How To Take Care Of An Indoor Fern

There are numerous species of ferns that are endemic to more temperate climates in addition to the numerous tropical and subtropical fern species. These ferns would thrive in cooler portions of the house but won’t endure in overly warm spaces. The best climate for tropical ferns is a house with central heating. The recommended indoor fern-growing conditions are listed below:


All ferns enjoy wetness, hence they should all be kept in humid environments. Stand the pots in the living and family rooms on trays of wet pebbles or clay granules. Except in situations where a humidifier is used to maintain a high level of humidity across the entire space, ferns also enjoy being misted often with tepid, soft water.


Additionally, you must offer the proper compost. The majority of ferns are woodland or forest plants with fragile, soft roots adapted to the light forest soil that is rich in leaf mould and decomposing plant waste. To prevent the roots from ever becoming soggy, the ideal compost must be freely draining. The finest compost is one that has peat or a fibrous peat substitute together with lots of sand. The plant may need to be watered a little bit each day in a warm, dry environment in order to prevent the compost from drying out.


Though the majority of ferns prefer wet, shaded environments like forest floors, this does not imply that they are light-independent. If the lighting in your home is excessively dim compared to their natural environment, you will notice poor growth and fading fronds. Keep your ferns away from direct sunlight, especially in the summer, and place them close to a window that receives morning or late-afternoon sun. They will either lose their leaves or have yellowed fronds if exposed to direct sunshine.

As long as you give your ferns periodic pauses in strong light, you can keep them in low light. They can receive artificial light, but it should come from a fluorescent strip or a specific gardening bulb. The heat produced by standard light bulbs is too much.


How high or low of a temperature a given fern requires will depend on its origin and adaptability. Most ferns dislike chilly weather. Tropical ferns really enjoy temperatures between 60 and 70 F. (15-21 C.). People from drier climates prefer temperatures of 50 to 60 F. (10-16 C).


Every two to four weeks during the summer, give your ferns a liquid fertiliser feeding, but don’t mix it at full strength as this could harm the roots. For misting, a few drops of fertiliser can be sporadically added to the water. Because they relax during the winter, don’t feed your ferns. Mist your ferns frequently to keep the air around them moist.


Spring is the best season to repot ferns, but only if the pot is completely filled with roots. If not, simply remove the compost’s top layer and add more compost in its place. To promote fresh growth, remove any broken fronds.

Make two ferns out of one when you repot them by cutting them in half. The powdery spores that are produced in tiny capsules can also be used to create new ferns. On the underside of the fronds, rows of rusty, brown blotches represent these capsules. These will develop into a green coating, which will then support the fern.

How are ferns maintained indoors?

All of the common house ferns can only withstand brief periods of dryness. They will start to drop leaves and their fronds will swiftly turn brown. As often as you can, ideally in the morning, mist your ferns. Your family members should be taught to use the spray bottle you always keep on hand whenever they pass the fern. Place the pot on a tray filled with moist pebbles or clay granules. This makes the area around the plant more humid without keeping the roots wet. Another choice is to put your ferns in the bathroom, which is typically the room in your house with the most humidity.

How often should indoor ferns be watered?

If you pay attention to getting the watering right, hanging ferns make excellent indoor plants and are simple to care for. Contrary to what you would believe, this is a lot simpler.

Watering hanging ferns two to three times weekly is ideal.

You should give the garden fern as much water as you can. During the summer, give your indoor fern a regular drink of water. To prevent the leaves from turning yellow, spray them every two to three days. As the plant starts to get ready for winter at the end of the summer, watering should be somewhat reduced.

They are the perfect plant to have in any home due to their adaptability and ease of growth. One of the essential components for keeping your fern in prime condition is proper watering.

How much sunlight does a house fern require?

Everyone is familiar with ferns, yet it can be challenging to identify each species. Use this short and simple fern primer to assist you in selecting ferns for sunny or gloomy areas in your garden as well as ferns that are suitable for indoor use.

SUN LOVING FERNS may tolerate direct sunlight for up to 4 hours each day (morning, midday, or afternoon), with filtered light for the remainder of the time. These ferns can easily adapt to sunny environments because they require LESS water to flourish. NOTE: Roots decay quickly, followed by death, if the soil is overwatered or is not allowed to completely dry out between waterings.

The hardest sun fern, Chinese Brake (Pteris vittata), will thrive on rocky soil, FULL sun, or soil with little water. Now, if you placed this fern in the shade and gave it daily water, it would likely die. Arsenic-laced soils are being cleaned up with this fern as well. This fern, which I adore, can spore onto rocks and bricks if it is growing in a damp, somewhat shaded area and has a clumping habit.

SUN 2) The Nephrolepis cordifolia, also a hardy fern, is known as the Australian Sword Fern. A spreading fern moves by using surface-foraging roots to climb a palm, a tree, a wall of fig ivy, inside a container, or up the wall and cascade outside the fig ivy to create an illusion of a grotto. Although it doesn’t shed like one, it resembles a Boston fern. This drought-tolerant plant can be grown in full sun to partial shade, and its spherical storage tubers on the roots serve as water and nutrient reservoirs.

SUN 3) Lace Ferns (Microlepia strigosa) are little, clumping ferns that reach heights of 24 to 30 inches. When the sun kisses it, this gorgeous accent fern reflects the light. In intense shadow, a plant deteriorates.

SUN 4) One of my favourite ferns is Silver Ribbon (Pteris cretica ‘Albo-lineata’), which I employ in flower beds and pots. Remove fertile fronds when they turn brown to give the fern a height of 16 to 18 inches. This lovely variegated fern grows between 10 and 12 inches tall. For this fern, use potting soil with a bark base.

SUN 5) Mother Fern (Woodwardia orientalis), the tallest of the group, grows to a height of 4-6 feet and a width of 6 feet, giving the garden a beautiful architectural form. On the mature frond, which is called the mother fern, are baby plantlets. To fill in the empty area left by the long arching fronds, put ajuga or begonias around the plant’s crown.

SHADE LOVING FERNS are plants that prefer the shade and low light conditions of the forest or jungle floor.

The soil must be more alkaline (higher ph) than acidic for maidenhair ferns of all species to thrive, which you can do by adding crushed limestone and incorporating it into the soil.

One of the more recent fern introductions, the felt fern (Pyrrosia hastata), is actually fairly hardy. Whereas most ferns simply drop their older leaves, this fern will wilt when it becomes thirsty. The leaves have a peculiar spear-head form and a fabric-like feel to them. This fern thrives inside as well.

Dwarf Hawaiian Tree Fern (Blechnum gibbeum), a charming little tree fern, is found in SHADE 3. Plant it away from the wind and cold from the north because it grows pretty swiftly. This architectural marvel is essential for any garden because of its precisely aligned fronds.

HOUSE FERNS must be able to adapt to decreasing light and humidity levels. In areas with higher humidity, like the kitchen and bathroom, place your ferns close to windows with good lighting. A tiny kitchen should be avoided since cooking debris might coat the leaves and reduce the quantity of light reaching the plant.

Use a peat-based potting soil and put in a plastic container to prevent soil from drying out while growing ferns inside. Clay pots should not be used to grow ferns because they are porous and draw 50% of the plant’s water away from it.

1) Austral Gem (Asplenium hybrid), which can withstand drier soil and lower humidity levels, has gorgeous dark green stems and foliage with a glossy shine. fern is lovely and simple.

2) The Santa Rosa Fern (Aglaomorpha) is best grown as a hanging fern set on a wooden board with sphagnum peat moss in strong light. It has upright fronds with a fuzzy foot.

3) The rabbit’s foot fern (Davallia) is a hanging fern with brown and white hairy feet that creeps up the side of the pot and around the top. Grow plants in direct sunlight and shower them every day.

4) The native to New Zealand Button Fern (Pellaea rotundifolia) features lustrous, round, dark-green leaves and a red stalk that grows 6–10 inches tall. Grow in direct sunlight and water only when the top layer of soil has dried out.

5) “Lemon Button” (Nephrolepis cordifolia), which grows erect and can withstand drought, has the tiniest circular leaves. This fern is fantastic both inside and outside and doesn’t shed.

6) The Asplenium (Birdnest Fern) features tall, broad, upright fronds that sprout from a central crown. Don’t bury the crown when transplanting because doing so will cause the plant to perish. Other hybrids have shorter, distinctive fronds; “Victoria” has wavy fronds, and “Crissie” is shorter and has forked, crested-looking fronds. Use a plastic pot, water when the top half of the soil is dry, and grow in bright light.

Therefore, the next time you encounter a fern, stop and have a better look to see how unique and wonderful they actually are. Enjoy your garden!

Are indoor ferns water-intensive?

  • Don’t irrigate the foliage.
  • Two times per week, mist indoor ferns.
  • When the soil seems dry on top, water.
  • Keep the soil damp but not drenched.
  • Pay heed to over- or under-watering warning indications.
  • Keep the soil from drying out completely.

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Why keep dying my indoor ferns?

It usually happens when a fern drowns or the humidity is too low, which dehydrates the leaves and causes them to become brown and crispy. To prevent the leaves from turning brown and dying, indoor ferns need soil that is continually moist, and they like a humidity level of 50%.

The majority of indoor ferns, including Boston, Maidenhair, Birds Nest, Rabbit Foot, and Asparagus Ferns, are indigenous to tropical climates where they flourish in high humidity, continuously moist soil, cool, constant temperatures, and shaded areas under tree canopies.

It’s crucial to recreate the fern’s natural environment in order to bring it back to life. To do this, you should raise the humidity, put the fern in moist organic soil, and place it in a shaded spot with a consistent, moderately cool temperature.

Continue reading to find out the causes of your indoor and outdoor fern’s demise and how to put the answers into practise to bring it back to life.

Should a fern be misted?

A mist spray applied three or four times per day will aid in maintaining lush growth. Broad-leaf ferns and those with simple leaves benefit from misting. On kinds that are crinkled, which have a propensity to accumulate moisture and hold it, use less spray to prevent the growth of fungus.

What appearance does an overwatered fern have?

Although Boston fern needs slightly moist soil, soggy, waterlogged soil is more prone to cause rot and other fungal diseases. Yellowing or wilted leaves are frequently the first indication when a fern is overwatered.

Touching the dirt with the tip of your finger is a guaranteed technique to tell when to water a Boston fern. It’s time to water the plant if the soil’s surface feels a little bit dry. Another sign that a fern needs water is the weight of the pot. The pot will feel quite light if the soil is dry. Wait a few days before watering, then retest the soil.

Use water that is room temperature to thoroughly water the plant until the water flows through the bottom of the pot. Never let the pot stand in water and always allow the plant drain completely.

If you create a humid environment, Boston fern watering will be improved. A tray of wet stones is a more efficient approach to raise the humidity surrounding the plant than occasionally misting the fronds.

Set the pot on a layer of damp pebbles or gravel that has been spread out on a plate or tray. To keep the pebbles continually moist, add water as needed. Make sure the pot’s bottom doesn’t come in contact with water, as root rot can result from water leaking up through the drainage hole.

Are ferns reliant on sunlight?

The majority of ferns love indirect light, therefore you should try to keep them away from direct sunlight. Fern fronds can burn in direct sunlight, producing a dry, crispy plant. The ideal amount of light for ferns is typically provided via a window that faces north or east. However, if you see that your plant is becoming yellow and not expanding much, it is probably not receiving enough light. Use a grow light on your ferns for a few hours each day if you need to supplement the natural light they receive.

Should I water a fern with bottom?

Once you’ve resolved that, you may begin to add ferns to your area to complete it. A brief search of social media will reveal that the majority of individuals find it difficult, if not impossible, to keep ferns alive.

However, things don’t have to be that way! I’ve killed a lot of ferns, but I’ve now reached the point where I can actually keep them alive (I feel like that is the marker of a true adult).

Learn all you can about the fern you chose as there are endless varieties. Try a quick Google search, speak with your horticulturist, or even look at the tiny tag that comes with certain plants (although they’re not always very helpful and are usually rather vague). Therefore, depending on the kind you’ve picked, there might be some minor variations, but here are a few unbreakable principles I’ve discovered along the way.

Ferns prefer humidity, so they would thrive in a bathroom with filtered light.

By setting the pot on a tray of stones, adding some water, and then setting the pot on top, you can boost humidity.

However, it’s crucial that the pot not be submerged in water since this would result in root rot.

Feed fertiliser to your fern. Fertilizer can be given to ferns roughly once every two weeks. I have a worm farm, so at the base of my fern, I dilute my “worm juice” till it is the colour of weak tea and water.

Let in some sunshine! Ferns detest the dark as well as the bright sun. Therefore, your fern needs bright, filtered light to stay happy and healthy.

Take a sip! Keep ferns well-watered because they do not like to dry out (even for a few hours). The ferns love to be watered from the bottom, just a comment on that.

Is this place draughty? Because ferns dislike the wind, keep them in enclosed areas and away from areas like hallways that might act as wind tunnels.

Wet feet: Ferns enjoy being wet, but they detest being damp (it’s a very delicate balance). You are overwatering your fern if the leaves are yellow and withered. Additionally, confirm that your pot has sufficient drainage. Some inexpensive pots just have a small hole or none at all, which prevents water from draining properly and traps it.