- After plants stop blooming, let daffodil leaves naturally fade back.
- If daffodils get too crowded and cease flowering, divide them.
Without daffodils, no spring garden is complete. Furthermore, they are frequently the only plants blooming in the garden in the early spring, so you really can’t have too many of them. Since daffodils are perennial plants, they return year after year and are among the easiest spring flowering bulbs to raise.
How to Choose Daffodils
The majority of daffodil cultivars grow best in milder climates because they need a period of cold weather each winter to encourage blooms for the following spring (zones 7 and lower). However, there are some types that thrive in warmer climates (zones 8 and higher), and bulb catalogs will always include them. There are numerous daffodil types available.
Daffodils come in all sizes, including some with enormous blossoms. Bulbs with peach, orange, yellow, pink, white, or bicolor flowers are available to purchase. There are season-specific early, mid, and late bloomers. You may enjoy three months of daffodil blossoms with careful planning! Even 100-day mixtures of bulbs are available in some stores, making it simple for you to take advantage of an extended daffodil season.
Where to Plant Daffodils
Daffodils should be planted in a sunny area that receives at least 6 hours of direct sunlight each day. The plants won’t blossom if they are planted in partial shade, but they will still produce green leaves. Daffodils, like the majority of bulbs, demand well-drained soil; otherwise, they are susceptible to rotting.
When to Plant Daffodils
Fall is the ideal season to plant daffodil bulbs (exact timing can range anywhere from September to late November, depending on where you live). When you plant, the earth must still be usable but the soil must have cooled. Daffodil planting requires soil that is 60 degrees Fahrenheit and 6 inches deep.
How to Prepare the Soil for Planting Daffodils
Mix 3 inches of Miracle-Gro Garden Soil for Flowers into the top 6 to 8 inches of the existing soil to prepare new planting sites. As a result, bulbs will receive the nutrition they require to develop a sturdy root system in time for spring blossoming.
How to Plant Daffodils
Daffodils can be planted singly, in groups (3 or 5 is a good number), or in rows. It is simpler to dig a trench or a large planting hole if you are planting many bulbs in a row along the edge of a flowerbed. You should plant them individually if you’re randomly putting them in a flowerbed or on the grass. The spacing between bulbs, regardless of how many you plant, should be 4 to 6 inches.
Each daffodil bulb should be planted with its pointed end (or tip) facing upward. When the bulb is inserted, dig the hole or trench so that the tip is 2 inches deeper than the bulb’s height. Therefore, a 2-inch long bulb should be planted 4 inches deep, while a 3-inch long bulb should be planted 5 inches deep (measured from the bottom of the bulb). After planting, give the soil plenty of water, and then add a layer of mulch to keep the area looking neat and to help the soil hold moisture longer.
How to Water Daffodils
Daffodils should be well watered at planting time and then once per week throughout the following three weeks. (Watering is essential at this period since the plants are developing their first roots.) After the first few weeks, don’t disturb the plants again until the spring, when they’ll start to grow.
When you notice daffodil leaves poking through the ground, it’s time to focus once again. While daffodils are growing and blooming, water the plants if your area doesn’t get any rain for two or three weeks. Spring storms typically supply enough of moisture. Once the blossoms have faded and the foliage starts to turn brown, stop watering because this signals the start of a time of dormancy and too much water might cause the bulbs to rot.
How to Feed Daffodils
A powerful combination of excellent soil and the ideal plant nourishment produces stunning garden outcomes. So, to aid the bulbs in storing nutrients for the following growing season, feed daffodils with Miracle-Gro Shake ‘n Feed Rose & Bloom Plant Food after they have blossomed in the spring. Feed as directed on the label every three months, and once the foliage turns brown, cease feeding.
What to Do with Daffodils After They Bloom
Remove wasted daffodil blooms after they bloom to encourage the plants to direct energy back into the bulb, rather than setting seed. (This method is known as deadheading.) After the plant has finished blooming, keep the leaves upright and unfolded so that the plants can use photosynthesis to produce and store food for the next spring’s blossoms. Before you do any trimming back, let the leaves naturally die down. If you want to create a screen around the daffodils if you don’t like how the foliage is beginning to turn brown, consider planting late-emerging perennials.
How to Divide Daffodils
Daffodils need to be divided in the fall if they are in full sun, have been allowed to naturally die back the previous spring, and are not flowering when they need to. Each spring clump that needs to be divided should have a golf tee placed next to it so that when they die back, you can easily locate them. Break separate the bulbs in each clump and excavate it. The biggest bulbs should be replanted at least two bulb widths apart. (When dividing, little bulbs might remain affixed to larger bulbs.) As if you were planting new bulbs, prepare the soil.
Ready to begin daffodil cultivation? To learn more about a product, to buy it online, or to locate a retailer near you, click on any of the product links above.
Do daffodils withstand direct sunlight?
Narcissus, the botanical name for daffodils, is a simple and dependable spring flowering bulb. They proliferate easily and come back each spring to blossom once more. They don’t care about the type of soil, will grow in full sun or partial shade, and are unaffected by deer, rabbits, and other bothersome animals.
Daffodils often bloom in yellow, although they can also be found in white, cream, orange, and even pink. There are numerous flower varieties available, including trumpets, doubles, split-cups, large-cups, and jonquillas. You can get 4 to 6 weeks of these lovely, unfettered flowers every spring by planting a variety of different daffodil varieties.
Start with a Better Bulb
When you compare two daffodil bulbs side by side, it’s simple to perceive the difference in quality. Narcissus are categorized by size, measured in cm around the “waist of the bulb,” as are the majority of flower bulbs. Daffodil bulbs that are larger—14 to 16 cm—will result in more stems and blossoms than those that are smaller—12 to 14 cm.
Daffodil bulb production varies from year to year depending on the weather before and after harvest. Additionally, there are cultivar-specific differences in bulb size, with certain daffodil species naturally generating larger bulbs than others. We ensure that you will be happy with your purchase and only buy the biggest, best-quality bulbs we can find.
Plan for Success
Daffodils can withstand winter conditions in growth zones 3–8 and will bloom again the following year. We suggest reading How to Grow Spring Bulbs in Warm Climates if you reside somewhere with rather warm winters. You are unsure of your hardiness zone. Here, please refer to the USDA Hardiness Zone Map.
Daffodils don’t care too much about the type of soil. They thrive in practically any environment as long as the soil is not wet.
Front yards and entryways: By planting daffodils in front of your home, you and your neighbors can benefit from an annual welcome blast of spring beauty.
Daffodils bloom far earlier than the majority of perennials in perennial gardens. Daffodils can be planted in flower beds to guarantee that you have blooms as soon as the weather warms up. A wonderful choice for flower gardens is miniature daffodils because of their thinner leaves, which won’t obstruct the growth of perennials that are just beginning to emerge.
Daffodils are typically planted in yards and gardens, but they also bloom well in window boxes and other containers. This makes it simple to give instant spring appeal to patios, small urban gardens, or porches. Potted bulbs in zones 3-6 require winter cover to prevent the soil from freezing. How to Grow Spring Bulbs in Containers has further information.
Cut Flower Gardens: Enjoy daffodil bouquets indoors or with friends and family to celebrate the color and scent of spring. Daffodils will ensure that you always have an abundance of blossoms to cut if you plant them in a cutting garden.
Daffodils are excellent for naturalizing in meadows, on the outskirts of woodlands, or close to ponds and streams. They reliably return each year and are unaffected by deer or rats. Read Best Daffodils for Naturalizing for suggested variations.
When to Plant: Before the ground freezes, from mid-fall through early winter, daffodils can be planted. Planting the bulbs within a month of receiving them will yield the best results.
Dig a hole that is 6 deep and 12 inches apart. Insert the daffodil bulb pointy side up into the hole. If the soil is dry, cover the bulb with it and water the surrounding area. Typically, daffodil bulbs are spaced about 6″ apart. As a result, there is space for the bulbs to grow over time without becoming too crowded.
Daffodils look best when they are planted in loose clusters rather than in regular rows, according to planting advice. Bulb clusters with a triangular, oval, or rectangular shape will appear fuller and more organic.
Plant daffodil types that bloom at different times to extend the flowering season (early, mid and late season). This will guarantee that fresh flowers are blooming while the old ones fade. Types of Daffodils to Know and Grow has more information. We also suggest using our Planning Guide for Daffodils, which lists each variety and the time of year it blooms.
What quantity of daffodils ought to be planted together?
The earliest point in early October, if you live in USDA zones 4 to 6, is the ideal time to grow daffodils.
Daffodils should be planted in bunches of 10 or more when being grown. All you have to do is arrange around seven bulbs in a loose circle, placing three in the center.
You shouldn’t combine various cultivars within each planting group for aesthetic reasons. If you plant just one variety together, the outcome will be better (such as a group of ten “Ice Follies, but not a group of “Ice Follies mixed with “Spellbinder, etc.). If you have enough room, you can use 25 or more bulbs to plant these in larger blocks.
In a formal garden with shapes like squares or circles, daffodils look lovely. Even plantings with a fish-like taper look fantastic.
Daffodils: do they spread?
Daffodils in good health can and will spread by reseeding and growing new bulbs in the correct environment.
This can be a significant cost-saving measure if you desire a densely populated flowerbed or a vibrantly naturalized landscape.
Do daffodils grow well in shade?
Daffodils tolerate light shade but thrive in direct sunlight. Plant them in a soil that is moist yet drains well. Daffodils can be cultivated in lawns naturally, in borders, or in pots.
Wallflowers provide a beautiful combination with daffodils in a garden. Here, Monty Don provides planting instructions for daffodils and wallflowers:
How to plant daffodils
In the fall, plant daffodil bulbs. Always opt for big, firm bulbs instead of any that are fragile or clearly rotten. Compacted soils should be loosened up and improved with organic material, such as well-rotted manure or homemade compost.
Most narcissus require planting at a depth of around 10 cm, which is roughly twice the depth of the bulb itself (follow instructions given for individual varieties).
Use a peat-free John Innes No. 2 or 3 mix and place the container in a sunny area if you’re growing daffodils in a container. Fill pots with water so that the soil is damp but not soggy. Although the compost above the bulbs should be removed and replaced each year, it is feasible to leave bulbs in a pot for many years.
Throwing a few daffodil bulbs onto the lawn and planting them where they land is the simplest technique to get a natural appearance when growing daffodils in grass. Pull out soil plugs using a bulb planter, and then insert the bulbs pointy end first. Add a layer of the turf and soil you just removed.
In this Gardeners’ World video, Monty Don demonstrates how to integrate bulbs into grass:
Use a hand trowel or bulb planter to sow bulbs into bare soil. Separate the bulbs by two bulb widths.
Monty Don provides the following instructions for planting daffodil bulbs in a border:
How to look after daffodils
Poor soils and pots should be fertilized with a slow-release bulb fertilizer each spring. After flowering, prune back the foliage and deadhead the plants to ensure that the bulb receives the nutrients from the leaves (this improves flowering potential the following year). If growing narcissus in a grassy region, cutting the grass might not be possible until June.
How to propagate daffodils
Daffodil clumps that have grown up can be separated in the fall. Peel the bulbs apart from clusters by carefully lifting them with a garden fork. Replant immediately. Daffodils can be grown from seed if you take your time and are persistent. After flowering, instead of deadheading, allow a few seedheads to form. When the seeds are ready to be sown, do so. Remember that the daffodils won’t bloom for several years.
Growing daffodils: problem solving
Daffodils are susceptible to “blindness.” They generate a healthy crop of leaves during this time but do not bloom. This may occur for a number of reasons, including poor soil, crowded conditions, and shade. Although you can typically fix the issue, it can take the bulbs a few years to bloom once more. In the fall, just dig them up and plant new ones. Plant them in a sunny area if they are to grow in shade. Divide and plant the bulbs in smaller groupings if they are congested. If the soil is deficient, amend it with homemade compost or well-rotted horse dung. Put plenty of water on the bulbs and top-dress with organic debris. Within a few years, daffodil blossoms should bloom once more.