Can Chickens Eat Succulents

We acquired a herd of chickens, ducks, geese, and two dogs at the same time as Fern Farm Plants was created, almost ten years ago. All of the animals we had there had a wonderful existence because the land was five acres in size and had a sizable dam. Chickens got a half-acre to themselves with room for 15 birds, and they loved it.

They did a terrific job of vacuuming the slugs, snails, and other vermin around the nursery and in our enormous greenhouses when I occasionally let them all out. They did a terrific job of destroying my vegetable garden as well as, much to my surprise, several succulents! The cunning a**holes. Can chickens, however, eat succulents?

Succulents are edible to and by chickens. Some succulents are thought to be beneficial for chicken health. Some types, however, have the potential to sicken chickens. It’s best to double-check beforehand.

I used to like watching my chooks (Australian slang for hens) forage; unfortunately, they passed away from old age or were murdered by a fox and are now in chicken paradise. They have highly specific food preferences and a general understanding of what foods are nice and which ones are unhealthy. There were a few plants on the property that might be deadly to chickens, but it didn’t matter because they just left them alone.

Oleanders, daffodils, and tulips bloomed in the spring, along with wisteria, ivy, jasmine, and other plants. While I can’t speak for all chickens worldwide, ours appeared to have a built-in system that instructed them what not to touch. They might have had plenty of room and their delectable cuisine nearby, as well. What would transpire, though, if they were in a little area with no grass and a lush green jasmine poking in? Would they consume it even though it was poisonous? I guess I’ll never find out.

What succulents can chickens eat without getting sick? Although we couldn’t discover many references to succulents and hens, the list below is based on our experience and a little bit of information we obtained online.

What succulent plants are harmful to chickens?

It’s important to take care of the security and wellbeing of your pet bird. Make sure your indoor plants are not hazardous before bringing them inside. In other words, you must only keep non-poisonous succulents in storage.

Not every succulent is poisonous to birds. Mother of Thousands, String of Pearls, Yucca, Amaryllis, Mother in Law’s Tongue, and Jade Plant are examples of toxic plants. Hens and Chicks, Christmas Cactus, Aloe Vera, Spider Plant, and Burro’s Tail are examples of non-toxic succulents.

What plants can harm chickens?

Avoid these 14 toxic plants with your chickens.

  • Azalea. Thanks to their waxy green leaves and vibrant blossoms, these deciduous shrubs are common in landscaping all over the United States.
  • Beans. Hemagglutinin, which is poisonous to chickens, is present in uncooked beans.
  • Bulbs.
  • Ferns.
  • Foxglove.
  • Holly.
  • Lobelia.
  • Lupine.

Are succulent plants edible to animals?

Examine the soil and the area around the pot to see whether birds are consuming your succulents. Do you notice any feces? Birds will produce little, rounded droppings. Additionally, you might notice tiny white faeces; those are urates, pee that has solidified. Small holes rather than large bitten portions are more likely to be found since birds like to eat succulent foliage.

It might have been a larger animal if there are more portions removed or if you observe chew marks. The larger rodents like voles, possums, mice, squirrels, and others can consume succulents. Even cats and dogs will occasionally eat succulents, but they frequently quit after only one bite. Make sure your succulents are not hazardous to dogs or cats if you have pets, and keep them out of their reach if you do. Succulents can also be harmed and eaten by smaller insects like snails and slugs.

But don’t assume that your succulents will only be damaged by birds and other animals. Small vermin can consume your succulents or at the very least sap their juices. These include, for instance, aphids. Aphids are tiny insects that are frequently colored green, black, or yellow. Spider mites are tiny and come in a variety of hues. Additionally, they absorb plant liquids. Succulents might suffer unfavorable effects from scale bugs as well. Succulents can also be harmed by slugs and snails.

Always be sure to inspect your succulents’ roots for damage, pests, and discolouration. You can use natural remedies to get rid of pests if your succulents are afflicted. Neem oil, horticultural mineral oils, and insecticidal soaps are a few examples.

What succulents are toxic?

Succulents like the Kalanchoe and Euphorbia can be poisonous to people. Even non-toxic succulents should be kept out of the reach of kids and pets as a general guideline for all house plants.


Plants in the Euphorbiaceae family include euphorbia succulents. They are the fourth-largest genus of flowering plants and are frequently referred to as spurge plants. They are a blooming plant that is primarily found in tropical and subtropical regions. Around 1,200 of the family’s more than 2,000 species are succulents. These succulents are renowned for their large, fleshy leaves, blooms, and cactus-like appearance.


These plants release a milky sap that both people and animals may find harmful. Usually, a succulent’s leaves will have sap on them. It can result in a rash if it comes into contact with any exposed skin. Euphorbia sap can irritate the eyes and cause pain and redness. In order to safeguard your hands and eyes when handling Euphorbia succulents, wear gloves.


If you touch or come in contact with Euphorbia sap, wash the affected area well with lots of lukewarm water right away. Because the sap is sticky, more water and soap could be necessary. Start cleaning your eye(s) with warm water if Euphorbia sap gets in them. In the event of any plant exposure, it is crucial to contact the Poison Center for further instructions.


Usually found in adorable pots, kalanchoe succulents can be found in flower stores or garden centers. A little cluster of flowers that typically has one huge bloom atop the stalk is produced by them. Large kalanchoe succulent leaves are typically a vivid dark green. There are up to 125 different species of this kind of plant.


When consumed, the majority of kalanchoe plant kinds only possibly produce nausea and vomiting. Some Kalanchoe species have a naturally occurring toxin that can harm the heart. The majority of the time, this occurs in grazing cattle and in some animal experiments, although it is unlikely to harm humans.


If you or someone else has consumed a piece of kalanchoe succulent, rinse your mouth out with water and a soft towel. Call the Poison Center to discuss potential symptoms with a poison information professional. Call your veterinarian straight away or go to an animal poison center for help if your pet has consumed a piece of kalanchoe plant.

Toxic substances for chickens

Avoid foods that could give eggs a bad flavor. The two most frequent substances that might alter the flavor of eggs are garlic and onions.

Some other foods need to be avoided since they have poisons that can harm or even kill birds.

  • Because they contain the toxin persin, avocado pits and peels are poisonous to hens. Chickens can eat avocado flesh without issue.
  • Hemagglutinin, a substance found in undercooked or dried beans, can prevent the bird from properly digesting anything it consumes.
  • Anthraquinones, which are found in rhubarb, may have laxative effects. Oxalic acid, which can be lethal to hens, can be found in large concentrations in rhubarb that has been severely cold-damaged.
  • Foods that are moldy, rotting, or very salty may be hazardous and cause excessively moist feces.

If you adhere to the 90/10 rule and are careful of the foods your chickens have access to, feeding them a balanced and full diet is simple. As a baseline, begin with a complete feed, and then take care not to over-treat your birds with treats. When you do give a bird treats, make sure they are wholesome, healthful snacks that go well with its diet.

Are you prepared to observe the impact a complete feed can have on your flock? Activate your Feed Greatness Challenge account.

*The Feed Greatness Challenge is a 60-day feeding trial in which you will feed Purina feed, keep track of the health and performance of your flock, take pictures, and get informative emails.

What leftovers should hens not eat?

To keep your hens (or chickens) content and healthy, you must provide them a complete and balanced diet. Because they are omnivores, layer hens can eat a wide variety of foods.

Your hens’ primary food source should be a high-quality commercial chicken feed to ensure they receive all the nutrients they require. These feeds are composed of a mixture of grains (corn, oats, and soybeans), grit (ground oyster shell or limestone), and vitamins and can be found in pellet, mash, or crumbed forms (calcium). Other seeds and grains (like wheat and corn) could also be dispersed in the surroundings to complement their diet and stimulate natural foraging behavior. Feed can be delivered in a feed dispenser or container.

Daily feedings of a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables can be offered in addition to high-quality poultry feed. Fruit and vegetable peels, bananas, apples, berries, carrots, bok choy, silver beet, spinach, cabbage, or broccoli are a few examples of raw fruits and vegetables that can be fed. You can also give your hens tiny portions of cooked food as a treat, such as rice, pasta, beans, or bread [1].

Depending on your chickens’ age, breed, size, and egg-laying status, their nutritional requirements will vary and change. If the eggs from your chickens have fragile or thin shells, your birds may be lacking in calcium, necessitating the use of a calcium supplement. It’s crucial to ask a veterinarian, an established poultry owner, the neighborhood poultry organization, or the local poultry fancier’s society for feeding advice to make sure your hens are receiving the right amount and kind of food.

Never feed hens food scraps that are rotten or spoiled, and never feed them food that is heavy in fat or salt. In particular, raw potatoes, avocados, chocolate, onions, garlic, citrus fruits, uncooked rice, and uncooked beans should not be offered to hens [2]. It is important to consult an expert before deciding whether to feed a particular food type to your chickens if you are doubtful of its safety.

If your hens don’t have access to a dirt or grassy outdoor area, make sure they get a steady supply of grit, such as crushed shells, stones, or gravel, to aid with their digestion. Make sure none of the garden plants, including removed weeds, that hens have access to are poisonous to chickens. For free-range hens, a weed grass is preferred over a monoculture lawn.

Of course, clean water must always be accessible, and during the colder months, ensure sure any ice blocking access to the water is cleared each morning. The optimal placement for water containers keeps chickens from bending over to reach them.

What can I grow close to a coop of chickens?

What Plants Are Best for a Chicken Run?

  • Sage. Sage is praised as a herb that helps fend off various illnesses and fight salmonella.
  • Thyme. Thyme is well renowned for deterring insects and vermin, so be sure to grow plenty of it close to the chickens’ nesting boxes.
  • Lavender.
  • Rosemary.
  • Sunflowers.
  • tree mulberries
  • Black Clover.

What kinds of plants won’t hens eat?

Some landowners in Montgomery County are now concerned about poultry in addition to deer. Particularly young families like the educational opportunities that keeping hens provides for their kids. Vegetation should be a regular element of the diet of chickens because they love it and need to eat it. A garden can be swiftly destroyed by hens, which is unfortunate for the owners. But just like deer, there are many herbs that can be used in the landscape that hens won’t eat. Borage, calendula (pot marigold), catnip, chives, feverfew, lavender, marjoram, Mexican sage, peppermint, and spearmint, as well as rosemary, sage, salvias, St. John’s wort, tansy, and yarrow are a few of these. Almost any plant will eventually be consumed by chickens if there is no other food source. These herbs will add color and texture to the landscaping, but chickens won’t eat them if they have access to other plants during mealtime.

Some herbs’ potent aromas or fuzzy leaves will deter both chickens and deer from foraging in the garden. These plants will enhance the landscape all year long with beauty and enjoyment.

Can hens consume ferns?

Knowing which plants on your yard are poisonous to hens is usually a good idea. To prevent any illnesses or potential deaths in your flock, make sure to keep your flock away from these plants.

If your hens are allowed to roam free on your property, you should avoid cultivating the following plants, even if not all of them may be fatal.


Most fruits are okay for chickens to eat, and mine certainly enjoy apples. However, you must never feed your flock apricot tree pits or leaves. They include glycosides, which are harmful to hens and cause convulsions, hypotension, and respiratory issues.

If you have hens, you can grow apricots, but you must install a chicken-proof fence to keep them out of your orchard.


Azaleas are among the most popular flowering deciduous shrubs. Since they produce vibrant spring flowers, you can find them in landscaping all over the US. Over ten azaleas used to line the front of our house; they were stunning!

The issue is that your hens are extremely toxic to all sections of the azalea plant. It causes damage to the heart, general weakness, lack of coordination, and stomach issues. Always keep your flock away from your azalea bushes.


To be honest, I was startled by this one. I had no idea that beans would be on the list of plants that are deadly to hens, but it turns out that this is true since raw beans contain hemagglutinin, which is poisonous to chickens. This substance is poisonous to hens.

However, you should never give your chickens uncooked or undercooked beans, and you should keep them away from any gardens that have bean plants. However, it’s okay to give them cooked beans!

Bulb Flowers

You likely picture flowers that bloom from bulbs when you think of spring flowers. Unfortunately, a large number of these are toxic to hens. Daffodils, iris, tulips, and narcissus are a few examples of bulb blooms that hens shouldn’t eat.

Alkaloids, a substance found in them, cause low blood pressure, trembling, and diarrhea. Planting these flowers distant from where your chickens feed is a good idea.


Although not all ferns are deadly to hens, bracken ferns are. These plants can make hens anemic, lose weight, and experience muscle spasms, but usually high doses are required for that to happen.

Bracken ferns are an invasive, perennial fern that spreads throughout most of the United States, which is its main threat. If you have free-range hens, it’s likely that they will come into touch with bracken ferns because it grows frequently in pastures, woodlands, and rangelands.

Keep an eye out for bracken ferns on your property, and be sure to get rid of them.


A perennial or biennial plant, foxgloves grow up to 8 feet tall and have lovely tubular flowers with speckled interiors. These blooms appear stunning in your flower gardens when they bloom in the summer.

Chickens are poisoned by the entire plant, including the seeds, blooms, stems, and leaves. You need to be careful not to let these plants grow in an area where your chickens could access them because they rapidly reseed themselves every year.


Although holly is often connected to Christmas and decorations, it is a natural bush that grows all across the United Regions, particularly in the Southeastern states. Low concentrations of the poisonous saponins found in this plant can make people throw up, drool, and have diarrhea.


It’s typical to find lobelia, a lovely flower with blue, purple, white, or red blossoms, in containers and butterfly gardens. Some of the species can trail for up to three feet.

The poisonous pyridine alkaloids found in lobelia, despite its beauty, are known to produce tremors, weakness, rapid breathing, and lack of coordination. If your hens forage in your flower beds, it’s a good idea to keep them away from these flowers.


Lupine, a perennial plant with towering spikes of bonnet-shaped flowers that can reach a height of two feet, is one of my favorites. Although some types of the blossoms are white or pink, the deep blue and purple hues are more common.

Due to the presence of a substance known as quinolizidine alkaloids, hens are poisoned by all sections of lupine plants. In chickens, this toxin results in uneasiness, roaming, twitching, and convulsions.

Although lupines are a common plant in flower gardens, they also occur naturally in hilly areas. Keep your chickens away from it if you discover it growing wild in your region because it is invasive and difficult to eradicate.


Over 70 different plant species, including tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants, are members of the vast nightshade family. Alkaloids, which are present in all nightshade plants, can make your chickens less hungry, slobber more, have a slower heartbeat, and have respiratory difficulties.

Now, let’s talk about these plants that are deadly to hens because it’s likely that you’ve given your flock some of their fruits.

Although giving your flock a few tomatoes won’t harm them, this family shouldn’t be the main source of rewards. Giving your flock raw potato peels is a bad idea and should never be done.

Make sure to educate yourself on the different nightshade species that exist nearby. Five-lobed white and purple flowers and green fruits that mature to yellow or black can usually be used to identify them.

Oak Trees

Watch cautious if you have an oak tree on your property since hens are poisoned by these weeds. The leaves of mature oak trees provide a canopy that is around 100 feet broad and 80 feet tall, covering your entire property.

Tannic acid is found in oak leaves and acorns, which causes diarrhea, frequent urination, excessive thirst, and loss of appetite. It’s hard to stop this without cutting down the trees, which I’m sure your hens would prefer not to go through. Try to prevent them from running into acorns.


This plant, which is also known as creeping myrtle, vinca, or periwinkle, is a sweet ground cover with dark green foliage and blue or white blooms that open in the first few weeks of spring. Periwinkle is problematic because it contains glycosides, a poisonous substance that can cause tremors, seizures, and even death.

Yes, this plant has the potential to be fatal, therefore keep your chickens away from it. Take things seriously.


I adore rhubarb; in the spring, it produces excellent pies and jams, but the leaves contain oxalic acid, which is deadly to chickens. This plant, if consumed, results in jaundice, trembling, and increased salivation.

Because you have hens, don’t stop planting rhubarb; simply block access with fencing.


Yew is occasionally referred to as the “Tree of Death,” and with a name like that, you can tell it is very toxic. The most widespread type of yew in the US is the Japanese yew, which is toxic to hens in all forms.

Taxine alkaloids found in yew plants are cardiotoxic and can cause cardiac arrhythmia and death. Small doses of this fast-acting substance cause your hens to die within a short period of time. Even humans, dogs, horses, and cows can die from it.

One of the plants I advise you to completely eliminate from your yard is this one. Yew causes mortality after minimal consumption, whereas many of the other plants will still cause issues.


You may have read that elderberries are poisonous to hens, but that isn’t entirely accurate. In moderation, elderberries are safe for hens. Even though this plant is poisonous, offering your hens a few berries won’t harm them.