Light: Full sun is ideal for zinnia growth and flowering. Even in warmer climates with afternoon shadow, they can flower there, but they may be more prone to disease and produce fewer flowers.
Soil: Organically rich, fertile soils with good drainage are ideal for growing zinnias. Because zinnia seedlings are susceptible to rotting in cool, damp soils, having well-drained soil is crucial.
Plant zinnia seeds in rows or clusters spaced a few inches apart. Once the plant has four leaves, thin to 8 to 18 inches apart, depending on the variety.
Planting: Plant zinnias in the spring, just about the time you plant tomatoes, when all threat of frost has passed. Growing zinnias from seeds straight in the garden is simple. Start seeds inside four to six weeks before to your last frost date for earlier flowering.
When growing zinnias from seed, how long does it take?
Beautiful flowers like zinnias are ideal for novice gardeners! These annual flowers come in a wide range of hues and variations, adding a vibrant pop of color to your yard and making them ideal for bouquet-making. Zinnias require only plenty of sun, warmth, and well-drained soil to thrive and can be grown without much care from summer until the first hard frost in the fall. They don’t have any significant pest issues and can draw lovely butterflies to your garden.
Depending on your location, the growing strategy may change slightly. When the temperature starts to rise, zinnia seeds can be sown immediately into the garden in warmer climates. Here in New England, it takes longer for the temperature to rise, so if you can keep the soil between 70 and 80 degrees F, you can start the growing process about a month before the final frost is predicted. Since zinnias dislike being transferred, sow seeds in peat pots that can be placed straight in the garden. From seed to flower, zinnias normally require two months, though this might vary depending on the weather.
Here are some more hints for growing zinnias:
- For your zinnias, choose an area that is sunny and bright.
- Zinnia seeds require sunshine to sprout, so only cover them with 1/4 inch of dirt.
- Keep the soil damp while the flowers grow.
- Thin seedlings to 6-8 inches apart for small varieties and 1 foot apart for large varieties when they are 2-3 inches tall.
- Avoid drowning the zinnias in water. Water intake of 1 inch per week is advised.
- To encourage the zinnias to generate more blooms, remove any faded or dead flower flowers. Deadheading is the term for this.
Before planting zinnia seeds, should I soak them?
If you’re raising zinnias from seed for the first time this year, you might still have some concerns. Here, I’ll address them for you.
How do you germinate zinnia seeds fast?
To hasten the germination of zinnia seeds, keep the seed trays warm. The biggest effect will be made by heated mats and a warm environment. Zinnia seeds can germinate in as little as five days when the soil is 70 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit, the ideal temperature for germination.
Should I soak zinnia seeds before planting?
Before sowing, zinnia seeds don’t require soaking. The seeds of zinnias are designed to sprout quickly when exposed to water since they are warm-season annual flowers that are indigenous to hot climates like Mexico and the southwest of the United States. The seeds only need to be sown and watered for germination to begin.
How long do zinnia seeds take to germinate?
The normal germination time for zinnias is 5 to 10 days. Seeds sown in trays with the soil kept warm at 70 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit using heat mats will germinate more quickly than seeds sown in cold soil, which could take up to three weeks.
Do zinnia seeds need light to germinate?
Zinnia seeds should be placed with 1/4 inch of dirt on top of them because they don’t require light to germinate. The seeds will require intense light in the form of a shop light or grow light as they begin to germinate and break the soil’s surface.
At what temperature do zinnias germinate?
Zinnia seeds should be germinated at 70 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. The soil will reach these temperatures with the help of a heat mat put beneath the seed trays. In soil that is colder than 70 degrees, the seeds will still germinate, but it will take longer.
Do zinnia seeds need cold stratification?
Cold stratification, which involves chilling seeds prior to sowing, is not necessary for zinnias. The seeds of zinnias are designed to germinate without being exposed to cold because they are warm-season annuals that are native to hot climates.
Can zinnias from seed still be planted now?
Zinnia seeds can still be planted now for late summer color that will endure until the first frost. Additionally, they produce stunning cut flowers with a lengthy vase life.
Even the most inexperienced gardener should grow zinnias because they are one of the tried-and-true garden flowers. My first memories of gardening are when I first encountered zinnias. The bush beans and tomatoes set aside for zinnias were a constant source of conflict. My favorite annual flower is still the zinnia, and they now have a prime location next to my back deck where I can enjoy them in the warm weather.
Growing zinnias is simple; they prefer full sunlight and well-drained soil. They may be planted directly in the garden or transferred. Plant them in a peat pot that can be placed directly into the garden or planting bed if you decide to have a head start and want to transplant so as to avoid disturbing the roots.
There are many different types of zinnias. They come in sizes ranging from 6 inches to nearly 4 feet, from dwarf to enormous. The flower heads are available in many different forms, including single and double flowers, spidery shapes, and domes.
The amazing variety of hues is the best feature. The palest pastel hues to the brightest hues are all available in zinnias. They come in solid, multicolored, striped, and specked patterns.
Dead heading zinnias is advised by Michigan State University Extension to ensure flowering from early summer through frost. Zinnias are encouraged to continue performing by dead heading throughout the season. But because zinnias fatigue, I advise putting them in succession every two weeks. I intend to plant in succession beginning in late May and continuing until the first week of July, roughly. This ensures spectacular blooms through the end of September. It’s not too late to plant some zinnia seeds for color that will persist through the first frost in the late summer.
In addition to their amazing garden display, zinnias make fantastic cut flowers and may be used anywhere you need a splash of color. Many zinnia cultivars can stay in a vase for seven to twelve days. The mainstay of the farmer’s market is zinnias as well. Flower farmers would tell that zinnias are one of the most profitable flowers to grow due to their vibrant colors, ease of maintenance, and extended vase life.
The zinnia variants “Benary’s Giant” and “Cut and Come Again” are two of my favorites. Their surnames are biographical. On tall stems that stand between 40 and 52 inches in height, “Benary’s Giant” has huge blooms and dazzling flowers. Cutting the stem just above a bud junction will encourage “Cut and Come Again” to produce continuously throughout the growing season, as will all zinnias.
What time of year is ideal for zinnia planting?
After the final frost has passed and the soil is warm, plant zinnias in the spring. You can direct-sow into warm soil, plant purchased plants outside, or start seeds indoors in separate containers. Plant seeds 3 inches (8 cm) apart and about a half inch (1 cm) deep in the soil.
Will zinnias return each year?
One of the simplest flowers to plant, zinnias grow quickly and provide a lot of blooms. Additionally, they will continue to bloom right up until the first fall hard frost. Consider trying zinnia flowers this year to add a huge splash of color to your yard.
Since zinnias are annuals, they will only produce blooms and seeds for one season before dying. The original plant will not reappear the following year. They are excellent for use as a cutting flower or as food for butterflies since they have vivid, solitary, daisy-like flowerheads on a single, tall stem.
Types of Zinnias
Zinnia elegans, the most widely grown zinnia species, has been developed to produce a large number of distinctive variants.
Single, semidouble, or double zinnia blooms are the three most common varieties. The number of petal rows and whether or not the flower’s center is visible serve to distinguish between these forms:
- A single row of petals and the center are both visible on single-flowered zinnias.
- Petal rows abound on double-flowered zinnias, and their centers are hidden.
- Between the two are semidouble-flowered zinnias, which have several rows of petals but discernible cores.
In addition to these shapes, zinnia flowers also occur in “beehive,” “button,” and “cactus” forms. Additionally, the plants themselves come in various heights: taller types function best as a garden bed’s background, while shorter varieties are useful as a border. There is a zinnia for every garden, in fact!
In an annual or mixed border garden, plant zinnias. Smaller zinnias work well as window boxes, edging, or in other containers.
To have a lot of flowers all season long, choose a place that receives full sun (6 to 8 hours of sunlight every day). Additionally, later in the season, foliar diseases like powdery mildew can be avoided by planting in an area with sufficient air circulation.
Although zinnias can grow in a variety of soil types, they prefer organically rich, well-draining soil. The optimal pH range for soil is between 5.5 and 7.5. The blooms will grow more quickly if compost (humus) is added to the soil. Find out more about soil improvements and getting the soil ready for planting.
When to Plant Zinnias
- Because they dislike being transplanted, it is advised that you start your zinnia plants from seed directly in the garden bed. If the correct circumstances are present, they will develop quite quickly from seed.
- It should be noted that zinnias can be grown from seed inside if you like. Just make sure to transfer them gently and young.
- Because zinnias are delicate to frost, wait to plant them until after the last frost in your area. See the frost dates in your area.
- Zinnias can tolerate daily temperatures as low as 60F (16C), although a range of 7484F (2328C) is ideal.
- To prolong the flowering time, sow a new crop of seeds every week or so for a few weeks.
How to Plant Zinnias
- Depending on the kind, place plants 4 to 24 inches apart. (Many common kinds are planted 2 feet between rows and 6 inches apart within the row.) For information about each variety, consult the seed packet’s back.
- Plant zinnia seeds no deeper than 1/4 inch.
- The majority of zinnia cultivars will produce seedlings in just 4 to 7 days, but it may take up to two months or more for blooms to appear (depending on planting site and climate).
- To promote air circulation, thin seedlings when they are three inches tall, spacing them 6 to 18 inches apart. As a result, powdery mildew is less likely to grow.
- To promote development and blossoms, keep the soil’s moisture level moderate and apply a mild fertilizer.
- Deadhead zinnias once they have finished blooming to facilitate the development of new blossoms.
- Since zinnias are annuals, they will perish with the first fall hard cold. Let the final blooms of the season fully mature before dispersing their seeds if you want them to reseed.
Zinnias still not your thing? In your garden, try them out for the following six reasons:
- With cultivars from the Dreamland Series, you can have a full-sized flower on a little plant. These zinnias are compact and dwarf, with stems that are 812 inches tall and totally double flowerheads that can be up to 4 inches across with a variety of colors.
- The dwarf, spreading cultivars of the Thumbelina Series have weather-resistant, solitary or semi-double flowerheads in a variety of hues. Their stems can reach a length of 6 inches, and their petals are 1-1/4″ wide.
- One of the largest and tallest of them all, the State Fair Series has huge, double flowerheads that measure 3 inches in diameter. Stems can reach a height of 30 inches.
- Typically, it takes zinnias 60 to 70 days from seed to flower (though it depends on conditions and variety). They are fantastic in a bunch of flowers!
- The tiny, narrow-leafed zinnias are great for hanging baskets and also make lovely dried flowers.
- Zinnias are considered to represent memories of those who have passed away. Discover more about the significance of flowers here.
- Zinnias may be harmed by bacterial wilt, powdery mildew, and bacterial and fungal spots. To prevent illness, keep leaves from getting too damp and correctly space your plants.
- Problems can also be brought on by caterpillars, mealybugs, and spider mites. Spraying should be avoided unless there is a real infestation because some leaf damage is not a problem.
- Thanks to their resistance to deer, zinnias may be able to prevent surrounding flowers from being eaten.
When do zinnias flower?
Zinnia flowers, one of the easiest annuals to grow, are a vibrant riot of color. From late April until the first frost in the fall, the exhibition runs. The joyful flowers, which bloom in almost every vivid hue imaginable, draw butterflies and hummingbirds. They are a fantastic option for novice flower producers because they produce flowers rapidly and consistently. You can’t go wrong when you take into account their low care needs and the range of sizes and shapes.
Can seeds be planted directly in the ground?
One method of starting your garden is by starting seeds indoors. One more choice is to plant seeds straight into the ground outside. This method of sowing seeds is known as direct sowing, and it is simple to do and produces excellent results.
Direct sowing, in contrast to indoor seedling care, involves uncontrollable factors like weather, fauna, and insects. However, many annuals, perennials, herbs, and vegetables can easily sprout from seeds placed straight into garden soil.
Tap-rooted vegetables that require direct sowing, such as carrots and radishes, do not transplant well as seedlings Beets transfer well, but they don’t need to be started indoors because they need chilly soil for growing.
Particularly in areas with short growing seasons, heat-loving crops that require a long season to produce, like tomato, pepper, or eggplant, don’t perform as well when they are direct-sown. Plant these seeds inside. Other crops that do well in heat, such as melons, pumpkins, squash, cucumbers, and beans, can be directly sown once all danger of frost has passed.
Some flowers, such as Bachelor’s Buttons, Sweet Peas, and Larkspur, sprout best in chilly soil and ought to be direct-seeded early in the growing season. Additionally, you should direct-sow bloomers like Moonflower, Morning Glory, Nasturtium, and Poppies that are difficult to transplant as seedlings.
The best place to start annuals that take a while to mature from seed is inside. Cleome, petunia, nicotiana, and amaranth are a few examples. Other warm-season annuals, such as Cosmos, Marigolds, and Zinnias, sprout from seed swiftly.
Use a rake or hand fork to loosen the dirt before preparing it. Large soil clumps should be broken up, and debris like sticks, pebbles, and roots should be removed. For the best growing conditions, modify the soil by adding organic matter and fertilizer. Create a level surface to finish.
Most seed packs specify the depth of the sowing. The general recommendation is to put seeds three times their diameter deep. There are some exclusions. Some seeds should rest on top of the soil because they need light to germinate. To guarantee that the seeds are cradled by wetness, firmly press such seeds against the soil with a board or shovel.
How to Plant a Seed:
- Cover seeds with commercial seed-starting mix if your soil has a high clay component and tends to crust over as it dries up.
- Mix seeds with sand when planting tiny seeds, such as nicotiana or carrots, to promote dispersion.
- Make a long trench and trickle seeds into it at the correct spacing when planting larger seeds, such as peas and beans. As an alternative, make individual planting holes with a pencil, dibber, or a bamboo stick.
Water Matters Water seeds with a light mist or shower after sowing. A forceful splash or spray shouldn’t be used because it can move seeds. Maintaining regular soil moisture is crucial. Watering twice a day may be necessary in a sunny location.
Planting locations should be marked with stakes, especially if they are hidden in between other plants. Use plastic cutlery, tall poles, garden markers, stakes and thread, or anything else to identify the location of the seeds.
Discover the appearance of your seedlings so you won’t inadvertently pull them as weeds. Some seed packets display the appearance of the seedlings; you can also get pictures or illustrations online. When in doubt, leave the seedling alone until you are certain if it is a friend or an enemy.
As instructed on the seed packet, thin seedlings. If you clip seedlings with a fingernail, a tiny set of snips, or scissors at the soil line as you pull them out, you will cause less root disturbance.
Monitor For Pests
Slugs, snails, cutworms, and other insect pests should be watched out for and avoided around seedlings.