Nowadays, cacti and succulents are highly popular indoor plants, therefore taking good care of them is crucial. They occur in a wide variety of sizes and shapes, ranging from the small to the enormous. Because they share traits that enable them to endure in arid conditions, cacti and succulents belong to the same category.
The majority of succulents and cacti are endemic to desert environments. They will therefore thrive in conditions with lots of light, good drainage, hot temperatures, and little wetness. However, some cacti and succulents, like Schlumbergera, enjoy semi-shady and wet environments because that is their natural habitat.
The easiest way to take care of cacti and succulents is to try to mimic their natural environment. The essential factors you should take into account when taking care of your succulents and cacti are listed below.
Light, temperature and ventilation
It is advisable to arrange cacti and succulents in a bright area because they do best with good light sources. A place that faces south will get plenty of light. But be careful not to place them in direct sunlight since the strong light may cause the plants to turn yellow. The best kind of light for growing cacti and succulents depends on the species that you are using. For instance, forest-dwelling epiphytes like Rhipsalis require some shade, whereas an Echeveria requires strong light.
It is ideal to keep the plants cool at night, between 8 and 10 degrees Celsius, during the fall and winter. The plants will survive in high temperatures, but they require sufficient ventilation in the spring and summer.
Since Westland cacti and succulent potting mix has included girt and sand for the best drainage, it is a good compost to use. Additionally, it has the ideal quantity of nutrients for your succulents and cacti.
Watering and feeding
It’s a popular misperception that succulents and cacti just need a tiny bit of water. Although their leaves and stems can store water, allowing them to survive in dry environments, they will not grow in environments with little water. Your cactus or succulents’ ability to develop successfully depends on regular watering. Underwatering results in shriveling while overwatering stunts growth.
Instead of using tap water to water plants, use lukewarm rainfall. This is because the minerals in tap water can settle on the leaves and accumulate in the soil. Additionally, minerals obstruct the plant’s access to vital nutrients.
Spring and summer
The plants need to be watered at least once a week during the growing season. Give the soil a good soak when watering, letting any extra water run away. Every time you water the compost, give it a little time to dry out.
Utilize Westland Cacti and Succulent Feed, a recommended recipe to use, to feed your plants once a month. They create more robust growth that is more resistant to disease and has superior flowering thanks to it. Simply take a 5ml quantity of the feed from the dosing chamber and mix it into 1 liter of water.
Autumn and winter
The plants enter a period of rest at this time. Reduce watering so that the potting mix dries out in between applications. The type of succulent and the environment it is in will determine how frequently it has to be watered. Winter-flowering cactus should be kept warm and watered frequently now, whereas desert-dwelling cacti don’t need to be watered. Cacti and succulents don’t need to be fed during this time.
The optimal time to repot cactus or succulents that are pot-bound is in the spring. To replant:
- Before carefully taking the plant from the pot, water it and let it drain. Use folded paper to shield your hands from the spikes.
- To avoid damaging the roots, remove the old soil from around them with a thin stick, like a chopstick.
- The new container, which has a slightly larger diameter, should be filled with potting soil before placing the plant inside of it.
- The remaining potting mix should be added to the pot and compacted.
- To stop the rotting of injured roots, stop watering for a few days.
The finest care for your succulents or cacti comes from maintaining these conditions. The most crucial thing to keep in mind when taking care of your plant is that you are trying to mimic its natural environment!
Can a cactus live in the absence of sunlight?
If you are unfamiliar with cacti plants, you might be unsure of their ability to live in the absence of sunlight. These are desert plants, after all, and you would be inclined to believe that shielding them from the sun is beneficial for them. Is that indeed the case? Most likely not.
Can a cactus survive in the absence of sunlight? The quick response is “no” Like other plants, cacti require sunlight to survive. Although these arid plants can endure brief periods of darkness, they require a lot of sunlight to grow and bloom. A mini-cacti plant typically needs four hours or more of direct sunlight each day to thrive.
Some cacti species are marketed as low light plants because they lack spines. The Christmas cactus is a nice illustration of this kind of cactus. The issue is that if you don’t give your cacti plants enough sunlight, they’ll become malnourished and maybe die.
How much sun do cacti require?
Succulents and cacti typically require between 10 and 14 hours of light every day.
However, there are several things that affect how much light you should provide! What kind of light is it? Is it man-made or natural? Is the light direct or indirect?
You should at the very least be aware of whether your succulent prefers full sun, full shade, or a combination of the two. If you’re unsure, you can presume the plant needs full sun. Cacti and succulents in general are!
Ever questioned why you couldn’t simply leave the lights on all the time? That would imply that it is constantly expanding, right?
Actually, not quite. Like people, plants also require rest. Particularly in the case of desert flora. They engage in CAM photosynthesis, a unique type of photosynthesis. They truly only produce plant food at night, unlike other plants. They would starve if the darkness didn’t exist.
Cacti are able to survive in the shade.
Can cacti thrive in the shade? While some cacti may survive in low light, most cacti require light to survive. A cactus should actually be kept indoors where it can receive at least 4 hours of light every day. Cacti require direct sunlight or very bright indirect light. The ideal indoor sites for cacti are typically on windowsills that face south or east.
Cacti need a lot of light because they are desert plants. However, each variety of cactus has different lighting requirements. It could be helpful to do some study on the particular type of cactus you have. We’ll make an effort to explain how much light your cactus needs in this article.
Can cactus survive in a dim environment?
Succulents are easily grown plants that are commonly available and suitable for apartment living. They don’t need a lot of light or attention, and the majority of kinds don’t take up much room.
“According to Nancy Silverman, president and owner of Plantscaping, succulents are the trendiest and most sought-after plants for interior gardening.
Succulents have thick, often angular, and geometrically shaped leaves. The succulent family, which includes cactus plants, is characterized by their spherical form and spine-covered exterior.
According to Silverman, succulents are very orderly, crisp, tidy, and fitted plants.
Their silhouettes seem lovely.
“According to Chris Murray, manager of perennials and annual plants at Gali’s Florist and Garden Center, growing any of the succulents and cacti is simple.
Native to arid areas with high daytime temperatures and low nighttime temperatures, “Succulents and cacti can withstand colder temperatures than most people realize, he added. They thrive in a wide variety of temperatures, from 55 to 85 degrees.
Cactus and succulents “are extremely resilient to low light. He said that they can survive without being close to a window. In fact, certain succulents may thrive in inside spaces devoid of windows or other sources of natural light.
“Succulents shouldn’t be placed next to glass that magnifies sunlight, on a radiator, or near a heater. Too close window placement might cause plants to burn in the sun.
In porous clay pots that can breathe, succulents thrive “According to Murray, succulents and cacti look good in clay pots and are popular with most people. Ceramic pots with glaze are also suitable for these plants.
Succulents are typically sold in plastic containers and can be found in florist shops, garden centers, grocery stores, and online.
“He suggested the plants may stay in the plastic planter they came in for around a year.”
They do not immediately require a larger pot because they have such a little root system.
He advised mixing gravel and sand into the soil before planting succulents. This kind of soil mixture will quickly absorb water, which will collect in the saucer or tray underneath the container.” The key, he explained, is drainage.
If you plan to grow succulents in a container without a drainage hole, add an additional layer of gravel to the bottom so that excess water can collect there without getting to the roots.
The word “succulent” means “juicy plants,” and refers to the succulents’ fleshy leaves, stems, and shallow root systems that store water.
Succulents should not be overwatered as this can cause them to decay. Depending on the size of the pot and the amount of light they receive, Silverman advised watering them every two to four weeks “They require less water as the light level drops.
She suggested giving the plants a good soak before draining any extra water from the saucer.
Before watering them again, be sure they have used up all of their water. She advised feeling the soil’s surface and dipping your finger into the pot to gauge its moisture content. “You should never want the soil’s surface to feel wet. Succulents dislike being submerged in water.
She advised using a soil probe to detect whether the plant needs extra moisture for beginners who are just starting to grow succulents. A core of soil is brought up by the probe when it is introduced into the pot and pushed back up. It is not necessary to re-water the plant if the dirt at the bottom of the pot is still damp.
Murray noted that succulents do not require heavy feeding. In the winter, they shouldn’t be fed at all.
He advised using the all-purpose plant food Jack’s Classic. He advised applying fertilizer only during the summer and diluting it by one-fourth each time you water the plants.
Several succulents were suggested for apartment growth by Murray and Silverman. Be aware that there are numerous variants of each of these plants.
Agaves can reach a height of eight to ten inches and have enormous, stiff rosettes of long, pointed leaves.
Aloes are the most often used succulents, according to Murray. Depending on the kind, their surface can range from being smooth to being spiky, and there are numerous color variations. Aloe plants are well known for their therapeutic benefits. Burns can be soothed and minor cuts can be helped to heal by applying the leaf gel.
“Cacti are popular with collectors, according to Silverman. They are used with caution in installations in plantscaping since they can be harmful to children and animals.” You risk contracting an illness if you slam your hand into a thorny cactus.
Identifying this time-honored favorite “Silverman called it a beautiful plant and noted its propensity to blossom again. “Because the blooms begin around Thanksgiving, the cactus should be given a new name. Root stems in water to propagate them, and then pot them in a tiny clay pot.
Echeverias are a constantly well-liked outdoor garden plant that resemble hens and chicks. The outer leaves expand in size relative to the inner ones. Silver to dark bronze are possible for the foliage. One kind of echeveria, called Pearl Echeveria, has elegant flower stalks that rise from the base of the plant and are topped with blossoms of various hues. Clip an offshoot to use as seed, then let it sit for a day or two to develop a callus before planting it.
The jade plant has thick, maroon-tinged, glossy green foliage. Around Christmas, mature plants will blossom with star-shaped flowers. Jade Plants need to be manicured, Silverman noted. The stems will snap if they are allowed to grow without being pruned. Any plant that is pruned will force new growth. Cut the stems off and let them sit out for a day or two till the ends die to propagate. After that, plant them in sandy soil and water them sparingly until they take root.
Mother-in-Tongue Law’s is a two to three foot tall plant that prefers a sunny location and needs minimal water. Rhizomes can be divided, or it can be reproduced by taking leaf cuttings.
According to Silverman, Superba, a shorter variant of Mother-in-Tongue, Law’s has leaves with black and gold stripes and leaves with black and yellow stripes.
According to Silverman, this plant thrives in apartments and has extremely glossy green leaves. “Its silhouette is gorgeous. Depending on the size of the pot, she advised watering the ZZ Plant every two to four weeks. Depending on the amount of area that is available, these plants can grow quite small or pretty enormous.
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