How To Care For Dragon Fruit Cactus

greater than that of other cacti, water (approximately once every 2 weeks). Dry the soil between waterings. While not being saturated, soil should be moist.

12-27oC (54-80oF). Except in USDA zones 10a to 11b, keep indoors. To avoid wilting or freezing, keep temperatures below 0oC (32oF) and no more than 37oC (100oF).

Can you grow a dragon fruit cactus indoors?

If your house has a sunroom or a big window where the plant can enjoy six to eight hours of direct sunlight daily, you can grow the dragon fruit plant (Hylocereus undatus) inside.

It may be necessary to hand-pollinate an indoor dragon fruit cactus in order for it to produce fruit; outdoors, pollination is done by moths, bats, and bees.

The vine of the dragon fruit cactus can reach a height of 20 feet. The cultivars “Edgar’s Baby,” “Alice,” “Seoul Kitchen,” “Yellow Dragon Fruit,” and “Zamorano” are all ideal for growing inside.

How long does a dragon fruit cactus take to produce fruit?

The vibrant colors of a dragon fruit are difficult to miss in the produce section of a supermarket store, whether they are magenta and green or bright yellow. The fruit has a delicate, subtle flavor, and the numerous tiny, black seeds offer a delightful crunch. This unique fruit is produced by an equally strange plant, a Central American native tropical cactus.

If dragon fruit has caught your attention, you can easily produce your own dragon fruit plant from the tiny seeds that are dispersed throughout its flesh. Although plants cultivated in containers can take up to two years to develop fruit, they can start flowering as soon as six to eight months after planting. The good news is that a mature plant can produce four to six fruiting cycles year and can continue to produce fruit for 20 to 30 years.

A dragon fruit cactus needs how much sun?

  • Planting dragon fruit in a location with direct sunshine or one that receives at least six hours of sunlight each day will enable it to bear fruit. Make sure your plant is placed indoors in a warm, sunny area.
  • Dragon fruit prefers somewhat damp soil, unlike the majority of cacti.
  • If you’re planting your dragon fruit in the ground, make sure the soil is sandy and slightly acidic and that it has quick drainage.
  • As a vining cactus that wants to climb, dragon fruit. It can clamber 5 to 10 feet, so add a stake or trellis for support. Additionally, ensure that your support system is very strong because the plant may get overburdened with fruit.
  • During the summer growing season, this plant benefits from a low-nitrogen cactus fertilizer every other month; once winter arrives, halt the feedings.
  • Watch out for larger animals that enjoy the fruit, such as bats and birds, as well as smaller intruders like bats and mealybugs.

Do dragon fruits require full sunlight?

Although dragon fruit trees thrive in warm climates and are frequently planted in direct sunshine, excessive sun exposure in dry or extremely hot climates can harm the stems. It’s recommended to put your cactus in a location with some partial shade if temperatures in your area are usually close to 100 degrees Fahrenheit.

What can I do to make my dragon fruit bloom?

There are a few potential causes for your pitaya’s failure to fruit. The main culprit is probably poor growth conditions. Being a tropical plant, the dragon fruit cactus enjoys heat. Your plant is unlikely to even generate blossoms at temperatures below 65 degrees Fahrenheit (18 degrees Celsius). Bring your plant indoors or, even better, relocate it to a greenhouse if the weather is cool in an effort to encourage the production of flowers and fruit.

Light is yet another prevalent issue. A pitaya needs enough of light to fruit, so it’s possible that it’s not getting enough if you’re keeping it indoors. Ensure that the location of your plant receives six hours of direct sunlight each day. Put it under bright lights if you are unable to do this inside.

A lack of moisture may also prevent your dragon fruit from producing fruit. Many gardeners believe the pitaya doesn’t require much water because it is a cactus. In reality, it prefers to have continuously moist soil and needs around an inch (2.5 cm) of water every week.

Only in the summer, when the days are long and the temperatures are high, do dragon fruits typically ripen. You probably won’t see any fruit if it’s winter. But you can lengthen the fruiting season to some extent by boosting the aforementioned factors.

Can a potted dragon fruit plant grow?

  • The pot should have a diameter of 15 to 24 inches and a depth of 10 to 12 inches. A minimum of two or three drain holes must be present on the pots.
  • For the dragon fruit, you can use plastic, clay, or even terracotta pots.
  • Despite the suggested size, using a larger pot will only help because it will give the roots more room.
  • Make an effort to ensure that your dragon fruit plant receives about 8 hours of beneficial sunlight each day.
  • The pests most likely to harm the plant are aphids and ants. You can apply an organic insecticide to solve this issue.

Which kind of soil are ideal for dragon fruit?

Let’s discuss how to grow dragon fruit. This is where we’ll inform you of

  • climate conditions needed for growing dragon fruit
  • Suitable soil for growing dragon fruit
  • agricultural land preparation for dragon fruit
  • method for planting dragon fruit
  • the cultivation of dragon fruit plants
  • manure and fertilizer for dragon fruit
  • irrigation for dragon fruit
  • illnesses and pests
  • gathering dragon fruit

Let’s start by learning how to establish a dragon fruit farm. Where else do fruits like dragon fruit grow?

Climate Requirements For Dragon Fruit Farming

This fruit tree thrives in unstable temperatures and poor soil. So, growing dragon fruit is ideal for the tropical climate. 50 cm of rain per year is the recommended amount for protected cultivation. Dragon fruit cultivation requires a temperature range of 20 to 30 C. Dragon fruit plants cannot withstand excessive sunlight. So, if you want to grow it in a location with lots of sunlight, just provide some shading.

Soil for Dragon Fruit Cultivation

This fruit may be grown in a variety of soils, from clay loam to sandy loam. However, sandy soils with rich organic matter and an ideal drainage system are the best for its cultivation. The ideal pH range for growing dragon fruit is 5.5 to 7.

Dragon Fruit Agriculture Land Preparation

The field must be plowed until the soil reaches its ideal fine tilth and is weed-free. Then, apply any kind of organic compost in a comparable amount.

Dragon Fruit Plantation Method

Cuttings are the most typical way to propagate dragon fruits. However, seeds can also be used to spread it. However, the seeds take a very long period and do not retain the traits of the mother plant. The seeds approach is therefore inappropriate if you run a business-oriented dragon fruit farm. Therefore, if you want to fully benefit from growing dragon fruit, you should use plant cuttings from a high-quality mother plant. The 20 cm cuttings should be used for field planting. Furthermore, 2 days prior to planting, cuttings must be piled.

They can now be planted using a mixture of dry cow dung. You should maintain a 2 × 2 meter space between plants. For the size of the pits, you must dig a hole that is 60 cm x 60 cm x 60 cm. You also need to add dirt, manure, and 100 grams of superphosphate to these pits. One acre of land may support roughly 1700 plants.

Training of the Dragon Fruit Plant

You should use concrete or wooden columns as support to ensure optimal plant growth and enormous dragon fruit farming profits. These columns must be tied to immature plants. You need to use a circular or round metal frame to sustain the dragon bush.

Dragon Fruit Fertiliser and Manure

Organic manure is essential for the healthy growth and development of the dragon fruit plant. Each plant has to get at least 10 to 15 kg of organic compost. After that, you must add 2 kg more manure annually. For healthy vegetative growth, it also needs inorganic fertilizers in addition to organic ones. The ratio of potash muriate to superphosphate to urea in the vegetative stage is 40:90:70 grams per plant.

At the fruit-bearing stage, you must also provide a large amount of potash and a low amount of nitrogen. From the blossoming until the harvesting stages, several fertilizers should be used, including Urea:superphosphate:muriate of potash (50:50:100 grams/plant). This remedy can be administered soon before flowering, during fruit development, and following harvest. Your farm can become more productive as a result.

Dragon Fruit Irrigation

Comparatively speaking, this plant uses less water than others. As a result, you can routinely water it during the planting, flowering, and fruit-development phases as well as in hot and dry weather. You can use drip irrigation to conserve water.

Pests and Diseases

The absence of pests and diseases makes this farming’s biggest benefit. Therefore, you don’t use extra chemicals to treat the plants. As a result, it lowers the per-acre cost of growing dragon fruit.

Dragon Fruit Harvesting

In the first year, the plants begin to bear dragon fruit. It produces fruit between the months of August and December, and after one month of flowering, the fruit is ready for harvest. In addition, the blossoming season lasts through December. Up to six times can be spent picking these fruits throughout this time. The optimal time to harvest is when the fruits turn crimson. The best time to harvest is three to four days after the change in color. On the other hand, if you intend to export them, you should harvest them after one day of color change. Per acre, you can produce 5 to 6 tonnes.

In addition, let’s learn about the various Indian states where you can engage in dragon fruit cultivation.

Dragon Fruit Farming in the Different States of India

A tropical fruit that is becoming more and more popular in India is dragon fruit. These days, there is a growing gap between the supply and demand for this exotic fruit. Because of this, India’s dragon fruit industry can be successful. As a result, this farming is attracting a lot of interest from Indian farmers. Commercial dragon fruit farming is mostly carried out by farmers in Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, and the Andaman & Nicobar Islands. In addition, this fruit growing is being practiced in West Bengal, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh.

High in Nutrients

Numerous nutrients included in dragon fruit help humans keep fit and healthy. The nutrients are thus:

  • 136 calories
  • 3 grams of protein
  • Wool: 7 grams
  • 8 percent of the RDI is iron.
  • 0 grams of fat
  • g of carbohydrates: 29
  • Four percent of the RDI for vitamin E
  • 18 percent of the RDI for magnesium
  • Nine percent of the RDI for vitamin C

Fight Chronic Disease

Dragon fruit has a variety of strong antioxidants. Additionally, antioxidants stop the inflammatory and cell-damaging effects of free radicals.

  • Vitamin C: According to studies, consuming enough vitamin C lowers the risk of cancer.
  • Betalains: Betalains have antioxidant and anti-cancer properties.
  • Carotenoids: Carotenoids have the power to lower the risk of cancer and heart disease.

Good Source of Fibre

Health officials advise men to consume 38 grams of fiber daily and women to consume 25 grams. However, the ability of fiber to aid with digestion is well known. Additionally, it is helpful for controlling type 2 diabetes, lowering the risk of colon cancer, and maintaining a healthy body weight.

Strengthens Immune System

Your diet’s quality is just one of the many variables that affect your immune system, which is the body’s capacity to fight infection. Due to its vitamin C and carotene content, the dragon fruit may improve your body’s capacity to ward off illness and prevent infection. Additionally, it can shield your white blood cells from harm.

Keeps a Healthy Gut

Your health can be impacted by the microbiome, and imbalances in your gut can increase your risk of developing asthma and heart disease. Therefore, since dragon fruit has prebiotics, you can eat it. It can maintain a healthy balance of beneficial bacteria in your gut.

Boost Low Iron Levels

Fruits that contain iron include dragon fruits. Iron is responsible for moving oxygen across the body. Additionally, it is essential for converting food into energy.

Good Source of Magnesium

One cup of dragon fruit provides about 18% of your recommended daily intake (RDI) of magnesium. Your body also has 24g of magnesium.

Importance of Dragon Fruit

  • enables the reduction of cholesterol
  • aids in managing weight
  • high in proteins and lipids
  • suitable antioxidant source
  • prevents the onset of arthritis
  • aids in heart health improvement
  • high in minerals and vitamins
  • aids in the fight against aging
  • aids in the prevention of asthma

Hylocereus Undatus

Pitahaya is another name for it, and it has pink skin and white meat. The fruit’s edible black seeds are 4–9 cm in thickness and 6–12 cm in length. It is well-known among dragon fruit varieties.

Hylocereus Polyrhizus

This cultivar is also known as Crimson Pitaya, and it has pink skin and red flesh. Although this cultivar originally came from Mexico, it is now accessible in many other nations. Among the various dragon fruit kinds, this one is the most lucrative.

Hylocereus Costaricencis

This cultivar, which is indigenous to Costa Rica, is also known as Costa Rican Pitaya. Its fruits are magenta in color and with pears-shaped seeds. It contains flesh that is violet-red and skin that is pink. This type of dragon fruit is simple to grow in India.

How to Eat Dragon Fruit

Dragon fruit has a thick, leathery exterior that can be daunting, yet eating it is relatively easy. Look for the brilliant red dragon fruit because the unripe ones will be green. While some spots are common, an excessive amount indicates overripeness. A dragon fruit needs to be firm, not mushy like an avocado or kiwi.

  • Cut the apple in half lengthwise using a sharp knife.
  • Use a spoon to remove the white pulp.
  • Without slicing the peel, you can chop the pulp into cubes.
  • To reveal the cubes, press on the skin’s backside.
  • You can now eat it or include it in salads.

Dragon Fruit Cultivation Bottom Line

To begin this farming, you should create a dragon fruit business plan. You can include things like how much it costs to grow dragon fruit per acre, where it is grown, where to buy dragon fruit in India, and other things in this. Additionally, it is successful farming. So, if you’re going to do it for profit, just go ahead and do it.

Frequently Asked Questions for Dragon Fruit Farming

Ans. Tropical regions with lower rainfall expectations are where dragon fruit is farmed.

Ans. Yes, states like Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh can cultivate dragon fruit.

Ans. Growing dragon fruit is quite lucrative. In one acre of dragon fruit farming, you can make a net profit of Rs. 4 lakhs.

Ans. Yes, because of its nutritional content, dragon fruit is in high demand in Indian cities.

An estimated cost of Rs 3 to 4 lakh per acre is what is used to calculate dragon fruit production.