How To Make Succulent Plants

Make sure you have all the necessary supplies on hand before I begin the step-by-step planting guide. See my post for a list of the materials you need to plant succulents.

This involves selecting the right pot or planter for your succulents. Check out this post for my advice on selecting ceramics for succulents.

You’re prepared to begin potting once you’ve gone through those posts and acquired your materials.

You can see in the step-by-step pictures that are included below how I re-pot a recently purchased succulent.

Building Your Garden

1. Select a vessel. Anything from a mason jar to a glass terrarium to an old tin can be used to grow succulents. Enjoy choosing the container that best fits your decor.

2. Add your ingredients to it! Pebbles should be added first, then charcoal, then moss, and finally soil.

3. Plant your cacti. Be imaginative! Try out several configurations without hesitation.

4. Decorative flourishes Enjoy this portion. To complement the design of your house or workplace, experiment with neon-hued moss and rough pebbles.

5. Conduct tests. Because succulents are so adaptable, don’t be hesitant to experiment with different ferns and plant combinations—the options are virtually limitless!

If you use a succulent kit, which is perfect for beginners since it includes all the elements you will need and comprehensive instructions for creating your own stylish piece, you may avoid the stress of collecting supplies and beginning from scratch.

Gather Materials for Your Succulent Garden

You desire a succulent garden since it requires less upkeep, aren’t you? If you have the necessary resources, creating a succulent garden is also rather straightforward.

  • You eagerly anticipate showing off your garden space.
  • The succulents you prefer (but you’ll get those later).
  • a mix of organic matter and coarse drainage elements, such as sand, grit, pumice, perlite, small gravel, or broken granite, that has good drainage.
  • a transplanting trowel
  • gloves for gardening.

Know your plant hardiness zone

Extreme temperatures can be harmful to some succulent plants. For information on which succulents will thrive in your region, see your plant hardiness zone. In your zone, some plants will thrive more than others.

Note: Despite the frigid conditions, some succulents may thrive in your yard since they are more cold-hardy than others. Sedums and sempervivums, like hens and chicks, are extremely cold-hardy ground coverings and do not require indoor storage during the winter.

Find the right spot for your succulent garden

You must first identify the ideal location for your succulent garden before making any plant purchases or getting too far ahead of yourself. You’ll have a better sense of which succulents will flourish in the space and how many to buy after you know the size and amount of sunlight the area will receive.

The needs for sun and shade will change for different succulents. Succulents vary in their preference for shade, sun exposure, and full sun.

While aloe, aeoniums, and agave demand lots of sunlight, snake plants, jade plants, and other similar species may take moderate shade.

Ensure proper soil drainage

Poor drainage will force these plants to spend too much time in wet, soggy soil, which will lead to root rot. Succulents can also grow in rock gardens and demand sandy, well-drained soil.

You might have to go through a process of trial and error and run a few percolation tests in order to get a soil mixture with good drainage. Organic matter, such as compost, and coarse drainage materials, such as sand, grit, pumice, perlite, small gravel, or broken granite, should be included in a healthy soil mixture.

Play with succulent arrangements

While your plants are still in their pots, you should arrange them in the garden. By putting them in place, you can see the finished product and make any necessary design modifications.

While they are still in their nursery pots, moving your plants around for a more appealing appearance will be much simpler than replanting them.

You’re ready to proceed to the following step and construct your succulent garden once you’ve put your plants in place and are satisfied with the garden layout.

Transplant your succulents

Succulents might be difficult to transplant, yet they are hardy plants. Succulents often bounce back quickly from minor injuries, such as a few torn roots or a plant that has been moved about a bit.

Tap or brush the roots of your succulent after carefully removing it from the nursery pot to get rid of the soil. The nursery potting mix might occasionally have poor drainage, which can cause the soil to stick to the roots and keep them from accessing the water they require. It’s acceptable if you need to break or cut some of the roots in order to remove the nursery potting soil.

Place your succulents into the soil after letting the roots dry out for approximately a day if they are moist.

Watering and caring for your succulents

Before watering your succulent garden, let the roots a day or two to recover and adapt.

When the earth is fully dry, only water. Examine the first few inches of soil. Skip the watering if the ground is wet. However, if the soil is dry, water heavily and then wait a little before watering again. Every week or two, give your succulent garden a drink.

Root rot can affect your plants if you keep them in wet soil. Since root rot is considerably harder for them to recover from than dryness, it is preferable to submerge than overwater.

Check the leaves, as a pro tip. The leaves of an overwatered succulent will often appear mushy, transparent, and squishy. The leaves of a submerged succulent will appear shriveled or wrinkled.

How are succulent planters made?

All plants require water to survive, although succulents just require a small amount.

  • Use potting mix in step one. Use a bowl of your choosing to place the potting mix for planting or repotting succulents.
  • Place the Plants in a Bowl in Step 2.
  • Step 3: Set the plants up.
  • Finish the arrangement in Step 4.
  • Water the Bowl in Step 5.

What kind of soil is ideal for succulents?

Succulent soil is the basis for a plant’s ability to thrive, whether you are planting succulents outside or indoors. Larger soil particles are necessary for succulents to have a well-draining soil that allows water to enter quickly and drain away from the roots without compacting the soil. Use a soil test kit to verify the ideal soil for succulents and adjust the soil to a pH range of 6.0 to 6.5 before planting.

  • Succulents prefer well-draining soil and have short root systems.
  • The ideal soil is one that is nutrient-rich, loose, and rocky.
  • Use a potting mix designed specifically for succulents and cacti when planting in containers, and place the plant in a pot with drainage holes at the bottom.
  • Succulent plants could die off if their soil is too alkaline.
  • Add soil amendments to the existing soil to make it more suitable for succulents’ needs.

How are miniature succulents made?

Ever pondered succulent propagation? It is quite simple to do using succulent leaves, cuttings, or my favorite method, the tiny baby offshoots that develop from the larger plant. Simply remove the infant from the ground or the plant, depending on where it is developing. This type of foraging shouldn’t bother anyone, but if you’re concerned, you could always do it after dark 😉 You may do this outside in your area.

Here’s what you should do when your collection is prepared to go:

1) Allow your cuttings, leaves, and/or offshoots to dry for a few days in the open air.

3) Use your finger to make a small hole in the ground.

4) Insert your succulent.

5) Position them in a bright area of your house.

You can see that I even utilized a ceramic tea strainer, which has the ideal form and drainage holes, as a planter for one.

6) Take care not to overwater the plants, especially in the beginning. Once per week, give them a thorough soak.

7) You have some wins and some losses, but succulents are tough plants, so you should succeed in watching your young ones grow and even sprout additional offspring.

They make the ideal present, especially if you customize the pot—as I did with this one—by painting it with blackboard paint and giving it out with some chalk. Fun!

Succulent seeds may be purchased.

It ought to be obvious, but choosing seeds from a reliable supplier will make a significant impact! Many succulent seeds resemble dust or dirt, making them easily mistaken for other objects.

The Walawala Studio store on Etsy is my go-to place to get succulent seeds. They have a wide variety of seeds, some of which are more uncommon species, and the seeds are of the highest caliber.

Great seeds are also sold by other retailers on Amazon and Etsy. Just make sure you read customer reviews before you buy. It will take some time to determine whether succulent seeds are what they claim to be, even though they are not particularly expensive.

Do succulents require sunlight?

Depending on the type, succulents need six hours of sunlight each day because they are light-loving plants. You might need to gradually expose newly planted succulents to full sun exposure or give shade with a translucent screen because they can burn in direct sunshine.


Choose a pot that is just big enough for the plant to grow in, but not too big. The circumference of the appropriate pot is 5–10% greater than the size of the plant. Choose pots with a maximum excess space around the sides of an inch or two. The delicate roots will spread if the pot is too big before the plant has a chance to develop. There won’t be any room for the roots to spread in a pot that is too tiny.


The ideal pot should not only complement your style and decor but also the physical properties of the plant. Tall pots look excellent with upright-growing succulents, like aloe. Low-growing cultivars, like Echeveria, look fantastic in little pots. Not to mention spillers with trailing growth tendencies like String of Pearls. Spillers in shallow pots or hanging plants look fantastic and grow well.


There are many different types of materials for pots. The most prevalent materials are wood, terracotta, metal, ceramic, and resin. Terracotta or ceramic pots work best for succulent plants. Both of these materials allow for proper air and water circulation because they are both breathable. Just keep in mind that both ceramic and terracotta are weighty, especially after adding soil and plants.

Pick resin or plastic pots for larger plants, especially ones you plan to move around. Your back will thank you for using those lighter pots as you move or reposition plants.


Before you plant and cultivate succulents, the most important thing to understand is that they don’t like a lot of water. Even before you develop a watering schedule, this is relevant. Without adequate drainage, water that accumulates at the bottom of a container without anywhere to go may cause root rot in your succulent.

The ideal pots for succulents, regardless of design, are planters with drainage holes in the bottom. Since many succulent planters lack drainage holes, you can use any of them as long as you keep in mind to water succulents sparingly and keep an eye on them frequently.

How To Grow Succulents | Succulent Plant Care Info

Sempervivum, Jovibaraba, and Sedum are winter-hardy plants that can grow in zones 3–9.


The majority of succulent species require from half a day to a full day of direct sunlight. It is advised to find some afternoon shade in particularly hot places. Succulents planted in excessive shadow will extend outward in search of more sunlight. Enough sunlight will help succulents grow into gorgeous, vibrant plants.


Plants should be gently removed from their containers and planted, making that the soil level is maintained at the same depth as it was in the container.

Keep in mind that most of our plants came straight from the cold frames where they were shielded from the harsh sun and drying winds. For the first week, give your plants and garden décor some shade and cover to gradually adapt them. Every few days, extend the length of the day by a few hours. This will make it possible for a smooth transition.

A layer of pebbles or pea gravel sprinkled on the soil surrounding the plant will be beneficial to your succulents. Additionally, it is highly ornamental.


Succulents require soil with good drainage. Make sure the place has good drainage and is not in a low region that would remain wet before planting in the garden. You can buy cactus soil for container gardening or add sand, gravel, or volcanic rock to your potting soil for enhanced drainage. You should have a drainage hole in the container you are using for planting, or you can fill the bottom of the container with crushed rock before adding the planting medium. Spreading gravel or tiny pebbles on top of the ground can add a lot of style.


After planting, water the area thoroughly and wait a short while before watering again. Wet feet bother succulents, who don’t like them. Water whatever you do thoroughly. They will require less water once they are established.


Succulents generally require relatively little fertilizer. During the growing season, they only require monthly watering and a balanced fertilizer.


Each type of sedum blooms at a different period and in a variety of pink, red, and yellow hues.

After the second or third year, Sempervivums will flower. From the middle of the main rosette, which has a cluster of flowers, a flower stalk will emerge. Sempervivum blooms are open, starry, and typically pink. They are carried above the plant on a stem with several blossoms. Fortunately, there are always chicks born earlier from the base that grow in a ring around the mother plant to continue for subsequent years. The monocarpic crown that generates the flower head dies off after flowering. Twist the stalk off gently once the blossom fades, then plant a chick where it was.

Winter maintenance:

Typically, established succulents in the garden do not require winter protection. Snow frequently provides protection for chilly locations. Balsam boughs can be used as a light winter mulch in cold climates without snow cover, but this is typically not necessary.


When your plants are delivered, gently open the package as soon as possible. Once you have unpacked your things, water your plants properly and let them drain well because we ship plants on the dry side. Early-spring shipping succulents could have some dry edges and a lackluster appearance. This is typical, and their color will deepen when exposed to sunlight. Sempervivums change color with the seasons, and each variety has a certain time of year when it is at its most vibrant.


Succulents can be used in countless planting scenarios. The most interesting containers and troughs are those with a variety of colors, textures, and behaviors. Succulents make lovely plants for rock gardens. There is always color since there are so many different bloom times.