Numerous kinds of blooming plants with succulent (water-storing) stems belong to the family Cactaceae. Cacti are unique among all other plants due to the existence of an organ called the areole. Flowers, new branches, and spines emerge from areoles. Spines come in a variety of shapes and sizes; some are delicate and feathery to shield the plant from harsh sunlight, while others are strong and spiky to provide protection. The spines on cacti restrict animals from getting to their water supply, even though they may be one of the few sources of water in arid areas. Cacti have a waxy covering called a cuticle that serves as a barrier against water loss. They also use stomata, which open at night instead of during the day like other plants do, to conserve water. The plant’s stomata are tiny pores that allow carbon dioxide to enter for photosynthesis.
The size of cacti varies according on the species. Blossfeldia liliputana, a South American plant with a mature diameter of less than an inch (2.5 centimeters), may be the smallest cacti species. The Mexican enormous cardon, which is almost 60 feet tall, is the tallest cactus (18 meters).
The majority of cacti genera originated in the Americas and can be found from Canada to Chile. They are now widespread around the world, particularly in Australia, South Africa, and nations in the Mediterranean.
Some people mistakenly believe that cacti are only found in the desert, yet many species, like the prickly pear cactus, may be found in a variety of settings.
Cacti are seed-producing blooming plants. They are able to bloom every year, but when it rains a lot, they will produce a lot of flowers. Different flowers have different looks and smells to draw different pollinators, like insects and bats. Cacti grow slowly and have a long lifespan. Saguaro cacti, for instance, can survive for up to 175 years. Between the ages of 75 and 100, they do not develop their first arms.
Populations of cacti are generally stable. However, some species are diminishing as a result of being taken out of the wild and planted on xeriscaped lawns as decorative plants (landscaped areas that require little or no irrigation).
Most cacti have root systems that stretch out near the ground to absorb as much precipitation as they can. Some species can survive several years of drought because they are adept at storing water.
What is the price of a real cactus?
Southwest Arizona, western Sonora, Mexico, and even a few locations in southeast California are home to saguaro cacti. They are typically found in the northern regions on slopes that face south, where the sun shines more frequently. The Saguaro Cactus is covered in protecting needles and bears a red fruit in the summer as well as tiny white blooms in the late spring.
Only in the Sonoran Desert does the suguaro cactus, also known as Carnegiea Gigantea, flourish.
A Saguaro will only grow about one to one and a half inches in its first eight years.
Moving a saguaro cactus off of private or public land without a permit is against the law in Arizona.
Saguaro cactus roots spread out like an accordion to take in as much water as they can.
Arizona’s state flower is the saguaro bloom, which blooms only after a saguaro has reached the age of 35.
SAGUARO CACTUS FACTS
The saguaro is a unique species of plant that can get rather big yet develops extremely slowly. The saguaro’s weight and height are often astounding, and the plant’s beauty is emblematic and significant to the magnificent state of Arizona.
- Arizona has rules and limitations on the gathering, harvesting, and disposal of these cactus. To learn more about the rules that apply to your region, get in touch with your neighborhood government.
- The Saguaro can survive for 150 to 200 years in the appropriate growing circumstances.
- The cactus has one major root that extends down approximately 2 feet while the remaining roots all extend out till they reach the height of the plant and only go down about 5 inches.
- Saguaro growth is particularly slow. A saguaro may only be 1.5 inches tall after a whole decade of growth. They can potentially grow to a height of 40–60 feet under the right circumstances! After a rainy season, a completely hydrated Saguaro may weigh between 3,200 and 4,800 pounds.
- Arizona legislation allows for the collection of saguaro “ribs,” which are used to create jewelry, furniture, roofs, fences, picture frames, and other things. Even the Native Americans used the ribs as water containers before the canteen was created.
HOW MUCH DOES A CACTUS COST?
According to DFRanchandGardens, the average price of a saguaro cactus in the US for 2020 is between $20 and $2,000 per foot.
The saguaro will cost less the smaller it is, according to osieOnTheHouse. However, if they are merely spears and in good condition, they typically sell for $100 or more per foot. The price of saguaros with arms is higher.
How do I purchase a cactus?
Plants with unique personalities include cacti! They can be found in a variety of shapes, such as tall cylinders, spherical barrels, and frothy clusters. While others crawl across the dirt, others stand up straight. There are species that grow to just a few inches tall and others that reach heights of many feet. Some cacti have green exteriors, while others have textural features like long golden spines or white webbing. And (surprise!) several species of cactus bloom similarly to other plants (only perhaps less often). When it occurs, it is a rare treat.
Although most cacti have a sharp look, they are actually rather laid back. Cacti are among the lowest-maintenance plants in existence. They only need a little sun and water, so relax and take pleasure in them.
This shopping guide will include the following information:
- Do you mean “Cactus” or “Cacti”?
- What Distinguishes Cacti from Succulents?
- Cacti Family Members: Types
- How to Purchase Cacti
- Indoor Cactus Care: Lighting, Watering, Feeding, and Repotting
- Container Maintenance using Pebble Mulch
- Cacti Selection for Outdoor Use
Does it say “Cactus or “Cacti?” Depending on how many plants you’re referring to, it’s both. If you have two plants, you have cacti, which is the plural of the word. A cactus is a single plant, thus you only need one to have one.
What Distinguishes Cacti from Succulents? These two plant-related terms are frequently combined. Additionally, they frequently combine in planting settings (think cacti and succulent bowls). But this is where the two differ from one another. Cacti are all succulent plants. Not all succulents, however, are cacti. All succulents have fleshy, thick areas that can hold water. Cacti, however, vary from succulents in that they never have leaves and always have exterior spines. It’s probably cacti if it’s thorny.
Cacti Family Members: Types The family of cactus is very diverse. There are over 1750 different species. For the best success both indoors and outdoors, Costa Farms sells more than 50 different species of cactus. We’ve chosen interesting, exciting, and simple-to-grow cacti for you. Additionally, there are two types of cacti: desert cacti, which are found in arid environments and have spines, and forest cacti, which are found in subtropical regions and include the Christmas cactus.
The saguaro is one of the most well-known desert cacti and is what most people picture when they think of cacti. It is also the cactus that appears in the majority of Road Runner cartoons. By the way, Saguaros aren’t sold by Costa Farms. However, several cacti develop into towering, solitary trees that resemble saguaros, as the Mexican Fencepost Cactus (Lemaireocereus marginatus) and the Candelabra Cactus (Euphorbia lactea compacta).
Other cacti, including the Blue Barrel Cactus (Ferocactus glaucescens) and Balloon Cactus, are more rounded, short, and squat (Parodia magnifica). These plants are ideal if you have limited room or can only grow in small pots, like low dishes. Other cacti, such the Lemon Ladyfinger Cactus (Mammillaria elongata “Lemon”) and the Fairy Castle Cactus (Acanthocereus tetragonus “Fairy Castle”), grow in groups.
Identify Dry Soil
You don’t want to purchase overwatered cacti. To the touch, the earth ought to be dry.
2. Look for sagging
Cacti may tilt toward the light if they don’t get enough light. By putting your cactus in the proper lighting and sometimes turning the pot to smooth it out, you can solve this issue.
3. Bring a transport container
When driving it home, bring a box or plastic container to place the cactus in. If the pot is flipped over, the extremely dry dirt can simply fall out. Plants are kept upright and from spilling on the way home by a box.
Indoor Cactus Care: Lighting, Watering, Feeding, and Repotting Cacti are simple to incorporate into interior spaces. These low-maintenance plants blend in with any decor and give architectural and sculptural interest. Plant them in colorful pots that go well with the shape, texture, and color of the plants. They can be arranged in a pot as single specimens or in groups. Place them in any room on a tabletop or a light windowsill. Carefully adhere to these guidelines.
Setting in Bright Light
Inside your house, cacti require a bright, sunny location. Best is a south-facing window. However, the majority of cacti are tolerant and may survive in artificial light, such as that found in an office.
2. Look out for blooms
Depending on the species, your cactus may eventually blossom and produce white, pink, red, orange, yellow, or purple blooms if they receive enough light.
3. Use water wisely
The majority of cacti are desert-adapted species that are endemic to dry regions. That similar hardiness trait applies to indoor cacti. Every two to three weeks, water your plants. If the soil is excessively wet, cacti will decay, thus it’s preferable to water insufficiently.
4. Occasionally eat
The majority of cacti grow slowly and don’t need fertilizer like plants that grow more quickly do. However, use a general-purple houseplant fertilizer in the spring and summer if you want to feed your cactus. Don’t overfeed and stick to the instructions on the carton.
5. If necessary, prune or trim
You normally don’t need to worry about pruning cacti because they grow slowly.
6. Repot Cautiously
Cacti don’t require frequent repotting because their root systems are small. Once every three or four years may be sufficient, depending on the variety. What time is it? when the plant has become too enormous to remain stable in its container or when the roots completely fill the interior of the container. NOTE: There are several methods you can use to remove the cactus from the pot, including tongs, gloves, or a folded towel. Be cautious when touching cacti because their spines can range in pokiness, and you don’t want to have to use tweezers to remove them from your hands and fingers. Ouch!
7. Present items
Try Desert Gems if you’re seeking for vibrant cactus to spruce up a windowsill or give as a present.
You might purchase a cactus in a pot with potting soil covered in a layer of mulch. A chic alternative to mulch is pebbles. They give cactus a textured accent. We attach the rocks into many of our pots so you may enjoy a plant that requires less maintenance. Learn more about watering plants with a pebble mulch and other plant care.
Flowers on Cacti Your cactus might develop flowers if you give them with favorable growing circumstances. Each species has its own flower color and blooming cycle. Your cacti blooming might have a stunning effect! Some cacti are sold with real strawflowers that have been pasted on for a wonderful pop of color all year long. All year long, you can enjoy these dried flowers or gently remove them with tweezers. Note: The cactus are not harmed by the glue.
Cacti Selection for Outdoor Use Cacti make excellent landscape plants if you reside somewhere with a temperate climate (check out our Desert Escape selections). Pick a location with good drainage, like the summit of a sunny slope or a rock garden. Avoid placing cacti where they will experience prolonged wetness. When planting cacti, adhere to the same design guidelines as you would when utilizing other plants. For instance, use tall cactus to enhance vertical interest. An efficient planting for a barrier could be a row of tall cacti that resemble a hedge. As a backdrop for other plants, place towering cactus in the border’s rear. Low-growing, mounding cacti can be mixed with other cacti and succulents to create vertical interest to landscapes. For instance, small cactus can be used to edge a sidewalk.
Cacti make excellent container plants. Cactus pots should be placed on sunny decks, patios, or balconies. They enjoy warm locations in your yard. Make certain that containers have drainage holes only.
Cacti in pots can be enjoyed outside in the summer if you live in a cold area, then brought inside for the winter. Use cacti’s sculptural shapes in pots the same way you would other plants. Use tall cactus as the container’s horizontal or “thriller element.” Include mounding cacti as “filler” and trailing cacti as “spiller,” respectively.
Cacti make good houseplants?
Despite being recognized for their love of sunlight, many cacti grow well as houseplants. For some unusual decor, place one on your windowsill or in your living area. The ideal houseplant, indoor cacti typically require less light and are smaller in stature.
Bunny Ears Cactus (Opuntia microdasys)
The bunny ears cactus gets its name from its look and is native to Mexico. Its two pads are designed like bunny ears. They should be handled carefully since they have glochids or brown prickles on them. The bunny ears cactus is the ideal indoor plant because it may reach heights of two to three feet. If given enough light, it will blossom with white flowers and bear purple fruits in the summer.
Chin Cactus (Gymnocalycium)
Gymnocalycium is a kind of cactus native to South America and is frequently referred to as the “chin cactus.” Greek for “naked kalyx,” its name alludes to the flower buds’ lack of hair or spines. Some chin cactus like shade, while others do better in sunlight, depending on the kind.
Saguaro Cactus (Carnegiea gigantea)
Although it grows slowly, the Saguaro cactus can reach a height of forty feet. This indicates that you can use it as an indoor plant for a number of years before relocating it outside. It has the traditional cactus appearance thanks to its barrel-shaped body. This plant, which is a native of the Sonoran Desert, needs a lot of sunshine. Place the plant in direct sunlight if it is being maintained indoors.
Old Lady Cactus (Mammillaria hahniana)
The mammillaria family, which comprises 250 species, includes the old lady cactus as a subspecies of pincushion cactus. It is renowned for its halo of small pink or purple flowers that bloom in the spring and possesses hairs and spines. A sandy potting mix should be used to plant the old lady cactus, and it should receive water every other week.
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asteria)
The star cactus, also known as sea urchin or sand dollar cactus, can be recognized by its circular body that is divided into eight slices. It has small white spots and white hairs all over it. It produces a yellow blossom in the spring. The star cactus is the perfect indoor plant because its diameter only reaches two to six inches.
Easter Cactus (Hatiora gaertneri)
Easter cactus, a native of Brazil, blooms in late winter or early spring. White, orange, and lavender are just a few of its bloom colors. The plant has a distinctive shape because of the way its spines are piled on top of one another.
Christmas Cactus (Schlumbergera bridgesii)
The Christmas cactus, which is frequently mistaken for the Thanksgiving cactus, blooms in the dead of winter. It boasts vivid red blossoms and is frequently given as a Christmas gift. The Christmas cactus thrives in average indoor settings. Don’t overwater plants because it will make their roots rot. Although this plant can thrive in low light conditions, its blossoms benefit from additional light.
Moon Cactus (Gymnocalycium mihanovichii)
The moon cactus, also referred to as the chin cactus, varies in size, shape, and color. The hibotan cactus is a well-known cultivar. Its South American origins can be traced to its vivid red, pink, yellow, and orange hues. On window sills that receive some light, these little plants flourish.