Dead leaves on the higher portions of new growth are a symptom of a problem, usually over- or under-watering, but dead leaves near the bottom of your succulent are completely healthy. Succulents can experience issues with soil as well, as I discuss in this post.
Overwatering probably caused your plant’s leaves to turn yellow and translucent and feel soggy or mushy to the touch.
The emergence of leaves that only slightly bump is a warning sign of overwatering. It may be tough to save your succulent if you start to notice that it has a black stem or mushy patches on the stem or leaves since this indicates that the overwatering is getting serious.
Here is a Donkey’s Tail succulent. The center plant has entirely perished as a result of being excessively overwatered. The middle has mushy leaves and black stems that are visible.
Overwatering might harm some succulents more than others. One of the most sensitive plants is the echeveria. These lovely rosettes will quickly perish if given too much water, even after just two or three days.
In this video, you can see how I determine what’s wrong with my succulents.
What does a succulent look like when it is overwatered?
The appearance of the leaves is the best indicator of whether your succulent is being overwatered or overwatered. While an overwatered plant will have mushy, nearly translucent leaves, an underwatered plant will have wrinkly, shriveled up foliage.
These are the plainly visible warning signals that your succulent is being overwatered or underwatered. However, the signs are frequently difficult to read. A succulent that has been submerged in water may act similarly to a plant that has been overwatered.
And here is the part where most folks are perplexed. Other indicators can help you determine whether you are indeed overwatering or underwatering your plants.
How come my succulents are becoming mushy?
A potted succulent plant’s softened leaves are a surefire sign that the soil is too damp for healthy growth.
Succulents typically go dormant and like to be submerged throughout the winter.
Watering too much during these months can result in soggy, withered leaves.
How can a dripping succulent be revived?
The more quickly you act, the more likely you are to be able to save your plant. The likelihood that a plant may succumb to rot increases with the amount of overwatering. As you can see from the examples above, there are times when a plant is simply too damaged to be saved.
The plant is essentially drowning from too much water and needs to dry out as quickly as possible if it is exhibiting early signs of overwatering, such as mushy, soft, and pale bottom leaves.
Steps on How To Save an Overwatered Succulent:
- It is preferable to remove the plant from its current location and thoroughly clean the roots of any moist soil.
- For at least three days and up to a week, let the plant to completely dry out.
- The plant should be placed somewhere dry and sunny, but out of direct sunlight to prevent burning of the leaves and roots.
- Replant in an appropriate, fast-draining potting mix once it has dried up; do not water right away. Before watering again, wait about a week and take care not to overwater.
You might get away with leaving the plant alone and not repotting it if you believe it is already in the proper potting mix but you were just excessively watering your plants.
Prior to watering again, wait at least a week and feel the top inch of the soil for moisture. You can water it once more if it feels dry. Your plant needs a new pot if the soil is still moist because the soil it is now in is not drying out quickly enough.
Will The Leaves Grow Back?
Yes. As long as the plant is not decaying, even if you lose a lot of leaves due to overwatering, it will eventually recover. You may soon see fresh growth or tiny leaves along the stems if you allow it time to dry out.
Additionally, you’ll see new growth coming from the plant’s sides, top, or even bottom. When you start to see new growth, your plant is typically out of danger and has fully healed.
Steps on How to Save a Rotting Succulent From Overwatering:
- Check the plant to see how bad the rot is. You may be able to salvage some of the plant if the rot is not too bad.
- Keep any leaf that seems to be reusable. As many leaves as you can preserve for propagation. Leaf propagation can be challenging, so you’ll need as much leaf as you can obtain to give some of them a fighting chance. Ensure you collect the leaf in its entirety, including the base. A broken leaf won’t survive.
- Allow the leaves to dry for a few days by placing them somewhere dry and out of the sun.
- When the leaves are completely dry, either lay them flat on the soil or bury the ends in well-draining potting mix. You can dip the leaves in rooting hormone as an optional step. I tend to skip over this step, but other people prefer to add rooting hormones to boost success rates and expedite the propagation process.
- Avoid direct sunshine and water the soil every few days or if it seems dry. Await the development of new plants and their roots.
Other than leaves, you can also save parts of the stem
- Examine the stem, including the roots, and remove any rotten spots. Save any stem pieces that are still green or healthy. When you cut the stem, you will be able to tell if it is viable or not. If the stem’s inside reveals green, fragile sections that aren’t brown or black, they may have a chance of surviving and can be multiplied to start a new plant.
- Saved stems should be stored in a dry, shaded area. All cuts should calluses and seal after a few days to a week of drying. Dip the stems in rooting hormone, if desired. I tend to skip over this step, but other people prefer to add rooting hormones to boost success rates and expedite the propagation process.
- When the stems are dry, make a well-draining potting mix and place them in it.
- Every couple of days or whenever the soil gets dry, mist. To prevent sun damage, stay out of the sun until your roots are completely established.
You can see that the stem still has a lot of green, healthy sections after removing the decaying portion, indicating that it can be preserved. I placed this stem in soil to root and grow after letting it dry out for a few days.
Overwatered echeveria that has withered. I kept a few of the leaves for future growth.
How can wet soil be dried?
It is not difficult to dry out soil that has been overwatered. It only requires a little thought and work.
The techniques we have used to dry out overwatered soil are outlined below.
Stop Watering and Allow Time To Pass:
The best way to avoid overwatering the soil and plants is to wait until they are totally dry before watering again.
This will enable the water in the soil to evaporate and the plants to transpire the water that is already there.
Place Plants in the Windy Area:
The plants use wind to hasten the pace of evaporation. If you’ve been particularly generous to your plant and given it more water than it requires.
No need to freak out! bring the plant somewhere breezy. In order to promote transpiration, wind is a key factor. The plants will lose more water as the wind speed increases.
Place Plants in an Area With Low Humidity:
Theodore W. Tibbitts from the University of Wisconsin Madison claims that humidity directly affects transpiration by regulating the rate of plant water loss and stomatal opening.
Your plant will transpire more water than usual if you place it in a low-humidity region.
Placing your plant in a low humidity region with a warm temperature is a smart move to treat water saturation because humidity has a direct impact on stomatal gates.
Remove Any Mulch From The Top of The Soil:
Mulch is applied to the tops of plants to keep pests away and to slow evaporation.
Mulch assists with maintaining soil moisture. To fast dry the overwatered soil, make sure to remove the mulch from the top layer of the ground.
By getting rid of it, you’ll increase the rate of evaporation, causing extra water to evaporate more quickly.
Placing Holes at the Side of the Pot:
If the container doesn’t already have one, you can drill many holes into the side of it to increase drainage.
Make sure that no slabs or stones are inserted within the plant container so as to block the holes.
In addition to allowing water to drain from the soil, these drainage holes will also allow for better soil aeration and root development.
It can aid in the soil drying just as quickly, but being less typical than holes in the bottom.
Use a Hairdryer to Dry the Soil
It’s simple to get rid of the extra moisture by blow-drying the soil with a hairdryer.
The dryer will only dry the soil’s surface when it is pointed at it, leaving the remainder of the soil wet.
The dirt must be taken out of the container and spread around to let all the moisture evaporate. As a result, the soil’s moisture would be largely removed by the heated air.
In this situation, you might think about adding dry dirt while you’re at it or repotting the plant in fresh soil.
Another thing to think about is the possibility that if the dryer’s hot air gets too hot, it could kill a lot of the soil’s microorganisms. This may result in the soil’s ability to supply nutrients to the plant being diminished.
My plants stay healthy even after repotting thanks to the Miracle-Gro Potting Mix I get from Amazon. Clicking here will take you there.
How frequently should succulents be watered indoors?
Indoor succulent plants probably need to be watered once a week. They require ample time for the soil to dry out in between waterings so that the water may be stored in the leaves. Use the following methods and advice while watering succulent plants inside.
- Use an irrigation system with a little pour spout.
- Fill the succulent plant’s center with water until it is completely submerged.
- Allow water to completely drain out of the pot through the perforations. Make careful to empty any water that seeps through the soil if there is a saucer underneath the plant.
- Since there won’t be enough heat and fresh airflow for the leaves to dry when planted indoors, avoid soaking the leaves to prevent rot from the top down.
- Dry the soil completely in between waterings.
How does a succulent look as it ages?
The leaves on your succulent may appear yellow, translucent, or wet. Your succulent is starting to die as a result of overwatering. A more serious condition is indicated by leaves that are brown or black and appear to be rotting. Therefore, you must begin saving your withering succulents!
How long does it take a plant that has been overwatered to recover?
If you follow the above instructions, your overwatered plant will typically recover in 714 days. It can take more time if there was significant damage. However, if there were sufficiently strong roots, results are frequently seen in as little as two weeks.
After repotting, give the soil a light watering and wait until it is dry before adding more. Avoid watering the plant excessively like you did previously, especially now!
How can I tell if a succulent is about to die?
A succulent should be simple to care for. But there are a few things to know in order to maintain it healthy. How can you tell whether your succulent is prospering or dying, first?
Generally speaking, the following are typical signs that a succulent is perishing:
- The roots are rotting if the leaves are brown and mushy.
- Pale, yellow leaves are a sign of illness or rot that has spread.
- Dehydrated, wrinkled leaves indicate that the roots are drying up.
- Rot or infection was indicated by brown roots.
These are a few warning indications that your succulent may not be prospering. If you have one or more succulents and are worried that your plant is dying, continue reading to learn how to identify when your plant needs care.
Can you revive a succulent that is rotting?
After that, clean the container and fill it with new dirt. A drop of antibacterial dish soap should be added to a bowl of water. Carefully clean the succulent’s roots with brand-new cotton swabs. The roots could also be submerged in a weak anti-fungal solution. Before repotting, allow the roots to totally dry out. For two weeks, let the plant remain dry, and keep a constant eye on it.
Do cacti require a lot of light?
Ensure That Your Succulents Receive Enough Lighting Depending on the type, succulents need six hours of sunlight each day because they are light-loving plants. You might need to gradually expose newly planted succulents to full sun exposure or give shade with a translucent screen because they can burn in direct sunshine.