You can add additives to up to three-fourths of your succulent plant soil. Pumice has been used alone in some tests with successful outcomes, however this is in the Philippines, where regular watering is required. Those of us who live in less ideal climates might need to try new things.
Along with coconut coir, pumice, perlite, and Turface, coarse sand is frequently employed (a volcanic product sold as a soil conditioner). For this project, use Turface, and purchase the medium-sized stones. For outdoor succulent beds, expanded shale is used to improve the soil.
Additionally, pumice is a component of the intriguing product Dry Stall Horse Bedding. Some people use this directly into the ground when making a bed for a succulent garden. This product should not be confused with another one named Stall Dry.
Although river rock is occasionally added to the soil, it is more frequently used as a top dressing or decorative element in your garden beds. As an amendment or mulch, horticultural grit or a variant is utilised, just as aquarium gravel.
Consider the layout and have a plan when setting up a succulent garden bed, but be flexible once you start planting. While some sources advise preparing the soil three inches (8 cm) deep, others advise doing so at least six to eight inches (15 to 20 cm) down. When adding outdoor succulent soil to your bed, the deeper, the better.
Create hills and slopes where you can plant various specimens. Elevated planting not only provides your garden bed a unique aspect, but it also elevates the roots of your cacti and succulents even more.
How far down should spongy roots go?
The size and type of the succulents will determine this. Succulents don’t mind being packed and can grow tightly for a while in their pots. The ones that thrive when planted closely together are either slow-growing or keep their size. The plants will crowd each other out if you don’t repot your succulent arrangement into a larger planter.
A wide variety of succulents do. More horizontally than vertically, the roots expand. The type of succulent and the depth of the pot both matter.
How deep of a soil bed do succulents require? Does cacti require deep pots? What depth should a bowl of succulents have?
Because of the way the roots develop, the majority don’t require much soil depth. You don’t need a deep planter unless the succulent is really tall, like a pencil cactus. A 36-inch-deep planter bowl is what I favour.
Because it’s too heavy, I don’t. When it comes to succulents, potting soil, which retains more moisture, is more prone to over-watering. A succulent and cactus mixture has the correct drainage and oxygenation that succulents require while holding less water overall.
Yes, I have planted succulents in glass containers in the past, but watering them properly can be challenging. For an occasion, I made a lot of them, and the customers later took them home. How long they existed, who knows!
I cover the bottom with little pebbles or rocks. On top of it, I’ll add a layer of charcoal. Although the charcoal is optional, it improves drainage and absorbs pollutants and odours. This makes it a terrific tool to utilise for any indoor gardening job.
Succulents in shallow pots can they survive? Succulents may be kept in low bowls for how long?
Yes, especially if the succulent appears unstressed or is growing slowly. Low light conditions—not low or no light—allow succulents to develop more slowly and maintain their potted state for longer. The succulent and the size and/or depth of the container will determine how long. Yours may be spreading in height or width, necessitating a larger foundation to accommodate the roots.
Do succulents require shallow or deep pots?
Your succulent’s health is also dependent on the pot’s depth. Due to the amount of soil they contain, avoid using pots that are too deep or tall. Pots that are too tall will hold too much moisture, just like pots with a diameter that is too large. The taproot needs freedom to expand, but not so much space that the soil dries out. Shallower containers work best for succulents and cacti since they dry out more rapidly and produce plants that are happier and healthier.
Can succulents flourish in thin soil?
I’ve been preparing my gardening equipment in preparation for spring. Now is the perfect time to create your first succulent container garden, if you’ve been thinking about it. Here, I’ll show you how to start your very own succulent container garden and provide you lots of other helpful potting advice.
It doesn’t take much planning to grow a succulent container garden, but you should take the following factors into account before you start planting:
Either utilise a single succulent plant or group a number of different plants together. Everything is dependent upon your goals. Your choice of pot should be based on the size of the plant or plants you are utilising, and vice versa.
Does the pot’s size matter? Yes. Succulents don’t need particularly deep pots or a lot of soil to flourish because their roots are shallow. Succulents actually favour a somewhat shallow pot or just enough dirt to help the roots and the plant to spread out.
You want the size of the pot to match the size of the plant(s) you are using, whether you choose the plant first and the vessel second or choose the pot first and the plants to go in the pot later. The container shouldn’t be too big for the plant, but it should still allow for some growth.
The pot should have a diameter that is 1 to 2 inches larger than the nursery container the plant is currently in.
The decision of what kind of pot to use is largely subjective. Each of them has advantages and disadvantages. Here is a piece I published about selecting the ideal pot that you might find useful: “Choosing The Best Succulent Pot: Advantages and Disadvantages.
Your own preferences will determine a lot of the plant varieties you employ, as well as the colour schemes, colour combinations, forms, and sizes. Combining succulent plants actually has no right or wrong technique. When placing multiple plants in a single container, I just consider their growing requirements.
Plants with comparable growing requirements should be combined in one container as much as feasible. If a plant’s growing requirements are unknown to you and the label does not include basic instructions, you can easily research the requirements online.
The plant’s fundamental requirements for growth include:
Put plants that require the same amount of light together. Put plants with similar lighting requirements in the same container, whether you’re putting them indoors or out. Plants that require the sun together, those that require partial shade together, those that require low light together, etc. This will make it simpler to locate the ideal location for your container plants and to move them around as necessary to meet their lighting requirements.
Fortunately, the most of succulents have very comparable watering requirements, so I don’t stress too much about watering requirements when combining plants. However, you should be aware that different succulent plants require extremely varied amounts of water, therefore it is advisable to place them in different containers. For example, Lithops (Living Stones) have extremely different watering requirements from other succulents and won’t grow well if planted next to them or irrigated at the same time.
Learn about the hardiness zones of the plants and the ideal setting for that specific plant. Avoid combining plants that are cold-hardy with those that are not, or tropical cacti with desert cacti. It will be simpler for you to care for the plants in different seasons if you group plants with similar growing requirements together.
Finding these three items may seem like a lot of work, but most of the time, a fast internet search is all that is required to learn about a specific plant. Or, if you buy the plants from a garden centre, they typically have a tag or label that describes their fundamental growing requirements. Additionally, you can enquire in the garden centre about the requirements for the plant’s growth.
Do cacti require deep roots?
Strong roots support the plant’s position and shield it from adverse environmental factors. Additionally, they preserve it within the soil. In addition, roots supply succulents with vital minerals and water. Your plants are more likely to perish quickly if their roots are unhealthy.
Succulents have shallow roots, therefore placing them in a deep plant container will stop them from expanding. Additionally, every time you water them, the water will collect at the bottom, causing the roots to rot from an excess of moisture. To avoid water collecting at the bottom and to maintain the health of your succulents, keep them in a shallow pot.
How shallow may cacti be potted?
Succulents are resilient plants with a wide range of sizes, textures, and colours, including cacti (Opuntia spp.) and other plants. They live by storing moisture in their fleshy stems. A desk or tabletop can be transformed into an intriguing indoor desert scene using a variety of succulents and a shallow dish. A desert dish garden requires little maintenance after it is established. In the open air, the majority of succulents are warm-weather plants that flourish in USDA plant hardiness zones 9 through 11. Some plants can successfully grow in USDA zones 5 through 8.
A shallow dish should have 1 to 1 1/2 inches of fine gravel in the bottom. Any shallow container that is at least 2 inches deep and has at least one drainage hole in the bottom is acceptable.
To keep the soil fresh, sprinkle 1 to 2 teaspoons of activated charcoal granules over the gravel. Then, fill the dish with a cactus- and succulent-specific commercial potting mixture to within 1/4 inch of the top.
A variety of small plants should be placed all around the taller succulents in the middle. Plant taller plants in the back of a dish garden so that it can be seen from one side. When you’re satisfied with the arrangement, place the succulents on top of the soil in the dish while they are still in their separate pots.
Using a stick or your finger, make a little hole for each plant. Take each plant out of its pot. After setting the plant in the hole, gently pat the earth over the roots. For growing room, place 1 to 2 inches between each plant. Wear gloves if you’re working with spiky succulents or cactuses with spines.
So that the potting mixture is evenly moistened but not saturated, lightly water the dish. As a general guideline, add water to the dish until it is 1/4 full. For a dish with a total volume of 4 cups, for instance, add 1 cup of water, and then let the extra water drain through the drainage hole. Never allow succulents to stand in potting soil that is wet or waterlogged.
Put the dish garden in direct sunlight. Every two to three months, or whenever the soil seems dry, water the dish garden. To prevent standing water, slowly add lukewarm water until it drops down the drainage hole. Then, allow the potting mix to completely drain.
Are succulents tolerant of crowds?
Speaking with individuals about succulent care or watching succulent care “in the wild” has made me aware of some of the misconceptions around succulent plants in the horticultural community. Just stroll through the nurseries in garden centres, where staff members are highly qualified. There are numerous excellently kept ornamental plants, fruit trees, and beautifully managed bedding plants, all of which have been nourished, watered, and maintained. then go for the section with succulents. You’ll find plants that have been improperly labelled, overwatered, underwatered, and generally neglected. In response to requests for assistance from merchants and landscaping contractors, I pondered this for a long time.
Successful succulent care is a synthesis of numerous elements, just like taking care of other plants. soil, water, fertiliser, exposure, control of pests and diseases, upkeep, and most importantly, observing and asking questions about the health of the plants.
Observing the plants and wondering what is going on with them. Yes, I believe that this is the most crucial element in keeping succulent plants healthy and beautiful. Applying what you have learnt to this group of plants will go a long way toward success with them if you are a gardener with prior success cultivating other types of plants. A plant is most likely not healthy if it does not appear to be so. Like any other plant that does not appear to be healthy, a plant that is unhealthy is likely dealing with challenges relating to soil, water, fertiliser, pest and disease control, upkeep, or a combination of these issues.
Due to their adaptation to places where water is scarce for extended periods of time, succulent plants differ somewhat from normal herbaceous perennial plants. As a result, their relationship with water plays a significant role in what makes them special. When it comes to gathering and preserving water, succulent plants are particularly effective. Additionally, they are more vulnerable to issues if exposed to excessive water. One of the most important determining aspects in maintaining the health of succulents is water management.
Here are some general care instructions for succulents, including everything from water to soil to sunlight.
The secret to soil mix in containers and in the landscape is good drainage and aeration. The majority of commercial soil mixtures are a little too dense and hold a lot of water for succulents. Adding coarse perlite, crushed lava, or pumice to conventional potting mixtures will usually be sufficient to transform them into effective succulent potting mixtures. Normally, I advise mixing 1 part amendment with 4 parts potting mix. For succulents like cactus that require even more drainage and aeration, the proportion of amendment can be increased.
There are a number of high-quality choices available on the market if you want to purchase pre-mixed soil, including the E.B. Stone Cactus mix that we carry at the nursery.
Thick stems and leaves that effectively gather and store water are characteristics of succulent plants. Traditional plant varieties have thin leaves and require more frequent hydration and watering. Even though the soil is damp, a plant like a coleus may wilt on a hot day. For the coleus to have more humidity and water availability, more regular watering is required. The succulent is less prone to wilt since it has water stored in its leaves and stem. Before being watered, succulent plants prefer to get close to being dry. The plant’s root ball stores the rest of the remaining moisture when the earth dries out. It’s time to water when this area is almost completely dry. Water the plant thoroughly so that the soil is completely saturated and some water runs out the bottom of the plant. Watering a succulent is very much the same as watering any other plant, only not as frequently.
When the environment is unfavourable, there is an exception to how you water a succulent. Poor air circulation, cloudy, dark days, and inadequate lighting may be examples of this. The plant will dry out extremely slowly in these conditions, so it will require controlled watering—giving it tiny doses of water—to prevent being overly wet for an extended period of time. Again, keeping plants healthy requires paying attention to what they need.
Like most plants, succulents like being fed. Succulents vary from other plants in that they require less fertiliser less frequently since they are so effective. I do not suggest giving succulents any particular fertiliser. As you develop your plant-growing skills, experimenting with various fertilisers may improve the quality of your plants and/or blooms. Use a balanced fertiliser in the interim, such as 10-10-10 or 20-20-20. To maintain a healthy, growing plant, a fertiliser that is well-balanced is essential. There are a variety of all-purpose fertilisers that will work; at the nursery, we carry and advise Maxsea All-Purpose Plant Food.
An overabundance of fertiliser will promote excessive growth, which gives the plant a weedy appearance. Insufficient water will cause the plant to go into suspended animation and appear to be motionless. I advise halving the stated dosage rate and fertilising no more frequently than once per month. Since most succulents become dormant throughout the winter, it’s usually not required to fertilise them.
Succulent plants, like the majority of plants, prefer a climate with plenty of sunlight and clean air. Many people have misconceptions about succulents. One of the topics that people misinterpret is sunlight. When the topic of succulents is brought up, many people immediately think “desert.” In actuality, succulent plants grow most attractively when given a little sun protection. Succulent plants can develop good colour and form without being dried out by the heat of the midday sun if they are grown in a few hours of early sun throughout the warmer months of the year. Shade fabric, lattice, or even the partial shadowing offered by a tree will help break up the heat of the sun in a southern exposure when the sun is shining on the area all day. More light exposure will aid the plant in preserving its good shape and colour as winter draws closer. The plant will seem parched and burnt out if it receives too much sunlight. Too little sunshine causes the plant to extend out in search of more light, losing its beautiful compact structure.
Information on the cold tolerance of several succulent plants was lacking until recently. If you don’t know a plant’s resistance to cold, I advise thinking it will freeze or suffer harm if the temperature falls below 32 degrees Fahrenheit, or freezing. Plants can be protected from light frost using inexpensive materials like frost cloth. These materials work well to increase your level of protection by 4 to 6 degrees.
Pest and Disease Control
Aphids are always going to be aphids. Like other plants, succulents will be attacked by insects. The idea is to observe your plants, look more closely, and explore anything that seems abnormal. Like any other plant, succulents require the ideal exposure or location, as well as decent soil, appropriate watering, and fertiliser. You are less likely to encounter bugs if these factors are properly balanced.
Succulent plants are susceptible to the same bugs and diseases that affect other plants, which is a fact of life. Succulents require the same level of pest and disease monitoring as other plants. As with other plants, aphids typically target the blossoms and new growth on succulents. Like other plants, measly bugs live on the roots of the plant and lodge between the leaves near new development. They can also infest the soil. Earwigs and snails both eat on the leaves. Succulent leaves may get powdery mildew, especially after extended periods of bad weather. Not to mention the ants, of course. Farmers are ants. Ants use plants like succulents to develop bugs that will help feed all of their ant companions, just as you may rototill the dirt and plant carrot seeds for your habit of drinking carrot juice. Any ants you see on your plants, get rid of them.
Therefore, these so-called succulent plants are not bug-proof. Although they are hardy and can endure an infection for a long time, healthy, attractive plants must be watched over, and when an infestation does arise, it must be treated with.
You decide how to handle an infestation. To help identify the bug or disease, you may speak with someone at your neighbourhood nursery or your acquaintance who is an avid gardener. You decide whether to utilise organic materials or nuclear weapons, water, soap, q-tips, or chemicals. The most important thing is to address the issue as soon as you become aware of it.