How To Care For A Philodendron Houseplant

To cultivate and take care of philodendrons, you don’t need to be an expert gardener. Following a few plant care guidelines can enable your plant to flourish, so keep that in mind.

  • 1. Give your plant water every seven to fourteen days. Every one to two weeks, thoroughly water your plants. You’re probably overwatering the plant if its leaves turn yellow and begin to fall off. Allow the top inch of soil to completely dry out in between waterings to prevent this.
  • 2. Regularly prune your philodendron. Pruning your plants prevents lanky growth and helps promote new growth. To make room for fresh leaves, remove any dead leaves. Save your trimmings; they can be utilized to spread the plant.
  • 3. Use propagation to manage your plant’s size. Use a good set of garden clippers to trim off three to six inches of stem to help your plant reproduce. Leave four to six leaves on the stem after gently removing the lowest leaves. Make sure the dirt is firm around the stem and none of the leaves are buried before planting the stem two to three inches deep in damp soil.
  • 4. Pay attention to pests. Common pests like mealybugs, spider mites, and aphids can cause harm to philodendrons. Maintaining the health of your plant will keep pests at away. If necessary, you can also mist your plant with diluted dish soap solution or neem oil.
  • 5. Feed your plant once a month. A plant that has pale new leaves is usually obtaining insufficient calcium or magnesium. Your plants will stay strong, healthy, and beautiful if you fertilize them once a month with a water-soluble houseplant fertilizer.
  • 6. Keep kids and animals away from your plant. Philodendrons are not fatal to humans or animals if consumed, although they can be poisonous. It is advisable not to use them as a floor plant if you have dogs or kids.
  • 7. If necessary, repot your plant. Usually sold as mature houseplants, philodendrons don’t need to be repotted. However, when your philodendron grows, you might wish to transfer it to a bigger pot or start a brand-new plant through propagation.

Are philodendrons sun-required plants?

Philodendrons come in two varieties: climbing and non-climbing. Hanging basket plants of the climbing variety, such as Philodendron hederaceum var. oxycardium, are very common. Although they make rootlets that help them climb along the length of their stems, they are equally content to trail out of a container. Non-climbing varieties produce leaves at the plant’s base from a growing point. Because of their size and typical huge leaves, they are not necessarily ideal for the residential setting. They are lovely specimens, though, assuming you have the room! One of the more well-known non-climbing kinds of philodendron with big leaves is philodendron bipinnatifidum, sometimes known as the lacy tree philodendron. (Be careful if you have kids or dogs; all philodendrons are poisonous if eaten.)

Where to Grow Philodendrons

Philodendrons tolerate low light because they naturally grow beneath the shade of trees. They are well-liked indoor plants as a result. Despite being native to tropical, frost-free regions, philodendrons may flourish in the low humidity found in most houses. Philodendrons should be grown inside in indirect light because direct sunlight can burn the leaves. In low-light areas outside in zones 10b to 11, grow groundcovers beneath trees or let plants climb trees.

How to Plant Philodendrons

Choose a hanging basket, glazed ceramic pot, or plastic container that has a root ball that is one to two inches larger in diameter. Miracle-Gro Indoor Potting Mix, which doesn’t contain compost or bark, both of which are known to provide refuge for fungus gnats, should make up one-third of the container. Additionally, it contains coconut coir, which captures and releases water to maintain the soil’s constant moisture level.

You can water the plant without worrying about the water spilling over if you place it so that the top of the root ball is about 3/4 to 1 inch below the top of the container. Before setting the plant in the sink to soak the soil, fill in the area surrounding the root ball. Before hanging it up or setting it in place, allow it to dry until it stops dripping.

How to Water Philodendrons

In soil that is regularly damp but not waterlogged, philodendrons thrive. Remember that soil in unglazed clay or ceramic containers tends to dry up more quickly than soil in plastic or glazed containers and water when the top inch of the soil is dry. You’ll notice that you need to water philodendrons less regularly during the winter because plant growth frequently slows down during this time.

How to Stake Philodendrons

You can add a small trellis or post for climbing philodendrons to climb up if you want to give your planting a bit more height. The secret is to give the plant something to hold onto—a rough surface. Use a 2-inch square dowel wrapped in rope instead, or purchase or create a moss pole (you can find instructions online).

How to Prune Philodendrons

Simply prune each of the longest stems of your climbing philodendron by 6 inches if they become too long. By removing all except the top 2 or 3 leaves from each stem and putting them in a cup of lukewarm water, you can, if desired, increase the number of philodendrons in your garden. Use the directions in the “How to Place” section above to plant each one in a tiny container once they have started to develop roots.

Prepared to begin philodendron cultivation? To learn more about a product, to buy it online, or to locate a retailer near you, click on any of the product links above.

How frequently should a philodendron plant be watered?

Tropical America is the natural habitat of the Heartleaf Philodendron (Philodendron hederaceum), a perennial vine that is evergreen. One of the simplest indoor plants, according to legend. This Philodendron, which is distinguished by its heart-shaped leaves and trailing vines, is ideal for indoor environments due to its capacity to filter gaseous pollutants from the air. The Philodendron is a robust grower that can trail up to 10 feet long when grown properly inside!

Water every one to two weeks, letting the soil dry out in between applications. Increase frequency as light intensity rises.

Any degree of humidity will do, although wet air will encourage bigger leaves and more rapid development.

Young Philos are only 6 inches tall, yet this plant grows low and quickly. It may eventually trail 10′ if untrimmed.

If eaten, a poisonous but non-lethal sap produces mouth and skin burning. Always keep indoor plants out of tiny children’s and animals’ reach.

How is a philodendron maintained?

Everyone can find something they like in the genus Philodendron. There are probably one or more of its almost 500 kinds that will work for you if you’re seeking for a low-maintenance houseplant. The Greek word “philodendron,” which combines the words “love” and “tree,” describes this friendly and green addition to a home.

Power user’s tip: Monstera and Split Leaf Philodendron, sometimes known as Lacy Tree Philodendron, are frequently mistaken. What distinguishes the two easily? While Split Leaf Philodendron leaves lack holes, Monstera leaves frequently have oblong punctures.

The two primary philodendron species are climbers and vines. A Philodendron Brasil (shown above) gives a bedroom a lush backdrop “According to Tassy de Give, owner of the Brooklyn plant store Sprout Home, many plants may be trained to grow as a vine to grow along a wall or around a window. “Philodendrons are one of the easiest vines that provide length and ease of care if you’re looking for a solid, low-maintenance hanging plant.

Native to the Americas and the West Indies, philodendron flourishes in damp soil where its aerial party roots prefer to climb. Philodendron species can grow berries and have quite big leaves.

Beyond its contemporary allure as a houseplant, the Philodendron has a long history of ingenious application: In South America, the toxins produced by Philodendron Craspedrodrum have been utilized in fishing, the leaves have been used to make poultices for fevers and ulcers, and the resin from flowering Philodendron has been used to make airtight firearms (the poison stuns the fish and brings them to the surface of the water). Additionally, a strong rope can be made from the aerial roots.

Cheat Sheet

  • Give a vining Philodendron something to grow on, like a trellis or post, if you’re growing one.
  • A bigger Philodendron can be grown in a pot on the ground, or smaller kinds like Heart Leaf can be grown in a basket and hung from a beam or ceiling.
  • To keep the Philodendron’s gloss and remove dust and insects, wipe the leaves with a moist cloth.

Keep It Alive

  • While placing a potted Philodendron near a window that gets plenty of sunlight, take care to keep the sun’s rays off the leaves. Check your plant for these symptoms: The plant is receiving too much sun if some leaves turn yellow; on the other hand, if the stems lengthen and the spaces between the leaves widen, the plant requires more light.
  • Before watering the plant, let the top inch of soil dry out entirely.
  • Even Philodendrons kept indoors enjoy a trip outside once in a while. To get some fresh air, place the pot outside in a position that is mostly shaded.

The proprietor of the New York-based garden store GRDN, Susanne Kongoy, believes that philodendrons are versatile and simple to care for. “They take extremely well to trimming and are very easy to reproduce. They are fantastic plants for bookshelves since they cascade down,” she adds.

Finally, consult our Philodendron: A Field Guide for additional guidance on how to successfully plant, nurture, and care for philodendron.

Are you looking for additional tropical plants for your indoor or outdoor space? With the help of Tropical Plants: A Field Guide, you can learn more about how to cultivate and care for different tropical plants.

Finally, consult our Vines & Climbers: A Field Guide for more guidance on how to cultivate and maintain a variety of vines and climbers.

How much sunlight do philodendrons require?

The amount of light that philodendrons need depends on the color of their leaves. Philodendrons with solid-colored leaves, like those found in an office cubicle, may tolerate a little less light. Therefore, these can be ideal for your office setting. Without fully green leaves, philodendrons can tolerate more light and should be placed in indirect, bright light.

The ideal location for philodendrons is close to a window, but away from where the sun will directly impact the foliage. Philodendron leaves can become yellow from exposure to too much sunlight.

Why shouldn’t we handle plants after dark?

The trees do not produce oxygen at night because photosynthesis does not take place. Additionally, while the trees continue to breathe, the amount of oxygen is diminished and the amount of carbon dioxide is raised.

Trees emit a lot of water vapour at night, which makes the ground beneath them highly humid. This will result in less oxygen being accessible for breathing in the area.

Since the stomata of a leaf remain closed at night, there is no gas exchange. Therefore, the area around a tree at night is devoid of both oxygen and carbon dioxide.

Trees release harmful chemicals like sulphur dioxide at night. Both humans and other life forms may suffer as a result of this.

The right response is (A):

Description of the ideal selection:

  • The trees do not produce oxygen at night because photosynthesis does not take place.
  • Additionally, while the trees continue to breathe, the amount of oxygen is diminished and the amount of carbon dioxide is raised.

a justification for the poor choices:

Choice (B)

  • The amount of sweating decreases at night.
  • As a result, the humidity below the tree is much lower than it is during the day.

Choice (C)

  • Since they can rely on the atmosphere to interchange their breathing gases, humans do not require the exchange of gases.

Choice (D)

No trees emit dangerous gases at night.

Final Response: Since photosynthesis does not take place at night and trees do not create oxygen, it is not recommended to sleep under a tree. Additionally, while the trees continue to breathe, the amount of oxygen is diminished and the amount of carbon dioxide is raised.