Succulents and cacti are drought-tolerant, low-maintenance plants. The fleshy tissues of their stems, roots, or leaves, which come in a variety of hues and patterns, are where they retain water. With these professional tips, you may learn to grow succulents and cacti yourself or give them as gifts:
- Succulents and cacti do well in containers. They don’t require frequent repotting because they grow slowly.
- If your plants are not a cold-hardy kind, bring them indoors during the winter.
- To allow moisture to evaporate, containers must include drainage holes.
- For proper drainage, always use cactus soil or mix sand into your potting soil.
- Succulents generally prefer somewhat acidic soil (5.5-6.5).
- Overwatering is the most typical killer of cactus and succulents.
- To determine how damp or dry the soil is, a moisture metre is a useful instrument. When in doubt, avoid watering!
- When they are actively growing in the spring and summer, succulents require more water.
- Depending on the temperature, water once or twice a week. Reduce watering to every two weeks when the temperature rises to 90 degrees or higher.
- When the temperature is too hot, plants go dormant so they can survive on the water they have stored.
- Reduce watering to once every 3–4 weeks in the late fall and winter.
- In the spring, summer, and early fall while they are actively growing, plants are hungry.
- Use fertilisers designed for cacti and succulents.
- Your plants need nitrogen fertiliser if they are starting to look a little stunted.
Growing a jade plant is quite simple. Between waterings, allow the soil to totally dry out. prune to maintain symmetry.
Aloe Vera: For generations, burns have been treated with the soothing fluid of this succulent plant. Avoid letting the plant sit in water and let the soil dry out between waterings.
Ponytail Palm: This plant belongs to the succulent family and is not at all a palm tree. This plant is ideal for careless gardeners because of how much water it can store in its bulbous stem.
The ideal choice for an experienced gardener is a Christmas cactus. Buds can fall out from even the smallest amount of under or overwatering. Place to promote the production of buds and flowers in a chilly environment (about 55 degrees).
Hens & Chicks: These two plants also go by the names echeveria and sempervirum, respectively. Allow plants to gradually dry out in between waterings.
Crown of Thorns: To preserve the leaves and blooms during flowering, simply allow the top inch of soil to become dry.
A very resilient succulent plant that can withstand a lot of abuse is the snake plant. Once a year, fertilise, and let the plant dry out in between waterings.
How frequently should a cactus or succulent be watered?
The most frequent reason for cacti failure is improper watering, whether it is done too much or too little. Cacti have evolved to store water for extended periods of time and can maintain moisture through droughts because they are endemic to arid regions and dry temperatures. They have a limited capacity, which is why over-watering can result in a variety of issues.
When it comes to regularity, watering your cacti will largely depend on the season but also on the variety. Checking the soil is the easiest technique to determine whether your cactus needs water: It’s time for a drink if the top inch is dry. That entails applying the “soak and dry procedure” on cactus.
What is the soak and dry method?
The soak and dry technique is thoroughly wetting the soil until part of it begins to flow out the drainage hole, then waiting until the mixture is nearly dry before wetting it once more. If done properly, this strategy will help them endure a period of under-watering should you need to travel or leave the house because it takes use of their natural tendency to store water (or if you just get busy and watering falls to the wayside, as happens to all of us now and again).
Watering during the growing season versus the inactive season
Like with many houseplants, the season affects how frequently you need water. It becomes more crucial that you get in the habit of examining the soil to determine whether your cacti are thirsty. A healthy cactus needs watering every one to two weeks during the growing season, according to general wisdom. The frequency changes to once every three to four weeks during the off-season.
Even then, it’s crucial to examine the soil. The same way that not all interior spaces and not all cacti are alike. The only way to be certain that your cactus require watering is to carefully examine the soil to determine how dry it is because there are so many different factors.
How should a house cactus be cared for?
As long as they are placed in an area that receives at least 4 to 6 hours of sunshine every day, cacti can be cultivated indoors. To ensure they are etiolated, we advise rotating them daily in your brightest windowsill, which is typically a southeast-facing window.
Are succulent cactus light-required?
Nowadays, cacti and succulents are highly popular indoor plants, therefore taking good care of them is crucial. They occur in a wide variety of sizes and shapes, ranging from the small to the enormous. Because they share traits that enable them to endure in arid conditions, cacti and succulents belong to the same category.
The majority of succulents and cacti are endemic to desert environments. They will therefore thrive in conditions with lots of light, good drainage, hot temperatures, and little wetness. However, some cacti and succulents, like Schlumbergera, enjoy semi-shady and wet environments because that is their natural habitat.
The easiest way to take care of cacti and succulents is to try to mimic their natural environment. The essential factors you should take into account when taking care of your succulents and cacti are listed below.
Light, temperature and ventilation
It is advisable to arrange cacti and succulents in a bright area because they do best with good light sources. A place that faces south will get plenty of light. But be careful not to place them in direct sunlight since the strong light may cause the plants to turn yellow. The best kind of light for growing cacti and succulents depends on the species that you are using. For instance, forest-dwelling epiphytes like Rhipsalis require some shade, whereas an Echeveria requires strong light.
It is ideal to keep the plants cool at night, between 8 and 10 degrees Celsius, during the fall and winter. The plants will survive in high temperatures, but they require sufficient ventilation in the spring and summer.
Since Westland cacti and succulent potting mix has included girt and sand for the best drainage, it is a good compost to use. Additionally, it has the ideal quantity of nutrients for your succulents and cacti.
Watering and feeding
It’s a popular misperception that succulents and cacti just need a tiny bit of water. Although their leaves and stems can store water, allowing them to survive in dry environments, they will not grow in environments with little water. Your cactus or succulents’ ability to develop successfully depends on regular watering. Underwatering results in shrivelling while overwatering stunts growth.
Instead of using tap water to water plants, use lukewarm rainfall. This is because the minerals in tap water can settle on the leaves and accumulate in the soil. Additionally, minerals obstruct the plant’s access to vital nutrients.
Spring and summer
The plants need to be watered at least once a week during the growing season. Give the soil a good soak when watering, letting any extra water run away. Every time you water the compost, give it a little time to dry out.
Utilize Westland Cacti and Succulent Feed, a recommended recipe to use, to feed your plants once a month. They create more robust growth that is more resistant to disease and has superior flowering thanks to it. Simply take a 5ml quantity of the feed from the dosing chamber and mix it into 1 litre of water.
Autumn and winter
The plants enter a period of rest at this time. Reduce watering so that the potting mix dries out in between applications. The type of succulent and the environment it is in will determine how frequently it has to be watered. Winter-flowering cactus should be kept warm and watered frequently now, whereas desert-dwelling cacti don’t need to be watered. Cacti and succulents don’t need to be fed during this time.
The optimal time to repot cactus or succulents that are pot-bound is in the spring. To replant:
- Before carefully taking the plant from the pot, water it and let it drain. Use folded paper to shield your hands from the spikes.
- To avoid damaging the roots, remove the old soil from around them with a thin stick, like a chopstick.
- The new container, which has a slightly larger diameter, should be filled with potting soil before placing the plant inside of it.
- The remaining potting mix should be added to the pot and compacted.
- To stop the rotting of injured roots, stop watering for a few days.
The finest care for your succulents or cacti comes from maintaining these conditions. The most crucial thing to keep in mind when taking care of your plant is that you are trying to mimic its natural environment!
How can I tell if my cactus is in trouble?
When a cactus looks shrivelled and husk-like, it is dead. Additionally, dead cacti can become unstable in their soil and topple over. They could start to smell rancid and becoming mushy, both of which are indicators that they are rotting. Cacti that are dead lose their spines and frequently appear brown.
How do I determine the health of my cactus?
You must be aware of the fundamental indications of a balanced plant if you want to recognise a healthy cactus.
Although cactus plants can grow in a variety of ways, there are certain common signs to check for to see if your cactus is in good condition.
The Cactus Has a Healthy, Green Color
It could not be healthy if the cactus is paler than usual or has brown areas.
It is frequently an indication that they are not receiving enough light or water when cactus start to lose their colour.
The Cactus Is Growing New Spines
The cactus will produce new spines if it is healthy. This is an indication of the plant’s health and growth.
The absence of new spines or the loss of existing ones on the cactus could indicate a problem with the plant.
The Cactus Has a Healthy Root System
Brown or mushy roots could indicate that the cactus has received too much water.
It may indicate that the cactus is waterlogged if the roots are dry and brittle.
The Cactus Has Firm, Intact Skin
The cactus may not be receiving enough water if the skin is damaged or peeling.
Additionally, keep an eye out for diseases and pests. Any of these issues indicate that the cactus is unwell and needs to be handled.
The Cactus Is Producing Flowers
When cacti are in good health, they can blossom. It’s a positive sign if the cactus is flowering.
The absence of blossoms indicates that the cactus lacks the energy to do so, which could indicate that something is amiss.
The Cactus Is Standing Upright
A cactus in good health will be erect. A symptom that something may be wrong with the cactus is if it is slanting to one side or is not standing up straight.
The Cactus Is Not Rotting
There is a problem with the plant and it needs to be treated if the cactus is rotting.
Black spots on the skin, white mould, and mushy or soft tissue are a few indications of rot.
Can you keep succulents inside?
Consider succulents if you desire for indoor greenery but have had trouble growing houseplants. They make pleasant house visitors and can easily endure interior circumstances.
They have unique characteristics that help them thrive in dry indoor conditions.
expanded roots, thick stems, or fleshy leaves that enable plants to store water. Cacti, which are a kind of succulent, are well known to the majority of people. But a variety of other plants grown primarily for their eye-catching foliage also belong to the succulent family.
Succulents have remarkable textures and strong, angular leaf shapes that make them become living sculptures for interior spaces. They are excellent indoor plants since they can thrive in dry environments. Many houseplants do not thrive because dwellings, especially in the winter, provide their inhabitants with dry interior air. A houseplant’s enemy is low relative humidity. However, because they can store water, succulents can withstand dry air without suffering unpleasant consequences.
Learn how to take care of succulents inside and how to grow these low-maintenance plants.
Where should indoor succulents be placed?
Succulents thrive in hot, arid conditions and don’t mind a little neglect due to their unique capacity to store water. They are therefore ideally suited to growing indoors and are the perfect choice for anyone looking for low-maintenance houseplants. Follow these instructions for successful plant care if you’re choosing succulents for the first time.
Select a succulent that will thrive in your indoor environment.
The majority of succulents need direct sunshine, however if your home only has a shady area, choose low light-tolerant plants like mother-in-tongue. law’s A trailing variety, like string of bananas, is an excellent option if you intend to grow your succulent in a hanging planter. To learn about your succulents’ requirements for sunlight, size, and spread, always read the plant labels.
Give the plants a good draining potting material.
You should repot your succulent as soon as you get it home since nurseries always plant their succulents in soil that is overly rich and holds too much moisture. A coarse potting mix with sufficient drainage and aeration is a good place to start. You can use an African violet mix or unique cactus and succulent mixtures that you can purchase at the nursery. Add perlite or pumice to the cactus or African violet mix (up to 50% of the total potting mix, depending on your particular succulent’s moisture requirements) to further increase drainage and prevent compaction. To make sure the mixture is moist throughout, always moisten it before using.
Decide on a container.
When repotting, use a container that is at least 1 to 2 inches bigger than the nursery container and has a drainage hole. Avoid using glass containers (such mason jars or terrariums) for long-term potting since they prevent roots from breathing and over time may result in root rot. Place your plant inside the container and backfill with extra pre-moistened potting mix after filling the bottom one-third of the container with pre-moistened potting mix.
Put the succulent plant in a pot somewhere sunny.
Try to arrange your succulents close to a south or east-facing window because most succulents need at least six hours of sun each day. Insufficient sunlight may cause your succulents to become spindly or to extend toward the light.
Between waterings, allow the potting mix to dry out.
Overwatering succulents is the most common error people make with them. Watering more deeply but less frequently is preferable. Before the next watering, completely saturate the potting mix (while making sure the water drains out of the drainage hole properly). The plant can finally perish if the potting soil is left moist every day.
Succulents should be fertilised at least once a year.
Fertilizer works best for plants in the spring (when the days lengthen and new growth starts) and again in the late summer. Use a water-soluble, balanced fertiliser (such as 8-8-8 or 10-10-10) that has been diluted to half the strength indicated on the container. Since succulents are semi-dormant in the winter, there is no need to nourish them. Because they are not actively growing, they do not require the nutrient boost.