Is Coleus A Houseplant

Small houseplants called coleus are almost entirely grown for their striking, vivid foliage. Unbeknownst to most, coleus plants are actually members of the Lamiaceae or mintfamily, and its leaves can occasionally be utilized for medical purposes, much like peppermint (though they are not particularly tasty).

Native to Asia and Australia, coleus plants have a wide range of colored leaves that come in tones of green, pink, white, cream, yellow, maroon, and purple. Around one and a half months before to the final frost, the plant is frequently planted from seed. It will develop fairly quickly, frequently growing to a mature, robust size in about six to nine months. Both novice and professional gardeners use them as houseplants because of their distinctive appearance and simplicity of maintenance.

Is coleus suitable as a houseplant?

On October 22, 2018, Mike and Dorothy McKenney (authors) from the United States:

I think you made the proper decision. If you’d like, you can replant coleus in the yard in the spring. They make excellent houseplants. The only other choice would have been to completely remove them and then wait for them to reappear in the spring.

Deb Love said on October 21:

It was already 40 degrees outside when I pulled my colossus out of the ground. I bought them at home and planted them in pots. The purple one I have seemed to be wilting and curling up as the leaves closed up; I’m not sure if it’s in shock. But I’ve been paying attention to it. Some of the green one have curled up. These plants were actually saved by me from being thrown out by the retailer. In the spring, I bought them and brought them home. I couldn’t bear to watch my plants freeze as the seasons changed to fall and winter. Is it correct that I brought them inside. Love, Deb

November 29, 2017, CJ

I purchased a potted coleus from a florist, and despite some stress (the plant had a meeting with a squirrel before being brought within), it has recovered well. Having said that, it flowered indoors this year and is doing great; in fact, it is growing a little too quickly for me to keep up with all the cuttings. So depending on the variety, blossoming might mean death?

Coleus come in so many varieties that it might be challenging to pick just one. Gratitude for reading.

On November 17, 2017, Surendra Sharma said:

As of May 24, 2012, waad.maray

Nice, fantastic plat…

I have this plant, but it’s still green because I’m from Iraq.

I have a question.

On May 20, 2011, The Dirt Farmer:

I adore coleus, but I’ve never considered using it indoors. Thank you for the wonderful suggestion and the cleaning advice.

How much time can coleus spend indoors?

A coleus plant typically lives for one year. However, if they are properly cared for indoors, they can live considerably longer. If given the necessary care, which includes adequate watering, sunlight, the right soil, and the right plant food to keep it green and healthy, indoor plants can often live for three to four years. Coleus plants kept indoors could survive a little bit longer than other houseplants.

Can coleus withstand the winter inside?

Overwintering coleus plants is actually fairly straightforward. You can dig them up and store them indoors for the winter, or you can take cuttings from your healthy plants to grow more stock for the garden the next year.

Does coleus grow outdoors?

Coleus is an annual that can also be grown indoors as a houseplant. The plant will thrive indoors, whether it’s all year long or only for the winter while you wait to plant them outside.

Coleus plants prefer bright light indoors, but not scorching direct sunlight. Avoid placing plants near western-facing windows unless they are far from the window or covered by a curtain. They can withstand minimum indoor temperatures of 60°F and 30% relative humidity.

Make sure to use top-notch potting soil and liquid fertilizer when growing indoors. This guarantees they receive plenty of nutrients and adequate aeration for their roots to flourish to their greatest capacity.

How are potted coleus maintained?

If the top inch of the soil around the coleus in the pot is dry, water it. Even though container plants dry up more rapidly than plants grown outdoors in the ground, you should still make it a point to examine the soil and water the plant as needed.

Do coleus plants require sunlight?

The care of coleus is minimal. They require great drainage but can survive a broad range of soil types and pH levels. Avoid overwatering coleus when planting it in locations with little sunlight. Cool, evenly moist, well-drained soil is ideal for coleus growth. Although regular precipitation is beneficial, wet circumstances can lead to root disease. Sun exposure should be complemented by watering.

Some contemporary coleus types can tolerate full sun, but the majority may still thrive in at least dappled shade with morning direct sun as their only source of light. When there is insufficient light, plants develop slowly and become burnt and faded by the sun or harsh noon rays. Both the health and beauty of the coleus depend on equilibrium. As long as they receive enough hydration, plants with deeper leaf hues may take more sun.

A coleus plant produces flowers.

There are some plants that are cultivated as annuals or herbaceous perennials but are farmed for their leaves rather than their blooms. One of these is a hosta, along with scented mints and coleus.

Coleus really light up a dim area and fill the garden with color all summer long. The plant is known by a variety of scientific names since modern botanists frequently rename a plant after examining its genetic makeup.

But Coleus belongs to the Lamiaceae family, which includes the mints. Coleus is not aromatic, despite the fact that many members of that family—mints, thyme, sage, etc.—are. However, coleus does have the distinctively square stems found in mints.

You may grow coleus in a variety of settings, including an outdoor plant bed, which looks lovely dispersed among hostas or other green plants, an outdoor container, or even indoors.

Southeast Asia and Malaysia are the native home of coleus. They are plants with flowers. The plant, however, reaches the end of its life span once it blooms and sets seed and perishes. Therefore, if you want to maintain your coleus growing and producing stunning, vibrantly patterned leaves, you must nip or pinch off the flowers in the bud.

Coleus can be multiplied by stem cuttings that have been grown in water or by seeds that are started indoors 8 to 10 weeks before the last day of frost. Coleus, like tomato plants, cannot be planted outdoors if you prefer to have them started by professionals until it is warm enough, usually around mid-May or, as my father used to say, around Memorial Day, just in case there is an extraordinary drop in temperature. If planted outside on Long Island, they are regarded as annuals because they are not cold-tolerant, but in warmer climates, they are evergreen perennials that can endure for many years.

You shouldn’t be surprised that because they are native to a warm region, they can tolerate some heat but not necessarily drought. Keep the soil evenly moist but avoid letting it become saturated. The leaves will quickly wilt if the soil dries out, but if you notice and water them quickly enough, they might recover.

Colors of coleus leaves include green, yellow, white, burgundy, red, pink, and even black—which is really a very dark burgundy. Naturally, chlorophyll provides the green color, but anthocyanin, a chemical used as a pollinator-attraction strategy, provides the crimson hues.

There are dwarf kinds of coleus, however they can grow fairly large. Before buying the ones you are considering, check them out. You might need to add lime to your garden soil to get the ideal pH range for them, which is 6.0 to 7.0. Potting soil is already more similar to neutral.

Keep indoor plants in a warm location.

Ideal temperatures range from 70 to 85 degrees, but not below 50 degrees in bright light.

Use compost as fertilizer or, if using chemical fertilizers, use them once a month or as directed on the container. You’ve undoubtedly used potting soil of some kind if you’re growing coleus in containers. Check to see if fertilizer is already present. If so, wait to fertilize until the soil’s nutrients have been consumed, as indicated on the potting soil package.

You can bring indoor houseplants in pots when the cold weather approaches, or you can take cuttings from your favorite colored or patterned plants and root them over the winter.

Master gardener and independent writer Ellen Barcel. Questions on gardening can be sent to [email protected]. Call 631-727-7850 to get in touch with Cornell Cooperative Extension and its Master Gardener program.

How can you survive the winter with coleus?

My coleuses are at their best and most vibrant toward the end of the summer. Seeing them perish after the first frost is incredibly difficult for me. One of the simpler annuals to overwinter is coleuses. Rather than their blooms, they are more well-known for the color and variegation of their leaves. They may be cultivated in both shade and sunlight and come in a variety of sizes and shapes. With so many kinds offered, you can expand your collection without having to buy anything new every year.

You can try a few different techniques to overwinter a coleus. Pinch off longer sections of the stem for cuttings as your coleus grows later in the summer, leaving two leaves at the base for future growth. You can pinch back plants up to one-third of their height. This will stop the plant from growing rambunctiously and will urge it to grow big and powerful. To get the cuttings to start roots, put them in a vase of water. By the fall, pot up the plants for the winter once they have roots.

Moving the entire pot indoors before the first frost is another option. Check the plants for pests, give them a hose-down, and be sure to wash the underside of the leaves before bringing them inside. Put there or place beneath a grow lamp. Continue keeping an eye out for insects and use insecticidal soap as necessary.

Coleus will lose its color in the winter. The indoor plant you brought will shed a few leaves and become ungainly. As tempting as it may be, resist the urge to pinch back the plant because it is about to go into dormancy at this time of year. At this point, the objective is to keep it alive by watering it and keeping an eye out for insects. Coleus will start to produce new leaves as the amount of daylight increases.

Prepare 4 pots with potting soil on planting trays in March or April. Insert stems in the dirt, pinch off the top few leaves, and then thoroughly water. You can insert the stems of the cuttings directly into the soil at this time of year instead of putting them in water, and the plant will root in the potting soil. Place in a window with natural light or under a grow lamp, and moisten the soil occasionally but not excessively. The new plant will adapt in a few weeks, and you’ll quickly notice new leaves and color.

By the time they are prepared for planting in May, plants may have doubled in size, depending on the type. Take the plant trays outside on warm spring days and bring them inside at night to harden off the plants before planting them outside. To prepare the plants for the growing season, do this for one to two weeks.

Even though it takes some work to overwinter coleuses, you will always have a selection of coleuses to plant in the spring. Share with your loved ones if you receive an excessive amount.

Can I grow coleus in containers?

A popular container plant grown in the yard is coleus. Because coleus grows quickly, it is best to start with a large pot when growing it in containers. Utilize often well-draining soil and water.

Does coleus like sun or shade?

The fact that coleus has varieties that may flourish in both the sun and the shade makes it the ideal plant for your yard.

Coleus traditionally requires part- to full-shade for optimum development. Consider your climate before growing your garden. Give your coleus some shade in the heat. Bring your plant inside during the winter. (And keep stem cuttings on hand in case your plants don’t survive.)

Are coleus annuals or perennials?

Coleus plants are technically perennials that are evergreen. But because they are tender, frost-intolerant, tropical plants, they are better off grown as an annual. Zone 10 is their hardiest point.

Do coleus come back every year?

Coleus is a perennial plant that can grow again every year in tropical regions and in their natural habitat. The roots survive the cold season whereas the stems do not. Perennial plants might regrow as a result the following year. Coleus, on the other hand, is typically grown as an annual in the US and is predicted to pass away in the winter. Every year, you must replant them.

Where is the best place to plant coleus?

There are more coleus varieties now, so you can choose whether to grow coleus in partial shade or full sun. Provide morning light exposure to your coleus for the greatest leaf color. But take care not to over-dry the plants.

You have the option of planting them in containers or on your yard. If you have experienced varying degrees of heat or cold, container gardening is best. This enables you to rearrange the plants as needed to shield them from the weather.

How are coleus plants cared for during the winter?

I was asked this question by a reader a while back. I’m sorry to the person who submitted this in; I accidentally deleted your email. However, I did save your question on my list, and I’m only now getting around to answering it.

I enquired as to who instructs the series of horticulture workshops at the Buffalo and Erie County Botanical Gardens. David Clark is a well-known garden instructor in the country.

Cuttings from your coleus plant should be rooted, potted up, and kept growing in a sunny window during the winter until it’s time to put them outside in the spring. This is the main concept of overwintering coleus.

If you have a coleus in a pot, you might be tempted to just bring the entire pot inside, but Clark warned against doing so unless you have a greenhouse.

Cuttings are preferable if you want your coleus to survive the winter because they advance the plant’s growth cycle to the vegetative growth stage earlier in the cycle.

These are the phases of this type of plant:

  • Seed
  • Germination
  • Vegetative expansion
  • bouquet creation
  • Pollination
  • growth of seeds
  • the annual plant’s demise

Your coleus’ life cycle is about to come to an end if it has already produced flowers.

Cuttings are started at this earlier vegetative growth stage when you take them.

He stated that now is the ideal time of year to take cuttings. With the current weather, they are starting to become dormant.

Additionally, you should bring cuttings inside before the plant is affected by the frost or snow. In 2006, I had a stunning coleus in my garden. Although I was intending to take cuttings, I opted to wait a few more days because the plant looked so lovely in the garden. The October Storm, which arrived that evening and dumped about two feet of snow on us, I never again saw that coleus.

Place the cut-off pieces of coleus in a glass of water when you have done so. Just until the roots start to grow, keep them submerged, according to Clark.

In two of Clark’s classes, you can learn more about plant propagation.

This Saturday, September 16, from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m., the Botanical Gardens, 2655 South Park Ave., Buffalo, will host the course Plant Propagation, HCP 102. Learn more here about the Horticulture I course offerings.

The Botanical Gardens will host Advanced Plant Propagation, Course Number HCP 202, from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. on Saturday, Nov. 4. Find out more about the Horticulture II course series here.

You are not required to enroll in the whole course sequence; you can enroll in specific classes. The classes don’t have to be taken in succession.