A gentle, damp cloth or a fast shower with lukewarm water can be used to clean your monstera’s leaves, especially the oldest ones on the plant, to eliminate any dust accumulation.
Only two fertilizer applications will be required for your monstera throughout the entire year: one in early spring and one in late summer.
Your monstera plant will eventually develop aerial roots from its stem. These aerial roots are there to support the plant; do not cut them off. If any aerial roots are too short to support a climbing plant, train them back into the soil to absorb more nutrients when they are long enough.
How are Monstera aerial roots propagated?
, you should separate each leaf and node on either side of the node/aerial root into independent segments.
The youngest leaf has a node that was still propagation-viable despite not having fully matured (you can kind of see it bumping through).
After you have separated your cuttings, you should remove any outdated sheathing from the leaf stems. When submerged in water for an extended period of time, they can decay and hinder the propagation process.
Your cuttings are now ready to go to their temporary residence. All you need is water and a vessel—I like clear ones.
It’s best to let the cuts to “heal” or dry up a little bit before immersing the cuttings in water. This only takes a little while.
The aerial root can be cut back, but I prefer to leave mine uncut. To make it sit comfortably at the bottom of my vessel, I simply delicately wrap it up.
The remaining stems are then arranged in the vessel, each one being spaced apart to allow for proper root development as well as aesthetic appeal once they are planted in soil. Due to their new root system, there isn’t much room to try to arrange them at that time.
Simply add water to completely cover the roots and ends once they are positioned how you like.
Place it somewhere bright, but not in the sun, and replace the water every three to five days. After roughly 2-3 weeks, roots should start to form!
In addition to new roots, it has also sprouted a huge number of new leaves.
Here is a picture of my very first effort at growing a monstera. I took the above steps, potted the cuttings in soil after around three months, and continued. It has thrived ever since I started watering it once a week!
Your inquiries are addressed:
Yes! Once they are in the proper light and receiving the appropriate amount of water, they are excellent for beginners and very simple to care for.
I plant them in a well-draining pot using ordinary Miracle Grow indoor potting soil. No need for moss or pearls.
Yes, to answer simply. That is a factor in the propagation process. I wouldn’t recommend making excessive or frequent cuts because you run the danger of harming the plant by putting it into shock.
It’s usually time for a new and larger pot when you can see the roots through the dirt or when you notice the growth has significantly halted.
All of my plants receive fertilizer during the growth season (April to September). I will fertilize every other week because I water them all once a week. I prefer liquid fertilizers (plant food) since I can regulate the amount that each plant receives.
In the summer, grocery stores like Kroger or your neighborhood Lowe’s or Home Depot may stock them. It’s always a good idea to check for nearby and online nurseries, such as
Can aerial roots be multiplied?
An excellent example of roots you can plant is the aerial roots on houseplants. One of the most well-known examples of this can be seen on spider plants. Spider plants are frequently cultivated in hanging baskets, where they produce plantlets that dangle from peculiar, wiry stems that extend from the plant. There are numerous aerial roots on each plantlet. By cutting off the plantlets and placing them with their roots buried in the soil, you can propagate the plant.
Windowleaf plants are indoor plants that utilize aerial roots in a special way. Windowleaf vines climb trees in their natural environment, reaching high into the canopy of the rainforest. Aerial roots are produced, which spread outward until they touch the ground. The strong stems are held in place by the stiff roots, which serve as guy wires. These plants can be multiplied by cutting off a piece of stem just below an aerial root and planting it in a pot.
Some aerial root plants cannot be planted in soil. Epiphytes are plants that use the structural support of other plants to grow on them. The purpose of their aerial roots is to remain above ground, where they can collect nutrients from the air, surface water, and debris. An illustration of this kind of plant would be epiphytic orchids. When to water your epiphytic orchids depends on the color of the aerial roots. Aerial roots with little moisture are silvery gray in appearance, whereas those with lots of moisture have a green tint.
Should you plant the aerial roots of Monstera in soil?
The functions of Monstera aerial roots are well known to you. We are now faced with this crucial question. What should you do with these aerial roots—cut them, let them alone?
Because the aerial roots of Monstera are not ugly, I avoid cutting them. The plant now resembles itself in the wild considerably more thanks to them. However, I do this when they are quite long and sprouting everywhere:
- I reroute the aerial roots of Monstera into the soil so that they can aid in water and nutrient absorption, just like they would in the wild. However, since the stem of your plant is still in tact, it is not required.
- Attach them to the stem: You can attach the aerial roots to the stem or moss pole using twist ties or gardening tape. Particularly if they are really long, it helps to make them less unruly. You may easily alter the leaves on a bushy plant to disguise the stems.
- Let them develop: I frequently leave them alone because they don’t bother me much and this helps to create the impression of a naturalistic tropical rainforest. Simply make sure you have adequate room.
My approaches won’t be liked by everyone. You can cut the aerial roots of Monstera if you belong to that group. Your plant won’t suffer any damage from them. To avoid stressing your plant, however, we advise pruning roughly 30% at once. You can choose the very long, unkempt ones and discard the shorter ones.
Use razor-sharp, disinfected pruning scissors to remove these adventitious roots. Rubing alcohol with a concentration of 70 to 90 percent is ideal for cleaning gardening implements. You don’t want to infect your plants with diseases.
What happens if an aerial root of a Monstera is cut?
You can, indeed. Your Monstera Deliciosa won’t suffer any harm if the aerial roots are cut, and they will quickly regrow. Although some individuals may find it an eyesore, you can also leave them alone. These air roots have a tendency to grow out of control and resemble wild cables. When cutting the air roots, take care not to harm the Monstera root node. However, remain composed and cut them off.
Can you submerge aerial roots of Monstera in water?
I’ve seen several sources advise you to put a bowl of water in the planter for your Monster deliciosa and trail its aerial roots in there. According to the theory, this is because aerial roots may actually absorb moisture. However, submerging them in water nonstop won’t likely accomplish much more than cause them to deteriorate and perhaps put your plant in risk.
However, you can frequently spray the aerial roots of your Monstera. Again, there is no scientific evidence that this makes a significant difference, but it won’t hurt. In addition, since these tropical plants prefer their surroundings to be moist, make sure the air humidity is not too low.
Please feel free to leave a comment below if you have any additional queries regarding Monstera aerial roots or if you would want to discuss your own interactions with these magnificent tropical houseplants.
With aerial roots, how do you repot Monstera deliciosa?
Because it is a tropical jungle plant, the Swiss cheese plant needs rich, nutrient-dense soil that retains moisture without becoming soggy. Peat moss is a fantastic addition to a typical, high-quality potting soil.
A pot with many of drainage holes and a depth deep enough to fit a stout stake should be chosen. The soil mixture should fill the bottom third of the pot. Lightly press the stake into the center. Very tall and mature cheese plants will require assistance from a second person to support the upper sections when being potted.
The original soil line on the plant should be slightly below the location of the new line when the base of the plant is placed within the container. The area around the aerial roots and base roots should be filled in. Utilizing plant ties, secure the stem to the stake by compacting the potting material around the stake.
Do I need to bury aerial roots?
Because they take in moisture and carbon dioxide, aerial roots on orchids are essential to the plant’s ability to develop healthy roots, leaves, and flowers. Even if the roots appear to be dead, this is true. The best course of action is to ignore the air roots.
Extensive aerial roots may indicate that your orchid is overgrown and requires a larger pot. Lower aerial roots can now be buried in the new container. Avoid forcing the roots since they can break if you do.
Why do the roots of my Monstera grow vertically?
The majority of climbing plants, including Monsteras, have aerial roots that enable them to climb up trees or other surfaces. Some orchids and monsteras grow up using other structures as supports after attaching to them with their aerial roots. This is significant since Monsteras must fight for sunlight in their natural environments with much taller tropical trees and plants.
The aerial roots help Monstera in the wild climb taller trees so that its leaves may get to the sunshine in the upper canopy, which hardly ever reaches the ground. This helps explain in part why Monsteras can get so big. In the rainforest, Monsteras would not be able to get enough sunlight if they couldn’t use aerial roots to climb up trees.
Additionally, aerial roots remove moisture from the atmosphere, giving the plant more water. Aerial roots are distinct from lateral-subterranean, or underground, roots since they almost exclusively serve to support the Monstera as it grows larger. In addition to absorbing water and nutrients from the soil, underground roots assist in preventing the plant from toppling over or being uprooted.
It’s crucial to remember that an aerial root’s principal function is not to absorb moisture. Don’t disregard your plant because you think the aerial roots should be able to absorb enough water.
Can a Monstera leaf be multiplied?
If you are an over-thinker (how deep, how long, what soil, where, when, how??) like me and the phrase “simply bung it in a pot” makes you nervous, don’t worry! I also have you.
Make yourself comfortable and prepare to relax as I thoroughly address all of your concerns and questions below with a ton of pictures.
What parts of a Monstera will propagate?
Stem cuttings make it very simple to reproduce monstera. You must choose stem sections that have at least one node when choosing stem.
New leaves and roots will form at the nodes, which are circular rings that are brownish in color and are located where a leaf once was on the stem. One leaf and several roots can be supported by each nodal area.
- A stem segment that is 20 cm long and has two to three nodes provides many opportunities for the emergence of new roots and leaves; the longer the segment, the more energy it has available to fuel new shoots.
- I have propagated from pieces as tiny as 5 cm long, with one node.
- The node is where new development, such as roots, might arise if a section of stem has a leaf emerging from it. Your existing leaf’s petiole will sprout new leaves on that portion.
What parts of Monstera won’t propagate
Not all of the components of your Monstera plant will reproduce to produce new Monstera offspring. This comprises:
- unconnected leaves without a stem
- roots or aerial roots that are not linked to stems
- stem devoid of leaves and no nodes
What will help a Monstera cutting establish quickly?
The cutting will establish itself in its own right more quickly the more portions of the plant it contains. As a result, while choosing where to cut, attempt to include:
- One or more leaves, as these contribute to the plant’s increased growth potential and quicker establishment.
- aerial roots or roots. In water or soil, aerial roots will produce ordinary roots as offshoots, which will improve the plant’s capacity to absorb nutrients and water. It’s typical for the thick, brown outer layer of the aerial roots to slough off, so don’t be alarmed.
Just keep in mind that nodes must be present on some piece of the stem; otherwise, trying to plant a leaf will fail.
Is it possible to grow Monstera without aerial roots?
A Monstera plant can be propagated without an aerial root. A leaf or two and at least one node are all that the stem cutting requires. It makes no difference if the plant node already has an aerial root.
In the jungle, a Monstera’s aerial roots enable them to cling to trees and ascend to the canopy. The same thing will happen to your plant indoors, especially if you’re utilizing a Monstera moss pole to encourage growth.
Your Monstera plant can climb by producing aerial roots from nodes along the stem or vine. If the cutting you are using to propagate your Monstera plant has an aerial root, it will frequently also grow micro roots.
Expect no new leaf growth.
Monstera plants cannot develop from a single leaf cutting, unlike certain other plants like Sansevieria (Snake plant) and cactus.
Monstera plants grown without nodes will, regrettably, be unable to produce new leaf growth.
It lacks the tissue needed for cell division and the development of new leaves.
The leaf can survive without a node.
To keep turgid and fresh, the leaf will continue to absorb water by osmosis.
However, it must be situated in the optimal climate to prevent overheating and excessive transpiration, which would cause the leaf to wither.