Is Begonia An Outdoor Plant

Begonias are low-maintenance plants that may grow in the sun or the shade and just require a little fertilizer and water.

Over time, begonias have become more and more popular. They are frequently planted indoors as permanent houseplants or outside in flowerbeds and pots (grown for one growing season as an annual).

Both devoted gardeners and amateur growers alike adore them for their lovely flowers and foliage.

Following that, we’ll look at begonia plant care and offer some advice for growing begonias along the way.

Begonias can they live outside?

Light Requirements: Begonias are perennials that only thrive in zones 9 and 10 and are classic shade-lovers. In all other zones, the majority are cultivated as annuals. Some more recent types can withstand direct sunlight, especially in the morning. Begonias can withstand more sun in temperate climates than in hotter ones. Most thrive best in bright, dappled light.

Begonias thrive in soil that is bright, fertile, and well-drained. When exposed to cold, damp soils, begonias are extremely vulnerable to root and stem rot, therefore appropriate drainage is crucial. Choose a light potting soil that includes extra perlite, if it is available, or make your own mix by combining potting soil, perlite, and peat moss in equal amounts.

In the garden, begonia tubers should be placed about a foot apart; however, in hanging baskets and window boxes, they can be planted closer together. The smallest suggested size for one begonia plant is a 6 inch pot. (For specifics, see to the box of your begonia bulbs.)

Planting: Begonias can be planted outside right away in zones 9 and 10. Begonia tubers inside in colder climates to give them the head start they require (see above). When the weather begins to warm up, after any threat of frost has passed and the nightly temperature has stabilized at 45F or above, you can take them outside.

Do not rush to plant begonias outdoors because they are extremely susceptible to frost, cold, and rainy weather; they cannot endure temperatures below 45F. Begonias can be sown directly in the ground, as well as in window boxes or hanging baskets. Move them with caution since their stems are brittle.

Begonias are either indoor or outdoor plants.

Both as indoor houseplants and as annual bedding plants, begonias are very common. Around 1500 different begonia species, including those from Central and South America, Asia, and Africa, are indigenous to tropical areas of the planet. There are seven different types of begonias, which are generally classified by their species and growth habits, according to the American Begonia Society. All of these are tropical plants that favor warm, muggy weather. Everyone is susceptible to frigid temperatures. The only begonias that are frequently grown as landscape plants in Iowa are wax begonias and tuberous begonias.

The common annual begonias grown in the home landscaping are semperflorens or wax begonias (Begonia x semperflorens-cultorum). The leaves of most other varieties of begonias are smaller and typically green, bronze, or burgundy in color. Typically, flowers are white, pink, or red. There are both single and double bloom types. In the landscape, wax begonias are renowned for their resilience, tolerating both part shade and full sun. Wax begonias, once established, can withstand droughts even though the majority of begonias aren’t known for it.

Begonia x tuberhydria, or tuberous begonias, have more colorful, showier, and larger flowers. The leaves are more angular and bigger. Tuberous begonias come in both trailing and erect varieties, and both are frequently grown in containers. These begonias have tuberous roots and need to spend the fall and winter indoors during a brief dormant period. After that, they can be planted in containers in March so that the plants can get started before being moved outside in May. Wax and tuberous begonias can be crossed to produce hybrids. These are known as Rieger begonias (Begonia x heimalis) and are distinguished by their brilliant, showy flowers (similar to tuberous begonias) and vibrant leaves. Given that Rieger begonias demand slightly cooler growth conditions than other varieties, you frequently see more of these begonias in late-winter garden centers and florists.

Rhizomatous begonias called Rex begonias (Begonia rex) are frequently grown as houseplants. Instead of flowers, they are famous for their colorful, spectacular leaves. In addition to leaves that curl into a tight circle, leaves are frequently curled or twisted. A bewildering variety of leaf hues, including green, white, purple, silver, pink, maroon, lavender, black, and other combinations, are available in Rex begonia cultivars. The small blossoms on this attractive houseplant won’t be missed.

Begonia coccinea, B. albo-picta, B. lubbersii, and various hybrids are cane-type begonias that grow from thick, upright stems that resemble canes and fibrous roots. The stems are described as being of the cane type because they have swollen nodes that resemble bamboo. The prized angel wing and dragon wing begonias are among those that are typically grown as indoor houseplants. Throughout the year, clusters of pink, white, or red flowers cascade from stem ends. Large, asymmetrical, speckled or variegated leaves are as appealing. Cane-type begonias have a tendency to be more tolerant of changing light or moisture conditions, hence this type is sometimes regarded as the simplest to grow indoors.

Rhizomes, as the name suggests, are huge, inflated stems that resemble roots and are present just below the soil’s surface in rhizomatous begonias. These plants have many stems that sprout from the soil, as you might anticipate, making them dense and luxuriant houseplants. These begonias are famous for their enormous, flashy, and vibrant foliage as well. Usually, leaves have darker veining or variegation that makes them spotted or marked. A well-known cultivar of this kind of begonia is beefsteak. While some plants will develop colorful blossoms in the spring, they are frequently ornamental.

The stems and blossoms of trailing begonias (Begonia boliviensis and hybrids), which spill over the edge of the basket, are perfect for hanging baskets. When cultivated in warm, damp, shady locations, the flowers are plentiful in spring or all year long (depending on the cultivar), providing for a lovely display.

Begonia grandis, also known as shrub-type begonias, are multi-stemmed plants that resemble cane-type begonias but can grow up to 6 feet tall in the right conditions. They are not frequently planted in containers since many will eventually grow to be too big. In Florida and other warm climates, these kinds of plants are more frequently planted as landscaping plants.

The majority of begonias require similar maintenance. They prefer warm environments (preferably between 60 and 80 °F indoors or outdoors) and continuous, regular wetness. But when the soil is consistently damp, the roots will swiftly decay. Although they enjoy light, they cannot tolerate bright, direct sunshine. Indoor kinds thrive in rooms with eastern windows and some morning sunlight. Outdoor varieties that are planted during the growing season thrive in partial shade with little afternoon sun.

Finally, there are numerous ways to reproduce begonias. Rooting stem cuttings in water or in perlite while misted is a fairly simple process. Additionally, leaf section cuttings, which involve placing pie-shaped leaf wedges on moist soil and allowing new plantlets to grow from the cut edges, can be used to propagate many begonia varieties, particularly the houseplant varieties. This method of plant propagation is uncommon, further demonstrating the distinctiveness of the genus Begonia!


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How long do begonias last in the open air?

The perennial or annual status of begonias may be a concern for those wishing to grow them outdoors. Your local climate is the key to the solution. Begonias are annual plants in zones 8a and lower. If you reside in a colder climate, put them outside whenever the nightly lows routinely rise over 50°F and take pleasure in your plants till the first fall frost. Begonias should be able to survive outside all year if you chance to live in a zone 8b to 11.

How are begonias cared for outside?

With their vivid colors, magnificent leaves, and lengthy flowering season, annual begonias, often referred to as wax begonias or bedding begonias, are a gardener’s greatest friend. Additionally, because there are so many different color options, you may place them anywhere in the landscape. We’re here to offer you some advice on how to keep them incredibly content and healthy over the entire season.

Basic Care Tips

Light: These vibrant plants prefer the morning light, but they also appreciate the cooler afternoon shade. All day exposure to direct sunlight will harm the leaves, stress the plants, and perhaps spread disease. The good news is that they can energize the shadowy areas of your garden.

Watering: Provide a wet environment to keep them content, but watch out for soggy soil! These plants dislike having their roots submerged in water but prefer to remain damp and not fully dry out. Use well-draining soil that has some compost to help hold onto moisture. Always water from the plant’s base because if the leaves become wet, they can develop leaf rot and spots.

Temperature: Because begonias are delicate annuals, they must be planted in the spring after the danger of frost has passed. They thrive in warmer climates and can suffer damage when the temperature falls below 10°C (50°F).

Use a water-soluble fertilizer around once a month to keep them healthy and blooming for you all summer long. Fertilizer: Before planting, mix a balanced fertilizer into the soil.

Other Notes about Begonias

Deadheading wasted blooms can encourage the plant to produce new buds, so don’t be scared to do it if you want your plants to bloom consistently. Additionally, because these adaptable plants are resistant to deer, you can plant them in locations that have experienced summertime nibbling issues.

Jason offers a short suggestion on how to highlight the begonia blossoms in your yard.

Is the begonia a houseplant?

Begonias are a well-liked indoor plant. Begonia houseplants come in a variety of colors, some of which are planted for their flowers and others for their eye-catching foliage. Begonias are excellent indoor houseplants, but only with a little bit of information about how to grow them.