When To Top Outdoor Plants

Topping is necessary to maintain your marijuana plants healthy and to produce high-quality yields, even if it may seem unusual to chop off and discard a portion of your plants’ cannabis growth.

A marijuana plant will grow vertically if left to grow on its own, concentrating its energy on one main stalk. As a result, the main stalk will have several smaller colas on it and one enormous cola at the top. The quality of these other colas will be subpar, larfy, and tiny. The plant will have a small overall size and yield.

When to top marijuana plants

By cutting off the main stalk during the vegetative stage, the plant will shift its energies to side branches, pushing them to grow out instead of up. This helps redistribute growth hormones from the main stalk to side branches. A weed plant becomes bushier after topping.

The initial top, which is often done above the fifth node, shouldn’t be done until the plant has grown six or seven nodes. To ensure that the plant can sustain the shock of topping, it is crucial to wait until it has grown to this stage.

Waiting until a weed plant has more than seven nodes before cutting it off will cause it to spend energy on upward growth that you will simply take off rather than lateral growth that you will keep.

How a marijuana plant receives light

Because the cannabis plant is wide and not tall, all bud sites will receive an equal quantity of light. Therefore, a bushy design allows light to strike all branches more evenly.

The main cola will receive enough of light from a single vertical stalk, but the lower branches will be shadowed out and produce larfy buds as a result. You’ll receive more buds and better-quality ones with a bushy form.

The plant will become bushier and produce even more side branches if these side branches are eventually topped. Additionally, by doing this, you’ll boost the number of bud sites on branches and thus, your yields. A plant will typically be topped 1-3 times over the course of its lifetime.

Do you need to prune your outside plants?

Whether you grow cannabis indoors or outdoors, topping your plants can help them yield more, which is what every grower strives for. Topping, which is an accurate cut at the node, is the first thing to grasp. While it sounds simple, the time of topping is crucial. When to top a plant relies on the health of the soil, the health of the plant, the lighting, the size and age of the plant, and the growth objectives. Topping forces a plant to grow laterally rather than vertically.

Topping cannabis plants is a crucial step to maximize the overall quality of the harvest if you are new to cannabis production. By shifting the developing propensity from vertical to lateral, it is a tool that aids in controlling the plant’s overall shape.

The result is that the cola on the supporting branches grows thicker and stronger. However, topping is not the only element involved in generating high-quality, significant yields. Health of the soil, hydration, and light are further considerations.

Before topping, how tall should a plant be?

The main training method for plants is topping. It allows gardeners to compel plants to grow horizontally rather than vertically, utilizing the available lighting as efficiently as possible. By removing the tip of the plant growth’s top, topping is an easy approach to boost yields since it enables the plant to distribute important energy to lower nodes, encouraging growth outwards rather than up.

Cannabis plants often develop into tall, slender trees rather than bushes. By directing resources away from higher nodes and toward lower ones, topping successfully promotes horizontal growth by giving lower branches access to available light.

Cannabis plants can be topped whether they are being grown indoors or outdoors. The “traumatic” training method of topping your cannabis plants is unfortunate. Before topping, your plants must be healthy so that they can recover from the shock caused by this particular training method.

It is advised that you wait to top your plants until they have at least four nodes; most growers advise topping the plant above the sixth node. The portion of a plant known as a node joins younger growth with new stem offshoots to form a branch, a leaf, or, in the case of cannabis plants, a bud.

The tool you employ is also another crucial part of topping. Some people cut the plant’s tip off with their fingernails, while others use tweezers or razor blades. No matter what tool you choose to use, it’s imperative that you disinfect it beforehand. This can reduce the danger of infection from contaminated tools. When done correctly, topping is an important technique to fill in the canopy more quickly and shorten the period the plant is in the vegetative condition. Depending on the environment, cannabis plants can often spend anywhere from two weeks to six months in the vegetative state.

The amount of time till harvest is shortened by reducing the amount of time spent in the vegetative state, but it’s crucial to prepare for the recovery process by adding a “recovery” nutrition formula after topping. As the plant grows, more cola emerges from the node just beneath the topping point. During the recuperation process, the plant will divert energy for development to make up for the trauma. Colas are made up of tightly woven, teardrop-shaped buds that, when grown in a greenhouse, can reach a height of 24 inches. A mature female cannabis plant develops this core flower cluster throughout the highest part of the main stems and substantial branches.

When growing cannabis indoors with limited room, topping your plants is an excellent strategy to improve production, reduce height, and make plants simpler to handle. You can always start out slowly by topping only a few plants if you’re concerned about crop loss. Small-scale testing will give you time to figure out the procedure and provide you the chance to observe how it functions without putting your entire crop at risk.

How can outdoor yield be increased?

The greenhouses and outdoor grow at Los Sueos Farms, which have more than 30,000 plants and 36 acres of sun-grown cannabis, use natural pest control methods and provide year-round employment for its personnel.

1. When possible, use state regulations to your advantage.

Los Sueos was permitted to raise the number of plants in each of their three fields because, in accordance with Colorado regulations, cultivators may do so if they sell 85% or more of the harvest they had grown in the previous six months. After getting a late start on the expansion last season, they increased the number of plants in their largest field from 6,000 to 10,200, and this year they are reaping the benefits.

“We weren’t even able to plant all the plants we could have been allowed to because it was so late in the growing season when we really received our approval for our plant count, he claimed.

2. Discover the agricultural technique combination that works best for you.

By using farming and irrigation methods that are effective for them, Los Sueos has been able to improve the weight per plant and achieve overall better development, according to DeGabrielle. One of their growers focused on enhancing fertilization methods, while another was in charge of the soil composition. He examined the soil 18 inches beneath the surface and determined how it related to their entire yield. According to DeGabrielle, another employee’s efforts to reduce pesticide use by using permitted compounds to reduce loss due to pests also contributed to an improvement in the farm’s productivity.

“According to him, it combines effective agriculture, fertigation, and irrigation operations. ” I can’t say for sure which was more advantageous than the others.

DeGabrielle attributes Los Sueos’ abundant yield in part to the fertilizer mixture they utilize. This year, they have plants with over 40 pounds and 50 colas.

“We need to use a chainsaw, he added, in order to even cut them. ” The trunk’s bulk is enormous.

Owner of Los Sueos Farms Bob DeGabrielle standing next to a large, wholesome cola of a sun-grown plant

3. Continue to Learn and Teach Others What You Have Learned.

According to DeGabrielle, there is always more to learn in this field even though a producer may believe they have learned everything there is to know about the cannabis plant.

“Growing outside is a whole different experience if you’ve spent the majority of your career growing inside, he added. ” And it’s very different if you’re growing outside before needing to move inside.

DeGabrielle stated that cultivators need to understand how to maximize production and assure profitability as the market develops and the price of cannabis keeps falling, and that the best way to achieve this is to speak to other growers.

“Since we are all connected by the supply chain and are dependent on the retailer moving product and the grower producing product, I believe that a significant portion of those of us who work in the industry share methodologies, processes, and SOPs with one another. As a result, he said, we need to be aware of what is happening in the sector. “None of us will advance if we don’t communicate such things.

DeGabrielle claimed that effective agricultural and horticultural procedures and goods are essential to cultivators’ success and that there isn’t much confidential information in the sector that entrepreneurs should want to keep to themselves. The best concentrations of everything from THC to cannabinoids are produced by combining fundamental techniques, according to him, and farmers should be open to exchanging ideas about these techniques with one another.

4. Recognize the impact of soil and water quality on your plants.

Other growers should pay particular attention to what they feed their plants and what nutrients they might be lacking, says DeGabrielle. One of the keys to thriving plants, according to him, is comprehending and appropriately balancing the water quality and mineral content of the soil.

“According to him, if you don’t have good soils, you won’t get good quality plants out of it because these plants outside are growing in the ground and getting their nutrients either through some type of irrigation where you add the nutrients in with your water or they’re leaching it out of the soil.

5. Pay Attention to the Natural Growth Cycle of the Plant.

According to DeGabrielle, there are several benefits to relying on the cannabis plant’s natural growth cycle.

“According to him, they weren’t growing this plant in lit caves 4,000 years ago, despite the fact that it had been thriving for that long. ” It is always grown outside, and the sun is the best source of all the essential nutrients that the plants will contain.

He stated it’s crucial to pay attention to which strain species mature more quickly than others.

“DeGabrielle observed that your indicas “mature” more quickly than your sativas. “You need to get them out of the ground when they are ready to be harvested, and you need to get them out of the ground before the snow comes in and the severe weather and you lose your crop.”

According to DeGabrielle, Los Sueos will harvest 800 plants per day for the following six weeks, and they had to get started right away because so many of their plants were growing too large.

6. Recognize your difficulties.

The last piece of advise DeGabrielle gives to his fellow growers is to be aware of the difficulties and ready to overcome them. According to him, Los Sueos is plagued by pests like aphids, grasshoppers, and caterpillars, and because of chemical rules, cultivators there have few alternatives for resolving these issues. Bad weather, he said, is one of nature’s other obstacles.

“He claimed that the wind was blowing here at 45 mph the other day. “Because the colas on our plants were excessively large, some of them blew over.

According to DeGabrielle, the sun might be difficult. Workers in the field need to be mindful of heatstroke and sunburns, which can impair employee health and slow down output. DeGabrielle declared that he would only develop here, whatever the dangers.

“You won’t have the most beautiful bud in the world. The THC concentrations won’t change, [and] in my perspective, the terpene content is far stronger coming out of the natural environment than it is in the indoor environment, and the plant is healthier. However, it won’t appear like something that’s been grown inside and pampered.