This detailed tutorial will show you how to use succulent plants and a mason jar to make a quick and simple hostess present to bring to your next gathering.
I quickly discovered that Southern California is the pinnacle of entertainment as a result of growing up in the luminous and sunny city of Los Angeles. The ideal elixir for pleasant celebrations with no formal occasion other than the official change in season is created by longer days and balmy, breezy nights. In Southern California, activities like nighttime dinners on patios lighted up brilliantly, pool parties, and my personal favorite, breakfast, can be enjoyed all year long.
I try to bring a hostess gift as frequently as I can because there are so many celebrations going on. A bottle of Ros or a lovely bunch of in-season flowers—my personal favorite being peonies—is typically involved.
I like to see those two choices as my simple alternatives. However, I really appreciate the consideration that went into creating a special present for the host or hostess.
Simple and stylish
Mason jar terrariums are wonderful presents. For colorful and unusual succulent plants, mason jars make the ideal planters. There are countless varieties, gem hues, and sizes available for these drought-tolerant beauties. Succulents require almost no maintenance and are simple to take care of (with a few exclusions).
I just went to my neighborhood hardware store to look for a couple succulents. I could stare at the various succulents for hours. I finally chose a couple to bring home and put in my mason jar terrarium after an uncomfortably lengthy period of time and a cart-full of plants had passed.
Mason jars of all sizes and shapes are always readily available in my kitchen, which makes it very simple and practical for me to make this activity. I can construct a small succulent terrarium in under 30 minutes with a few more materials.
Here are the materials you will need to make your own:
- Jar, Mason (I used a half pint mason jar and a pint and a half mason jar for this particular project but you can use any size you choose)
- (Cactus Mix) Soil
- Any hardware shop or garden center should carry this.)
- Succulents (in any style, size, or color). I suggest selecting a few different sizes. Choose a variety that will stand out and serve as the main attraction. Then choose a few more compact succulents in various colours to provide texture and build the arrangement around the focal focus.) If you have any succulent cuttings, this is an excellent project for you!
- sandstone or tiny pebbles
- gift tags, baker’s twine, etc (Optional)
How are succulents planted in a glass jar?
It’s a really simple method that only needs a few items to plant succulents in a glass vase.
What you will need for this project is:
- a glass bottle
- mixed soil
- Sand or stones
Step 1: Remove the succulents from their container
Start by taking the succulents out of their original containers. Remove as much soil as you can because nursery-grown succulents typically don’t have the ideal soil for these plants. To make your plants look better, get rid of any sickly or dead leaves simultaneously. Give your plants extra tender care.
Step 2: Insert soil in to the container, but not too much
Next, add soil to the container of your choice. Fast-draining soil is essential for succulents in order to avoid issues brought on by overwatering. Keep in mind that glass containers lack drainage holes. Succulent-specific soil mixes are available for purchase or you can just make your own. Create your own potting soil by combining two parts organic soil, one part sand, and two parts perlite.
Do keep in mind that different species of succulents have varying needs for soil, so you might need to try a few different things before planting your succulents in glass pots.
Don’t completely fill the glass container. Before placing your succulents, fill it halfway. This will give you plenty of space to work with as you arrange the plants and add finishing touches like rocks and sand.
Step 3: Plant the succulent into the soil
Insert the succulent into the glass container’s soil. Make sure your succulents are planted straight, without being uneven or distorted. Check to see if any leaves have been buried as well. Succulent leaves that have been buried are susceptible to decay.
Step 5: Add sand or pebbles to the glass container
Finally, you can fill the glass container with sand or pebbles. If you use white sand, be aware that you will eventually need to replace it.
Succulents can they survive in a confined jar?
The following also applies in this case: You can plant succulents in nearly any container you want. The mason jar works just as well for growing succulents as a planting bowl or a hanging glass ball. There is only one prerequisite: the glass must be able to be opened. Because of the excessive humidity inside, succulents in closed glass perish fast.
Succulents are consequently more suited to open containers with a top opening instead of a bottle garden, like semicircular glass bowls. The square terrarium’s succulents are also a stunning eye-catcher. However, it also applies in this case because for the succulents to flourish, it must be open upwards or at the very least have a hole for evaporation.
Do succulents fit in glass containers?
As long as it is the proper size for the plant you are putting within it, any kind of glass container can be used. Because succulents’ roots are shallow, even glass bowls are appropriate. Here are some suggestions:
- The Mason jar
- Any repurposed squat-style jars that you’ve thoroughly cleaned before.
- ornamental glass bowls
- custom-built glass terrariums
- shorter glasses for drinking
You’re sure to find some wonderful glass containers that are perfect for your succulents if you search in your kitchen.
Without dirt, how can you grow succulents?
Therefore, you are determined to create the succulent driftwood arrangement you saw on Pinterest. Or perhaps you’d really like to hang that succulent wreath arrangement from your front porch. Here are some suggestions for maintaining succulents in various environments without needing soil.
To provide the plants with nutrients that they would not otherwise receive from the soil or potting mix, you can think about fertilizing them. This can be accomplished by incorporating diluted fertilizer—about 1/4–1/2 strength—into the water you’ll use to spritz or water the plants. By doing this, you are giving the plants the nutrients they require to flourish.
The succulents require something to adhere to because they lack soil. The succulents can either be wired or hot glued on the driftwood. However, having something to which your succulents may adhere and develop will aid to extend their life in these arrangements by keeping the moisture in for the plants.
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The driftwood should be covered with moss or coir. Plants can be attached to moss or coir. After a few weeks, when plants begin to root, the coir and moss will aid in holding the plants in place. The plants’ roots will have something to cling to and something into which to grow.
Every few days or so, lightly spray the plants to keep them from drying out. Sphagnum moss retains more moisture, therefore less frequent mistings may not be necessary.
To feed the plants, you might also want to think about adding nutrients to the water. Fertilizer should be diluted in the water by 1/4 to 1/2. This can be done every other time you mist the plants or once each month.
Your plants will remain longer in these kinds of arrangements before they need to be transplanted and repotted if you use materials like moss or coir. By doing this, you can prolong the enjoyment of your labor.
In what can succulents be planted?
Regular potting soil from your yard won’t work for succulents since they need soil that drains. Select cactus soil or potting soil that has been mixed with sand, pumice, or perlite. Be gentle when repotting because succulent roots are extremely brittle.
How To Grow Succulents | Succulent Plant Care Info
Sempervivum, Jovibaraba, and Sedum are winter-hardy plants that can grow in zones 3–9.
The majority of succulent species require from half a day to a full day of direct sunlight. It is advised to find some afternoon shade in particularly hot places. Succulents planted in excessive shadow will extend outward in search of more sunlight. Enough sunlight will help succulents grow into gorgeous, vibrant plants.
Plants should be gently removed from their containers and planted, making that the soil level is maintained at the same depth as it was in the container.
Keep in mind that most of our plants came straight from the cold frames where they were shielded from the harsh sun and drying winds. For the first week, give your plants and garden décor some shade and cover to gradually adapt them. Every few days, extend the length of the day by a few hours. This will make it possible for a smooth transition.
A layer of pebbles or pea gravel sprinkled on the soil surrounding the plant will be beneficial to your succulents. Additionally, it is highly ornamental.
Succulents require soil with good drainage. Make sure the place has good drainage and is not in a low region that would remain wet before planting in the garden. You can buy cactus soil for container gardening or add sand, gravel, or volcanic rock to your potting soil for enhanced drainage. You should have a drainage hole in the container you are using for planting, or you can fill the bottom of the container with crushed rock before adding the planting medium. Spreading gravel or tiny pebbles on top of the ground can add a lot of style.
After planting, water the area thoroughly and wait a short while before watering again. Wet feet bother succulents, who don’t like them. Water whatever you do thoroughly. They will require less water once they are established.
Succulents generally require relatively little fertilizer. During the growing season, they only require monthly watering and a balanced fertilizer.
Each type of sedum blooms at a different period and in a variety of pink, red, and yellow hues.
After the second or third year, Sempervivums will flower. From the middle of the main rosette, which has a cluster of flowers, a flower stalk will emerge. Sempervivum blooms are open, starry, and typically pink. They are carried above the plant on a stem with several blossoms. Fortunately, there are always chicks born earlier from the base that grow in a ring around the mother plant to continue for subsequent years. The monocarpic crown that generates the flower head dies off after flowering. Twist the stalk off gently once the blossom fades, then plant a chick where it was.
Typically, established succulents in the garden do not require winter protection. Snow frequently provides protection for chilly locations. Balsam boughs can be used as a light winter mulch in cold climates without snow cover, but this is typically not necessary.
When your plants are delivered, gently open the package as soon as possible. Once you have unpacked your things, water your plants properly and let them drain well because we ship plants on the dry side. Early-spring shipping succulents could have some dry edges and a lackluster appearance. This is typical, and their color will deepen when exposed to sunlight. Sempervivums change color with the seasons, and each variety has a certain time of year when it is at its most vibrant.
Succulents can be used in countless planting scenarios. The most interesting containers and troughs are those with a variety of colors, textures, and behaviors. Succulents make lovely plants for rock gardens. There is always color since there are so many different bloom times.
Can a succulent grow inside a coffee mug?
One of our favorite homemade planters is a coffee mug! You only need a coffee mug and a drill to make a tiny drainage hole in the bottom of the mug to make these. Coffee mugs are ideal for little succulents despite not being as large as other planters.
Should I put succulents in an open terrarium or a closed one?
It’s wonderful to make terrariums, but your first thought presumably is, “Which plants should I chose for my terrarium?” The best plants for both open and closed terrariums will be discussed in this essay. Around 60 of the best plants for open and closed terrariums, including those that thrive in cramped conditions and can withstand high humidity and temperature swings, will be included on this list.
Air plants, or Tillandsia
Since they are epiphytes, air plants may survive without soil. For survival, these plants glue themselves to a host. Through their leaves, they take up water. For a number of reasons, air plants work best in open terrariums. One of them is that your air plant needs to be watered pretty frequently—about twice a week (apart from misting).
It is better to submerge air plants in water to water them, but this will be difficult in a confined terrarium. A few times a week removal of the plant will destroy the pattern. Because air plants don’t enjoy humidity or being wet, they are better suited for open terrariums. You must dry the plant after submerging it in water before putting it back in a terrarium.
You can utilize a variety of air plant species. The lengthy leaves that emerge from the core of air plants give them an incredibly gorgeous appearance. Top Tillandsia for terrariums include:
- Xerographic Tillandsia
- ionantha T.
- Peach, or capitata
For your open terrariums, you can get a single air plant or a small collection similar to this. Here is a detailed guide to taking care of tillandsias.
The best plants for open terrariums are succulents. To prevent overwatering succulents, be cautious when watering them. Succulents prefer drying out in between waterings and bright, indirect light. Ensure that the terrarium containing the succulents has an opening that is at least modest to medium in size. The following succulents make excellent terrarium plants:
- Jade tree (Crassula ovata). Deserts are where jade plants, which have heavy leaves, are found in nature. These plants require low humidity and strong light. Jade plants come in a variety of varieties; avoid picking any that can grow to be more than 4 feet tall! Select smaller varieties like “Mini Jade” or “Hobbit.” Jade plants require direct sunlight, good airflow, and rarely watering.
- Tiger Jaws, also known as Faucaria Tigrina, is a stunning plant with spiky leaves and star-shaped rosettes.
- Chickens and hens (Sempervivum). Chicks surround the main hen plant in these attractive succulent plants called “hens and chicks.” Hens and chicks can be used jointly or individually. They should only be planted in an open terrarium because higher humidity containers will cause them to decay.
- Aloe Vera, also known as the “medicine plant,” is a widely common plant with sharp leaves.
- the Chocolate Soldier, or Kalanchoe tomentosa
- Kalanchoe luciae, or the flapjack plant
- Ghost Plant, or Graptopetalum
- Alpine Aloe
- Haworthia, or the Zebra plant, has stunning leaves with striped surfaces.
- Sedum morganianum, often known as burro’s tail, has leaves that resemble beads.
- Beautiful little round plants called lithops have a stone-like appearance. Read more here about Lithops care.
Cacti, or cactuses
Cacti need to be dry in order to look their best in terrariums. In closed terrariums with high humidity and poor airflow, these plants won’t survive. Make sure the container has a medium to large opening when making cactus terrariums. Because many cacti grow very enormous when they are fully mature, only choose little ones.
Baby tears, or Soleirolia soleirolii
a really lovely plant with leaves that have spots of various colors. These plants thrive in humid settings and adore dampness.
The adorable strawberry begonias are the ideal flowers for open terrariums. Be cautious because they require open terrariums with dry foliage. If not, the plant will begin to wilt.
Using croton plants, you may make incredible terrarium designs. You will need to prune these plants because they grow pretty tall. Make sure to grow them in terrariums with open doors. This plant will do well in Wardian case terrariums.
Best plants for closed terrariums (or better those with small openings):
It is always a good idea to have at least a little gap in the container, even though you can make a terrarium that is completely closed. Fully closed terrariums can fog up, make it difficult to care for plants, and yet result in rotting roots. Small, spherical glass spheres like this are the most common containers that produce lovely patterns.
There are many different types of bromeliad plants, and some of them enjoy warmth and humidity. The following are some of the top bromeliads for terrariums:
- Earth Star, or Cryptanthus It is the perfect plant for a sealed terrarium. They enjoy moisture, and
warmth. You can grow numerous varieties of Cryptanthus in a terrarium. Choose plants that don’t expand rapidly or get very large.
- Another lovely plant for a closed terrarium is neoregelia. Its lovely pink/violet blossom is of exceptional beauty.
- The magnificent Silver Vase plant, also known as Aechmea fasciata, has lovely flowers. This plant should be placed in a terrarium with a small to medium opening.
Long stems from this plant terminate in tiny, spherical, creamy-white blooms. They fit tall terrariums like Wardian enclosures and are ideal for humid conditions.
Popular and attractive plants like orchids work well in Wardian instances. Sphagnum moss must be present surrounding the roots of the plant.
The majority of carnivorous plants thrive in moist, nutrient-poor environments. For this reason, insect-eating plants capture them and consume them to obtain nutrition. These fascinating plants thrive in humid environments and intense direct sunlight.
Both open and closed terrariums are capable of supporting carnivorous plant growth. The only issue you might run into with carnivorous plants in tight terrariums is feeding them—they can have trouble collecting insects. You can either choose a terrarium with a tiny entrance or give your carnivorous plants their food by hand. Following are some of the top carnivorous plants for terrariums:
- Venus flytrap is a potential choice, but it will need to hibernate over the winter.
- The Tropical Pitcher Plants, often known as Nepenthes. Given that they grow very large, they might not be the greatest for small terrariums. Large terrariums can be used for planting plants, but the proper temperatures must be maintained. Nepenthes come in two varieties: Highlanders and Lowlanders. You may need to heat the terrarium during the day and chill it at night, depending on the type.
- Sarracenia, or American Pitcher Plants Since the majority of them grow huge and require winter dormancy, they are not the greatest plants for terrariums. However, you can choose Sarracenia for a terrarium, such as S. rubra or S. purpurea (purple pitcher plant). Select young plants, and make sure to give them a winter dormant period.
- Drosera, or sundews. For the winter dormancy, you must remove them, although they require bright light.
- Heliamphora, or Sun Pitchers. They enjoy high humidity, but they also require colder temperatures, as the nighttime temperature drops.
- Follicular Cephalotus Note that during the winter they require chilly temperatures.
- Pinguicula or butterworts
- Utricularia, or bladderworts
- Drosophyllum lusitanicum, also known as Dewy Pine, but only in an open terrarium. They require excellent ventilation and bright lighting.
The majority of ferns are quite hardy and can withstand high humidity. Ferns give any terrarium depth. The following ferns make excellent terrarium plants:
- Bird’s nest fern (Aspleniumnidus)
- Little Holly Fern
- Hemionitis arifolia, sometimes known as heart fern
Nerve plants prefer high humidity, therefore they will do best in a closed container or, preferable, one with a tiny aperture. You must routinely monitor the soil’s moisture because they dislike soggy dirt.
Mosses are a wonderful addition to terrariums that are closed. You can utilize a wide range of mosses, such as moss balls or Golden Club moss plants.
Pilea microphylla, often known as artillery ferns, are stunning plants that are simple to grow and maintain in terrariums. They enjoy moist environments and direct, bright light. Additionally, the seeds shoot out with a popping sound!
High humidity and indirect light are favorable to creeping fig. It is a fairly resilient plant, but because it grows so quickly, you will need to clip it frequently.
High relative humidity and direct light are favorable to pothos plants. Additionally, they enjoy warm temperatures of about 70 degrees, so in the winter, be sure to keep them away from windowsills that are too cold. However, you will also need to constantly clip its leaves, so think about getting a terrarium with a little hole.