How To Propagate Petunias

How are petunia plants rooted? Starting with the very best specimen of the plant you have in your garden is the best course of action. The plants you choose should have compact growth and showy, large flowers in colors you enjoy because you will be cloning them exactly. Before the first frost in the fall, take cuttings from the plant.

As long as you make the necessary preparations, rooting petunia flowers is quite easy. Peat moss, sand, and plant food should be combined in an equal amount. Fill a flat with the mixture, then mist it to thoroughly moisten it.

Clip petunia plant tops for their leaves, being sure to choose young, pliable specimens over older, woody varieties. Until you can bring the leaves inside to plant them, wrap them in a damp paper towel.

Each leaf’s tip should be coated with rooting hormone powder. With a pencil, poke a hole in the soil mixture, and insert the powdered stem. To keep the stem in place, tamp down the earth around it. Keep around 2 inches (5 cm) between each leaf as you arrange them all in the same way.

For almost three weeks, keep the tray in a cool, dark location. After this, gently pull on one leaf to check for subsurface roots growing on the stem.

Transplant all of the leaves into separate, little pots once they have stems. Place the pots on shelves with grow lights so they can continue to thrive all winter. Petunias will be ready to blossom as soon as the first spring frost has passed.

Can petunias be grown from cuttings?

Petunias (Petunia x hybrida), with their trumpet-shaped flowers and little stature, give a vibrant flash of color to garden beds and window boxes. Petunias, including trailing and other cultivars, can also be grown from cuttings despite typically being cultivated from seeds. It can be difficult to cultivate petunias from cuttings since the newly rooted cuttings are very sensitive to excessive humidity and poor growing conditions. However, gardeners who take the time and put in the effort to give their plants the right care can effectively root cuttings taken from petunias that are actively growing in the middle of spring and establish strong plants that bloom profusely throughout summer.

How much time do petunias need to root in water?

In around 6 weeks, roots will start to form. To find out if roots have formed, you won’t need to pull on the plants as some gardeners advise. Just keep an eye out for new growth.

How do petunias spread out?

Sexual reproduction is how petunias reproduce. In this procedure, pollen is transferred from the stigma of a female flower to the anther, the reproductive component of a male flower. The pollen is transferred from the male flower to the female bloom by insects like bees or butterflies. Eventually, the fertilized female flower loses her petals and a seedhead develops. The result of the reproductive process are these seeds.

When will petunia cuttings begin to root?

These cuttings are in the greenhouse, which worked well when it was still cool outside but is now becoming too hot. They will be set up on a table beneath my deck, where they will receive brilliant light but not direct sunlight and where it is cooler in the summer.

In three to four weeks, expect to see roots. Soon enough, you’ll be able to fill a tub or other container with your lovely petunias.

Can you harvest petunia seeds?

How to Harvest Petunia Seeds and Save Them for Later Use | General Gardening

Around the world, petunias are beloved by hobbyists and lovers of flowers. They are renowned for having a wide range of colors and requiring little upkeep. Petunia plants can be grown in flower gardens as borders, hanging baskets, normal flowerbeds, and containers. You will be able to enjoy delicate, beautiful blooms in the spring or summer with any of these growing options. Petunias are perennials, however they are typically kept as annuals, requiring yearly uprooting and replanting.

Petunias generate a lot of healthy seeds, much like many other annual flowering plants do. Consequently, if you want to collect petunia seeds for the upcoming planting season, you can do so. Therefore, you can get these seeds from stores that sell gardening products for first-year planting. If you keep your petunia plants in good health, they will produce lovely blooms that develop into seeds. This page focuses on the procedures from buying petunia seeds to planting, caring for plants, and collecting seeds.

How to Grow Petunia Seeds

Petunia seeds are tiny and challenging to handle while planting. Given this, the majority of nurseries offer tiny plantlets for propagation. Commercial seed producers have recently developed pelleted seeds, which are covered in a unique covering. Such larger, pelleted seeds are simple to plant. If you intend to harvest petunia seeds on your own, how you care for the parent plants, harvest them, and store them will have a significant impact on the quality of the seeds you receive. You can use the following advice to grow petunia seeds in your garden:

Selecting the Seeds

Petunia flowers come in both single and multicolored kinds, and they are available in a broad variety of vibrant hues. The popular wave petunia cultivar has a spreading and trailing growth behavior. Examine the color selections that are offered at your neighborhood nursery store. To create a color pattern in your yard, choose pink and blue petunia seeds. Additionally, inquire with the provider about the specific types’ germination rate, plant height, and susceptibility to disease.

Buying the Seeds

Small packages containing roughly 2565 petunia seeds are offered as petunia seeds. You can buy pure seeds in pellet form or in bulk (uncoated form), depending on your desire. Pelletized seeds are more expensive than ordinary seeds since they have been processed and packaged. Despite being expensive, these pelleted seeds are simple to handle. Compared to the untreated ones, they have a higher probability of surviving and prospering in the field.

Growing Petunia Seeds

As soon as the weather is suitable, plant petunia seeds outdoors in flower gardens or indoors in seed trays. For cultivars that bloom in the spring, start them inside 68 weeks before the first frost. Lightly moisten the seeds after covering them with soil (approximately 1/8 inch thick). For rapid germination, you can place a plastic sheet over the pot or tray. And keep it in a spot with some filtered light.

Petunia Seeds Germination

While some petunia seeds may take up to three weeks to sprout, most do so within ten days of planting. Once the seeds begin to sprout, take off the plastic sheet. Put the seedlings somewhere bright, but out of direct sunshine. For seedling maintenance, a temperature range of 65 F during the day and 55 F at night is optimum. Once the plantlets have their real leaves, you can transplant them.

Maintaining Petunia Plants

Within 810 weeks of seeding, the petunia plantlets are ready for transplantation. Placing them outdoors in bright light during the day will harden them before implantation. Plant petunias in well-drained garden soil once frosting is finished and the soil reaches a temperature of 60 degrees F. The plants will reach a height of roughly 1215 inches. Motivate them to bring flowers.

Harvesting the Seeds

Petunia blooms generate seeds in a seedpod at the base of the flower as they ripen and wither. You can pinch off the flowers to lengthen the flowering time. Alternately, let a couple of them naturally dieback so that you can harvest their seeds. Pinch the blossoms at the base once they have dried, then store them in an airtight container. When the pods open, the seeds will fall out. Petunia seeds can be collected in this manner.

Until the restoration of ideal development circumstances, keep these seeds dry and cool. Petunia seeds should be sown and petunia plantlets transplanted using the same procedures as above. Choosing, sowing, and harvesting petunia seeds were the main aspects of this.

Petunias can you save them until next year?

One of the most popular summer bedding plants in our region is the petunia, which blooms from mid-summer until the first hard frosts of autumn. Their profusion of flowers fills gardens with wonderful color.

The trailing kinds liven up hanging baskets and flow down the edges of containers, while the compact, bushy varieties are ideal for planting in beds and borders.

Petunia flowers come in a vast array of colors, single and double blooms, smooth or ruffled petals, solid single, striped, veined, or picotee-edged colors, and even fragrance. The issue of ancient petunia types turning to mush in a wet summer has also been eradicated by recent breeding.

Petunias are perennial, despite the fact that the majority of bedding kinds are produced from seed annually as annuals. The perennial trailing varieties, like Surfinias, are cultivated from cuttings or young plants.


Although they will tolerate a little moderate shade during the hot, sunny summers, petunias like to be cultivated in full sun. They thrive on soil that is rich in nutrients, moist but well-drained. To keep moisture in sandy soils that drain very well, add lots of organic matter to the soil, such as garden compost, well-rotted manure, or other soil-improving materials.

Petunia varieties

Grandifloras, which have larger flowers, or multifloras, which have smaller flowers and are more resilient to rain, are the two varieties used as bedding.

The Surfinia, Wave, Tumbelina, Supertunia, and Cascadia series of petunias spread or trail.

Sowing petunias

Petunias can be grown from seeds inside with warmth in cell trays, seed trays, or tiny pots at a temperature of 18 to 24C as an annual or bedding plant (65-75F).

When plants are big enough to handle, prick them out into cell trays or tiny pots and let them continue to grow at a temperature of 50 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit (10 to 15 degrees Celsius) in good light.

Before planting the seedlings outdoors once all danger of frost has passed, gradually acclimate them to outdoor circumstances for 7 to 10 days.

Young petunia seedlings are available from garden centers and mail-order suppliers in the late winter/early spring if you don’t have the resources to grow them from seed.

Planting petunias

Make a good-sized planting hole that can readily fit the rootball. Fork in a layer of organic material, such as compost or planting compost, at the bottom of the hole.

Place the rootball in the planting hole, adjusting the planting depth (except for hardy fuchsias) until the top of the roots is level with the soil surface and the rootball is planted at the same depth as it was growing. Fill the planting hole with the excavated soil after adding more organic matter to it. Put some granular general feed on the soil and thoroughly wet it in. The soil can be kept moist and weeds can be controlled by adding a 5-7.5cm (2-3in) deep mulch of well-rotted garden compost or something similar over the soil. If you have a warm greenhouse, you can plant baskets and containers in the spring, let the plants mature, and then move them outside in late May or early June. You’ll have flowers earlier in the summer if you do this.

How to care for petunias

When there are protracted dry spells in the summer, water the soil frequently to keep it moist. Plants in containers will require routine, possibly daily watering with the intention of maintaining evenly moist compost. But be careful not to overwater, as this may make the plants leggy and produce few blossoms.

To ensure a steady supply of blossoms throughout the summer, feed your plants with a liquid plant food on a regular basis. Up to the first autumnal frosts, a high potash liquid plant feeding will promote more, better blooms.

The show will last longer if faded blooms and any sprouting seed pods are removed. Cut back straggly plants severely before feeding them with a liquid plant food to encourage fresh new growth and an abundance of blossoms.

Fall is the greatest time to dig up and compost bedding petunias that have been harmed by frost.

Overwintering petunias

Trailing perennial kinds can be pruned back severely in the fall, cleaned up by removing any dead or broken growth, and then gently lifted. They should be overwintered in a bright, frost-free location, preferably a greenhouse or cool conservatory, in pots just large enough to hold the rootball and with some fresh potting compost around the sides.

Propagating perennial petunias

Cuttings taken in March or April from plants that overwintered or in August or early September from perennial, trailing kinds can be used to create new plants.

Select young, robust, vigorous stems that aren’t in bloom. Cut back one or two stems at the back of the plants severely to promote vigorous regeneration if you are unable to locate adequate growth. collect clippings 7.5–10 cm (3–4 in) long and positioned immediately below the node or junction of a leaf. In pots of gritted cuttings compost, place five or six cuttings at the base of the lowest leaves after removing the leaves from the lower two-thirds of the stem. Put the pots in a propagator or a plastic bag and set them somewhere with good light—but not in the sun—to root.

In two to three weeks, the cuttings should have taken, at which point they can be potted up separately and continued to grow.