Cuttings can be grown in a temporary pot while they develop roots, or you can just plant them in a permanent container. In either case, you’ll need a pot with a drainage hole that’s big enough to give each cutting 2 to 3 inches of space.
To shield your succulents from standing water and root rot, fill the container with a grittier, well-draining soil. Cactus/succulent potting soil is typically available at garden centers. Alternatively, you can create your own by mixing 3 parts potting soil with 2 parts coarse, salt-free sand and 1 part perlite or pumice.
Plant the Cuttings
Insert the cut end of a stem 1 to 2 inches into the ground. If the succulent has leaves, you might need to remove a few of them to reveal the stem’s base. The lowest leaves shouldn’t contact the soil; they should rest just above it. To help the cutting stand straight, softly compact the dirt around it.
Remove any necessary leaves from stemmed succulents to expose 1 to 2 inches of stem for planting.
Pick the Right Location
Choose an area with enough of airflow, bright indirect light (not direct outdoor sun), and succulents that are still young. Cuttings require sunshine to develop new roots, but direct sunlight might cause them to quickly dry up. On indoor succulents, good airflow helps avoid gnat and mealy insect infestations.
Cuttings require constant hydration until they can form roots, unlike mature succulents. Water the soil just enough to prevent it from drying up, but not too much that there is standing water. Actual frequency varies depending on humidity and temperature but is often 2-4 times each week.
Care for Rooted Succulents
A very slight pull will reveal whether a cutting has roots after 4-6 weeks. Change to deeper, less frequent watering for succulents with roots. Water just once the soil is completely dry, which takes about 2-4 times each month. If necessary, repot the succulent and relocate it gradually to the right lighting. Don’t increase light exposure for 1-2 weeks to give the plant time to adjust. Maintain your succulent’s care, and in the upcoming months, keep an eye out for above-ground development.
Take the Cutting
Choose a suitable location on your succulent to make the cut. Make a quick, even cut through the succulent’s stem with your pruning shears to separate a cutting. Make sure that there is around 1 inch of stem exposed on the cutting before planting. The bottom leaves of the cutting might need to be removed for this.
Let the Cutting Callous
It is not possible to immediately put the cutting in the ground after it has been taken. Allow the “damaged” stem of the cutting to callous over for 24 hours by setting the cutting aside in a dry place. The stem should be healed and not seem to be “wet” in any regions after 24 hours. It’s now time to plant the cutting.
Plant the Cutting
Put a succulent mix or well-draining soil in a small terracotta or plastic planter. Make a tiny hole in the middle of the soil, and after placing the succulent cutting’s stem there carefully, firm the earth up around it. To prevent rot, make sure the cutting’s lowest leaf is perched just above the surrounding soil.
After planting, avoid watering the cutting. Give the newly planted succulent cutting two or three weeks in a spot with bright, indirect sun.
Begin Watering Once Roots Sprout
It’s crucial to hold off on watering a fresh succulent cutting until the roots have formed, unlike when propagating other plants. Since succulents don’t need much water to begin with, watering a cutting before it has roots might cause the cutting to decompose under the soil very rapidly. Succulent cuttings may go quite a while without water, so don’t worry!
Give the cutting’s top a little push to check for roots after letting it sit for two to three weeks. If there is any resistance, the cutting can now be watered because the roots have started to form. Once the cutting has grown roots, it might need to be watered more frequently than usual succulents until it becomes established. Make sure the top inch of the soil dries out between waterings to prevent overwatering.
Patience, Patience, Patience!
Be patient while you take care of your new plant because succulent cuttings grow slowly. But after a few months after planting, you should start to see fresh growth.
Growing succulent cuttings can be gradually put back into stronger lighting as they become older, eventually reaching the full sun conditions that most succulents enjoy. Remember that succulent cuttings are susceptible to death from excessive affection. Once the soil dries out, they simply require light watering because they thrive on neglect.
How long does it take to grow succulents in water?
It is strongly advised to propagate your cuttings in water in a glass jar or another transparent container because doing so will allow you to see the growth of your plant and will also allow light to pass through.
Once the cutting callus has healed, add water to the jar and place the object inside. While some opt to immerse it in water, we recommend that the stem and leaves remain dry to reduce the risk of rotting.
We advise covering the jar with plastic wrap and making a hole in it so you may insert the stem if the succulent cutting is too small. By doing this, you’ll be able to balance your cutting on the jar’s rim and make sure that only the stem’s bottom touches the liquid.
After submerging the cutting, put the jar in a sunny spot or window and be patient while waiting for new roots to grow.
The time it takes for roots to emerge can typically range from 2 to 6 weeks, depending on your habitat and climate. It is advised that you periodically check the jar to make sure the water hasn’t dried up in order to avoid delays.
Should I spray cuttings of succulents?
Because you probably already own one or many succulents, for many people, propagating them can be the simplest method to get started.
If a succulent is starting to get a little leggy, which means the succulent starts to grow long and the leaves become widely separated, remove the lower leaves. Make sure to completely separate the leaf from the stalk. It won’t establish new roots if you rip it.
The only thing left is a succulent perched atop a lengthy stem. To quickly get the succulent to root again, make a cut between the base of the succulent and the stem’s midpoint.
Then, it’s crucial that you allow the ends to callus over and dry out. Your cuttings may rot and perish if you plant them straight in the soil because they will absorb too much moisture. To allow ends to dry, Tiger advises finding a shaded, dry area on the patio or even indoors. Some people want to expose them to the sun, but he claims that doing so will just bake them. Be tolerant. This procedure can take a few days to more than a week.
When the cuttings are dry, set them on top of cactus or succulent soil that drains well and plant them in a position that gets a lot of indirect light. Only water if the leaves seem particularly dry.
Several weeks later, young plants begin to emerge. Using a spray bottle, spritz the plants once daily, being cautious not to drench the soil.
The leaf will ultimately fall off naturally, at which point you can pot up the young succulent.
What should you do if your succulents multiply?
As it is simpler than using leaves or stem cuttings, the majority of succulent parents prefer to propagate their offspring via offsets. Offsets make for incredibly simple and straightforward propagation, making it ideal for individuals who don’t want to wait for the plant to develop leaves. Succulents like the Haworthia are ideal for this technique.
It is strongly advised to hold off until the offsets are around half the size of the parent plant to make sure they have the nutrients they need to live after being cut off from the parent plant. In order to find the rooted offset from the parent plant, you might want to start by thinking about removing the plant from its container. This is also an opportunity to repot the plant and check the root structure. Then, just twist the offset to remove it from the mother succulent’s roots. If some roots are torn, it won’t matter because the offset will have an opportunity to build its own roots. After removing the offsets successfully, allow them to dry for one to one day. After they have dried out, put them in cactus soil that drains well and water them thoroughly.
Cutting off the offset’s stem or plucking offsets from the parent plant with roots are two ways to propagate from offsets. Therefore, scroll up to read our instructions on how to take a correct cutting if you want to try doing it using stem cuttings. Use only sterilized pruning implements at all times. Place your cuttings in a well-drained potting mix after allowing them to dry completely. Within a few weeks, roots ought to develop.
Maintaining the offsets is really easy. To prevent etiolation or sunburn, you should give them a few hours of morning sunlight or afternoon shade. One piece of advice is to only water them thoroughly when the soil is absolutely dry.
And voilà! That is how you successfully develop your own succulent garden and propagate your succulents. Not too difficult, am I right? To determine the ideal amount of light and water that works for your succulents and encourages new development, we suggest you to experiment with a variety of leaves and stem cuttings. Tell us how your propagation process is going!
Watch this little video to learn how to avoid four mistakes while cultivating succulents.
You may read more about propagating succulents in the following articles:
What You’ll Need:
- slicing shears
- gardening mitts (for handling spiny varieties)
- a little trowel
- potting soil for cacti and succulents
- Containers with adequate drainage holes
Remove Some Leaves or Behead
Take a few leaves at random from your succulent plant, gently twisting each one off the stem without breaking it.
These can be cut off the bottom of the stem, which will be discarded, when it begins to grow lanky.
To remove a specific leaf from a plant, such as a Christmas cactus, you might need to use scissors.
If you’re “beheading,” cut the stem of the plant head cleanly with your scissors or clippers about an inch below the lower leaves.
When roots start to form, either choose a site in your garden that is ideal for planting or fill well-draining containers of your choosing with potting material.
Sunshine and well-drained soil are ideal for succulent growth. They get paler in the absence of sunlight, and they decompose in excess moisture.
When the sun is less powerful, such as in the early morning or late afternoon, plant in a sunny location.
To lift the cuttings above the edge of your container or garden surface, pile dirt higher. To stabilize the roots, gently tamp the earth down; do not water.
Water and Feed
It’s time to buy a succulent/cactus food at this stage, such as Miracle-Gro Succulent Plant Food, which is sold on Amazon. administer as directed by the manufacturer.
Succulents can also be propagated via cuttings that are placed on top of potting soil and allowed to callus off so they can root themselves in the soil.
Can succulent cuttings be planted directly in the ground?
What is there to love other than a succulent? Obviously, a full garden of succulents! Fortunately for us, it’s simple to propagate a variety of these resilient, vibrant plants at home. We can’t wait to see succulents growing all year long in containers around the house and garden; there are various easy ways to reproduce them.
Propagating by Division: Plants that have gotten too leggy perform best with this method, which produces new succulents from cuttings. Start by delicately removing any leaves that may be attached to the stem below the rosette; be sure to preserve the leaf’s base while you do so. After all the leaves have been eliminated, cut the rosette with shears, leaving a brief stem intact. The cuttings should be let to dry in an empty tray for a few days until the raw ends have calloused. The cuttings can then be rooted in either water or soil.
Soil: After the stems have calloused, set the cuttings on top of a shallow tray filled with well-draining cactus/succulent soil. From the base of the cuttings, roots and little plants will start to emerge in a few weeks. Once the roots start to show, water sparingly once a week; take care not to overwater. The parent leaf will eventually wither; carefully remove it while taking care not to harm the young roots. Your propagated succulents can be replanted once they have established roots. As soon as the plants are established, keep them out of direct sunlight.
Water: After the stem has calloused, place a cutting with the end barely visible above the water’s surface on the lip of a glass or jar filled with water. Pick a sunny location for your glass. The incision will eventually produce roots that extend toward the water. Once roots have sprouted, your new succulent can either be replanted in succulent potting soil or allowed to remain submerged in water as illustrated above.
Offsets are little plants that develop at the base of the main specimen, and many species of succulents, such as aloe, hens and chicks, and some cacti, will generate them. Check for root growth after an offset has developed for two to three weeks before carefully twisting, cutting, or using a sharp knife to separate it from the main stem. Be cautious to prevent destroying any already-formed roots. Follow the directions above for propagating in soil or water, letting the offsets dry, establish roots, and then repot when they have had time to callus any exposed regions. Removing offsets has the added benefit of enhancing the health of your current succulents and redirecting energy into the growth of the primary plant.