Regular pruning of succulents can help keep them from rotting, promote new growth, and prolong their healthy lives. Find out here when and how to prune your succulents!
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Although it might seem obvious, people are frequently taken aback when their densely planted succulent arrangement starts to seem unkempt. Although they tend to grow slowly, succulents eventually outgrow their containers and may even require frequent upkeep.
There are a few things that will make the process of pruning and caring for succulents considerably easier. Stay to the very end so you can learn about my “secret weapon to make an arrangement appear new again.”
Your succulent arrangements can benefit from a little sprucing up in the spring and fall. I strongly advise cleaning up and pruning in the spring.
But I’ve discovered that in the fall, it’s important to keep your plans as intact as you can. Even while you should still tidy up, get rid of any debris, and dead leaves, spring is often the best time to transplant, behead, and propagate.
Don’t worry if you don’t understand what some of stuff implies. In this post, I’ll show you everything.
How do I determine the best time to repot my succulents?
Succulents are a favorite among home gardeners because to their distinctive colors, odd shapes, and low maintenance requirements.
Succulents are low maintenance, but that doesn’t mean you should plant them and leave them alone. There will probably come a point when your succulent requires a little more care in addition to making sure it gets the right amount of water and sunlight. Your succulent will eventually need to be repotted in order to give it a suitable environment in which to develop and flourish.
Continue reading for four reasons to repot succulents if you’re unsure whether or not yours does.
Roots are growing through the bottom of the pot
Do you notice white roots clogging the drainage holes in the container when you turn your succulent over? It’s time to repot your succulents if the answer is yes. It’s definitely time to repot if roots are the cause of your pot becoming unsteady. A decent rule of thumb is to leave about a 1/2-inch space around the pot’s edge and between your succulents (if you’re using more than one plant in a pot). Although you want to give your succulent some breathing space, a pot that is too large will actually slow down its growth. Additionally, make sure it has drainage holes. Drill a few holes into the bottom if there aren’t any. If you don’t want to drill holes in your pots, adding a layer of stones, like our Hydro stones, in the bottom of your pot is a fantastic alternative drainage method.
The soil dries out too fast
Have you ever noticed that after watering your succulent, the soil is completely dry again after a few hours? This is a clue that your succulent needs to be repotted because the potting soil is no longer suitable. Succulents want soil that drains easily, but they also require soil that remains damp long enough for the roots to absorb the liquid. Make sure to get the best potting medium for your plants when you repot succulents because of inadequate soil. Succulent soil and perlite, both of which are available at your neighborhood garden center, should be mixed in a ratio of 1:1.
Your succulents are top heavy
Your prized succulents need to be replanted if they are leaning or tipping over, which is an evident symptom. This does not necessarily imply that they require a larger pot, though! Some varieties of succulents grow tall while maintaining shallow root systems. Therefore, even though the roots of your succulent are content in its current container, you must repot it due to the top’s weight. In this case, you simply need a heavier pot—no need to acquire a bigger one. Use a hefty clay container or large stones in the bottom of a lighter pot to add weight when repotting your succulents.
Your succulent looks unhealthy
Have you observed that the once-plush and luscious leaves of your succulent are now limp, shriveling, or yellowing? These are symptoms of a sick plant, therefore it’s time to identify the issue and perhaps repot your succulents. If your succulent receives adequate water and light, then you should check for pests, disease, and rot as potential offenders. Examine the leaves of your succulent; if no issues are there, take the plant out of the pot and check the roots. Cut the roots back to where they seem healthy if you notice a problem with them. Repot your succulent after that in a clean container with new soil. Hopefully, your succulent plant will recover quickly after being re-potted.
How are succulents kept out of pots that are too big?
The majority of small succulents are young plants or cuttings that haven’t grown to maturity.
They can also be wired or glued to the chosen arrangement, be it a wood planter, a wall art piece, a wreath arrangement, etc.
Do Mini Succulents Grow?
Yes. Mini succulents grow, although they don’t do so quickly at first. Do anticipate that after they reach a certain size, they will grow more quickly until they eventually outgrow their pots. I’ll use this echeveria and haworthia (zebra plant) as an example to demonstrate the development of their growth in this tiny pot.
They were simultaneously planted in this tiny container by me. These are all young plants. The haworthias were offspring of the mother plant, but the echeveria was multiplied from a single leaf. Here is how they developed throughout the previous year:
They became sunburnt quite soon, and I lost the one on the far left. In order to keep it from drying out, I moved it to a more shaded area and watered it more frequently—roughly once a week.
How Fast Do Mini Succulents Grow?
Their growth is slowed down when placed in a compact container since they are unable to stretch out and thrive. Depending on how well they are taken care of, micro succulents planted closely and compactly in a small area or pot can remain there for several months or even years. The type of soil they are in, hydration methods, and illumination all have a significant impact on how they develop.
The kind of plant you are utilizing also matters. Growing plants from cuttings, tiny plants, or leaves generally takes longer than growing established plants. Some succulents, regardless of where they are put, have a propensity to grow huge.
Aeoniums are one illustration of this. Aeoniums tend to grow upward and their rosettes spread outward, making them a poor choice for small arrangements. The haworthias and echeverias I displayed above are excellent options because they don’t grow as quickly or take up a lot of space. Sedums are another excellent option because they are resilient and adaptable to many growth environments.
When kept in a small space, they also continue to be little. Water your plants as little as possible—just spritz or spray them to keep them from drying out—if you want them to stay little. The plants’ growth ought to be slowed by this.
Succulents are incredibly resilient plants that can endure harsh environments for a very long period. Remember that many of the miniature succulent plants used in these arrangements are cuttings or baby plants, which are less hardy than mature plants. As a result, be ready to lose one or two of them during the process.
How Long Can Mini Succulents Stay in Small Pots?
Mini succulents can live for a few weeks, a few months, or even years in tiny pots. It all relies on the kind of plants you’re utilizing and how well you’re taking care of them. They will eventually start to outgrow the small container as they develop more.
If you maintain the plant in the same pot and don’t move it, you may start to notice that it appears unhappy or that it is spilling out of the pot. If the pot has holes, you might even see roots emerging from the holes. These are all indications that they require repotting because they have outgrown the pot.
Just remove it from the pot and repotted it in a bigger container. Trim the plant to keep it small and remove little portions to propagate and grow the plant elsewhere if you don’t feel like repotting the entire thing. Your aesthetic preferences for the plant are entirely up to you.
You can carefully remove the plant and replant it in soil if the plants aren’t in soil but you start to see roots forming.
How Big Do They Get?
While development may be stifled when kept in a small pot, the plant should be able to continue developing and eventually reach its full growth potential once it is replanted somewhere else and given enough opportunity to grow. It will be more difficult for the plant to grow to its full potential if it is kept in the same container, though. You must inevitably repot the plant into a larger container if you want to see it flourish.
Once the other plants have outgrown it, the fun thing is that you can choose new miniature succulents to put in your miniature garden.
How to Plant Your Own Mini Succulent Garden
Mine tend to persist longer when they are planted in soil, therefore I like to do that. Because they are initially quite slow growers and will remain little for a very long time, I also appreciate using very small plants developed from cuttings, frequently leaf cuttings. I gently plant them with cactus soil mix mixed with perlite for additional drainage once they are well-rooted and established.
Additionally, I enjoy using planters with drainage holes. Given their small size, it is important to keep these plants out of the full sun to avoid sun damage and sunburn.
If you are unable to plant them in soil, you can secure the plants using wire or adhesive and coir or sphagnum moss. The plant shouldn’t be harmed by the glue.
To give these two plants more room to grow and spread out, I divided them and placed each in an own pot.
They could have continued to develop in the same pot for a few more months or maybe a year, but I put them in separate pots to hasten the process.
How Long Do Mini Succulents Live?
It depends on their surroundings and the kind of care they receive. Generally speaking, plants survive longer when planted in soil as opposed to being adhered to or set in sphagnum moss or coir materials. Their roots will have something to grip onto and secure themselves after they are put in soil.
The ability of a plant to absorb water from the soil is improved when the plant becomes rooted in comparison to when the roots are loose, fastened, or linked to something. The soil they are placed in provides them with some nutrition as well. They can survive for many months or even years in the same pot or container with the right care.
How to Care for Mini Succulents and Keep Them Alive
A tiny succulent garden requires sufficient sunlight, the ideal soil type, and appropriate watering procedures.
Because of their diminutive size, the containers carry less water and dry out more quickly. Additionally, because the plants I’m using are young and were produced from cuttings, they could need a little more water than mature plants. When watering, I prefer to use a squirt bottle or a spray bottle and direct the water toward the earth rather than the plant’s top.
To prevent rotting, you want the water to reach the plant’s roots rather than its body or leaves. I water once a week on average. Remember that I have my plants outside and that I live in an extremely dry area.
You might not need to water as frequently if you reside in a humid environment. Before watering, it is advisable to examine the soil for moisture, especially if unsure. To see if moisture meters are useful, you can investigate them. Moisture meters gauge the air’s and soil’s humidity levels.
Succulents prefer a potting mixture with good drainage. They dislike spending too much time on soggy ground. This might encourage root rot. In addition to using effective watering methods, the type of soil you employ is crucial.
Select a soil that drains well, or amend the soil to improve drainage. I find that using a regular cactus potting mix and adding perlite for better drainage is a simple solution. Please click on Best Soil and Fertilizers For Succulents to read more about the best soil to use for succulents.
With the exception of some sedums, little succulents cannot stand severe heat or direct sunlight. Since many miniature succulents are the result of cuttings, they require some shade from the sun. Avoid direct sunlight, especially the harsh afternoon sun, but make sure there is plenty of bright light.
Sunlight in the morning is less strong and more tolerable. As a general guideline, give the plants 5 to 6 hours of sunlight each day or artificial light to see the best results.
Fertilizing is not really important for succulents because they don’t actually eat much, especially if you want to keep the plants small. I would only think about fertilizing small succulents if they were in a vase without soil and you had them for a while. To provide the plants with nutrients that they would not otherwise receive from the soil or potting mix, you can think about fertilizing them.
This can be accomplished by incorporating diluted fertilizer—about 1/4–1/2 strength—into the water you’ll use to spritz or water the plants. By doing this, you are giving the plants the nutrients they require to flourish. Again, unless you’ve had them for a while—roughly a year—this is really not essential.
Over the years, I’ve kept a lot of little succulents in tiny pots all over my home, and they have done extremely nicely.
They really don’t differ much from other succulent plants in terms of care and maintenance. They will be OK if you give them some tender loving care but, for the most part, leave them alone. That, at least, has served me well. Congratulations and happy gardening!
What stores sell miniature succulents? For suggestions on where to get these and succulent cuttings online, visit my resource page.
You’ve come to the correct location if, like me, you enjoy succulents. This website is a repository for the succulent-growing knowledge I’ve accumulated over the years and am still learning. Although I am by no means an expert on succulents and cacti, this website was created as a result of years of hard work, love, and many mistakes and learning opportunities.