How To Plant Succulent Seeds In Pot

Because succulent seeds are so tiny, take special care to prepare a clean workplace and clean hands before planting. Your tray or container should first be filled with dirt.

Before you open your seeds, thoroughly clean your potting area and your hands after working with the dirt.

Carefully take the seeds out of the pouch using clean hands, then scatter them on top of the soil. Again, because the seeds are so little, it could be challenging to determine where you’ve planted them in the ground.

Step 1: Fill the seed starting slots

I started by placing my succulent soil into each of the planting holes in my seed-standing tray. After fully soaking the soil, I let the extra water drain into the sink through the drainage holes.

Step 2: Add seeds

I then carefully cleaned and dried my hands. The succulent seeds are really tiny, so I wanted to take precautions to prevent losing or contaminating them. In each planting hole, I placed one seed and lightly pressed it into the moist dirt.

Step 3: Provide light, humidity, and water

The germination, rhizomes, and growth of succulent seeds require a lot of moisture. Because the seed starting tray features drainage holes where the extra water may flow into, watering them is quite simple. When that tray is kept somewhat moist, you can “water them from the bottom.” You can also begin watering as usual from the top once the seeds begin to grow.

The seed tray’s translucent plastic dome, which is placed atop it, aids in moisture retention. This is crucial to ensuring the happiness of the seedlings as they emerge and preventing the soil from drying out! The recommended temperature range for indoor plants is between 65 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit, just like other indoor plants. There is also some heat retention thanks to the dome.

To see if there was a significant difference, I chose to use two different lighting arrangements. One of the trays is placed in a bathroom window that receives sunlight in the late morning, midday, and evening. I placed the other tray next to a window that receives morning sunlight but is also covered by a grow light for eight hours every day. (I discussed my grow light in this post about inexpensive, useful presents for plant lovers.)

Step 4: Baby them!

Continue giving your seeds water and sunshine. Within two to eight weeks, they ought to “sprout.” You can take off the topping a few days after your seeds have sprouted. They must breathe some air! As needed, keep filling the water tray. Keep the soil from drying out.

You can reduce watering once you start to see the root system truly taking shape (usually after around 3 or 4 months). Start by letting the soil to dry out in between waterings, exactly like you would with a typical succulent. Then, carefully transfer your brand-new, little babies to their respective pots.

Don’t worry if mold starts to appear on top of your seedling trays. Remove the lid so they can breathe. You can also be watering your plants excessively, so cut back. If you’d like, you can dig away a portion of the top dirt layer. Nevertheless, as you can see in the image below, it isn’t harming or stopping the seedling from growing.

Overwatering, on the other hand, can harm your seedling or result in its tiny, exposed roots decomposing once it starts to grow. Also, if your seeds haven’t germinated after a few weeks, don’t worry. Mine started sprouting after around 2 weeks, and they sprouted intermittently for weeks after that.

In the future, I’ll update this post to reflect the development of each of my succulent types. Happy planting in the meanwhile!

Before planting, should you soak the seeds for succulents?

Use pre-made or homemade cactus soil mix to fill a tiny pot. To level the earth, gently press it down. The soil is properly drained and aerated with the use of inorganic grit, sand, or pumice.

Step 2

The seeds should be soaked in warm water for 30 minutes prior to planting. This encourages germination and loosens the seed coat. Opuntias need a few days of soaking in warm water since their seed coverings are quite resistant. Soak the seeds, then scatter them over the top of the flat soil. Unless the seed is exceptionally large, avoid pressing it into the soil.

Step 3

Just enough inorganic top dressing should be used to completely cover the seeds and soil surface. Don’t cover the seeds entirely in the top coating. Water gently and let the pot entirely drain.

A word about watering: During step 4, it is essential to use freshwater or distilled water to help avoid bacterial and algal growth. If the chlorine in your tap water is overpowering, you should think about drinking distilled water instead. The chlorine will damage or stop growth by burning the young, delicate roots and perhaps causing iron chlorosis. Careful watering can be accomplished by either letting the pot stand in water that is half its height or less, or by gently watering from the top while being careful not to wash away the top dressing. Allow the pot to drain completely in both scenarios.

Step 4

With a plastic container that enables light to pass through, cover and seal the pot. This might be a plastic tub or a supported plastic bag that is rubber-banded shut around the plant. The goal is to create a setting that will act as a greenhouse by retaining heat and moisture. Many things will work, so think creatively and ingeniously! But take cautious not to leave the seedling container submerged in water for too long. If you have chosen a plastic cover that is clear and colorless, move the pot to a location with bright indirect light that is approximately 70 F (21 C). If you’ve picked a clear but colored container, like blue or green, you should put it somewhere with a little more light while keeping the temperature the same. If you have chosen a container that is slightly hazy or foggy, you should put it in a cooler environment, 65 F (18 C), where it receives at least 4 and no more than 8 hours of direct sunlight, with the remaining hours of the day spent in brilliant indirect light.

Keep in mind that the sun is hotter in the late morning and afternoon than it is in the early morning or early evening. Consider the plastic bottle in general as sunscreen. The most light can travel through clear, colorless plastic, slightly less light can pass through clear, colored plastic, and even less light can flow through fogged, clear plastic. In every situation, the plastic container’s interior will warm up.

Don’t fry your young, delicate plants! If the walls of your container dry out during germination, water sparingly, reseal the container, and move it to a warm, well-lit area. If algal growth appears, remove the cover and let the seedling pot partially breathe before wiping it down with a solution of no more than 1 part bleach to 20 parts water (5 percent bleach in water). Give the cover time to dry. Place the seedling container back in a warm, well-lit area after recovering it and sealing it. As needed, keep cleaning the plastic container.

Step 5

The recently sprouting seedlings appear to be well on their way, despite being above earth. They have disproportionately small root systems underground, making it difficult for them to quickly take in the nutrients they need to grow into mature plants. Therefore, until they are almost fully grown, the seedlings should be kept in a plastic container at a high humidity level. Up until appropriate root systems are created, high humidity makes it easier for the roots and leaves to absorb water and nutrients.

Step 6

When the seedlings are large enough to handle, carefully take each seedling from its original nursing pot while wearing gloves or covering your fingers with tape. If the soil has kept moist, this is much simpler.

Step 7

Repot the seedling gently into a pot filled with cactus and succulent soil mix, filling the pot all the way to the top, and top dress with sand, gravel, or pumice. 3 or 4 days later, water. Never put the cactus back in its humidity compartment made of plastic.

Can seeds be used to start succulent plants?

It takes a long time to grow succulents from seed, and the results are unpredictable. Sempervivum is one succulent that might take years to bloom and generate seeds. The time it takes for the seeds to even germinate after they are harvested and sown, let alone develop into full-grown succulents, can range from three weeks to a year.

Are succulents challenging to cultivate from seeds?

You can move your seeds securely to new sites after they have developed into large enough plants.

Growing succulents from seeds isn’t particularly difficult, but it does require the right tools and some patience, just like growing any other kind of plant from seed does.

You should be able to produce your own succulents as long as you are patient and adhere to the aforementioned instructions.

How frequently should I water seeds of succulents?

  • Knowing the kinds you have can help you provide the best care for each plant type as they all have different preferences.
  • While not usually in direct sunshine, succulents adore light. When choosing a location for your plants, take into account temperature and how rapidly water may evaporate. Light also produces heat.
  • Rotating your plants will ensure that they receive enough light on all sides. (A plant that leans might require more sunshine.)

When taking care of succulents, overwatering is a common mistake. To prevent this:

  • Keep in mind that when the weather is warm and the plants are flourishing in the spring and summer, growing succulents from seeds requires more water.
  • Between waterings, the soil should dry out to a depth of about an inch below the earth’s surface.
  • Directly moisten the soil until it drains out of the container’s drainage holes. (If yours lacks drainage holes, water it less frequently.)
  • Although this varies significantly depending on kind and region, most succulents need water every other week or so.

Clean off your plants occasionally to remove dust, dirt, and any insects. You might need to use less water on your plants if insects start to be an issue. Spray the soil with a solution of water and isopropyl alcohol diluted to 70% to get rid of eggs and larvae. When you replant your succulents, think about including a tiny amount of fertilizer.

Can seeds be planted directly in the ground?

One method of starting your garden is by starting seeds indoors. One more choice is to plant seeds straight into the ground outside. This method of sowing seeds is known as direct sowing, and it is simple to do and produces excellent results.

Direct sowing, in contrast to indoor seedling care, involves uncontrollable factors like weather, fauna, and insects. However, many annuals, perennials, herbs, and vegetables can easily sprout from seeds placed straight into garden soil.

Tap-rooted vegetables that require direct sowing, such as carrots and radishes, do not transplant well as seedlings Beets transfer well, but they don’t need to be started indoors because they need chilly soil for growing.

Particularly in areas with short growing seasons, heat-loving crops that require a long season to produce, like tomato, pepper, or eggplant, don’t perform as well when they are direct-sown. Plant these seeds inside. Other crops that do well in heat, such as melons, pumpkins, squash, cucumbers, and beans, can be directly sown once all danger of frost has passed.

Some flowers, such as Bachelor’s Buttons, Sweet Peas, and Larkspur, sprout best in chilly soil and ought to be direct-seeded early in the growing season. Additionally, you should direct-sow bloomers like Moonflower, Morning Glory, Nasturtium, and Poppies that are difficult to transplant as seedlings.

The best place to start annuals that take a while to mature from seed is inside. Cleome, petunia, nicotiana, and amaranth are a few examples. Other warm-season annuals, such as Cosmos, Marigolds, and Zinnias, sprout from seed swiftly.

Use a rake or hand fork to loosen the dirt before preparing it. Large soil clumps should be broken up, and debris like sticks, pebbles, and roots should be removed. For the best growing conditions, modify the soil by adding organic matter and fertilizer. Create a level surface to finish.

Dig In

Most seed packs specify the depth of the sowing. The general recommendation is to put seeds three times their diameter deep. There are some exclusions. Some seeds should rest on top of the soil because they need light to germinate. To guarantee that the seeds are cradled by wetness, firmly press such seeds against the soil with a board or shovel.

How to Plant a Seed:

  • Cover seeds with commercial seed-starting mix if your soil has a high clay component and tends to crust over as it dries up.
  • Mix seeds with sand when planting tiny seeds, such as nicotiana or carrots, to promote dispersion.
  • Make a long trench and trickle seeds into it at the correct spacing when planting larger seeds, such as peas and beans. As an alternative, make individual planting holes with a pencil, dibber, or a bamboo stick.

Water Matters Water seeds with a light mist or shower after sowing. A forceful splash or spray shouldn’t be used because it can move seeds. Maintaining regular soil moisture is crucial. Watering twice a day may be necessary in a sunny location.

Planting locations should be marked with stakes, especially if they are hidden in between other plants. Use plastic cutlery, tall poles, garden markers, stakes and thread, or anything else to identify the location of the seeds.

Determine Seedlings

Discover the appearance of your seedlings so you won’t inadvertently pull them as weeds. Some seed packets display the appearance of the seedlings; you can also get pictures or illustrations online. When in doubt, leave the seedling alone until you are certain if it is a friend or an enemy.

slender seedlings

As instructed on the seed packet, thin seedlings. If you clip seedlings with a fingernail, a tiny set of snips, or scissors at the soil line as you pull them out, you will cause less root disturbance.

Monitor For Pests

Slugs, snails, cutworms, and other insect pests should be watched out for and avoided around seedlings.

How long should seeds from succulent plants be soaked?

For some seed soaking techniques, acidic chemicals or even weak tea or coffee may be used in place of the water. These acidic solutions are intended to loosely mimic animal stomach acid. However, most situations don’t call for these fixes. Water will work just well for most seeds.

Take a small bowl, and fill it with as much hot water as your faucet will let you. Some seeds may withstand boiling water, but since heat tolerance varies widely between species, it is best to soak seeds in hot tap water.

Place your seeds in the bowl after it has been filled with hot water, and let them stay there while the water cools. Common queries at this phase include the following “How much time should seeds soak? and “Can seeds be over-soaked? Yes, seeds can be oversoaked. A seed will drown if it is submerged in water for too long. Most seeds should only be soaked for 12 to 24 hours, and not for longer than 48. Some plant species’ seeds may withstand extended soakings, however you should only do this if the instructions specifically for this species say to.

You can take steps to enhance how well your seeds respond to soaking. Before soaking, scarification of large seeds or seeds with exceptionally tough coverings is beneficial. Scarification is the process of causing some sort of injury to the seed coat to improve the ability of water to permeate the seed. Numerous techniques can be used for scarification. These include lightly hitting the seed with a hammer to help shatter the seed coat, nicking the seed coat with a knife, and rubbing the seed on fine-grain sandpaper.

Your seeds can be sown as instructed after soaking. The advantage of soaking seeds before to planting is that it will shorten the germination period, resulting in happier, faster-growing plants.