Do Succulents Produce Seeds

It takes a long time to grow succulents from seed, and the results are unpredictable. several succulents, including

Years may pass before Sempervivum blooms and produces seeds. The time it takes for the seeds to even germinate after they are harvested and sown, let alone develop into full-grown succulents, can range from three weeks to a year.

Succulent plants produce seeds, right?

Your succulents will still produce lovely blooms without pollination, but they won’t develop any seeds. Unpollinated flowers will just wither and die off without developing any seed pods.

Succulent leaves—are they seeds?

The most popular methods for propagating succulents include cuttings, offsets, leaves, and division. Growing succulents from seed is a fun and instructive approach to grow more plants. The sole way to propagate some succulents, including Dudleya, Lithops, Echeveria, and Cacti, is from seed because it is the most feasible method. Since many succulents do not offset as freely as others, this is the case. Succulents are frequently available in smaller sizes in nurseries. Because they are cultivated from seed, different succulents don’t typically come in 2″ pots, or if they do, they might cost more.

A gratifying and enjoyable method to learn about a plant’s whole life cycle is to grow succulents from seed. Getting seed is the initial stage in this procedure. Online sources for succulent seeds can be difficult to locate and are frequently unreliable. Collecting seed from your own collection is the greatest method to ensure that you are receiving what you expect.

The maturity and cross-pollination of your mother plant affect your ability to gather seeds. It could take the plant several years to flower if it is a young one. All three genera—Aeonium, Greenovia, and Agave—are monocarpic, which means a rosette will only bloom once throughout its lifetime and that it can take longer to be able to collect seed from them. Aeonium are quick-growing plants that, once planted in the garden, will eventually bloom annually from various offsets.

Many succulents require cross-pollination, which is the transfer of pollen from one plant of the same species to another. If you do not notice pollinators visiting your plants or if your collection is kept in an area that is not accessible to pollinators, you will need to manually pollinate them with a little paintbrush. Note: Cuttings from the same plant that are genetically identical succulents will not result in the production of viable seed. The fruit will begin to grow and mature, which is a sign that pollination has taken place.

How to Gather:

Seed capsules should be fully ripe and dry before collection in order to ensure the best viability. Some fruits, like Aloe spp., will naturally split open and disseminate. In this instance, it’s crucial to gather the seeds before they fall to the ground or are carried away by the wind but before the seed capsule becomes dry or brown. Use a small net or sock to catch the flower stalks, or place a dish or tray underneath.

the image above Green describes an unripe Glottiphyllum nellii fruit (left). a hard, brown, dried, and ready to be harvested seed capsule (right).

Place a paper bag over the inflorescence, cut the stem, and turn the bag upside down to gather minuscule seeds like those of Aeonium, Dudleya, and Echeveria without losing them to the breeze.

NEVER take seeds from natural ecosystems. If you don’t have a permit, this is termed poaching and is against the law.

Aeonium ‘Ballerina’ seed not yet ready for harvest (left) and Aeonium ‘Thundercloud’ seed ready for harvest and planting are shown in the image above (right).

Processing Seeds:

The capsules may simply be opened by hand, allowing the seeds to be processed. Smaller seeds can be treated by first separating the seed from the capsules with a small grinder, and then using a mesh filter to separate the seed from the chaff. You can remove the seeds from hard seed capsules, such as Mesembs (Lithops, Glottiphyllum, etc.), by putting them in a Ziploc bag or paper bag, pounding them with a hammer, and then removing them by hand.

To avoid having them suddenly blown away by a gust of wind, always process seeds indoors.

How to Keep Seeds Safe:

Seeds should be kept in dry, protected settings in paper bags or seed packs. Heat and humidity severely impair viability. Make sure the seeds are totally dry if you intend to store them in plastic bags. Seeds that are prematurely picked will perish in glass or plastic due to an overabundance of moisture. Name of the species, time and place of collection should all be written on the packaging. When stored properly, seeds can be kept for many years without losing viability.

Growing numerous plants from your own seed is a sustainable method. The color and structure of leaf can vary widely due to genetic variety. The real fun starts now, and you might even be able to come up with a unique list of choices.

Can you easily grow succulents from seed?

One of the recommended plants for novice gardeners is the succulent. You would think that growing them from seed would be simple given their resistance to drought and low maintenance requirements. Though are they?

Growing succulents from seed is actually fairly challenging. Because they are so small, the seeds are easily harmed or lost. Succulent seeds require a very long time to mature, in addition to everything else. It will take far longer than you would like for your seeds to produce anything.

We’ll go over how to develop a succulent from seed in the article that follows. We’ll discuss why it’s so challenging and which varieties of succulents are the most straightforward to grow from seed. We’ll also examine the most straightforward method for growing your own succulent collection.

When succulents flower, what happens to them?

Fortunately, while some succulent plants do, most do not wither away after blossoming. After flowering, plants that are monocarpic die. The bloom of death is another name for the plant’s final bloom before it dies.

Sempervivums (Hens and Chicks), most Aeoniums, and most Agave plants are examples of monocarpic succulents. The manner the plant flowers can be used to determine if it is monocarpic. It is typically monocarpic if the flower emerges from the center of the plant and the entire plant appears to change into a bloom stalk. Otherwise, the plant’s sides are typically where the bloom appears.

Once you notice a monocarpic plant blooming, there isn’t much you can do. The process cannot be stopped, so why not take pleasure in it? Despite how awful it may sound, monocarpic plants do not perish in vain.

The majority of monocarpic succulents are excellent breeders, meaning that before they flower and die, they will have produced a lot of pups or baby plants. Only the mother plant passes away after blossoming; the pups and infant plants live on.

How do seeds from succulent plants look?

It ought to be obvious, but choosing seeds from a reliable supplier will make a significant impact! Many succulent seeds resemble dust or dirt, making them easily mistaken for other objects.

The Walawala Studio store on Etsy is my go-to place to get succulent seeds. They have a wide variety of seeds, some of which are more uncommon species, and the seeds are of the highest caliber.

Great seeds are also sold by other retailers on Amazon and Etsy. Just make sure you read customer reviews before you buy. It will take some time to determine whether succulent seeds are what they claim to be, even though they are not particularly expensive.

Do all types of succulents reproduce?

In the spring and summer, when leaves and stems are ready for active growth, it is simplest to propagate succulent leaves and cuttings. Most common succulents can be multiplied successfully from individual leaves or stem fragments.

  • For succulents with fleshy leaves, like jade plants or echeveria and sempervivum rosettes, leaf propagation works well. The leaf must remain intact for the root to take. To loosen the leaf, gently bounce it back and forth while holding it between your forefinger and thumb. After that, carefully separate the leaf from the parent plant, keeping the base in tact.
  • Succulents with distinct stems, including stacked crassulas and spreading or erect sedums, respond well to stem cuttings. Cutting succulents is analogous to propagating soft-stemmed plants. To cut stem tips, use a sharp knife, or take an entire stem to make many starts. Each cutting should be 2 to 3 inches long and have multiple leaves. Only the top two leaves should be kept.

What has sprouted from my succulent?

If you’ve been a succulent enthusiast for a while, you may have observed that some of them start to sprout delicate white or pink roots from their stems. They are referred to as aerial roots.

But what are aerial roots exactly? Is it a symptom of a succulent that isn’t doing well? &nbsp

Learn more about aerial roots, what they represent for your succulent plants, and how to deal with them by reading on.

How are succulent shoots used?

It’s crucial to understand that young plants won’t be harmed or affected by them, particularly those that develop near the mother plant’s base.

Although the offsets may appear cramped or unpleasant, they are precisely where they should be.

Have faith in Mother Nature’s processes. They have been engaged in this activity for a lot longer than we have.

Be Patient

I advise delaying their removal until the offsets are roughly half the size of the main plant. This guarantees that your infants receive the right nutrition and have the best chance of surviving on their own.

What’s Next?

Once your succulents begin to produce offsets, you might want to repot them in a little bigger container to provide room for the hen and the baby chicks.

With a pair of pruners, you can remove the offsets once they have grown to half the size of the mother plant.

Watch for the wound to callus. Put them in a shady, light area on top of fresh soil, don’t water them, and ignore them.

They will eventually take root in the ground, and then presto! You were successful in creating one to eight new playable plants.

Why is a blossom appearing on my succulent?

Succulent flowers exist in a variety of sizes and shapes, but the most are created by nature to entice the insects that will pollinate them.

Succulents are frequently reluctant to blossom, especially if they are houseplants in containers.

For hints regarding the growth circumstances and seasonal cycles your plant needs, you should try to understand as much as you can about its original environment.

All that may be required for a plant to successfully flower is the provision of winter cold, summer heat, fertilizer, or more intense lighting.

For instance, cactus plants are well known for their beautiful, fleeting blossoms, which only develop after a protracted period of drought.

Epiphytes like Schlumbergera and Epiphyllum are deceivingly uninteresting until they suddenly flower with a large number of flowers.

Some succulent flowers emit scents that aid in helping insects find them. Due of their ability to attract flies that serve the same purpose, Stapelia and Huernia are referred to as “carrion flowers.”

Many succulent plants push their blossoms high into the air on arching stems, in contrast to some invading plants that create a carpet of texture.

When Do SucculentsBloom?

Different succulents bloom at different times; Sempervivums, for instance, don’t bloom until the second or third year.

No matter where you reside, the majority of cacti and succulents bloom around roughly the same time of year as they would in their natural habitat.

Aloes, Mammillarias, Euphorbias, and Crassulas will all offer you a lovely flower at the start of the year.

The variety of succulent flowering species is enormous by the middle to late Spring and early Summer. Including Gasteria, Kalanchoe, Echeveria, and Sedum.

While Holiday Cactus blooms later in the season, Sedums are still in flower in the Fall.

Numerous Echeverias, together with Cremnosedum, Lithops, Agaves, Pachypodium, Cerochlamys, and Glottiphyllum, are in bloom at the end of the year.

Your homes and yards will be illuminated by succulents’ natural displays, which resemble the best fireworks display.

Senecio is one of the few succulents that blooms at various times throughout the year; however, not all succulents bloom in cultivation at all or as effectively as they do in the wild.

What MakesSucculents Bloom?

Taxonomists classify flowering succulent plants based on the characteristics of their blossoms rather than their leaf structure.

A succulent bloom may be star-shaped, bell-shaped, tubular, frilly, or any combination of these. Some point upward for simple pollination, while others hang down to shield delicate areas.

Succulents are widely found in the desert environment. To set their blooming chemistry, they need greater temperatures in the summer.

Most of the time, climate-controlled homes lack the necessary temperature extremes.

Succulents kept indoors benefit from summertime relocation outside. The transition should be gradual so that they are gradually exposed to greater heat and sunlight over the course of a few weeks.

Cold winter temperatures and winter dormancy are necessary for desert plants to bloom in the spring.

Timing is crucial. Water is necessary for succulents to develop flower buds and new growth.

If they don’t get it, their tissues’ reserves of water that they require to withstand drought get depleted.

They survive but don’t flourish. Plants should be thoroughly watered during growth phases until the water drains from the drainage holes. Don’t water again until the top inch of soil is dry.

Most succulents spend a portion of the year dormant. Cacti typically do this in the winter or plants like living stones in the summer (Lithops).

Succulents get a lot of direct and indirect light in nature, even if they’re growing behind a shrub. It can be challenging to reproduce this indoors.

The majority of cacti thrive well in windows on the east or south. To create the food necessary for blooming, most succulents require sunshine for half of the day, ideally in the morning.

There won’t be enough light for flowering if the succulent species with leaves or stems exhibit open and lax development. Globular cacti won’t flower if they are reaching for the light.

If kept in complete shade, succulents like different Gasterias, Haworthias, and some Aloes will blossom.

Succulents can be grown under grow lights if there is insufficient natural light. it might be simpler than you imagine. They produce a wide variety of ornamental fittings. And there are many different types of light bulb styles available in every home décor shop.

All living things, including humans and plants, have biological clocks that must be set by photoperiodicity.

Some succulents, like the holiday cactus (Schlumbergera), require frigid temperatures, long nights, and short days in order to develop bloom buds.

For many other succulents, the combination of higher spring temperatures and lengthening days signals the beginning of new growth.

The evenings of the plants can be made longer or shorter artificially by receiving extra light from the interior of the house. The occurrence may prevent flowers from blooming.

A plant will flower if it can since it is necessary to produce seeds in order for the species to survive.

To supply the components necessary for the development of flowers, they require plant nourishment.

Due to the lack of rain that would otherwise wash soil minerals away, desert dirt actually provides good nutrition for plants.

While the plant is growing, fertilize half-strength once every month. In late summer or early fall, stop feeding the plant.

To encourage bloom production, use a fertilizer with more phosphorus, such as 10-15-10.

Will It DieAfter It Blooms?

Monocarpic plants are prevalent in succulents. These particular succulents develop, bloom, produce seeds, and then perish.

Biennials have two growing seasons, perennials might take several years to flower, while annuals flower and set seed in just one year.

Although most succulents can repair their damage, it is always a good idea to remove any broken, sickly, or dead leaves, stems, or flower stalks as soon as possible.

There is a myth in Thailand that claims the quantity of flowers that blossom on a Crown of Thorns foretells the destiny of the plant’s caretaker.