Cacti come in a wide range of colors, textures, and sizes for their flowers. Cacti can be divided into two primary categories: desert cacti (which are typically armed with spines) and jungle cacti (often without spines and most are epiphytes). You can have an interesting houseplant that is trouble-free and long-lasting if you choose the proper cactus for the right location.
When to repot
As soon as the roots start to peek through the drainage holes at the bottom of the pot, cacti need to be repotted. Fast-growing plants should typically be repotted every two to three years, whereas slow-growing species should be done so every three to four years. The optimum time to repot cactus is in the spring when they are actively growing. Two days prior to repotting, water the cactus to keep the roots moist but not soggy.
When should cacti be repotted?
If you notice roots protruding from the container’s bottom, it’s time to repot your cactus. This suggests that it is excessively root-bound. The majority of cacti enjoy being in small areas and can remain in their container for many years. You’ll know it has grown too much and needs repotting when you see roots.
Since they prefer it snug, the container in the next larger size will be suitable. Repotting should be done every two to four years as a general rule. The latter is preferable if you fertilize annually, but if you don’t, you should repot after two years to restore soil fertility. The optimal time is in January or February, when there is active growth.
Do cacti prefer little pots?
Your cactus or succulent plant’s survival depends on the pot size and soil type you choose.
In this section, you will learn how to pot or repot your plant, how to knock out a plant, and how to manage prickly plants, as well as everything else you need to know about properly caring for your cactus or succulent plant.
When they’re young, succulents and cacti can be kept in a dish garden. For a start, the common clay bonsai trays are excellent.
The plants can be moved into their own pots when they become too large. No matter the temperature—45°F or 85°F—the plants will remain the same size if you keep them dry. The plants will rot if you water them in cold weather or when they are dormant.
Avoid overpoting. Rotting roots are frequently caused by overpotting. Put the smaller pot into the larger pot and fill the area in between with gravel if the plant is top heavy. This will provide the plant with a sturdy foundation without putting it at risk of decay.
Cacti and other succulents should be potted in the smallest containers possible. Use a pot for cactus that is just big enough to accommodate the plant. Use a pot that is just a little bit bigger than the root ball for other succulents.
The drainage provided by the holes on the pot’s bottom is insufficient for some plants. Make the hole in a clay pot bigger by using a hammer and a screwdriver. For a plastic pot, use a hot knife or hot ice pick.
In either scenario, take care to avoid burning yourself or breaking the pot. If the clay pot does crack, save the fragments for your subsequent planting endeavor rather than throwing them away.
The potting material is less significant than excellent drainage. A thick layer of gravel or crumbled bricks should be put over the porous soil. More humus (organic matter) is preferred by spineless succulents in their potting soil.
We typically use the terms “heavy,” “organic,” and “light” to describe different types of soil. These definitions mean as follows:
Heavy. This is composed of clay, loam, or good garden soil with roughly one-third humus. It should contain roughly one-third washed builder’s sand or perlite where good drainage is necessary.
Organic. This is humus-rich soil, leaf mold (decomposed leaves), or some other organic material-rich soil. The drainage will be improved by using perlite or coarse builder’s sand.
Light. This describes a material with an open texture that has great drainage and can be kept damp but never wet. Plants that spend time in trees in the natural world benefit from it.
How to Pot
1. Choose a pot that is not excessively huge.
2. Fill the bottom with enough drainage material.
3. Insert your potting material into it until it is roughly one-third filled.
4. Check the plant’s size (make sure it won’t be too high above the pot’s top or too far down in the pot). Unless the plant prefers to move horizontally, in which case it should be placed at one edge, place the plant in the middle.
5. Fill all the crevices between the plant and the pot with your potting medium while holding the plant gently where you want it to stay.
6. Shake the pot to help the soil settle, then gently press the earth down around the roots. Add extra soil if there isn’t enough or if it starts to pack down. Older plants get more earth packed around them than seedlings do. So that there is room for water, leave a space between the top of the medium and the top of the pot.
7. Give the plant water.
The process is essentially the same when working with plants that are already potted, with the exception that you must start by taking the plant out of pot 1.
Sometimes the plant can be readily removed, but other times it can be more difficult. Do not pull on the plant if it is stubbornly refusing to emerge from the pot. The container breaking can be preferable to the plant being damaged or having its top broken off.
How to Knock Out a Plant
If the plant is stuck in its pot, try gently tapping the pot against something hard, like wood or concrete, to see if you can squirm it out.
If it doesn’t work, try carefully slicing the inside of the pot with a knife to see if the plant will now emerge.
If that doesn’t work and the pot is made of clay, use your hammer to smash it with a few controlled strokes that won’t harm the plant.
Take part of the soil around the root ball out once the plant has been removed from the pot. Prune away a portion of the roots if they appear to be overgrown.
You can take a knife and simply chop off the outside of the root ball, including the roots, on some plants where the roots become extremely, extremely thick. If you wish to retain your plant in the same-sized container, you can also utilize this root pruning technique.
You can keep your plant “growing on” in the same container for years by first cutting some of the roots and then portion of the top.
How to Handle Spiny Plants
Handle prickly plants by wrapping them in a narrow band of newspaper. Using the band like a belt or harness, wrap it around the plant. For each plant, use a new band.
Gloves are uncomfortable to handle because the small spines break off inside the glove and the huge spines stab right through the glove.
Actually rather simple to propagate are cacti and other succulents. Learn everything you need to know about successful plant propagation in the section that follows.
Can I pot up my cacti in the winter?
A good gardener should frequently evaluate the plant to determine what it requires for maximum growth even though cacti are often repotted every two to three years. They should also keep in mind the circumstances described above in order to schedule a timely repotting activity.
To reduce heat stress, these plants should ideally be repotted in the spring or early summer when the weather is generally favorable. Never repot a cactus during the winter since the cold will prevent rooted and cause it to perish (2). Additionally, because adult cacti’s root tips are more vulnerable to harm, they should only be replanted when necessary.
Do I have to let the cactus air dry before repotting it?
The cactus needs to be placed close to the old soil and left there until it reaches its full height. Fill up the area surrounding the roots’ corner with medium. Keep the cactus well-watered during the repotting process until it is ready to handle and the soil has changed.
How Often Should I Water My Cactus?
Does my cactus need to be air dried before repotting?
Following repotting, should a cactus be watered?
After repotting succulents, do you water them?
How Much Water Do Cacti and Succulents Need?
Are Cacti More Water-Required Than Succulents?
A cactus needs how much water each day?
How Frequently Should I Water a Cactus Indoors?
What Signs Indicate a Cactus Needs Water?
Should I let my cactus air dry before repotting it?
Do Cactus Need To Air Dry?
How long should cacti be allowed to dry out before planting?
Before repotting, should succulents be dried out?
Do I Need to Water Right Away After Repotting?
After transplant, how much water does a cactus need?
Should I Drink Water Immediately After Transplanting?
When will you prepare the siestas? For a cactus plant to grow inside, water it every 10 days or more. During the winter, watering cacti four or six times each week is adequate.
After washing the plant, let it dry for up to four days. The root masses might be able to heal as a result, as there is no chance of rot occurring in such circumstances.
Before and after transplanting your cacti, water them. After repotting, hydrate the cactus again to avoid damaging the roots. Let the soil dry after that. It is crucial to maintain control of the plant while avoiding damaging its roots or any water contact.
Whether or not repotted plants have started to grow depends on the type of plant and when it was last watered. In general, you should give your succulents at least a week before watering them again. Make sure to fully water the soil if it is dry, but avoid drowning it.
Do you have any suggestions for how often I should water my succulents? When watering is required, the plant shouldn’t be used until the soil is totally dry. Depending on the climate where the succulent is located, a different watering regimen is required. In order to live, succulents grown in pots in direct sunlight require a significant amount of frequent watering.
For instance, a succulent normally needs some water, whereas a cactus may need some for growth. Cacti must be matured on a weekly basis between fall and spring, when they are actively growing. Once the plant is no longer exposed to water, let it soak for a few minutes.
When watering cacti indoors, once every ten to fourteen days should be plenty. Plants can be watered with distilled liquor throughout the dormant season. Before watering, moisture must occasionally be checked.
For best plant growth, cactus planted indoors should generally be kept constantly moist throughout spring and summer after heavy soil drains off. Between the start of summer and the conclusion of winter, watering intervals (approximately every four to six weeks) should be lengthened.
If you apply this technique correctly, it’s as easy as sticking your finger in the pot with tape. Make careful to dig down at least two inches because, frequently, a dry surface won’t last for very long without dirt underlying. Use no water to prevent moist or wet stains.
The plant should be able to dry out in up to four days. By doing this, the soil will be free of any rot brought on by accident-damaged roots. By following the potting instructions above, you can get your pot matched correctly.
One of the worst things you can do once your succulents have grown for a while is water them. Roots can be cut back, air conditioning is required, and new soil can be added. If your plant’s roots were diluted afterward, they can decay. After the aforementioned treatment, it must be air dried.
To prevent overwatering, it is advised to let your cactus cuttings to mature 10 to 45 days before planting. After deep cuts or a cool phase, there is no longer a dry period. If you want the cutting to dry, leave it on the grass in a warm, shady area away from the sun. You should plant it in dry cactus potting soil because your soil won’t be dry for another 1045 days.
Your succulents must be watered and replanted after a few days if you want them to dry out. When they are watered, it is due to evaporation, so before repotting your succulents, give the roots plenty of time to soak up any liquid that is still present.
Usually, plants experience a shock shortly after being repotted or having soil added to a pot. Not to worry—this is very normal. Make sure they don’t need to be watered for about a week following their repotting if the leaves are wilted or thirsty and the roots have been harmed.
In the first month or so after preparing their transplanting, plants that have been transplanted should receive one watering. Warm weather promotes the growth of cacti and succulents, which also require frequent irrigation.
When your plant is moved, transplant shock preventers ensure sure it receives enough water. In order to prevent the danger of transplant shock, it is a good idea to leave the plant in its original position during this time.
Before repotting my cactus, should I water it?
Today, we’ll talk about another aspect of caring for cacti. In this article, we’ll discuss how to repot or transplant a tiny, tall, or huge cactus and share our insider knowledge and advice. We’ll also go over when to repot your cactus and how to do it safely so you don’t get stabbed or harmed. Then we’ll cover how to take care of cacti after repotting them.
Should I repot my cactus and how often should I do it?
Yes, you must repot new cacti every year and adult plants every two years. Because cacti grow and eventually require additional space and new growing material, repotting or transplanting them is crucial.
Growing cacti will require additional room because their roots will spread out inside the soil mixture. By inspecting the rootball at the pot’s base, you can make sure (which should have drainage holes). You should repot your cactus as soon as possible if any roots are showing.
The same holds true if you remove the cactus from its pot and can see its roots wrapping around the root ball. Repotting also typically “wakes up” your cactus and promotes healthy growth.
What is the best time to repot a cactus?
The conclusion of the dormant season is the ideal time to repot cacti. Your cactus will experience less stress as a result. For many plants, the dormant time will vary. However, the majority of cacti that are found in regions with harsh winters are compelled to hibernate from November until the end of February.
General important tips for repotting cacti:
- Before or after transplanting your cacti, avoid watering them. So that roots can continue to grow, let the soil dry. Additionally, you should hold off on watering your cactus for seven to ten days after repotting. This is crucial since handling the plant could harm the roots, and any contact with water could kill the plant.
- Since certain cacti have extremely pointed spines, additional protection is required when repotting them. This can be a spare glove, newspaper, or piece of cloth.
- When repotting cacti, you must safeguard your hands. Several cactus will have longer, sharper spines, so be extra cautious! These nitrile coated gloves, which function far better than leather gloves since they are thicker, are the ideal tools for defending your hands from spiky cacti. Wear two sets of gloves or get gloves with double coating if you have a cactus with sharp spikes.
How to repot your cactusstep by step overview
- Prepare the materials and the area before you start repotting your cactus. Have ready-mixed soil, a plastic container for handling root balls, a brush, nitrile gloves, a wooden stick, some folded newspaper, and shears with micro-tips or scissors on hand as well.
- Select a container for your cactus. A pot should be larger than the one before it and cleaned and sanitized. Avoid choosing a pot that is too big since cactus want a snug fit. When choosing a pot, make sure it isn’t too deep and that it is at least 1-2 inches wider than your cactus. However, there should be enough room for the roots of the cacti to sit comfortably in the pot. Pick the same-sized container and repot your cactus if it has extremely weak roots and hasn’t been growing steadily. This will encourage growth. Add bone meal, egg shells, or time-release fertilizer to the soil. Read more about selecting a container here.
- Add charcoal and some rocks or gravel to the pot you’ll be using. This will facilitate drainage and stop soil from escaping drainage holes. Add some fresh soil mixture on top before planting your cactus.
- Remove your cactus from the pot (we’ll go over how to do it in a moment) and clean the roots of any old soil. If the old soil is difficult to remove, soak it.