or happen at random (chimeric). If the color change is hereditary, it is persistent, thus it will return if you propagate a green stem from a plant with colored leaves or plant its seed. This holds true for both green leaves with sporadic coloration (variegation), such as white and yellow, and for leaves that are a single solid hue, like gold or purple.
Variation is typically the result of a random mutation. The color will not return if you divide the plant from a green shoot or from seed. The most typical type of variegation, but one that is frequently challenging to stable. Variegated or colored shoots must be used for propagation. As inferior growers due to a lack of chlorophyll, which plants require to produce the food they need for growth, these forms typically disappear in nature.
A viral infection can also cause variegation, which manifests as discolored veins or leaf regions. Although it is a very uncommon type of variegation, it is stable. This sort of variegation can be seen on the leaves of Lonicera japonica ‘Aureoreticulata,’ which has veins of golden yellow netting.
Pictured: The variegated leaves of lungworts (Pulmonaria), a plant, is what people most often notice about it. It’s called Pulmonaria “Spilled Milk.”
How can you regain variegation?
Several different plant species experience variegated leaf reversion. The white shading or lighter speckles and borders turn green at this point. Many gardeners find this annoying because variegated plants add interest, lighten dark spaces, and are grown particularly to improve this trait. Plants may lose their color diversity owing to seasonality, sunlight, or other factors. Variegation loss cannot be reversed, although it may typically be stopped from taking over a plant as a whole.
How may green plants become striped or speckled?
Taking cuttings from branches with more blotchy variegation in the leaf—as opposed to the all-white type (which lacks chlorophyll)—and simply increasing the number of plants will result in a more traditional and stable variegation. Volume production in this approach takes a lot longer.
How can one acquire Monstera Albo?
They photosynthesize far less and create less chlorophyll. For the monstera albo, burning in the leaves is typical, especially in the white variegated areas. They must be grown with great skill.
Only mature plants or cuttings from this variety can be grown. Since there are no seeds for the monstera albo, it cannot be grown from cuttings. They are exceedingly pricey and scarce.
Most likely, you will only come across individual growers and vendors. Some fortunate collectors come across potted variegated monstera albo that costs anything between $150 and $5,000. The most expensive monstera albo was on display on Thursday and sold for $4,930 on Trade Me.
Monstera Adansonii Variegata
Another name for the monstera adansonii is the monkey mask monstera. Being a vining plant, it is a good choice for hanging baskets. It can be highly picky and difficult to maintain.
Why is Monstera variegata so expensive?
Because they are so rare and well-liked, variegated Monsteras are very expensive. Because the leaves lack chlorophyll, it requires more light and develops more slowly. Slower growth results in fewer new plants and slower propagation.
Variegated Monsteras are frequently sold out on online marketplaces, putting new prospective buyers on a waiting list for when the parent Monstera is large enough to generate fresh cuttings.
Demand also drives up prices. Growers have found that consumers are willing to pay a high price for a variegated Monstera. People will buy even a baby cutting with just two leaves for $100 USD! Variegated Monsteras are becoming more and more in demand, and as a result, prices are also going up.
How is Monstera Adansonii made to be variegated?
From the same family as the well-known monstera deliciosa plant, the monstera adansonii is a distinctive indoor plant. The adansonii can be either a climber or a trailing plant and has smaller leaves. Variegated leaves, which are extremely unusual on this plant, have parts of white on them. Due to its rarity, this is much sought after by many gardeners.
By taking cuttings from a plant and putting them in water, the variegated monstera adansonii can be multiplied. New leaves will start to grow after a few weeks when roots emerge from the nodes.
Before we continue with this plant’s growth, it is important to answer a few of the questions that are frequently posed about it:
They are quite rare in the wild, but they are growing in popularity to the point where many people are breeding them, making them more common (though still very expensive!)
Practically speaking, no, as it is a hereditary mutation. A monstera with green leaves may suddenly develop a variegated leaf, although this indicates that the monstera was always ‘variegated’ and has just recently created a variegated leaf.
No, it won’t ever stop being a variegated monstera, however it’s possible that the plant will begin to produce leaves that are all green. This might happen as a result of things like stress or less sunlight. Although many people discover that a period of totally green leaves is followed by a series of heavily variegated leaves, this does not guarantee that the plant will never produce variegated leaves again.
While providing the plant with appropriate light helps support the plant, there is no guaranteed method to manage the variegation. Even while you might like leaves that are variegated, it’s crucial to have green leaves as well since they contain chlorophyll, which is an essential component of photosynthesis.
When these plants have a moss pole, they will climb vertically. Because the plant and its roots are drawn to moisture, it is crucial to maintain the moss pole at a constant moisture level.