How To Prune Euphorbia

After flowering, perennial herbaceous euphorbia require deadheading. Before the first frost, cut the plant back to the ground so that it won’t come back the following year.

When should Euphorbia be pruned back?

Trim away any winter damage as soon as spring arrives. In order to prevent disease and pest infestation, it is a recommended grooming practice to remove dead and broken stems from the plant’s base. Some cultivars require the removal of all old growth at the base as they die to the ground each winter in order to reappear from the roots.

Only the tips of stems that sprouted the previous year are where the majority of euphorbia species bloom. Throughout the spring and summer, trim back euphorbia stems to their base right after bloom to ensure that the plant doesn’t become overloaded and produces flowers on a regular basis. Use clean hand pruners to cut off a blossoming stem at the base as it begins to turn yellow, and then compost the clippings. Pinch the tips of kinds that have a tendency to become lanky and flop over as they get taller when new stems emerge. Shorter stems are the consequence, which are better able to support blooms.

Can Euphorbia be pruned firmly?

Growth of euphorbia is either caulescent (with stems visible above ground year round) or acaulescent (having only seasonal stems above ground). Uncommonly, a third group of spurges is always woody. The final designations affect how a spurge is cut back. Caulescent kinds should not have their stems pruned in the autumn because doing so will prevent them from flowering the following spring. The entire plant can be pruned back to the ground in the fall when the acaulescent varieties go dormant. If neatness is important, all varieties can be deadheaded after flowering (see photo above).

Group 1: Caulescent

Only trim the winter-dead stems in the early spring. Plants in this category consist of:

  • Galaxy Glow Euphorbia
  • CVS and E. Robbiae.
  • CVS and E. rigida.
  • cvs and E. characias.
  • CVS and E. martinii.


Portion Euphrobia that have a permanent framework of branches will require deadheading after flowering, or if the entire stem that was flowering starts to die back, you can clip out some of the branches at the base. A good dome of brief, unflowered stems or shoots will remain, and they’ll bloom the next year. E. characias subsp. wulfenii and E. myrsinites are two examples.

E. amygdaloides var. robbiae is an evergreen groundcover that can be deadheaded in the summer to tidy up clumps by shearing off spent flower stems.


Mulching borders is a great strategy to prevent weed growth and water evaporation. For typical garden growing conditions, this could be done with organic materials; however, if growing the silvery and grey species in a Mediterranean planting scheme, this might be done with gravel.

See our section on Deadheading in Ongoing Care above for more information on how pruning is typically done. Herbaceous plants, however, will die back throughout the winter, so you can tidy up the plant by removing any old, brown, or dead-looking stems.

These are multiplied through division. As you’ll do this right after flowering, it will happen in late spring for the earliest blossoming. The optimum time to divide anything that blooms later in the summer is in the spring when plants are just starting to grow.

Softwood cuttings are used to reproduce these shrubby-appearing euphorbias, especially the ones that grow stems one year and bloom the following year. In the early spring, use the young, short shoots at the base. E. characias and its relatives, E. myrsinites, and E. mellifera are excellent choices.

Although cultivars cannot be grown from seed and the seedlings will have somewhat different behaviors and colors, species can be grown from seed. When capsules become brown, gather the seed.

How come my Euphorbia is dying?

A fungus is what causes euphorbia stem rot, commonly known as candelabra cactus stem rot. It spreads to other plants and attacks with peat, dirt, and water splashes. Once the fungus establishes itself, the long stems of euphorbia start to decay at the top of the limbs.

Can you cut Euphorbia cuttings?

Cuttings of euphorbias are simple to grow from. Cuttings of many other euphorbias can be taken up to August, but Euphorbia x characias subsp. wulfenii should be done early in the year (April or May). Wear gloves and wash any sap that comes in contact with your skin with soap and water since euphorbias are dangerous plants that secrete a poisonous sap.

What’s causing my Euphorbia to turn yellow?

Succulents’ bizarre and fascinating world never ceases to astound. Do you believe a plant that resembles it has serpents growing out of it may exist? You’re in luck if, like us, you enjoy odd succulents because such a plant does exist on this planet and coexist with humans.

The Medusa’s Head, also known as Euphorbia flanaganii, is a famous evergreen succulent plant with a symmetrical main head and thin, long branches or “snakes” spreading from the sides, right around the head, like the fabled Medusa. Sort of.

This plant is flourishing in the collections of succulent lovers from all over the world, and it appears that many of them experience yellowing of the Medusa’s Head. Is this a problem, then? Is Euphorbia Falanaganii’s yellowing a modest response to the environment’s changing conditions, or is it actually slowly dying?

Numerous factors can cause Euphorbia Flanaganii to become yellow. The causes of yellowing of the leaves or even the entire branches include winter, exposure to direct sunlight or high heat, thick succulent potting soil, and too much or too little water.

Despite what would seem like a particularly finicky plant, the Medusa’s head isn’t always that way. This plant should flourish even in the hands of a beginner given the proper location and potting mixture.

Euphorbia Care:

Some plants need to be divided or propagated every two to three years, preferably in the early fall or spring, even if they have a short lifespan.

After flowering is complete, many benefit from being severely pruned, at least by one-third. This prevents any free-seeders from taking over and promotes the growth of new, fresh foliage.

Trimming euphorbia:

  • Early in the spring, remove any damaged stems to keep the plant neat and healthy.
  • As soon as the euphorbia blooms, trim the stems at the base.
  • Clip carefully, since new shoots may appear that you wish to preserve.

anything touches your skin because it is a potent irritant. Additionally harmful due to the sap, spurges should be avoided.

euphorbias and yard cats survive for years without trouble, but I don’t have kids or pets.


Check individual entries as perennial euphorbias have varying hardiness, especially in regards to their northern boundaries.

for the plants that are listed here. Some species only have root hardiness further north but are evergreen in southerly zones. Other varieties do well as annuals.

Exposure: Sun or Shade?

Although some euphorbias can take some partial shade, most euphorbias prefer the sun. those with dark purple or reddish coloring

If planted in full sun, the foliage’s coloration will be more dramatic. In fact, just a few species prefer at least dappled.

Others require part shade in the South’s blazing sunshine but can tolerate intense sun in the North, where they can thrive. One option that works well in shadow is Euphorbia amygdaloides var. robbiae.


The ability of spurges to withstand drought is one of its greatest advantages, hence proper drainage is essential.

The “Chameleon” does like more wetness than other animals. Euphorbias are also not fussy about soil, and the majority can

tackle common and sandy circumstances. Fertile soils may promote those varieties that tend to run and spread.

Keeping things lean gives control since people tend to expand beyond their limitations. However, if you want your

What climatic conditions favor euphorbia?

In general, euphorbias need a sunny location and rich, well-drained soil. Light types, meanwhile, can tolerate some shade and do well as ground cover around shrubs and trees.

How to plant euphorbias

Dig a deep hole when planting euphorbias that have been cultivated in pots and fill it with compost or leaf mould. Euphorbia should be planted firmly, then it should be watered well and mulched to keep moisture in and weeds out.

Here, Monty Don proposes two exceptional euphorbia species and provides planting instructions. Additionally, he offers advice on how to grow euphorbias from cuttings.

How to care for euphorbias

As long as the growing environment is favorable, euphorbias don’t need feeding or special care. After the blooms have faded, blooming stems should be pruned. However, gloves must always be used when working with euphorbias because their milky sap is hazardous if consumed and irritates the skin and eyes.

How to propagate euphorbias

Euphorbias can be grown by taking springtime cuttings. Wear gloves to protect your hands from the sap.

By collecting cuttings of Euphorbia characias subsp. wulfenii in the spring, you can learn how simple and gratifying euphorbia propagation is. Monty Don offers advice on how to maintain the cuttings’ viability, plant them, and shield your hands from the irritating sap:

Euphorbias are they poisonous?

The milky secretion of the Euphorbia plant, sometimes known as latex, is extremely poisonous and irritating to the skin and eyes. This study provides an illustration of the range of ocular inflammation brought on by unintentional ingestion of Euphorbia plant latex. Three patients came in with recently developed accidental ocular exposure to milky sap of a Euphorbia species. In all cases, there was a significant burning sensation along with vision blur. Visual acuity decreased to counting fingers from 20/60. Clinical findings ranged from anterior uveitis to secondary increased intraocular pressure, mild to severe corneal edema, epithelial defects, and keratoconjunctivitis. With active supportive treatment, all symptoms and indicators disappeared after 10 to 14 days. When handling euphorbia plants, wear safety goggles. Asking the patient to bring a sample of the plant for identification is usually advisable.

Trees, succulents, and herbaceous plants all belong to the Euphorbiaceae genus.

[1] There are numerous kinds of Euphorbia that can be found growing in the wild or in gardens or homes as cultivated examples. The milky sap or latex is poisonous and can cause severe skin and eye problems. From moderate conjunctivitis to severe kerato-uveitis, ocular toxic response can vary [2]. There are a few case reports of people losing their sight permanently as a result of accidentally putting Euphorbia sap in their eyes. [24] Corneal involvement typically proceeds in a predictable order, with edema getting worse and epithelial sloughing on the second day. [3,5] Some species are thought to be more poisonous than others. [6] The inflammation usually goes away without leaving any aftereffects when it is promptly treated and carefully maintained. Here, we show three instances of ocular toxicity brought on by three distinct Euphorbia species: E. trigona (African milk tree), E. neriifolia (Indian spurge tree), and E. milii (Crown-of-thorns houseplant).

How should a Tasmanian Tiger Euphorbia be pruned?

A sub-shrub with supple stems and slender, year-round-beautiful grey-green leaves, Euphorbia characias is remarkably hardy. It comes from the Mediterranean and grows in scrubland and on rocky, arid hillsides. It naturally takes on a rounded shape and thrives in gravel gardens and sunny herbaceous borders.

The greyish, evergreen leaves of the Euphorbia characias ‘Tasmanian Tiger’ have creamy white edges that resemble tiger stripes. In the spring, conical flowerheads with creamy bracts and a green eye are seen.

Grow Euphorbia characias ‘Tasmanian Tiger’ in full sun and well-drained soil for optimal results. To promote a second flush, cut spent flowering stems in the summer all the way to the plant’s root system.

Wear gloves whenever handling euphorbias. The creamy sap irritates the skin.

Euphorbias have flowers?

A genus of flowering plants in the spurge family is called Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae). One of the biggest genera of flowering plants, Euphorbia contains approximately 2,000 different species, from diminutive annuals to enormous, long-lived perennial trees to deciduous shrubs. Some of the most recognizable euphorbias are poinsettia plants.

Plants native to Euphorbia are tough, hardy, and simple to cultivate in a variety of hardiness zones. Euphorbia plants are wonderful complements to flower beds and rock gardens because of their colorful leaves and distinctive flower structures called cyathiums. As long as they receive the proper amount of light, euphorbias thrive as both indoor and outdoor plants. The majority of them hibernate during the winter and bloom in the late spring and early summer.

Which Euphorbia is best?

The 6 Best Spurge Varieties to Plant as Your Secret Weapon

  • Characias E. Subsp.
  • Myrsinites Euphorbia Above: On a bed of gravel, Euphorbia myrsinites creeps along.
  • Eupatorium rigidum
  • Martinii x Euphorbia
  • Various Euphorbia Amygdaloides
  • Portuguese Velvet Euphorbia characias