How To Start House Plants From Cuttings

Making a clean cut from the existing plant is essential if you want to successfully root from a leaf. Most of the time, you should let the leaf dry out so that the cut scabs over so that it won’t absorb a lot of moisture when you water it. Jade plants or Sansevierias are the greatest plants to grow from a leaf.

  • Start by cutting the plant’s leaf as precisely as you can. Ensure that nothing is overlooked during this procedure. Allow the leaf to dry out for a few days so that the cutting can heal.
  • Insert at least two-thirds of the plant into new potting soil after dipping the leaf’s tip in a rooting hormone. Verify that the leaf emerges from the soil pointing in the direction of growth.
  • The potting mix will next be carefully pressed around the stem.

plants that are easily reproduced from leaves Jade Plants, ZZ Plants, and Peperomia

How can you grow a cutting into an indoor plant?

  • 1. Trim a stem’s end by about 10 cm, stopping the cut immediately below a node (the spot where a leaf joins the stem).
  • 2. Take off the bottom leaf and put the stem in a container with fresh water.
  • 3. Change the water frequently until you notice roots forming.
  • 4. Insert the cutting into a potting mix-filled pot.

Method Two: Side shoot cuttings

Side shoots, often known as “pups,” are young plants that emerge from the “mother plant’s” side. Succulents, bromeliads, and the Chinese money plant frequently exhibit this (Pilea peperomioides). On spider plants, they grow on the side stems.

  • 1. Position the pup or side shoot at the plant’s base.
  • 2. To separate the side shoot, gently cut it down, taking care not to sever any tiny roots.
  • 3. Insert the puppy into potting soil.
  • 4.A new plant will grow if you keep the soil moist but not damp.

Method Three: Leaf blade cuttings

  • 1. Remove a snake plant leaf as closely as you can to the ground.
  • 2. Cut the leaf into segments that are each about 10 cm long, marking the “top” of each section with a little mark.
  • 3.Leave the segments out for a few days to dry out the ends.
  • 4.If using, dip the cuttings’ bases in rooting hormone powder. To learn more, see the advice below.
  • 5. Add trimmings that are 3 cm or less to a mixture.
  • 6. Mist some water in gently, keeping it damp but not soggy.

Method Four: Leaf vein cuttings

For plants with noticeable leaf veins, such as Rex begonias, African violets, and peperomia species, this is an excellent technique.

  • 1. Take a leaf from the main plant and trim any stems as closely as you can to the leaf.
  • 2. Lay the leaf face-down so that the veins, notably the broad mid- or major vein, are visible.
  • 3. Segment the leaf, leaving a portion of the main vein in each cut.
  • 4.Secure the cuttings in place with a bobby pin or piece of wire by placing them vein-down on the surface of the potting soil.
  • 5. Gently transplant cuttings into their own pots once roots have formed.

Can cuttings from indoor plants be grown?

Stem or cane cuttings can be used to multiply many houseplants. Pick non-flowering stems if you’re planning to utilize a stem cutting, and do it in the spring or summer.

After being removed from the main plant, the bulk of cuttings should be gently placed into the compost. If you’re using cuttings from cactus or succulent plants, allow them to dry out for at least a few hours to a day. This helps to seal the raw “cut” and lowers the risk of rot developing.

Cane cuttings are a wonderful option when you want to stimulate new shoots to emerge lower down but the cane has lost its upper leaves, the crown is dying, or the plant has a tall but unattractive “leggy” appearance.

You must make sure the cane is still pointing upwards to mirror the direction it was growing when it was attached to the main plant. To remove the cane, simply cut it into pieces that are at least 2 to 3 inches long (how many cuttings you get per cane will therefore depend on how long it is to begin with).

How can a plant cutting be rooted in water?

Hello! Thank you for coming! I’m going to demonstrate how to root plant cuttings in water for you today. This is a fantastic approach to increase the number of your plants and spread your love of plants to friends. I will admit that it can be challenging to give away a plant that you have nurtured from the very beginning. But seeing improvements is so exciting and satisfying! I recently donated two cuttings of Chain of Hearts to households that are really fantastic. I’m eager to follow their development.

I used to work at a golf course with a 30 foot Monstera deliciosa when I was in my early 20s. 30 feet—you read that right! I developed a liking for flora because of that. If you didn’t already know, it’s actually my all-time favorite plant. Regardless, some of the leaves were 2 feet broad and breathtaking! One day, I noticed a tiny leaf emerge from the ground, and when no one was watching, I removed the dirt from the stem’s bright green color and pulled the leaf out. I kept checking behind me as if I were ready to commit a bank heist or something. Actually, I suppose that it was theft. But that’s not how I saw it. I was sharing the good vibes! But let’s be really clear: IF YOU DO IT AT A STORE, IT IS STEALING, so don’t do that! My supervisor finally heard me out (it was weighing heavily on my conscience), and he laughed, called me silly, and said it was absolutely fine! All of this to say, I brought it home, planted it in water, and it grew, making me very pleased! I was in awe of this incredible replication technique. Let’s discuss how to water-root plant cuttings.

The majority of common house plants can be propagated using water. Currently, I’m focusing on a tiny little stem from my large Fiddle Leaf Fig. There are no roots yet, but there is a small leaf of green!! Try it if you’re not sure.

Let’s get started

  • Choose the spot on the main plant where you will cut your cutting. Finding the root node on your plant is important since not all cuttings that will root in water have them, but the majority of them do.
  • Make a clean, precise cut immediately below the node with a knife or pair of scissors. 1/4 or so below the node.
  • Set the cutting inside a spotless glass. Pour enough room-temperature water over the cutting nodes to cover them.
  • Every 3-5 days, replace the water with brand-new, room-temperature water.
  • Keep an eye on your roots as they expand! Depending on the plant, this could take weeks or even months.
  • When your roots are around 3-5 inches long, it’s time to plant the cutting in soil!

Need a visual? Watch my propagation tips on AM Northwest.

Your rooted plants should be placed in a location with strong indirect light. Additionally, you’ll need patience—serious patience! It’s not necessarily bad news if you are attempting a fresh cutting and two weeks pass without any roots. Someone I know submerged a fiddle leaf fig leaf in water, and three months later, she noticed roots.

Make careful to clean and lightly rub the roots with your fingertips after changing the water. Before putting the roots in the fresh water, you should wipe off any mucky film (that’s the precise phrase).

You only have to do that! It’s really easy. You can now create your own plants and exchange them with pals. It’s one of my favorite activities. Check out my post on How to Repot a Houseplant when you’re ready to pot your rooted plant. Even though you won’t be repotting, there are some useful suggestions for potting in general. Many thanks for stopping by! See you again soon!

Can I put cuttings directly into the ground?

As long as you have properly prepared the cuttings, you can place them directly into the soil. According to Chick-Seward, “cut under a node at the bottom and above a node at the top.”

Remember that the soil must be able to drain well; as a result, if your garden soil is heavy clay, for instance, you will need to make a suitable potting mix. Fill tiny pots with one part compost to two parts grit with compost, advises Raven.

How long does a cutting take to take root in water?

Cuttings can be grouped together in a single container. Before the cuttings are completely rooted, make sure to add new water as necessary. Most plants will begin to root in 3–4 weeks, but others can take longer. The cutting is prepared for potting when the roots are at least 1-2 inches long.

How close to the node do you cut?

The key to keeping your plants healthy and looking their best is to prune in the proper location. If it’s too high, you’ll encourage disease, and if it’s too low, you risk damaging the bud. In this No Fuss video guide, David Hurrion demonstrates the proper cutting technique for flawless pruning every time:

pruning recently cultivated shrubs? Here, David discusses the value of “formative pruning” and shows how to do it:

Pruning at the wrong time of year

There are some exceptions, but most plants are clipped in the winter, when they are dormant. Silver leaf disease, for instance, can affect cherry and plum trees, so they should be pruned in the summer when the chance of infection is lower. Similar to this, most people prune flowering plants right away after they bloom. Only prune grapevines in December and January, as shown in the illustration, to avoid causing the plant to bleed sap, which weakens and finally kills the plant. Before you start pruning, do some study to find out what to avoid, such as removing the shrub’s flower buds, disease, and possible plant death.

Pruning too much

Pruning eliminates stems and leaves, the plant’s two primary food sources. While plants make their own carbs via photosynthesis, wood stores carbohydrates. When too much material is removed all at once, the roots may die back, and it may take the tree several years to recover. Furthermore, if the leader (sometimes referred to as the “topping”) is removed, the plant may experience shock and produce an abundance of green growth at the expense of flowers and fruit. Therefore, unless you’ve been instructed to perform a “hard prune,” be sure to prune less frequently.

Not pruning above a node

The node is where the stem’s leaves, buds, and shoots emerge. Always make your cut just above a node to avoid “die back” and subsequently illness. As nodes form on opposite sides of a stem, you can also control the formation of additional stems, leaves, or flowers by cutting above a node. Cutting too much above a node will harm it, but leaving more than 1 cm above the node will result in an ugly stump that won’t grow and may eventually die.

Not cleaning secateurs

Tools for pruning that are clean, sharp, and well-oiled perform better, last longer, and are safer to use.

You’re less likely to make a clean cut during pruning if you don’t keep your secateurs and loppers sharp. A messy wound will take longer to recover than a clean one, which could allow disease to infect the plant. If you don’t wash and sanitize your instruments after using them, you could unintentionally infect other plants with diseases like canker.

Not pruning at an angle

It’s crucial to cut branches while pruning them at a downward angle so that water will quickly drain from the wound when it rains. Because water can pool on the wound and foster ideal circumstances for fungus to flourish, cutting flat increases the danger of fungal diseases spreading to the plant.

Not pruning out canker

Canker is an airborne bacterial ailment that spreads to Prunus species of trees through weakened wood. The life and vigor of the tree can be extended by cutting out the earliest indications of canker, but if you ignore them, the tree may live less time.

Not removing die-back

Dieback can be brought on by a number of factors, including poor planting, poor pruning (see above), frost damage, and physical harm (for example when branches rub together). These dead shoots can occasionally become infected by fungi, resulting in canker, which spreads to other parts of the plant and may weaken it. Therefore, it’s critical to prune out die-back in order to prevent sickness.

Which houseplant may be propagated using stem cuttings?

Impatiens. Impatiens is so much adored that it goes by many distinct names. To propagate your impatiens, you will need a non-flowering stem with at least two leaf nodes. Just below one of the nodes, make the cut.

Which cuttings root the quickest?

Easy-to-propagate plants from stem or leaf cuttings

  • Pothos.
  • Tradescantia.
  • Parasol plant
  • black violets
  • Rosemary.
  • Philodendron.
  • Plant a prayer.

Can you reproduce from a single leaf?

Some plants, but not all, can be multiplied from a single leaf or a portion of a leaf. Most plants’ leaf cuttings don’t grow into new plants; instead, they usually merely develop a few roots or decompose. Leaf cuttings can only be utilized for plants that are able to develop adventitious buds since they lack an axillary bud. Some indoor plants are propagated nearly solely by leaf cuttings. The various kinds of leaf cuttings.

Is it preferable to root in soil or water?

Even if you already know how to root a plant in water, David Clark, a professional gardener, has some excellent advice that will help you make the procedure more effective.

He offers advice on two simple plant-starting techniques that you might not have known about.

Two practical workshops on plant propagation were recently presented by Clark at the Buffalo and Erie County Botanical Gardens.

He provided a plethora of knowledge, including these five excellent suggestions:

1. Build a miniature greenhouse. How frequently have you purchased comforters or bedding that was packaged in a plastic zipper bag? I frequently do so, and I usually consider, “This bag ought to be useful for something.

According to Clark, these bags make excellent miniature greenhouses for newly transplanted or rooted plants. Simply place the plant inside the bag and partially zip it up. This will assist in retaining moisture. In addition, a small aperture permits airflow to stop the development of mold.

“Because the plant needs to be confined, unless you have a greenhouse, Clark explained, I almost always root with a bag.

The bedding bags, as shown in the picture at the top of the article, can hold either a sizable plant or a number of smaller plants.

2. Use powders for rooting. By soaking a plant cutting in water, you can multiply plants in one of the easiest ways possible. Trim the stem horizontally above a node (see photo above). Soft, fleshy plants like the Wandering Jew, ivy, arrowhead plant, and spider plant respond nicely to this technique.

Using rooting products will boost your chances of success, according to Clark. There are numerous commercial goods available. These products contain a growth hormone to hasten the emergence of roots and destroy bacteria and fungi to stop the stem from decaying.

Dip your stem into the powder after dispensing a tiny bit of it. (Avoid inserting the stem into the product container directly.) Give the stem a minute to settle. The powder will be absorbed by the plant. Put the cutting’s tip in water; the water won’t completely wash the powder away.

He added that you can also utilize common home items to speed up roots. Cinnamon can be used to eliminate fungus and bacteria on plant stems. Make a rooting solution by dissolving one aspirin in water to encourage the formation of roots.

3. Give your new plant enough time to adjust to soil after being in water. According to Clark, if you root your cutting in water, it will grow roots that are best adapted to obtain its nutrients from water as opposed to soil. The plant could become stressed if it is transferred from water to soil right away.

As an alternative, mix a little dirt into the water you’re using to root your cutting. Do this gradually over the course of four or five weeks to allow your plant adjust to its new growing environment.

4. Learn about leaf section division. You may grow new plants from the leaves of succulents like the sansevieria pictured above. It’s not even necessary to utilize the full leaf; only a portion will do!

When you cut the leaf, Clark advised, be sure to mark which portion is the top and which is the bottom. As shown in the leftmost photo below, place the bottom portion of the leaf segment into a tray of moist perlite. (Fun fact: Perlite is a byproduct of volcanoes.)

5. Encourage plant runners as a means of division.

View the image of the Wandering Jew that is located close to the beginning of this article. Burying the stem horizontally is another approach to multiply such a plant. These nodes will produce new plants.

Do you regret skipping these workshops? On our Events page, you can see all the fascinating classes and events that will be taking place nearby Buffalo.