How To Propagate Succulent Seeds

Because succulent seeds are so tiny, take special care to prepare a clean workplace and clean hands before planting. Your tray or container should first be filled with dirt.

Before you open your seeds, thoroughly clean your potting area and your hands after working with the dirt.

Carefully take the seeds out of the pouch using clean hands, then scatter them on top of the soil. Again, because the seeds are so little, it could be challenging to determine where you’ve planted them in the ground.

Are succulents simple to cultivate from seeds?

You can move your seeds securely to new sites after they have developed into large enough plants.

Growing succulents from seeds isn’t particularly difficult, but it does require the right tools and some patience, just like growing any other kind of plant from seed does.

You should be able to produce your own succulents as long as you are patient and adhere to the aforementioned instructions.

What is the time required to cultivate succulents from seed?

Your plants may take three days to a few weeks to start growing, depending on the kind of succulent, the temperature, and the amount of sunlight. It’s crucial to complete your study before purchasing your seeds in order to estimate the length of time it will take for them to germinate (some may even take several months to a year). Remove the lid during the day to keep the leaves ventilated after you notice that they are starting to emerge.

As your plants develop throughout the first week or two, keep the soil moist and make sure there is enough drainage. Keep them hydrated because at this point their roots are just starting to form. It’s not necessary to always keep the soil top damp once the roots are developed. When you’re ready to water your plants as you would adult plants, observe their growth and apply your best judgment (along with any research you’ve done about your succulents).

Additionally, now is the ideal time to expose your succulents to additional sunlight. Despite being desert plants, succulents and cacti don’t require intense heat or sunlight to survive. Baby plants should not be exposed to direct sunshine until their leaves have fully developed. After then, gradually increase their exposure to light. Once you’ve gotten them to tolerate the level of light in the location where you intend to keep them permanently, gradually increase the light by about an hour every few days. Again, depending on the type of plant, different lighting conditions will be optimal.

Before planting, should you soak the seeds for succulents?

Use pre-made or homemade cactus soil mix to fill a tiny pot. To level the earth, gently press it down. The soil is properly drained and aerated with the use of inorganic grit, sand, or pumice.

Step 2

The seeds should be soaked in warm water for 30 minutes prior to planting. This encourages germination and loosens the seed coat. Opuntias need a few days of soaking in warm water since their seed coverings are quite resistant. Soak the seeds, then scatter them over the top of the flat soil. Unless the seed is exceptionally large, avoid pressing it into the soil.

Step 3

Just enough inorganic top dressing should be used to completely cover the seeds and soil surface. Don’t cover the seeds entirely in the top coating. Water gently and let the pot entirely drain.

A word about watering: During step 4, it is essential to use freshwater or distilled water to help avoid bacterial and algal growth. If the chlorine in your tap water is overpowering, you should think about drinking distilled water instead. The chlorine will damage or stop growth by burning the young, delicate roots and perhaps causing iron chlorosis. Careful watering can be accomplished by either letting the pot stand in water that is half its height or less, or by gently watering from the top while being careful not to wash away the top dressing. Allow the pot to drain completely in both scenarios.

Step 4

With a plastic container that enables light to pass through, cover and seal the pot. This might be a plastic tub or a supported plastic bag that is rubber-banded shut around the plant. The goal is to create a setting that will act as a greenhouse by retaining heat and moisture. Many things will work, so think creatively and ingeniously! But take cautious not to leave the seedling container submerged in water for too long. If you have chosen a plastic cover that is clear and colorless, move the pot to a location with bright indirect light that is approximately 70 F (21 C). If you’ve picked a clear but colored container, like blue or green, you should put it somewhere with a little more light while keeping the temperature the same. If you have chosen a container that is slightly hazy or foggy, you should put it in a cooler environment, 65 F (18 C), where it receives at least 4 and no more than 8 hours of direct sunlight, with the remaining hours of the day spent in brilliant indirect light.

Keep in mind that the sun is hotter in the late morning and afternoon than it is in the early morning or early evening. Consider the plastic bottle in general as sunscreen. The most light can travel through clear, colorless plastic, slightly less light can pass through clear, colored plastic, and even less light can flow through fogged, clear plastic. In every situation, the plastic container’s interior will warm up.

Don’t fry your young, delicate plants! If the walls of your container dry out during germination, water sparingly, reseal the container, and move it to a warm, well-lit area. If algal growth appears, remove the cover and let the seedling pot partially breathe before wiping it down with a solution of no more than 1 part bleach to 20 parts water (5 percent bleach in water). Give the cover time to dry. Place the seedling container back in a warm, well-lit area after recovering it and sealing it. As needed, keep cleaning the plastic container.

Step 5

The recently sprouting seedlings appear to be well on their way, despite being above earth. They have disproportionately small root systems underground, making it difficult for them to quickly take in the nutrients they need to grow into mature plants. Therefore, until they are almost fully grown, the seedlings should be kept in a plastic container at a high humidity level. Up until appropriate root systems are created, high humidity makes it easier for the roots and leaves to absorb water and nutrients.

Step 6

When the seedlings are large enough to handle, carefully take each seedling from its original nursing pot while wearing gloves or covering your fingers with tape. If the soil has kept moist, this is much simpler.

Step 7

Repot the seedling gently into a pot filled with cactus and succulent soil mix, filling the pot all the way to the top, and top dress with sand, gravel, or pumice. 3 or 4 days later, water. Never put the cactus back in its humidity compartment made of plastic.

What is the time required to propagate succulents?

  • Leaf propagation: Typically, it takes 2 weeks for roots to develop through leaf propagation. New leaves will start to form in around 8 weeks and can optionally be transplanted to a tiny container.
  • Root formation typically takes 4 weeks, but it can occasionally take longer with stem proliferation.
  • Offset propagation: Once the pups have developed a calloused skin, the roots typically begin to grow after 4 to 10 weeks.
  • The process of propagating seeds takes the longest—cactus seeds can take anything from three weeks to a year to even begin to germinate. After that, the seedling takes a very long period to mature into a full-grown adult.

Can succulents grow in eggshells?

Definitely. In order to flourish, plants require calcium just as much as they do phosphate and nitrogen. Additionally, using eggshells as fertilizer is a great way to feed your succulents and cacti calcium carbonate. You might want to retain those leftover eggshells rather than putting them in the garbage if you have a thing for these plants.

Plants require a small amount of calcium carbonate to maintain healthy cell walls and membranes, just like humans need calcium to maintain healthy muscles and bones.

Calcium so encourages growth when new cells are being formed. Additionally, calcium is crucial for supporting the formation of pollen tubes and roots.

Additionally real, calcium deficit in plants can be detected while new leaves are forming. The leaves could be malformed, and the tips could be gooey. A shortage of calcium can also result in the roots turning black, which can eventually kill the plant.

How frequently should I water my baby succulents?

Only water succulents when the soil has totally dried up. There isn’t a standard watering schedule that applies to all succulents in all environments.

Many indoor succulent growers discover that watering their plants every 14 to 21 days keeps them healthy. Use this timeline as a guide and make adjustments if necessary.

The earliest symptoms of underwatering on the leaves are the greatest time to water your succulents. To see what that looks like, have a look at the cheat sheet above.

The best course of action is to wait for a signal from your succulent before watering because most succulents are particularly susceptible to rot with regular watering.

And keep in mind how crucial it is to monitor your watering routine. I can’t tell you how many times I’ve assumed that I haven’t watered in a while, just to discover that it was only a few days ago thanks to my notes in the Succulent Tracker app (Apple | Android).

In this video, learn about a several factors that could influence how frequently you water your succulents:

Which succulent grows the quickest?

Naturally, the location and inherent characteristics of low-maintenance succulents affect their growth rates. One of the fastest-growing succulents, for instance, is the Echeveria, whereas Haworthias grow somewhat slowly. The former increases from just two inches to six to eight inches in twelve months, whereas the latter increases from two inches to around five inches in more than twelve months. How quickly can succulents grow, then, is a question without a clear answer. There is no denying that houseplants or succulents typically grow quickly.

Your favorite succulents have unique growing and hibernation seasons, which is another fascinating quality. Succulents do not grow during the dormant season but instead grow during the growing season according to the environment and their natural growth rate. This blog will offer a wealth of knowledge regarding the rates of growth of various succulent species.

Fast Growing Succulents

It’s important to comprehend what fast-growing succulents entail. These succulents start off with little to no growth within a month. However, the plant’s growth rate appears to be fantastic throughout the course of the following four to six months.

Examples of Fast Growing Succulent Plants

  • The three fastest-growing members of the aloe family are Aloe vera, Aloe barbadensis, and Aloe arborescens. In just under a year, these houseplants grow from two inches to six inches.
  • One of the tall succulents that grows quickly is called the String of Buttons (Crassula perforata). It increases in height by at least a foot and a half. For the optimal growth, these non-toxic plants prefer direct and strong light.
  • Another species with a reputation for rapid growth is the Mother of Thousands or Kalanchoe. If you enjoy houseplants with spectacular growth, think about using succulents for your landscape, such as Lavender scallops or Bryophyllum fedtschenkoi. The Kalanchoe diagremontana, Kalanchoe marmorata, and Kalanchoe tomentosa are further members of the family.
  • Echeverias have exceptional growth rates, as was previously mentioned. The best examples are Hens and Chicks. In around a year, a two-inch plant can reach a height of six or eight inches.
  • The Sedum rubrotinctum, popularly known as the jelly bean plant, is a member of the Stonecrop or Sedum family and has a remarkable rate of development. To reach around a foot in height, it takes about a year.
  • Century plants, often known as agaves, are succulents with large growths. Initially growing into exceptionally large plants in a period of two to three years, the size is that of a human fist. Agave stricta, Agave attenuata, and other species from this family are examples of those with rapid growth.

How to Make Succulents Grow Faster?

You must give your houseplants the right care if you want to hasten their rate of growth. If you provide them with a pleasant environment, you’ll see that they grow slowly and contently. Here are some pointers to make sure succulents develop quickly:

  • Be sure the potting soil drains properly. For optimum growth, select a normal cactus potting mix. You need to do a little extra research to get the proper soil type if the succulent has specifications for a special soil type.
  • Similar to this, make sure the container you choose has adequate drainage holes. The plant could decay if not. Because it breathes, terracotta is a viable option as a potting material.
  • Make sure to water at the appropriate time and in the proper amount. When you believe the soil is fully dry, add water. You should also water the soil rather than the leaves or stems directly.
  • Give the succulent adequate light so that it can grow properly. Prior knowledge of the plant’s lighting requirements is essential. Typically, succulents don’t like long periods of direct sunshine. Your plant may be growing abnormally long because of a lack of sunshine.
  • Cut off the old leaves if the plant has begun to look scraggly.
  • Fertilizers are typically not needed for succulents. However, if you want faster development, you can feed them once during the growing season. Utilizing organic fertilizers is ideal.

How quickly do succulents grow?

Succulents’ rate of growth is influenced by a number of factors, including temperature, light, soil, humidity, and water. It also depends on the species’ natural development factors. However, in the majority of situations, succulents grow slowly in the first few months before accelerating as they get older. Succulents, especially those that grow quickly, typically have a noticeable growth rate by the fourth or fifth month.

How to grow big succulents?

Make sure to choose succulents that grow quickly on their own. In addition, you must create the ideal conditions for growth in order to achieve outstanding growth.