Regular potting soil from your yard won’t work for succulents since they need soil that drains. Select cactus soil or potting soil that has been mixed with sand, pumice, or perlite. Be gentle when repotting because succulent roots are extremely brittle.
How To Grow Succulents | Succulent Plant Care Info
Sempervivum, Jovibaraba, and Sedum are winter-hardy plants that can grow in zones 3–9.
The majority of succulent species require from half a day to a full day of direct sunlight. It is advised to find some afternoon shade in particularly hot places. Succulents planted in excessive shadow will extend outward in search of more sunlight. Enough sunlight will help succulents grow into gorgeous, vibrant plants.
Plants should be gently removed from their containers and planted, making that the soil level is maintained at the same depth as it was in the container.
Keep in mind that most of our plants came straight from the cold frames where they were shielded from the harsh sun and drying winds. For the first week, give your plants and garden décor some shade and cover to gradually adapt them. Every few days, extend the length of the day by a few hours. This will make it possible for a smooth transition.
A layer of pebbles or pea gravel sprinkled on the soil surrounding the plant will be beneficial to your succulents. Additionally, it is highly ornamental.
Succulents require soil with good drainage. Make sure the place has good drainage and is not in a low region that would remain wet before planting in the garden. You can buy cactus soil for container gardening or add sand, gravel, or volcanic rock to your potting soil for enhanced drainage. You should have a drainage hole in the container you are using for planting, or you can fill the bottom of the container with crushed rock before adding the planting medium. Spreading gravel or tiny pebbles on top of the ground can add a lot of style.
After planting, water the area thoroughly and wait a short while before watering again. Wet feet bother succulents, who don’t like them. Water whatever you do thoroughly. They will require less water once they are established.
Succulents generally require relatively little fertilizer. During the growing season, they only require monthly watering and a balanced fertilizer.
Each type of sedum blooms at a different period and in a variety of pink, red, and yellow hues.
After the second or third year, Sempervivums will flower. From the middle of the main rosette, which has a cluster of flowers, a flower stalk will emerge. Sempervivum blooms are open, starry, and typically pink. They are carried above the plant on a stem with several blossoms. Fortunately, there are always chicks born earlier from the base that grow in a ring around the mother plant to continue for subsequent years. The monocarpic crown that generates the flower head dies off after flowering. Twist the stalk off gently once the blossom fades, then plant a chick where it was.
Typically, established succulents in the garden do not require winter protection. Snow frequently provides protection for chilly locations. Balsam boughs can be used as a light winter mulch in cold climates without snow cover, but this is typically not necessary.
When your plants are delivered, gently open the package as soon as possible. Once you have unpacked your things, water your plants properly and let them drain well because we ship plants on the dry side. Early-spring shipping succulents could have some dry edges and a lackluster appearance. This is typical, and their color will deepen when exposed to sunlight. Sempervivums change color with the seasons, and each variety has a certain time of year when it is at its most vibrant.
Succulents can be used in countless planting scenarios. The most interesting containers and troughs are those with a variety of colors, textures, and behaviors. Succulents make lovely plants for rock gardens. There is always color since there are so many different bloom times.
Do succulents require soil to be planted?
Because they can retain water in their leaves, succulents can grow without soil. As a result, they may go for extended periods of time without having access to surface moisture.
But in order to do so, they need to have access to a sizable quantity of water and nutrients from the environment.
Succulents can typically grow in rocks without soil or water. The goal is to have a rock that makes it simple for water and nutrients to absorb.
The inability to continuously providing succulents with what they require when they are grown in rocks without soil is one potential drawback.
There are several advantages to soil, such as the provision of air spaces that can absorb excess moisture or dryness more effectively than would be possible with merely rocks.
Because there are no open spots on top where insects could enter and destroy this plant’s root structure, it also safeguards against pests and illnesses.
Another problem with growing succulents in rocks devoid of soil is that they might not be able to resist drastic changes in weather.
When there are no other plants nearby to provide shade, this plant has nothing to shield it from environmental variables like wind or water that could blow sand into its leaves.
We advise staying with potting soil unless you are certain of the environment your succulent will thrive in.
It offers all the advantages required for this kind of plant, which cannot be achieved by just utilizing rocks as a substitute.
Is there anything you can grow a succulent in?
Succulents need a soil that drains effectively because they don’t like to sit in wet soil for very long. The best soil for succulents enables quick water and air exchange in the plant’s root system. I prefer to use a mixture of perlite and cactus potting mix. Perlite is used for increased aeration and drainage. I often use a potting mix to perlite ratio of 1:1 or 2:1. I use an eyeball method rather than precise measurements. For improved drainage, you can also include coarse sand in the mixture (1:1:1 solution of potting mix, perlite and coarse sand). Your soil should be as porous as possible to let all the extra moisture to drain out, depending on how humid your area is.
You can, indeed. In fact, I used a typical all-purpose potting mix when I planted my very first succulent container garden because I had no idea any better. The plants are still flourishing now and have been in the same container for at least seven years as of the time I am writing this. That’s because other factors, including watering practices and sunlight, affect how well your plants do in general.
However, giving your succulents the best potting mix from the start will increase the likelihood that they will survive and thrive.
It is better to amend the soil with drainage when using ordinary potting soil for succulents. Pumice or perlite should be added to the mixture in a 2:1 potting mix to perlite ratio.
Yes. Succulents can be grown in pots without holes, though it is not recommended. Simply put, you need to water your succulents more carefully because there won’t be anyplace for the surplus water to escape, making your plants more prone to root rot. The succulents I have in pots without drain holes are growing and performing well. I also prefer to submerge all of my succulents more often than I overwater them.
If you anticipate a lot of rain, keep in mind to relocate the plant to a shaded area so it doesn’t drown in the water that collects in the pot. When this occurs, empty the pot’s extra water and let the plant dry off. To avoid rot, don’t water again until everything is absolutely dry.
Giving succulents a healthy drink of water and then leaving them alone until the soil feels dry is the general rule when watering succulents. Before you give the plant another drink, the top inch of the soil must feel dry. For the record, I live in a dry area and water my outside succulent plants around every 14 days in the fall and winter and once every 7–10 days in the summer. When it rains a lot in the winter in my location, I completely stop watering. You don’t need to water as frequently if your plants are indoors or if you live in a humid environment.
Visit my post on “How to Grow Succulents in Pots Without Drainage Holes” to learn more about how to keep your succulents alive in pots without drainage holes.
Yes is the reply once more. Succulents have innate survival mechanisms that enable them to endure severe environments for extended periods of time. This is due to the fact that they thrive in environments where the majority of other plants cannot. Succulents will eventually look for moisture and send out air roots if they are planted in merely rocks without any soil or moss.
Succulents are able to survive in this state indefinitely. To allow some of the water to be absorbed by the plant and prevent it from entirely drying out, mist the plants on occasion, aiming towards the base or the roots. No matter how well you take care of the plant, eventually it will look for a better environment to flourish in. Just take the plant out of the rock and place it in some appropriate potting soil.
How To Plant a Succulent Container Garden:
Check to verify if the plants will fit in the pot before you start planting. This also helps you decide which plants will look better next to which or how the plants will blend together in the pot. Before you begin planting, you begin to mentally picture where each plant will go in the pot.
- Suitable potting mix should be added to the pot (see above for suggestions).
- Plants should be taken out of their nursery pots.
- Take part of the plant’s dirt out. Simply mix up the old dirt a little to release the root ball; you don’t need to remove everything.
- Work your way down the pot starting at the back. Start by placing the taller plants toward the rear.
- Plant the sides and center after that, and finally the front. Potting soil should be used to fill in any gaps and should be compacted around the plants to keep them in place.
- Topsoil. To give it a more polished and finished appearance, you might add topsoil. When I noticed that adding topsoil was keeping the soil too wet and preventing it from drying up quickly, I stopped using it. I also like to keep tabs on how my plants are doing, and without the topsoil it is simpler to see plainly. You can decide for yourself which option is best for you because it’s a personal decision.
- Until the plant is completely dry, give it a good watering. Some individuals choose to hold off on watering their newly potted succulents for a few days. Some folks immediately water the plants. Depending on the condition of the plants, I personally do both. Some plants are extremely damp when they are first bought because they might have been overwatered in their previous environment. In that scenario, I hold off on watering for a few days. I immediately water the plants if they are dry. Use your judgment.
Ideally, you should leave a small space (maybe an inch or two) between each succulent to allow for growth and expansion. However, you don’t want the plants to be sitting in too much soil or with too much space between them. This may result in issues like the soil becoming excessively wet. The pot can hold more moisture the more soil it has. Therefore, you should take care to avoid using a pot that is too big for the plants you have.
On the other hand, if that is the appearance you are looking for, you can completely fill the pot and not leave an inch of gap in between the succulents. When succulents are packed closely together in a container, they will survive. Although the plants can stay in that configuration for a longer period of time, they won’t expand and grow as much when they are densely packed.
Personally, I prefer to give my plants room in the pot so they may develop and thrive on their own. I enjoy watching my offspring develop and proliferate on their own. But some folks prefer the compact appearance. It truly gives it a lovely, polished appearance. You can place your succulents close together or a few inches apart and they will be OK as long as they are not sitting in too much soil.
With a front and a rear, this configuration works particularly well for pots that are meant to be viewed from one side. These containers are typically put outside next to other pots or against a wall or fence.
The rear would look fantastic with tall plants or plants that grow even higher. Avoid having towering plants block the sun from reaching the smaller, shorter plants. A quick and simple solution is to just pull the plant out and repot it somewhere else, as I did with mine, if you make a mistake and discover later that the plant you planted directly in the center of the planter can grow incredibly tall and block the smaller plants.
My plants here in “Revamping an Overgrown Succulent Fairy Garden” experienced this. Some of my plants began to etiolate or stretch because I had plants that grew to be very tall and huge.
Tall plants can be positioned in the center of your container if it is not against a wall and can be seen from all sides because they won’t be obstructing any of the other plants.
Generally, if they don’t become too big, you want to put your main plant or plants in the middle. Place them in the back if they become tall. The plants in the middle should be a good medium size—not too little, not too tall. For your container garden to have a focal point, you want these plants to have appealing, intriguing, or uncommon appearances. It is entirely up to you to decide which plant you believe should be the focal point.
You don’t want your plants to stretch to get more sunshine, as was previously indicated. Smaller or shorter plants will thrive in the front where the sun can hit them and there won’t be any plants blocking them to prevent this from happening.
If your plants hang, trail, or cascade down the pot as they grow, placing them on the pot’s front or sides will allow them to do their thing and flow out of the pot as they expand as they should.
When describing what kinds of plants to put in container gardens, these three terms are frequently employed. These three elements should be present in the pot, although they are not necessary. In a nutshell, thrillers are plants that heighten the scene by growing tall. The plants that take up the majority of your pot are called fillers. Small and medium-sized plants like these are what fill your planter. Plants known as “spillers” dangle or trail and appear best from the front or sides.
Prepare the plants you intend to utilize and your pot. Test-fit the plants in the pot to check how they fit and seem.
Beginning at the top, work your way down. Taller plants should be placed toward the back of the pot.
Place smaller plants in front and mid-sized plants in the center. Plants that trail or hang should be placed on the pot’s front or sides.
The plants in this container garden are:
Elephant bushes and miniature pine trees, Portulacaria afra and Crassula tétragona, respectively, grow tall, thus they were put in the back.
In the middle of the pot is a Crassula Ovata ‘Gollum’ (Gollum Jade Plant). This medium-sized plant gives the arrangement interest and drama.
Oscularia pendunculata and Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ are the plants on the left. These two plants will later look fantastic cascading down the side of the pot because their stems have a tendency to grow long and lanky.
Anacampseros Rufescensa, a low-growing succulent with lovely rainbow-colored leaves, is the plant on the right. This enhances the arrangement’s attractiveness and color pop.
Echeveria ‘Doris Taylor,’ a low-growing succulent with fuzzy leaves, is the plant in the front. looks fantastic from the front and gives the arrangement a unique texture.
You now have it. These are the fundamental factors you must take into account when establishing a succulent container garden. You may benefit from these container gardens for many years to come with just a little work.