It usually happens when a fern drowns or the humidity is too low, which dehydrates the leaves and causes them to become brown and crispy. To prevent the leaves from turning brown and dying, indoor ferns need soil that is continually moist, and they like a humidity level of 50%.
The majority of indoor ferns, including Boston, Maidenhair, Birds Nest, Rabbit Foot, and Asparagus Ferns, are indigenous to tropical climates where they flourish in high humidity, continuously moist soil, cool, constant temperatures, and shaded areas under tree canopies.
It’s crucial to recreate the fern’s natural environment in order to bring it back to life. To do this, you should raise the humidity, put the fern in moist organic soil, and place it in a shaded spot with a consistent, moderately cool temperature.
Continue reading to find out the causes of your indoor and outdoor fern’s demise and how to put the answers into practice to bring it back to life.
Why keep dying my indoor ferns?
Ferns prefer moist, but not wet or muddy, soil. Wet soil can lead to root rot while dry soil can cause wilting and eventually drying out. You might need to water often when the temperature is above 75 degrees Fahrenheit to keep the soil moist to the touch. Wait until the soil’s top is dry if the temperature is below 60 degrees. Exceptions that want the soil to slightly dry before watering include Japanese holly fern (Cyrtomium falcatum, zones 6 through 10) and rabbit’s foot fern (Davallia fejeensis, zones 10 through 12). Dry peat moss, which most ferns want a lot of, resists water, and the dense mass of roots makes it difficult for moisture to penetrate, so once a pot dries out, it could be challenging to water the fern. To replenish the soil moisture, soak dried-out pots for about 15 minutes in a pail of water that sits just above the lip of the pot. After soaking, put the pot in a sink to properly drain.
How are ferns maintained indoors?
All of the common house ferns can only withstand brief periods of dryness. They will start to drop leaves and their fronds will swiftly turn brown. As often as you can, ideally in the morning, mist your ferns. Your family members should be taught to use the spray bottle you always keep on hand whenever they pass the fern. Place the pot on a tray filled with moist pebbles or clay granules. This makes the area around the plant more humid without keeping the roots wet. Another choice is to put your ferns in the bathroom, which is typically the room in your house with the most humidity.
A fern can it be revived?
If you set the right conditions for growth, you can revive a dried-out fern. Since most ferns are hardy plants, once the problematic conditions are fixed, they usually recover within a few weeks.
The good news is that the fern will grow again in spring once the temperatures rise, even if it is dead now, which is typical in frigid temperatures during winter.
Steps to Revive A Dried Out Fern:
First, water the plant and give it an hour to soak. Run a knife around the rootball and tap the pot against the edge of a table. Take the plant out of its container.
Step 3: Remove fading or dead roots and tease out tangled roots. Keep the healthy ones alone.
Step 4: Insert a piece of wire mesh into the bottom of a fresh pot. Organic soil that has been well-drained should fill the pot’s lower half.
Step 5Set the plant in the center and gradually enlarge the area around it with potting soil. With your thumbs, compress the compost.
Step 6: Water the compost to keep it damp but not drenched. Between waterings, the compost should be dry.
Step 7Sit the pot in full sunshine on a windowsill that faces north.
How to save a fern from dying?
A fern that is being grown indoors or outdoors is almost certainly dying from inadequate drainage. The soil or potting mix used outdoors must have good drainage. The clogging of drainage holes does occur frequently. Take a pencil and insert it into the drainage hole to see if that is what happened to you.
Because the fern has outgrown the pot, it may occasionally be drying out or dying. In this situation, repotting the plant right away can be too much of a shock for it. Keep it in the same pot until it has recovered, and then you can repot the fern in a larger container if you notice fresh growth.
How to revive a dried out fern in a pot?
Keep the fern in its container and trim any dried-out fronds to a length of 2 inches, leaving the healthy, green leaves alone. The center should have robust upright fronds. Delete the top 2 inches of the compost, then add new potting soil.
Soak a plant in a big bucket until it totally drains. Place it in bright light, away from the sun, on a windowsill or in the open air. Repotting ferns should generally be done in the spring when the roots have filled the pot. Repotting young specimens should be done once a year.
I hope you found this post’s material beneficial. Please feel free to share it with your loved ones and friends.
Tell me what ferns you are growing in the comments area below. What issues did you have with ferns?
What appearance does an overwatered fern have?
Although Boston fern needs slightly moist soil, soggy, waterlogged soil is more prone to cause rot and other fungal diseases. Yellowing or wilted leaves are frequently the first indication when a fern is overwatered.
Touching the dirt with the tip of your finger is a guaranteed technique to tell when to water a Boston fern. It’s time to water the plant if the soil’s surface feels a little bit dry. Another sign that a fern needs water is the weight of the pot. The pot will feel quite light if the soil is dry. Wait a few days before watering, then retest the soil.
Use water that is room temperature to thoroughly water the plant until the water flows through the bottom of the pot. Never let the pot stand in water and always allow the plant drain completely.
If you create a humid environment, Boston fern watering will be improved. A tray of wet stones is a more efficient approach to raise the humidity surrounding the plant than occasionally misting the fronds.
Set the pot on a layer of damp pebbles or gravel that has been spread out on a plate or tray. To keep the pebbles continually moist, add water as needed. Make sure the pot’s bottom doesn’t come in contact with water, as root rot can result from water leaking up through the drainage hole.
Should I remove my fern’s dead leaves?
Do your ferns appear wilted and worn out? I’ll demonstrate how simple it is to prune your ferns for a brand-new appearance and an even healthier plant.
Here in the Pacific Northwest, ferns are a particularly popular type of outdoor plant (PNW). They can be found thriving in the shade.
I receive compensation on qualifying purchases as an Amazon Associate.
To make things easier for you, affiliate links are employed. See my complete disclaimer here.
I’m not a Master Gardener; I’m a self-taught hobby gardener. On my blog, I offer my personal opinions and strategies that have helped me along the journey.
Rather than leaves, ferns have fronds, which are only present for around a year. While the new fronds emerge, the older ones begin to wither and turn brown. Refreshing the plant by removing the old growth will give you only gorgeous new fronds.
How often should indoor ferns be watered?
If you pay attention to getting the watering right, hanging ferns make excellent indoor plants and are simple to care for. Contrary to what you would believe, this is a lot simpler.
Watering hanging ferns two to three times weekly is ideal.
You should give the garden fern as much water as you can. During the summer, give your indoor fern a regular drink of water. To prevent the leaves from turning yellow, spray them every two to three days. As the plant starts to get ready for winter at the end of the summer, watering should be somewhat reduced.
They are the perfect plant to have in any home due to their adaptability and ease of growth. One of the essential components for keeping your fern in prime condition is proper watering.
Why is my fern becoming crispy and brown?
At the end of the Fall season, trim the leaves back when they begin to brown since they are unable to photosynthesize anymore. This neatens up the fern’s appearance and enables you to mulch the fern’s underground rhizomes with compost to help keep them warm over the winter. The fern should recover healthily the following spring.
When growing ferns in sandy soil that dries out too fast after rain or irrigation, add heaps of compost, leaf mold, or well-rotted manure to the planting area.
These three materials all have a porous structure that allows extra water to flow away from the roots, preventing root rot even though they retain a lot of moisture.
As ferns cannot withstand excessive amounts of direct sunshine, always plant them in locations with shade or some filtered light. Either move the fern to a more shaded area or grow additional trees or bushes to provide shade.
- Low humidity and drowning lead fern leaves to become brown. Ferns are tropical plants that require high levels of humidity. Indoor humidity is frequently too low, which causes the leaves to lose moisture and turn brown, crispy, dried out, and look to be dying.
- Due to submersion, fern tips become brown. The soil must be continually damp, but not saturated, for ferns to grow. The fern’s leaves get brown and crispy at the tips if the soil dries up in between waterings because there isn’t enough moisture surrounding the roots.
- Smaller pots dry up faster. Because ferns require continually moist soil, their leaves will turn brown and brittle and will appear to be dying if the potting soil dries out. Because ferns often have large, shallow root systems, they can easily become pot-bound in small pots, which can turn their leaves brown.
- In much sunshine, fern leaves oxidize and turn brown. Ferns may survive in either complete shade or partial light beneath a woodland canopy. The delicate leaves become crispy and brown in full sun, appearing to be dying.
- If the temperature is above 80F for a prolonged period of time, indoor ferns may turn brown. Ferns prefer temperatures between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. The ferns’ leaves become brown and crispy and appear to be dying in high temperatures because the leaves lose too much moisture and the soil dries out too quickly for the roots to pull in moisture.
- In the Fall, just before Winter, outdoor ferns naturally turn brown and appear to be dying. The following Spring, the fern sprouts fresh, green leaves. If the ground is too dry or there is too much sun, outdoor ferns may also turn brown. To keep its leaves from turning brown, outdoor ferns need moist soil and shade.
- Use a humidifier to raise the humidity, water as often as necessary to keep the coil consistently moist, stay away from drafts and indoor heating, place the fern in an area with indirect light, make sure the temperature is between 65°F and 75°F, and cut back brown leaves to encourage the growth of new green leaves in order to save ferns with brown leaves.
Why are ferns so difficult to maintain?
Once you’ve resolved that, you may begin to add ferns to your area to complete it. A brief search of social media will reveal that the majority of individuals find it difficult, if not impossible, to keep ferns alive.
However, things don’t have to be that way! I’ve killed a lot of ferns, but I’ve now reached the point where I can actually keep them alive (I feel like that is the marker of a true adult).
Learn all you can about the fern you chose as there are endless varieties. Try a quick Google search, speak with your horticulturist, or even look at the tiny tag that comes with certain plants (although they’re not always very helpful and are usually rather vague). Therefore, depending on the kind you’ve picked, there might be some minor variations, but here are a few unbreakable principles I’ve discovered along the way.
Ferns prefer humidity, so they would thrive in a bathroom with filtered light.
By setting the pot on a tray of stones, adding some water, and then setting the pot on top, you can boost humidity.
However, it’s crucial that the pot not be submerged in water since this would result in root rot.
Feed fertilizer to your fern. Fertilizer can be given to ferns roughly once every two weeks. I have a worm farm, so at the base of my fern, I dilute my “worm juice” till it is the color of weak tea and water.
Let in some sunshine! Ferns detest the dark as well as the bright sun. Therefore, your fern needs bright, filtered light to stay happy and healthy.
Take a sip! Keep ferns well-watered because they do not like to dry out (even for a few hours). The ferns love to be watered from the bottom, just a comment on that.
Is this place drafty? Because ferns dislike the wind, keep them in enclosed areas and away from areas like hallways that might act as wind tunnels.
Wet feet: Ferns enjoy being wet, but they detest being damp (it’s a very delicate balance). You are overwatering your fern if the leaves are yellow and withered. Additionally, confirm that your pot has sufficient drainage. Some inexpensive pots just have a small hole or none at all, which prevents water from draining properly and traps it.
Do ferns require a lot of sun exposure?
Shade. The majority of ferns thrive in dense or dappled shade. Rich, dark green foliage will result with adequate shade. Depending on where you are, we advise 65 to 75 percent shade.
How can I revive my sick fern?
Underwatering, low humidity, and extreme heat or cold are the three most frequent reasons why fern plants lose their leaves.
A fern that is losing its leaves can be revived by increasing the humidity, watering more frequently to keep the soil continuously moist, and maintaining a temperature between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Once these conditions are met, new leaves should begin to sprout.
- Use a humidifier to raise the humidity to 50%. A humidifier is the most efficient approach to raise the humidity surrounding your fern because you can adjust the humidity level with some humidifiers, accurately simulating the greater humidity levels seen in the fern’s native tropical environment. This lessens water loss from the leaves and fosters the ideal atmosphere for your fern to begin recuperating by generating new leaves.
- Mist your fern daily and place it near other potted plants. Your withering fern will thrive better if you cluster multiple plants close together to create a humid microclimate. The leaves lose less water when misted, and your fern shoulder begins to recover.
- So that the soil is regularly and equally moist, water the fern as often as necessary. There is no set schedule for watering ferns because it depends on the size of the plant and the relative humidity of the space. However, to make sure that the soil is moist but not saturated, I advise constantly probing the ground with your finger. Always water deeply, allowing excess water to flow out of the drainage holes in the pot’s base to confirm that the moisture has gotten to the roots where it is needed.
- To rejuvenate your fern, maintain a temperature range of 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit, with a slight drop at night. Low temperatures stress tropical ferns, and higher temperatures enhance evaporation, which increases the chance of leaves falling. In order for the fern’s leaves to regenerate, maintain the temperature within the ideal range to mimic the fern’s native environment.
- Away from heat sources, air currents, and drafts, keep your fern. Maintaining the proper humidity levels is crucial for your fern to recover, so keep it clear of drafts and away from artificial heat sources that might dry up the leaves.
The fern should recover under ideal environmental circumstances, and during the growing season, new leaves should appear.