How To Care For A Fern Houseplant

Although the term “ferns” refers to a vast range of plants, most ferns cultivated as indoor plants require the same fundamental maintenance:

  • 1. Plant in soil that drains properly. While ferns don’t care much about the type of soil they are in, consistently moist conditions are bad for their roots. Pick a well-draining potting mix when you pot up your fern plants.
  • 2. Set in a moderately lit area. Since ferns naturally grow beneath tree canopies, they like filtered or indirect light over direct sunshine. If you wish to place ferns near an east or west window, keep them a few feet away from the window to prevent scorching the leaves. Ferns do best in windows that face south or north. For ferns to flourish in your home, there is no requirement for strong lighting. Asparagus and maidenhair are two varieties that do well in low light.
  • 3. Keep the ground wet. Ferns thrive in soil that is regularly and equally moist because they are water-loving plants. If you notice that the top of the soil is beginning to feel dry, water your ferns thoroughly right away. While wet soil is good, avoid overwatering since it might harm the plant and promote a bacterial or fungal infection.
  • 4.Occasional mist. Ferns are a popular choice for terrarium cultivation since they enjoy the wetness in the air and require high humidity to thrive. If you see that the tips of your fern fronds are browning or if there isn’t much new growth, spritz them with a water bottle to keep them wet, or think about placing a humidifier close by. If spraying doesn’t work, think about moving your ferns into a location with higher humidity, such the kitchen or bathroom, and away from dry air.

How are indoor ferns maintained?

The majority of ferns want consistently damp soil. These plants are under stress when the soil is allowed to dry up between waterings.

Watering bushy ferns can be challenging. To guide water to the center of the plant, try using a watering can with a long spout. Water liberally until the liquid drains from the pot’s bottom.

How frequently should indoor ferns be watered?

If you pay attention to getting the watering right, hanging ferns make excellent indoor plants and are simple to care for. Contrary to what you would believe, this is a lot simpler.

Watering hanging ferns two to three times weekly is ideal.

You should give the garden fern as much water as you can. During the summer, give your indoor fern a regular drink of water. To prevent the leaves from turning yellow, spray them every two to three days. As the plant starts to get ready for winter at the end of the summer, watering should be somewhat reduced.

They are the perfect plant to have in any home due to their adaptability and ease of growth. One of the essential components for keeping your fern in prime condition is proper watering.

How much light do indoor ferns require?

The majority of ferns love indirect light, therefore you should try to keep them away from direct sunlight. Fern fronds can burn in direct sunlight, producing a dry, crispy plant. The ideal amount of light for ferns is typically provided via a window that faces north or east. However, if you see that your plant is becoming yellow and not expanding much, it is probably not receiving enough light. Use a grow light on your ferns for a few hours each day if you need to supplement the natural light they receive.

Do ferns require a lot of sun exposure?

Shade. The majority of ferns thrive in dense or dappled shade. Rich, dark green foliage will result with adequate shade. Depending on where you are, we advise 65 to 75 percent shade.

Why keep dying my indoor ferns?

It usually happens when a fern drowns or the humidity is too low, which dehydrates the leaves and causes them to become brown and crispy. To prevent the leaves from turning brown and dying, indoor ferns need soil that is continually moist, and they like a humidity level of 50%.

The majority of indoor ferns, including Boston, Maidenhair, Birds Nest, Rabbit Foot, and Asparagus Ferns, are indigenous to tropical climates where they flourish in high humidity, continuously moist soil, cool, constant temperatures, and shaded areas under tree canopies.

It’s crucial to recreate the fern’s natural environment in order to bring it back to life. To do this, you should raise the humidity, put the fern in moist organic soil, and place it in a shaded spot with a consistent, moderately cool temperature.

Continue reading to find out the causes of your indoor and outdoor fern’s demise and how to put the answers into practice to bring it back to life.

Should a fern be misted?

A mist spray applied three or four times per day will aid in maintaining lush growth. Broad-leaf ferns and those with simple leaves benefit from misting. On kinds that are crinkled, which have a propensity to accumulate moisture and hold it, use less spray to prevent the growth of fungus.

What appearance does an overwatered fern have?

Although Boston fern needs slightly moist soil, soggy, waterlogged soil is more prone to cause rot and other fungal diseases. Yellowing or wilted leaves are frequently the first indication when a fern is overwatered.

Touching the dirt with the tip of your finger is a guaranteed technique to tell when to water a Boston fern. It’s time to water the plant if the soil’s surface feels a little bit dry. Another sign that a fern needs water is the weight of the pot. The pot will feel quite light if the soil is dry. Wait a few days before watering, then retest the soil.

Use water that is room temperature to thoroughly water the plant until the water flows through the bottom of the pot. Never let the pot stand in water and always allow the plant drain completely.

If you create a humid environment, Boston fern watering will be improved. A tray of wet stones is a more efficient approach to raise the humidity surrounding the plant than occasionally misting the fronds.

Set the pot on a layer of damp pebbles or gravel that has been spread out on a plate or tray. To keep the pebbles continually moist, add water as needed. Make sure the pot’s bottom doesn’t come in contact with water, as root rot can result from water leaking up through the drainage hole.

Must I remove the brown leaf tips?

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We’ve experienced our fair share of brown, decaying leaves as we’ve learned how to properly care for various home plants over the years. We weren’t sure at first whether to take them out or leave them. Here is what we’ve discovered works the best.

Do you need to remove the dead leaves? Yes. Your indoor plants should have brown and withering leaves removed as quickly as possible, but only if they are more than 50% damaged. By removing these leaves, the plant looks better and the healthy foliage that is left can receive more nutrients.

Even though it might appear straightforward, there’s more to it than merely cutting those leaves off. To keep your plant healthy, you must assess how much of the leaf is dying and then carefully remove the damaged areas.

How may Epsom salt benefit ferns?

Epsom salt has a magnesium content of 10% and a sulfur content of 13%; applying it can raise both. Additionally, we are aware that they rank behind only nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium as essential nutrients. They support the growth of healthy plants, the generation of chlorophyll, and pest and disease resistance. If you want to cultivate lush and green ferns, you need both of them.

Will my fern fit in the bathroom?

The peculiar family of ferns includes shade-loving plants that reproduce via spores as opposed to blooms and seeds. Numerous ferns can withstand the humidity and temperature changes in a bathroom environment, making them excellent houseplants. Some of them can even be grown right there in the shower, where they receive constant moisture. Boston fern (Nephrolepis exaltata), maidenhair fern (Adiantum spp.), bird’s nest fern (Asplenium nidus), and button fern are a few ferns that are suggested for bathrooms (Pellaea rotundifolia).

  • Light to dark green hues might be seen depending on the species.
  • Sun Exposure: Species-specific
  • Species-specific requirements for soil exist, although most flourish in moist, well-drained potting soil

Does coffee grinds like ferns?

Coffee grounds are a terrific addition to your gardening toolkit because they may be used as a natural fertilizer, to enrich the soil, or to ward off pests. But not all plants enjoy coffee, just as us! It’s crucial to dispose of coffee grounds in a method that won’t hurt your plants or the soil’s microbial population.

Yes, ferns do enjoy coffee, is the straightforward response. Although it is possible to harm your plants or lower the quality of the soil by using coffee grounds wrongly, it is crucial to know how to utilize them.

Why is my fern becoming crispy and brown?

At the end of the Fall season, trim the leaves back when they begin to brown since they are unable to photosynthesize anymore. This neatens up the fern’s appearance and enables you to mulch the fern’s underground rhizomes with compost to help keep them warm over the winter. The fern should recover healthily the following spring.

When growing ferns in sandy soil that dries out too fast after rain or irrigation, add heaps of compost, leaf mold, or well-rotted manure to the planting area.

These three materials all have a porous structure that allows extra water to flow away from the roots, preventing root rot even though they retain a lot of moisture.

As ferns cannot withstand excessive amounts of direct sunshine, always plant them in locations with shade or some filtered light. Either move the fern to a more shaded area or grow additional trees or bushes to provide shade.

Key Takeaways:

  • Low humidity and drowning lead fern leaves to become brown. Ferns are tropical plants that require high levels of humidity. Indoor humidity is frequently too low, which causes the leaves to lose moisture and turn brown, crispy, dried out, and look to be dying.
  • Due to submersion, fern tips become brown. The soil must be continually damp, but not saturated, for ferns to grow. The fern’s leaves get brown and crispy at the tips if the soil dries up in between waterings because there isn’t enough moisture surrounding the roots.
  • Smaller pots dry up faster. Because ferns require continually moist soil, their leaves will turn brown and brittle and will appear to be dying if the potting soil dries out. Because ferns often have large, shallow root systems, they can easily become pot-bound in small pots, which can turn their leaves brown.
  • In much sunshine, fern leaves oxidize and turn brown. Ferns may survive in either complete shade or partial light beneath a woodland canopy. The delicate leaves become crispy and brown in full sun, appearing to be dying.
  • If the temperature is above 80F for a prolonged period of time, indoor ferns may turn brown. Ferns prefer temperatures between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. The ferns’ leaves become brown and crispy and appear to be dying in high temperatures because the leaves lose too much moisture and the soil dries out too quickly for the roots to pull in moisture.
  • In the Fall, just before Winter, outdoor ferns naturally turn brown and appear to be dying. The following Spring, the fern sprouts fresh, green leaves. If the ground is too dry or there is too much sun, outdoor ferns may also turn brown. To keep its leaves from turning brown, outdoor ferns need moist soil and shade.
  • Use a humidifier to raise the humidity, water as often as necessary to keep the coil consistently moist, stay away from drafts and indoor heating, place the fern in an area with indirect light, make sure the temperature is between 65°F and 75°F, and cut back brown leaves to encourage the growth of new green leaves in order to save ferns with brown leaves.