When To Replant Houseplants

The majority of houseplants can thrive for years in the same container. However, some quickly expanding species, like philodendron or pothos, may overflow their container and require repotting every few years. When the roots of a plant start to protrude through the drainage holes, it is usually time for a new pot. If water flows straight through the pot and out the drainage holes whenever you add moisture, that is another warning indicator.

Of course, some plants, like orchids and snake plants, don’t mind small spaces, but even they eventually require a new location as their roots entwine.

In general, the spring and summer when the plant is actively growing are the optimum times to repot your houseplant. Although it’s best to do it at least three to four weeks before bringing the plant indoors for the winter, you can also transplant plants in the fall. Your plant should adjust to its new container while it is still enjoying its summer break.

Check the roots of the plant after gently removing it from the pot. It’s time for an upgrade if they are knotted, firmly encircling the interior of the pot, or if a lot of the dirt is disappearing. Choose a container that is an inch or two wider than the one your plant is now in.

Pick the new pot wisely. Clay (terra-cotta) pots have a lovely appearance but are permeable, causing the soil to dry up more quickly. They are ideal for plants like succulents, cactus, orchids, ponytail palms, and snake plants that prefer quick drainage. In order to prevent them from sucking the water out of the soil, it is best to soak them in water for a few hours before planting. Use plastic containers with tropical houseplants like ferns, African violets, anthuriums, and spathiphyllum because they retain soil moisture longer. However, regardless of the kind of pot you use, make sure it has a hole in the bottom to let extra water drain out. Use a pot that is approximately two inches wider than the one your plant is currently in.

Use a high-quality commercial potting soil made for indoor plants; some soil blends are even available for particular plant species, such cacti or African violets. Useless to utilize garden soil. The ideal soil should be fluffy and light, with plenty of sterilized organic matter and compost to help retain moisture. Cheap potting soil may be excessively heavy and retain too much moisture, so it’s not always a good deal.

Soil should be added to the pot until the plant’s crown (where the roots meet the stem) is at the same height as it was growing before. To remove air pockets, gently compact the dirt around the roots and water. After planting, include a saucer to collect runoff. At this time, don’t feed your plants. In fact, you might want to wait until early spring to fertilize if you are repotting in the fall. Additionally, remember that a lot of potting soils already contain fertilizer, so you shouldn’t worry too much about feeding your plants right immediately.

When should indoor plants be repotted?

In order for a plant’s actively growing roots to have enough time to grow into newly added potting soil, the optimal time to repot it is in the spring. There are a number of indications that a houseplant is pot-bound.

How can you determine when to repot your plant?

Although repotting your plants may seem difficult, we have some advice to help you succeed.

First things first: repotting refers to replacing the soil or potting mix, not necessarily the planter that it is now in. The nutrients in new soil are new. This is fantastic news if you adore your present planter, but it’s also okay if you want to get a new one or your plant has clearly outgrown its existing container. Try to choose a planter that is no more than 2″ larger in diameter for tabletop planters and no more than 4″ larger in diameter for floor planters when choosing a new one. Your new container might just need to be an inch larger if you’re repotting a really tiny plant! The size of your plant’s new home is crucial because we tend to give it more water in larger planters. Small plant in large planter with loads of soil and water results in unintentional dying. You want to give your plant some additional room to expand in the coming months rather than drowning it in soil.

Repotting should be done on average every 12 to 18 months, depending on how quickly the plant is developing. Some slow-growing plants, like cactus, can live for years in the same pot with only a soil resupply. The best time to repot your houseplants is typically in the spring, at the beginning of the growing season.

If you notice one or more of these indicators, you’ll know it’s time to report:

1. The grow pot or planter’s drainage hole(s) are being penetrated by roots 2. The plant’s roots are almost pushing it out of the planter. 3. The plant’s growth is significantly slower than usual (different than winter dormancy) 4. The plant is quite top-heavy and is prone to falling over. 5. The potting soil dries out the plant faster than before, necessitating more frequent waterings. 6. The plant’s foliage is larger than its present planter by more than three times. 7. The plant or planter has a pronounced salt and mineral buildup 8. You haven’t repotted your plant in more than a year.

What you’ll need on hand is as follows:

Of course, whether it is a new or existing factory.

The container you’re using for planting (if reusing a container, make sure to thoroughly rinse the inside first)

new potting soil

If your planter does not have a drainage hole, use lava rocks or something similar.

If you’re touching a plant like a Ficus elastica that has unpleasant sap, wear gloves.

a water bottle, a sink faucet, or a watering can

a newspaper, sheet for pots, or surface that is simple to clean

1. Take the plant out of the pot or planter it is currently in. Your plant will slide out of its current container if you grip it firmly by the stems or leaves while turning it sideways and tapping the bottom of the container. With a few little tugs on the stems’ bases, you might need to assist it a little.

2. Take the roots out. Use your hands to gently loosen the plant’s roots. Make sure to keep the thicker roots at the base of the leaves and cut any extra-long threadlike roots. Unbind the roots as much as you can and give them a trim if your plant is root-bound (the roots are growing in very small circles around the base of the plant).

3. Get rid of the old potting soil Remove at least a third of the old potting soil that is encircling the plant’s roots. You should give your plant new potting soil or mix because as it grew, it may have consumed all or part of the nutrients in the old mixture.

4. Include fresh potting soil Fresh potting soil should be added to the empty planter, and it should be packed down to eliminate any air pockets. Before adding the potting mix, layer the bottom of the planter with lava rocks or something comparable (rocks, gravel, etc.) if it has a drainage hole. The idea is to carve out areas for the additional water to collect in and flow away from the roots of your plant.

5. Include a plant. Make sure your plant is centered before placing it on top of the newly added layer of soil in the planter. Then, pour extra potting soil all around the plant to secure it. You want the roots to have room to breathe, so avoid packing the planter with too much soil.

Water and pleasure. The potting soil should be evened out, then water well. It’s important to remember that a plant that has just been re-potted doesn’t require fertilizer.

Can indoor plants be potted in the winter?

As they mature, plants prefer to be potted up into bigger containers. More dirt can feed the root systems in larger containers. Years of growing in a pot can cause plants to become root-bound, which can result in death. The opportunity to repot indoor plants in the winter allows the ardent gardener to avoid frostbite on their thumbs!

If you notice roots on the surface of your pots, that is a sign that your plant needs to be replanted. Another indication is the presence of roots emerging from the drainage holes at the base of your containers. Another indication that your plants are root-bound is slow growth. Look to check if the roots are wrapping around the pot’s edge. Repotting your plant is necessary if the roots are swirling around the rootball.

Make sure the pot you choose matches the decor in your house and is the right size for the plant. If you’re repotting, avoid using large pots. Generally speaking, you should make the present container two inches bigger. The roots may rot if the new pot is too large and can contain too much water. To allow water to permeate the soil, ensure that the containers include drainage holes. Choose a saucer that matches the new pot to protect your carpet or hardwood flooring.

As the planting media, use a premium potting soil blend that has been fertilized. For the majority of indoor plants, the potting soils from Espoma Organic are good choices.

Use the following tips to make repotting easy:

  • Remove the plant from its current container. To dislodge the plant, you might need to run a knife or trowel along the side.
  • If the roots are coiled, pull them apart or, if they are very root-bound, trim them.
  • After placing the plant in the center of the new pot and filling it with quality potting soil, add soil to the bottom of the pot.
  • Water deeply to settle the dirt and wet the roots.

After being replanted, it is normal for the plant to experience shock. While the plant heals, try to keep it out of direct sunlight for a few weeks and maintain a consistent moisture level in the soil.

Repotting indoor plants—is it too soon?

further waterings

The soil dries up very rapidly and requires more watering than usual whenever there are more roots in a container than soil.

Plant emerging from the pot

Repotting is required when potted plants become unstable, unsteady, or start to force themselves upward and out of the soil.

There are roots emerging from the drainage holes.

The roots are probably looking for additional room to grow if they have begun to protrude through the drainage holes in the pot.

  • Your indoor plant isn’t expanding Despite your best efforts, it hasn’t grown for years.
  • The pot has been damaged
  • The growth medium is no longer functional.

It might smell bad, be covered in mold, or have more salt deposits than a takeout order of fish & chips on a Friday night. When this occurs, it’s necessary to repot the plants to give them a fresh start.

“Pot bound”

When the plant is removed from its container, all that is left are its roots. Like this:

Can plants be replanted in February?

The benefits of indoor plants for mental health are dear to Chris Collins, head of organic horticulture at Garden Organic. He thinks it’s crucial to include houseplants in the home for a wellbeing boost because we’ll be spending more time indoors this winter. With his advice on winter houseplant care, learn how to take care of your indoor plants.

Chris says, “I wouldn’t be without my indoor plants at home. ” They resemble flatmates in many ways. As you see them grow and form a personal connection with them, you get to know them as individuals. It’s a really straightforward joy.

“I also love reading in my “rainforest chair,” which is located in a hallway that I’ve decorated with houseplants. In the evenings, it truly helps me unwind. These plants impart a peaceful atmosphere by softening the hardness of the space. Although it is simple to take them for granted, I can’t picture living without them.

How should external factors, such as temperature, affect the way I care for my houseplants?

Due to the shorter days and decreased light levels in the winter, indoor plant development is noticeably slower. Houseplants can manage this without any problems, but it’s important to pay attention to watering and temperature conditions.

Leaves will drop or turn brown around the margins in response to sudden temperature fluctuations. Usually, the cure is as easy as being careful not to place your plants too close to heat sources like radiators.

Every two to three weeks is a decent rule of thumb to follow when watering over the winter, however this depends on the species. Houseplants won’t be drinking nearly as much during the winter months because they are dormant, and any extra water will merely sit in the soil.

Before watering, take sure to lightly press your fingertip into the soil to verify its moisture content. A modest drink is necessary if the plant is completely dry.

Should I repot my houseplants over winter?

There is no hard-and-fast rule when it comes to repotting houseplants, but I like to do it for mine in late February or early March. As the new growing season begins, this gives plants a boost that enables them to put on new root development.

My growth environment is best kept nice and open. I add some fine bark to the mixture because it improves drainage and keeps the soil from getting too damp. Repotting a plant in the fall is not an issue, but, if it is very root-bound in its current container.

What are the most common mistakes people make with winter houseplant care?

The biggest killer or weakener of indoor plants throughout the winter is overwatering. Weaker plants are frequently more prone to pests like scale, mealy bugs, or whiteflies.

Pick over any dead or decaying leaves and wipe any of these pests with a moist towel if they are present. Towards the conclusion of the summer, a good organic liquid feed with diluted seaweed extract will also promote a robust, more resilient plant.

It’s crucial to avoid subjecting your indoor plants to jarring temperature swings over the winter. Keep plants away from the major heat sources while the heating is turned up. Additionally, make sure they are not near a draft.

Which houseplants should I get this winter?

  • This winter, start your indoor plant collection with some tried-and-true favorites. Both the cheese plant (Monsteradeliciosa) and the rubber plant (Ficus elastica) are hardy individuals that will grow into colossal, regal plants.
  • Prayer plants (Calathea) and peace lilies (Spathyphyllum), both of which have lovely white flowering bracts, are excellent houseplants. They must be kept out of direct sunshine, and if they become overly dry, they will wilt, giving out a helpful warning that they need water. Every few years, in the dead of winter, remove them from their pots and divide them into different plants; they have numerous crowns and can thus be multiplied.
  • My final pick is the reliable Spider Plant (Chlorophytum). Because it overflows over shelf edges and has long stolons (stems) that bear tiny spider plants at their ends, this plant is ideal for a bookcase. To grow more plants, pieces of these “parachute” plants can be broken off and rooted in water.

Houseplants are frequently sold in subpar compost. When you have your plants, put them up in some good peat-free compost that has been diluted with some bark and loam. These plants will grow into healthy housemates if you pot them on each March.