What is there to love other than a succulent? Obviously, a full garden of succulents! Fortunately for us, it’s simple to propagate a variety of these resilient, vibrant plants at home. We can’t wait to see succulents growing all year long in containers around the house and garden; there are various easy ways to reproduce them.
Propagating by Division: Plants that have gotten too leggy perform best with this method, which produces new succulents from cuttings. Start by delicately removing any leaves that may be attached to the stem below the rosette; be sure to preserve the leaf’s base while you do so. After all the leaves have been eliminated, cut the rosette with shears, leaving a brief stem intact. The cuttings should be let to dry in an empty tray for a few days until the raw ends have calloused. The cuttings can then be rooted in either water or soil.
Soil: After the stems have calloused, set the cuttings on top of a shallow tray filled with well-draining cactus/succulent soil. From the base of the cuttings, roots and little plants will start to emerge in a few weeks. Once the roots start to show, water sparingly once a week; take care not to overwater. The parent leaf will eventually wither; carefully remove it while taking care not to harm the young roots. Your propagated succulents can be replanted once they have established roots. As soon as the plants are established, keep them out of direct sunlight.
Water: After the stem has calloused, place a cutting with the end barely visible above the water’s surface on the lip of a glass or jar filled with water. Pick a sunny location for your glass. The incision will eventually produce roots that extend toward the water. Once roots have sprouted, your new succulent can either be replanted in succulent potting soil or allowed to remain submerged in water as illustrated above.
Offsets are little plants that develop at the base of the main specimen, and many species of succulents, such as aloe, hens and chicks, and some cacti, will generate them. Check for root growth after an offset has developed for two to three weeks before carefully twisting, cutting, or using a sharp knife to separate it from the main stem. Be cautious to prevent destroying any already-formed roots. Follow the directions above for propagating in soil or water, letting the offsets dry, establish roots, and then repot when they have had time to callus any exposed regions. Removing offsets has the added benefit of enhancing the health of your current succulents and redirecting energy into the growth of the primary plant.
What You’ll Need:
- slicing shears
- gardening mitts (for handling spiny varieties)
- a little trowel
- potting soil for cacti and succulents
- jars with sufficient drainage holes
Remove Some Leaves or Behead
Take a few leaves at random from your succulent plant, gently twisting each one off the stem without breaking it.
These can be cut off the bottom of the stem, which will be discarded, when it begins to grow lanky.
To remove a specific leaf from a plant, such as a Christmas cactus, you might need to use scissors.
If you’re “beheading,” cut the stem of the plant head cleanly with your scissors or clippers about an inch below the lower leaves.
When roots start to form, either choose a site in your garden that is ideal for planting or fill well-draining containers of your choosing with potting material.
Sunshine and well-drained soil are ideal for succulent growth. They get paler in the absence of sunlight, and they decompose in excess moisture.
When the sun is less powerful, such as in the early morning or late afternoon, plant in a sunny location.
To lift the cuttings above the edge of your container or garden surface, pile dirt higher. To stabilize the roots, gently tamp the earth down; do not water.
Water and Feed
It’s time to buy a succulent/cactus food at this stage, such as Miracle-Gro Succulent Plant Food, which is sold on Amazon. administer as directed by the manufacturer.
Succulents can also be propagated via cuttings that are placed on top of potting soil and allowed to callus off so they can root themselves in the soil.
Is it possible to plant a branch from a succulent?
Because succulents are such hardy plants, you can actually plant a piece of one and it will develop into a new plant. It may sound like a horror film or the premise of an upcoming science fiction drama on Netflix, but it’s truly possible to regenerate something new from a severed limb. Even if one of its branches is cut off, they will still manage to survive.
Yes, you can prune or cut off a section of a succulent and plant it elsewhere. The clipped succulent piece will adapt to its new home and develop into a full-fledged succulent with the right growing circumstances.
If you want to learn more about pruning succulents, keep reading. It’s like getting numerous plants for the price of one if you get the technique down!
What succulent is the most straightforward to grow?
Having a collection of succulents might be most gratifying when you propagate them. You can increase the number of a popular plant in your yard through propagation, swap plants with friends, and even preserve a dying plant. Here are our top ten picks for beginner-friendly succulents.
Sedum rubrotinctum (Pork and Beans or Jelly Beans)
Bright crimson in direct sunlight; green in shadow. This resilient Sedum quickly fills in container gardens and rock gardens. Remove the leaves and place yourself on a damp, well-draining surface.
one of the most productive Echeveria leaf plants. Both newcomers and seasoned collectors adore the flawlessly round rosette and the pearly pink leaves. They germinate swiftly and successfully spread through leaves in large numbers.
difficult in dry, warm areas with little water. Easy to grow from leaf or tip cuttings. Before planting in soil, wait for a scab to develop (this takes about a week). This species’ colors and leaf shapes vary widely.
Sempervivum arachnoideum (Cobweb Houseleek)
Fast-growing and yields more offsets than you could possibly use! Plant cuttings directly in damp soil after cutting propagation, and you’ll observe roots forming in approximately a week.
Graptopetalum paraguayense (Ghost Plant)
A stunning hanging rosette succulent that may change color depending on the environment to orange, bronze, pink, and purple. It is quite simple to spread by leaves; you might even notice one growing on its own.
Initially slow, but well worth the wait. Echeveria colorata starts out by producing lovely leaf sprouts with scarlet tips. Before removing the mother leaf from the new plant, wait until it has totally died.
Echeveria lilacina (Ghost Echeveria)
We frequently see the succulent Echeveria lilacina multiplying by itself. By planting leaves gently in soil with their roots down and leaf up, you can prevent the fast curling that occurs with leaves.
How can you root succulents the quickest?
So, you may be wondering how to quickly propagate succulents. I can relate to both the joy and frustration of watching a new plant develop.
Since I’ve been growing succulents for a few years, allow me to give you some advice on how to quickly propagate your succulents as well as some alternative techniques you can try.
Stem cuttings are the simplest and quickest method of propagating succulents. If the plant is a fresh cutting from the mother plant, it will already have a strong foundation from which to build its new root system. Another instance is when you cut off the succulent’s top portion because it has been stretched out significantly (etiolation), this stem will likewise give rise to numerous new plantlings (pups). Due to its existing root system, the plant will also have a great possibility of producing more offset and growing quickly.
Always check that the stem cuttings are a respectable size for the plant’s typical size.
According to my experience, I always want to make sure that the succulent has a lot of nodes where the leaves attach to the stem and a lot of leaves in its stem. Once the succulent is put in soil, these stem nodes will form roots, and the leaves will serve as the succulent’s water source until its root system matures.
How long does it take for cuttings of succulents to take root?
Succulents can be propagated in water, but doing so goes against the ideal growing circumstances for these plants. Start your leaves and cuttings in shallow planting trays or tiny containers packed with potting soil for the best outcomes. Succulents can be grown in individual containers without having to transplant them right away.
Follow these easy steps once planting day arrives and your leaf or stem cuttings have callused:
1. Get your planting trays or containers ready. Use a coarse, quick-draining potting mix made for succulents and cacti and gently moisten it. 2 Make planting holes with a little stick.
2. Add a little RootBoost Rooting Hormone to a serving dish. When pouring, only utilize what you’ll need and discard the remainder.
3. Cut one piece at a time. Wet the cutting stem or leaf base before dipping it into the dish of rooting hormone. Completely round the stem or leaf base. Get rid of any extra rooting powder by shaking.
4. Carefully tuck leaves or stems into the rooting powder so it doesn’t fall out. The potting mix should then be carefully pressed around the cuttings.
- Insert the base at an angle just below the soil line to accommodate leaves. Put curled leaves in an upwards-curving position. (On that side, the new tiny plant grows.)
- Insert the bottom half of the stem into the potting mix so that it covers at least two bare nodes when taking stem cuttings.
5. Wait until roots start to form before watering. Once the dirt has dried, give it a good watering before repeating the process. The majority of succulent leaf and stem cuttings should root in two to three weeks, while rooting times might vary greatly. The fastest-rooting cuttings are those from stem tips.
6. After the roots have taken hold, transplant your new succulents from trays to tiny containers. Use the same kind of potting soil as you did previously. Be careful not to disrupt young, delicate roots.
How quickly do cuttings of succulents grow?
The time it takes to propagate a succulent varies based on the type of succulent and the method you utilize. Succulents are fairly simple to grow.
After you propagate a succulent, it often takes two to three weeks or longer for it to begin exhibiting symptoms of new growth.
A succulent won’t begin to grow right away after being propagated, though. You should have patience while your plant is propagating because it could take several weeks before any new growth appears.
The kind of succulent you are propagating and the method you use will determine how long it takes.
How Long Do Succulents Take To Grow From Cuttings?
Because they grow quickly, succulents are a common plant to reproduce from cuttings.
Root development and new leaf growth typically take 4 and 8 weeks, respectively, when growing succulents from stem cuttings.
It’s probably big enough to move to a new pot at this time. The original leaf changing color and dropping off is typically a sign that the new plant is prepared for potting.
The cuttings should all root fairly rapidly if kept in strong light, and once established roots have grown, they should all start producing new succulent leaves.
Depending on the size of your cutting, it may take longer or less time, but in general, you may begin harvesting baby succulent plants in around 20 weeks.
Even if some of your cuttings could take longer to grow than others, there are no problems with the propagation procedure as a result.
Due to their genetic make-up or other variables like exposure to particular elements or light, some succulents just develop more slowly than others.
Your cuttings should successfully root as long as you keep them out of direct sunshine and give them plenty of water!
How Long Does It Take To Propagate Succulents From Leaves
The amount of water provided and whether or not they are put in direct sunlight are just two of the numerous variables that will affect how long it takes for succulents to form roots.
For instance, whereas Sedum species have thin leaves and can take up to three weeks to establish roots, Aeonium species have thick leaves and form roots in one week.
When propagated from leaves, succulents typically take 1 to 3 weeks to produce roots. A succulent could need a few months to grow to the right size for repotting.
Generally speaking, as soon as the leaf has roots and the succulent is large enough, it’s typically preferable to repot.
While some leaves may quickly take root, it takes a lot longer for a rosette to develop. In certain circumstances, it is preferable to hold off on any repotting until the rosette has developed.
How Long Does It Take To Grow Succulents From Offsets
With offsets, which are miniature replicas of the main plant, succulents can reproduce swiftly and easily.
When reproduced via offsets, the time it takes for succulents to grow roots ranges from 4 to 10 weeks.
Offsets happen when a plant develops so much that its root system starts to encroach on too much area.
Now, just as you would cut a branch from any other tree, the mother plant creates an offshoot that will eventually become an individual.
Succulents are easy to propagate—all you have to do is take the offset from the mother plant. They often attach pretty simply, so this method should be straightforward.
Just be sure to give the offset a separate pot or container so that it can develop on its own.
If you want to grow more succulent plants rapidly, offset propagation offers a quick turnaround.
Simply wait until your offset has established roots, which takes, on average, four weeks, and then repot it into its own pot.
How Long Does It Take To Grow Succulents From Seeds
Dealing with succulent seeds can be challenging. The seedling takes three to six weeks to germinate, and another six months or longer for it to mature.
The method that requires the most time is seed-to-plant propagation. The process of starting the seedlings can be difficult.
It takes perseverance to grow succulents from seeds because it takes around three weeks for the first little shoot to appear.
However, there may still be a long waiting period until they reach adulthood.
The type of succulents you are propagating, the growing environment, and whether you are utilizing hydroponic or conventional techniques all have an impact on how long it takes to cultivate succulents from seed.
Although it takes many months for the seed to germinate and grow into a full plant, the process is often gradual.
How Long Does It Take To Propagate Succulents in Water
Succulent cuttings that are reproduced in water require around two weeks to establish roots and are then prepared for soil transplantation.
When a succulent’s roots begin to grow after being propagated in water, it should be placed in soil.
It will produce more leaves rather than a root system if the succulent is not transplanted, which will make it more challenging for the plant to take nutrients from its surroundings.
When you notice the roots forming, that’s a good sign that the succulent plant is ready to be rooted in the ground.
Until they can be planted permanently, succulents that are propagated in water do best when placed outside on a sunny patio or porch.
It is significant to note that each succulent’s propagation period will vary according on its growth environment, cutting material, quantity of leaves, and water quality.