Which Succulents Die After Blooming

Your succulent can be a monocarpic succulent if it recently died after producing a lovely bloom. Find out in this post what that means!

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The phrase “monocarpic” may sound frightening, but it’s not at all. What exactly does it mean? A monocarpic succulent only produces one blossom before it perishes.

I was aware that most Agaves die after blooming, but I had no idea that other succulents did the same. But I found out for myself that this was the case.

Recently, I’ve started to grow a lot of Sempervivums in my garden. I first observed some of these blooming a few weeks ago.

I couldn’t wait to see how their blooms looked. Succulent blossoms aren’t really my thing, but it’s interesting to see how different they can be. It turns out that Semps’ flowers have a rather distinctive appearance.

After the blooms had fully opened, I quickly realized that the “Hen or mother plant’s color was beginning to darken. I was certain it wasn’t sunburn because these particular plants are in the shade. Since I only water them once a week and by the time I water them again, the soil is generally very dry, I didn’t think it was from overwatering.

Everything began to make sense to me after I learned that Sempervivums are monocarpic. Only the flowering plants were withering; the rest were in fantastic condition!

Here’s what I discovered: Succulents that are monocarpic also “Before they bloom, a lot of young plants pup or produce offspring. Certainly the case with Sempervivums. The plants I bought were bursting at the seams with chicks. By the time they are prepared to blossom, the theory goes, they have already created more than enough new plants to take their place, allowing them to pass away content. As a final flourish, they devote all of their energy to growing a magnificent (and occasionally less beautiful) bloom.

Your succulents may not have died as a result of this in particular, but it certainly might have happened! I know some of you are experiencing this or will soon since I actually had one reader email me photographs of their Sempervivum shortly after I learned that is what happened to mine.

Please let me know in the comments if you’ve had this happen to any of your succulents. Sempervivums, some Agaves, and some Aeoniums are monocarpic, but beyond that, I’m unsure. Additionally, you won’t be shocked to learn that Agave flowers eventually die if you’ve ever seen one. They receive a massive plume! Frequently many feet high. They bring to mind the books of Dr. Seuss.

Do certain succulents pass away after they bloom?

Fortunately, while some succulent plants do, most do not wither away after blossoming. After flowering, plants that are monocarpic die. The bloom of death is another name for the plant’s final bloom before it dies.

Sempervivums (Hens and Chicks), most Aeoniums, and most Agave plants are examples of monocarpic succulents. The manner the plant flowers can be used to determine if it is monocarpic. It is typically monocarpic if the flower emerges from the center of the plant and the entire plant appears to change into a bloom stalk. Otherwise, the plant’s sides are typically where the bloom appears.

Once you notice a monocarpic plant blooming, there isn’t much you can do. The process cannot be stopped, so why not take pleasure in it? Despite how awful it may sound, monocarpic plants do not perish in vain.

The majority of monocarpic succulents are excellent breeders, meaning that before they flower and die, they will have produced a lot of pups or baby plants. Only the mother plant passes away after blossoming; the pups and infant plants live on.

After blossoming, do Echeveria perish?

You might decide to gather the seeds from the blooms while they are still in bloom. You won’t have to worry about pollination if kept outside. However, if the plant is indoors, you must manually pollinate the flowers.

You can accomplish this by dipping a paintbrush into the flower’s core. The blooms’ seeds must be collected before the buds have entirely dried out. The optimal time to accomplish this is typically immediately following flower blooming and floral closure.

They hold small seeds in their pods at that time. It is possible to collect, dry, and plant these seeds. This is a method of propagation and multiplication for your collection of succulents or echeveria.

I normally grow this echeveria from leaf cuttings and have had wonderful luck doing so instead of collecting the seeds from the flowers. Please click the following link to view step-by-step instructions on multiplying echeverias.

You can cut the flower stalks off whenever you want if you don’t want to collect the flowers’ seeds. Because echeverias are not monocarpic plants, they continue to grow after they bloom. You can take in their beauty for a while because they typically produce stunning, vibrant flowers that bloom for a long period. Normally, I leave the plant alone, let it bloom fully, and then wait for the blossoms to totally dry before removing them.

Some individuals choose to remove the flower stalks as soon as they bloom in order to aid the mother plant in conserving energy. The plant needs a lot of energy to generate blossoms. In order to aid the plant in conserving energy, some people who are not especially fond of the blossoms the plant produces quickly cut them off. After cutting the flower stalks, the plant can refocus its attention on surviving and growing.

What plants perish after they bloom?

The life cycles of American agave plants are well known for being quite fatalistic: live, die, repeat. The plants should die shortly after blooming, typically leaving behind seeds that grow into clones of the original plants.

A death bloom is what?

Mono is the plural form of caprice, which is fruit. Therefore, monocarpic refers to delaying the bloom only once before dying. And for this reason, it is frequently referred to as the bloom of death. This word conjures up unpleasant images. However, it shouldn’t cause you to worry. &nbsp

You’ll quickly come to understand that dying is not your fault. And even the most skilled gardeners will notice that their plants are beginning to turn dark. While it is unsettling to see our succulents die, there are times when it is totally normal.

In reality, many plants use the monocarpic reproductive strategy. Before they bloom, most monocarpic succulents produce several young plants. Since they have already produced enough new plants to replace them by the time they are ready for the bloom,

Which plant only has one bloom before it perishes?

Alphonse de Candolle coined the phrase, which has Greek roots (mono, “single,” + karpos, “fruit,” or “grain”). Hapakxanth and semelparous are other words having the same meaning. The opposite of semelparous is iteroparous, which is a plant that produces seeds and blossoms repeatedly over the course of its lifetime. Plietesials are plants that flower profusely (gregariously) before they perish. It is uncommon to use the term hapaxanth in any other context; its antonym is pleonanth. Hapaxanth is most frequently used to describe some taxa of the Arecaceae (palm) family and some species of bamboo. Alexander Braun used this in the beginning.

Because some monocarpic plants can exist for several years before they flower, they are not always considered to be annuals. Flowering marks the onset of senescence in some monocarpic plants, but fruit and seed production marks the onset of senescence in other monocarpic plants. Chemicals that function as hormones cause these changes by diverting plant resources away from the roots and leaves and toward the production of fruits and/or seeds. [1]

Many bamboos, the century plant in the family Agave, Tillandsia utriculata, some yuccas, and many terrestrial bromeliads of the genus Puya can take 8 to 20 years, or in the case of some bamboos even over 100 years, to blossom and then die. It could take 1050 years for Hawaiian silverswords and its relatives in the genus Wilkesia to blossom.

Monocot plant families include Agavaceae, Araceae, Arecaceae, Bromeliaceae, Musaceae, and Poaceae contain monocarpic species. The dicot plant groups Acanthaceae, Apocynaceae, Asteraceae, and Fabaceae all contain monocarpic species. There aren’t many species of dicot shrubs known to have many branches and secondary growth. The Strobilanthes species, Cerberiopsis candelabrum, Tachigali versicolor, and other Tachigali species are among those that have. [2]

Some monocarpic plants can be maintained alive by cutting off the flowers as soon as they are finished flowering, before seed production starts, or by cutting off the flower buds before they open.


What plant perishes after just one season?

Plants that only produce fruit and flowers once in their lifetime rely on seed to reproduce. Discussed by Daan Smit are these monocarpic plants.

The monocarpic plants represent one of the most intriguing of the many distinctive growth types seen in the plant kingdom. The Greek terms monos, which means only one, and karpos, which means fruit, are the origin of the phrase monocarpic.

This explains their typical trait of passing away following their initial flowering and seed production.

They are distinguished from the second major category, the polycarpic plants, by the fact that they only blossom and bear fruit once before passing away.

Biennials take two seasons to flower, perennials might take several years to flower, and annuals flower, fruit, and seed all in the same year.


They are made up of plants that go through the entire growth cycle—sometimes in as little as a few months or even weeks—of germination, growth, flowering, seed production, and death.

Although some plants, like the sunflower (Helianthus annuus), can develop plants up to 10 feet (3 meters) in height, most do not have the time to grow particularly large plants.

This category includes the majority of plants planted for summer bedding, numerous cut flowers, all hardy annuals, as well as a number of irksome weeds.

They produce an enormous amount of blossoms very quickly after seeding, followed by a profusion of seeds that are dispersed by the wind, by animals and birds, or that merely fall next to the parent plant.

They then stay in the soil until the following year’s conditions are favorable.

Others sprout in the late summer and overwinter as rosettes before blossoming when the temperature rises and the weather gets drier. Some annuals germinate in the spring and swiftly grow, flower, and set their seed.

In each scenario, seed ripens as warm, dry circumstances favorable for seed ripening develop.

A lot of the annuals are well-known, such as alyssum, aster, eschscholzia, and zinnia, but two are underutilized: the Swan River daisy and the pink Hawksbeard.

The Swan River Daisy (Brachycome iberidifolia), which blooms in a daisy-like head, is a wild plant that thrives in South Africa.

After sowing, it can flower in as little as 6–8 weeks with white, pink, lilac, or purple flowers and many other hues in between on stems as tall as 12 inches (30 cm).

In the garden, it prefers a sunny location and does well in window boxes, tubs, and pots.

Along with this combination, there are some other distinct colors, such “White Splendour” with its all-white blossoms and “Purple Splendour” with its deep purple-blue flowers.

Another of the many annuals in the daisy family, this time from southern Europe, is the pink Hawksbeard (Crepis rubra).

Large amounts of flowers are produced on upright stems up to 12 inches (30 cm) high, and it is especially well suited for cutting for mixed bouquets.

Despite the name “rubra,” the blossom color is pink rather than red, and there is also a variety called “Snowplume” that has white blooms.

Many plants that are perennials that flower in their initial year of growth are considered as annuals even though they are actually perennials.


The biennials, which have a two-year growth cycle, make up the second and considerably smaller category.

In their first year, plants grow rapidly, stockpiling food reserves, frequently in the roots. In the second year, the plant produces blooms and seeds before dying.

The few good garden plants and priceless cut flowers in this category include sweet william, canterbury bells, sweet rocket, and foxgloves.

Meconopsis and Verbascum species in particular are worth growing just for the foliage.

The horned poppy is a biennial plant that ought to be planted more frequently (Glaucium).

There are three species that are typically accessible, and they are related to the more well-known field and alpine poppies (Papaver).

They all have lovely leaves, long, curving seed pods, and grow best in full sun and very rocky, well-drained soil.

The downy, finely cut, grey leaves of the southern European G. corniculatum have a dark spot at the base of each of its four petals. Its vivid red blooms also have this feature.

The vivid yellow G. flavum has longer, curvier seed pods as well as broader, less hairy foliage.

It grows in Britain near the coast on shingle and pebbles, sometimes barely a few feet above high tide.

If planted early in the year, some biennials, such as the horned poppy, can be grown as annuals.

Others, in particular the Meconopsis, can be coaxed to flower more than once if the flower spike from the previous year is removed before it fully opens.

Because they flower beautifully in their second season, many perennials are planted as biennials.

This method can be used to cultivate wallflowers, polyanthus, violas, daisies, and hollyhocks.

In addition to flowering in their second season, they also flower less successfully in subsequent years, thus they are frequently discarded and new plants are produced from seed instead.

Many root crops, like carrots, are descended from biennial plants; however, selection and plant breeding efforts have improved these plants’ propensity to generate a fleshy root for food storage, resulting in the development of the fat, juicy, edible roots.


Contrary to annuals and biennials, the majority of these plants are native to tropical and subtropical areas.

Some of them, such as the Andean Puya raimondii and the Talipot palm (Corypha umbraculifera from Ceylon), might take 50 to 70 years to flower. Each year, they produce new leaves centered around the same core stem.

They ultimately reach blossom, generate seed, and then pass away without even creating offsets.

However, there is another group that develops numerous offsets all around the plant even though the primary plant perishes after flowering.

Bananas are included in this category because agave, from which tequila and sisal are manufactured, can take 30 to 50 or even 100 years to flower.

These include some popular houseplants including Guzmania, Billbergia, Aechmea, and Vriesia.

These plants can be grown commercially in about two years from seed and produce flowers.

A consistent temperature of 68F (20C) and a high humidity level are required for that.

Although using fresh seed yields the best results, their vitality can be increased by keeping them in a cold, dry environment.

Seeds can be sown in a compost without soil and maintained consistently moist and covered with glass.

After a few days, the seeds will enlarge to indicate that they are alive and have ingested water.

Aeonium and Aichryson are two monocarpic perennials that belong to the crassula genus and are highly recommended for cultivating.

Aeoniums are particularly appropriate for anyone who wishes to start collecting cacti and succulents since they are very easy to grow. Nearly all of them only occur in the wild on the Canary Islands.

When seeded at a temperature of 65-68F, the seeds germinate quickly, typically within 2-3 weeks (18-20C).

Some plants bloom two years after they are sown, while others might not bloom for 10 to 20 years.

They do, of course, fully perish after flowering, but the majority of them have already produced a significant amount of offsets in addition to seeds.

Aichrysons are comparable, and if you can find the seed, they grow into magnificent plants with prodigious amounts of yellow flowers.

Natural disasters may be a threat to perennial plants that take a few years to flower before dying suddenly, especially if they don’t yield seed or offsets.

Visit our annuals hub page for all of our top annual sowing & growing resources if you’re interested in learning more about growing annuals in your garden.