The most economically significant plant in the Bromeliaceae family is the pineapple (Ananas comosus), a tropical plant with an edible fruit.  The pineapple is a native of South America and has been grown there for many years. The pineapple became a prominent cultural symbol of luxury after it was introduced to Europe in the 17th century. Pineapple has been grown for commercial purposes on numerous tropical plantations and in greenhouses since the 1820s.
Pineapples develop into a tiny shrub; the unpollinated plant’s individual blossoms combine to generate a number of fruits. The plant typically matures in a year and is propagated from an offset generated at the top of the fruit or from a side branch. 
What classifies as a succulent?
The pineapple plant, Ananas comosus, is a perennial succulent herb. Its tall, thick, spiky leaves are arranged spirally to create a rosette that can reach heights of 1 meters and widths of 1.5 meters. Two suckers are produced, one close to the stem’s base and the other close to the fruit.
Which fruit is a pineapple?
Although you probably don’t need another reason to appreciate pineapples even more: 14 intriguing facts about our favorite fruit that you might not be aware of
- A pineapple is a fruit made up of numerous berries that have grown together, not an apple or a pine tree.
- Additionally, this indicates that pineapples are a collection of berries that have fused together rather than a single fruit. This is referred to technically as a “plural fruit” or “collective fruit.” The video immediately below this list shows a time-lapse of a pineapple developing from numerous berries into a single pineapple over the course of one minute.
- A pineapple is known by its scientific name, Ananas comosus. The Tupi words “nanas” (which means pine) and “comosus” are the origin of this word (which means tufted). The indigenous Tupi people of Brazil speak Tupi as their native tongue.
- In the past, pineapples were a great asset on long boat excursions. Scurvy could be avoided by eating pineapple, and cleaning boats with pineapple juice and sand is effective.
- Coconuts can “I’ll eat you up! An enzyme termed contains in pineapples “bromelain. In your tongue, this enzyme breaks down proteins. Therefore, a pineapple is eating you when you eat it. You won’t be eaten from the inside out because the enzymes in the bromelain are broken down once it reaches your stomach. In actuality, pineapples are really medicinal! [source]. Fun side note: this enzyme may be the reason why laborers on pineapple fields frequently lack fingerprints!
- Although pollination of pineapples is necessary for the development of seeds, the presence of seeds degrades the fruit’s quality. Hummingbirds, honey bees, and pineapple bees are potential pollinators for pineapples. For this reason, importing hummingbirds is forbidden in Hawaii.
- A pineapple plant may need more than two years to produce only one pineapple fruit.
- Pineapple plants can reproduce vegetatively or from seeds (cloning). The most common way for producing new pineapples is by far cloning. The crowns, slips, suckers, and shoots of the plant can all be used to clone a pineapple. The pineapple fruit’s topmost top is known as the crown. The leafy branches attached right below the fruit are called slips. Both the suckers and the shoots grow from the stem’s base.
- If you want to learn how to cultivate a pineapple at home, click here, or watch Mark from Self Sufficient Me’s video below this list.
- The name for a pineapple in Hawaiian is “Ahla kahiki This is so because Hawaiians believed the pineapple to be a close relative of the “Hala fruit.” Since “kahiki” is Hawaiian for “foreign,” pineapples are “Hawaii has foreign Halas.
- Would you like to cultivate pineapples yourself? Then remember that elevation is important! The pineapples that provide the best sugar content and sugar-acid balance in Hawai’i are those that are 300 meters above sea level.
- Smoke can be used to mislead pineapples into blossoming. On the Azores Islands, smoke was used to make the first discovery of this. Later studies revealed that ethylene was the substance in smoke that caused the blossoming. Since forced blooming makes it possible to grow pineapples year-round in Hawaii, it is now a common practice there.
- In the last few decades, Hawaii’s pineapple production has drastically plummeted. The current harvest volume is merely a small percentage of the previous peak rate: (
- Since Hawaii’s final pineapple cannery shut down in 2006, only fresh pineapples have been exported. This is made possible by recent improvements in pineapple production, which have led to sweeter, more transportable pineapples (the so-called “MD-2” pineapple cultivar).
What family belongs to pineapple?
With more than 3,000 species spread across 56 genera, the pineapple family of flowering plants (order Poales) is called the Bromeliaceae. The West Indies and the tropical New World are home to all but one species. The main economic products of the family are Spanish moss (Tillandsia usneoides) and pineapples (Ananas comosus), however certain areas use the fibrous leaves of some species (such as Aechmea magdalenae and Neoglaziovia variegata) to make rope, cloth, and netting. The colorful blooms and foliage of some species are also grown indoors as ornamentals, and numerous epiphytic Tillandsia species, also known as air plants, are offered for sale as novelty items.
Herbaceous evergreen perennials with simple spiral-arranged leaves make up the Bromeliaceae family. Although some bromeliads are terrestrial, the majority are short-stemmed epiphytes that dwell in trees or on cacti. The three-part flowers, which resemble lilies but have different-colored sepals and petals, are frequently carried on tall spikes with eye-catching colored bracts. The majority generate mushy fruit, but some may make dry capsules.
Is pineapple a plant or a tree?
Contrary to popular belief, pineapples don’t grow on trees; instead, they emerge from the ground as a leafy plant.
Stocky leaves are arranged in a whorl around a stem in the center of the plant. The tapering, sword-like leaves of a healthy pineapple plant can reach lengths of up to 5 feet (1.5 meters).
The apex of the main stem is where the pineapple fruit emerges. The fruit, which is topped with a “crown” made up of multiple short leaves, is actually the product of dozens of separate fruit-producing flowers fusing together to form a single fruit.
Is pineapple a flower or a fruit?
The strange fruit is actually a flowering plant. Like their skin, pineapple plants can reach heights of two meters and a width of one meter. They are frequently highly thorny. It’s interesting to note that pineapples sprout plants from their leafy crowns. Simply remove the fruit’s crown and plant it in the ground.
Where was the pineapple’s place of origin?
The Brazilian rainforests are where the pineapple is thought to have first appeared. Native tribes gathered pineapples, which were then dispersed across South and Central America. Due to the fruit’s resemblance to a pinecone, the Spaniards gave it the name “pia” when Christopher Columbus arrived in the new continent in 1493.
To what does the pineapple relate?
Tall, perennial grass native to tropical southeast Asia is sugar cane. During his second trip to the New World in 1493, Columbus carried it to the West Indies. The stems are a rich source of table sugar (sucrose), which can be used to manufacture molasses for rum or raw sugar, among other things. Ethanol (ethyl alcohol), which is used to fuel vehicles in Brazil, is produced from sugar cane. Many Caribbean islands’ native rain forests were destroyed in the 1800s so that sugar cane could be grown there instead. To work in the cane fields, slaves were imported from Africa, often in abhorrent conditions. The Indian mongoose was introduced as a biological control when the fields were overrun by invasive rats. The partnership between the rats and the mongoose failed miserably because the rats were nocturnal and the mongoose was a daytime predator. Currently, farmed poultry as well as natural bird and reptile populations have all been wiped off by the mongoose hordes that have taken over many islands. The Hawaiian sugar cane business is gradually being displaced by other lucrative agricultural (fruit) products and the tourism sector due to cheaper labor in other parts of the world.
Cuttings known as “setts” are used in the vegetative propagation of sugar cane. A sett is an area on the stem where adventitious roots grow and lateral buds are present. Before the stems are harvested, cane fields are frequently burnt. This concentrates the sugar by removing the undesirable leaves and evaporating most of the water in the stems.
On the Hawaiian island of Kauai, a field of sugar cane (Saccharum officinarum) is grown on fertile volcanic soil.
Table sugar is abundant in sugar cane (Saccharum officinarum) stems (sucrose). Brown is the color of raw sugar. Molasses is the name for the thick, sweet liquid created when sugar crystals are separated from ground-up cane.
Pineapple Family (Bromeliaceae)
Although it is cultivated all throughout tropical areas of the world, the pineapple (Ananas comosus) is truly a New World native. The numerous tropical epiphytes known as bromeliads (Bromelia), the xerophytic yucca-like plants known as puya, and the lichen-like “Spanish moss” (Tillandsia usneoides) that hangs from trees in the southeastern United States are all members of the diverse bromeliaceae family, which also includes pineapples. Technically a multiple fruit made up of numerous separate fruits (berries) embedded in a fleshy, edible stem, the delicious, juicy cone-like shape is eaten. In actuality, it was given that name because of how much it looked like a pine cone. This analogy, which Columbus made during his second voyage to the New World in 1493, inspired the English name. The distinct floral ovaries located in the stem axis give rise to the different fruits. The place where the original bloom was is now occupied by a noticeable bract that covers each berry. The prickles on the knobby stem surface are created by the remains of the bracts and floral components. Individual fruits (achenes and drupelets) from aggregate fruits like the strawberry and blackberry come from a single flower.
Parthenocarpic varieties of pineapple exist today. Seeds can be obtained by carefully pollinating the blooms, however the seedless fruits embedded in the stem axis develop without pollination and without subsequent fertilization. Hormone spraying of the pineapple fields precisely regulates fruit start and development. Because the majority of cultivated pineapples lack seeds, they are propagated vegetatively by putting the leafy part above the fruiting axis (or severed axillary branches) in a pot of rich soil. Early in the nineteenth century, pineapples were brought to Hawaii, and the budding businessman J.D. Dole urged the locals to cultivate the plants as a cash crop. Pineapples can’t be used in desserts with gelatin or milk since they contain the proteolytic enzyme bromelain. [Try incorporating pineapple juice into milk.] The protein-digesting enzyme in pineapples has been employed to tenderize meat in the past.
On the Hawaiian Island of Maui, a pineapple field. The fruit known as a pineapple is made up of several berries that are attached to a fleshy stem. On the mature, cone-shaped fruit, each segment or hexagonal marking denotes the location where a flower was formerly connected. The prickles on the knobby stem surface are created by the remains of the bracts and floral components.
Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), pineapple (Ananas comosus), and breadfruit are three examples of many fruits (Artocarpus altilis). All three fruits are referred to as “many fruits” because they are made up of a fleshy stem axis and the coalescence of ovaries from numerous separate flowers.
Do pineapples consume people?
Bromelain, an enzyme found in pineapples, is capable of digesting proteins. The cells in your mouth can be broken down by that enzyme.
Please be assured that this query did not relate to a sentient pineapple with a hunger for people. The pineapple can still consume a small portion of you even though it is not conscious.
Pineapples can break down the molecules that make up your cells and bodies, just as you digest food by breaking down huge molecules into smaller, easier-to-absorb molecules. In actuality, a pineapple consumes a small portion of you with each bite.
What’s going on then? Why can you be eaten by a pineapple? And why do we still prefer to eat it if it can digest us?
An pineapple is a type of plant, right?
The edible fruit of the pineapple, or Ananas comosus, is a perennial plant of the Bromeliaceae family. The pineapple has been introduced to other regions besides its native tropical and subtropical America. In what is loosely referred to as Pan-Asian cuisine, the fruit has evolved into a defining component of the meat, vegetable, fish, and rice meals. Where it is available, people around the world enjoy the fruit both fresh and tinned. It is occasionally used as a pastry filling or in baked sweets in the US and Europe.
The herb pineapple is a biennial or perennial, which means it can last for two years or more. It can reach a height of 150 cm.
Up to a meter long, sword-shaped leaves are produced. On the main stem, the leaves are arranged in a compact spiral. Small and reddish purple flowers are in bloom.
What was the name of the pineapple in the past?
Contrary to popular belief, the history of the pineapple is far more complex and interesting. Oh no, the simple pineapple is much more significant historically than just being a component of fruit salads and pia coladas. The Latin term for pineapples is “ananas comosus,” which originally derives from the Guarani language and means “fragrant and good fruit.” Pineapples are a native of South America.
In the 16th century, none other than that intrepid traveler and explorer Christopher Columbus brought the first pineapples to Europe. In 1493, he traveled to Guadeloupe and found pineapples, bringing them back to Spain. It is not overstatement to claim that Europeans went crazy for this unusual delicacy! They had been grown in Guadeloupe by the locals who enjoyed their delectable, juicy sweetness! The pineapple was once described as being “far beyond the choicest fruits of Europe” by a British colonist named Richard Ligon, who owned a sugarcane plantation in Barbados.
It was evident right away that they couldn’t be grown in the unfavorable British environment as soon as they were introduced to Britain in the 15th century. However, people persisted in trying, and there were several fruit-growing failures for close to 200 years. In the 18th century, they finally had success by utilizing “hot-houses.” Due to their scarcity and renown for being difficult to transport without deteriorating from the colonies, they rose to extreme popularity and status in the 16th and 17th centuries.
In Thevet’s “The new found World or Antartictike,” which was published in 1558, there is an engraving of a pineapple.
Such a sumptuous gift was only accessible to the really wealthy. Charles II, Catherine the Great, Louis XV, and King Ferdinand of Spain, to name just a few renowned figures from the era, all loved the fruit. The general absence of sweetness in the population’s diet at the time was another reason in the popularity of the pineapple. Other fruits were seasonal, cane sugar was pricey, and the average person would have rarely encountered something that sweet.
They became so renowned and sought-after that they can be seen in a painting of Charles II. Charles II is shown being given a pineapple by his gardener John Rose in the famous picture “Charles II presented with a pineapple” (ca. 1677). You might wonder why this is significant. Is it an insult? A joke? Is Rose about to be executed in the gardens of the King? It appears that no.
Since Charles II would have consumed his fair share of the sought and exotic fruit by 1677, the artwork does not show the first pineapple that was ever given to him. It might possibly be referring to Charles II’s voracity towards other activities. Additionally, Rose looked after the gardens for the Duchess of Cleveland, Charles’ lover. The pineapple is probably a metaphor for either the mistress herself or the actions Charles was probably going to partake in with her. Charles is credited with giving the pineapple its modern moniker, the “King Pine.” This is how the fruit is described in literature starting at this time and continuing for generations to come. When it was at its zenith of popularity, pineapples could sell for up to $8000 in modern currency.
They evolved into a symbol of friendliness and giving. At dinner parties, pineapples would serve as the focal point and be worshipped almost rather than consumed. Some people would even hire a pineapple for the night and use it as a fashion piece! Undoubtedly, owning a pineapple was a major prestige signal. They were utilized in statuary, civic architecture, private home design, and court architecture. The St. Paul’s Cathedral in London has pineapples on its roof, but the Dunmore House gateway in Falkirk has a huge stone behemoth that is arguably more stunning. You can truly stay in the structure that resembles a pineapple here. Pineapples have even appeared in a lot of modern literature, such as David Copperfield by Charles Dickens, whose main character was captivated by the pineapples he saw at Covent Garden.
The King Pine’s reputation has more to it than just being a status symbol for the wealthy, though. It was also viewed as a naughty, sexual, tantalizing, and titillating delicacy. Maybe something straight out of Eden. Some people have even claimed that Adam fell because of this apple. It is impossible to emphasize the exaggeration that was utilized at the time to portray the pineapple as a sinfully delectable vice. Another English colonist who lived in Barbados at the time, Thomas Verney, claimed that the pineapple was actually “the apple that Eve conned Adam with” in 1638. That’s a lot to lay at the innocent fruit’s door. A contemporaneous author and essayist named Charles Lamb, however, believed it to be “too transcendenta thrill, if not wicked, yet so like sinning that actually a tender-conscienceed person would do well to pause.” Of again, the last warning might have been sent to make sure there were still enough pineapples for him to consume.
There is no denying that Charles Lamb had a thing for pineapples. He explicitly mentions a specific characteristic of the plant in his nearly sensual description of the fruit. The only fruit that will genuinely eat you back is a pineapple! In the words of Lamb, “the fierceness and insanity of her flesh, like a lover’s kisses she bitth,” made eating pineapple “delight bordering on misery.” He may have had a slight obsession with this fruit. However, you might have observed that your tongue tingles when you eat the deliciously tangy and transcendent Edenic fruit. This is so because pineapples contain the protein-breaking enzyme Bromelain. In essence, the pineapple is causing your tongue’s proteins to breakdown as you eat it. a peculiarly symbiotic way of eating. Thankfully, the tingling stops as soon as the pineapple is swallowed. But perhaps it’s the naughty fruit’s ultimate retaliation!
Like other things, the pineapple’s fame eventually waned. They were easier to import from the colonies and easier to cultivate in Britain in the 18th century. They stopped being rare and cherished and started to become everyday and ordinary. Despite the fruit’s continued popularity, other trends predominated in popular culture. The first commercial pineapple plantation in Hawaii was established by James Dole in 1900. At its peak, it produced 75% of the pineapples in the world. Thailand and the Philippines now meet the world’s pineapple needs. Today, pineapples are more frequently found in tins or perhaps even on the edge of a cocktail glass. But once upon a time, they were prohibitively pricey to consider consuming! They were merely objects of admiration and lust as they decorated a King’s elbow or a hostess’s table.