How To Propagate Petunia Seeds

Keep in mind that petunia seeds are very little when starting plants from them. It is simple to overplant the trays, resulting in dozens of extra seedlings. Using only a tiny pinch of seeds, gently sprinkle them on top of the soil.

Only when petunia seeds receive the proper amount of light do they begin to grow. Buy no specialized plant-growing lighting. It is as effective to use regular fluorescent lighting. On a shelf, arrange the plants, then hang the lamp directly over them. As the plants grow, raise the lights up, but always maintain them 6 inches (15 cm) above the leaves.

How are petunia seeds germination?

Petunia seeds should be carefully pressed into damp seed-starting mix, whether they are plain or pelleted. Then add just enough additional mixture to just cover the seeds. The seeds typically germinate within 7 days when kept warm and wet. Petunia seedlings should be handled similarly to baby tomatoes or any other Solanaceae relative.

Can petunias produce seeds?

How to Harvest Petunia Seeds and Save Them for Later Use | General Gardening

Around the world, petunias are beloved by hobbyists and lovers of flowers. They are renowned for having a wide range of colors and requiring little upkeep. Petunia plants can be grown in flower gardens as borders, hanging baskets, normal flowerbeds, and containers. You will be able to enjoy delicate, beautiful blooms in the spring or summer with any of these growing options. Petunias are perennials, however they are typically kept as annuals, requiring yearly uprooting and replanting.

Petunias generate a lot of healthy seeds, much like many other annual flowering plants do. Consequently, if you want to collect petunia seeds for the upcoming planting season, you can do so. Therefore, you can get these seeds from stores that sell gardening products for first-year planting. If you keep your petunia plants in good health, they will produce lovely blooms that develop into seeds. This page focuses on the procedures from buying petunia seeds to planting, caring for plants, and collecting seeds.

How to Grow Petunia Seeds

Petunia seeds are tiny and challenging to handle while planting. Given this, the majority of nurseries offer tiny plantlets for propagation. Commercial seed producers have recently developed pelleted seeds, which are covered in a unique covering. Such larger, pelleted seeds are simple to plant. If you intend to harvest petunia seeds on your own, how you care for the parent plants, harvest them, and store them will have a significant impact on the quality of the seeds you receive. You can use the following advice to grow petunia seeds in your garden:

Selecting the Seeds

Petunia flowers come in both single and multicolored kinds, and they are available in a broad variety of vibrant hues. The popular wave petunia cultivar has a spreading and trailing growth behavior. Examine the color selections that are offered at your neighborhood nursery store. To create a color pattern in your yard, choose pink and blue petunia seeds. Additionally, inquire with the provider about the specific types’ germination rate, plant height, and susceptibility to disease.

Buying the Seeds

Small packages containing roughly 2565 petunia seeds are offered as petunia seeds. You can buy pure seeds in pellet form or in bulk (uncoated form), depending on your desire. Pelletized seeds are more expensive than ordinary seeds since they have been processed and packaged. Despite being expensive, these pelleted seeds are simple to handle. Compared to the untreated ones, they have a higher probability of surviving and prospering in the field.

Growing Petunia Seeds

As soon as the weather is suitable, plant petunia seeds outdoors in flower gardens or indoors in seed trays. For cultivars that bloom in the spring, start them inside 68 weeks before the first frost. Lightly moisten the seeds after covering them with soil (approximately 1/8 inch thick). For rapid germination, you can place a plastic sheet over the pot or tray. And keep it in a spot with some filtered light.

Petunia Seeds Germination

While some petunia seeds may take up to three weeks to sprout, most do so within ten days of planting. Once the seeds begin to sprout, take off the plastic sheet. Put the seedlings somewhere bright, but out of direct sunshine. For seedling maintenance, a temperature range of 65 F during the day and 55 F at night is optimum. Once the plantlets have their real leaves, you can transplant them.

Maintaining Petunia Plants

Within 810 weeks of seeding, the petunia plantlets are ready for transplantation. Placing them outdoors in bright light during the day will harden them before implantation. Plant petunias in well-drained garden soil once frosting is finished and the soil reaches a temperature of 60 degrees F. The plants will reach a height of roughly 1215 inches. Motivate them to bring flowers.

Harvesting the Seeds

Petunia blooms generate seeds in a seedpod at the base of the flower as they ripen and wither. You can pinch off the flowers to lengthen the flowering time. Alternately, let a couple of them naturally dieback so that you can harvest their seeds. Pinch the blossoms at the base once they have dried, then store them in an airtight container. When the pods open, the seeds will fall out. Petunia seeds can be collected in this manner.

Until the restoration of ideal development circumstances, keep these seeds dry and cool. Petunia seeds should be sown and petunia plantlets transplanted using the same procedures as above. Choosing, sowing, and harvesting petunia seeds were the main aspects of this.

How long does it take for petunia seeds to sprout?

One of the most well-liked flowering annuals for many years has been petunias. Their appeal is explained by a number of appealing qualities. Petunias are simple to grow, reliably bloom throughout the summer, and come in a variety of colors, flower styles, and growth behaviors.

In the spring, most gardeners purchase petunias from their neighborhood garden center or greenhouse. Petunias can, however, also be started inside in the late winter. Ten weeks or so before the day you plan to plant the petunias outdoors, start the seeds indoors. (Petunias ought to be planted outside once the risk of frost has passed.) In Iowa, late February or early March is a good time to plant.

A suitable germination media is one that has been commercially produced, like Jiffy Mix. Seed-starting containers must to be spotless and have drainage holes on the bottom. Prior to disinfection, previously used containers should be cleaned in soapy water and dipped into a solution of one part chlorine bleach to nine parts water.

Up to 1 inch from the top, fill the container, then lightly press down. The medium should then be moistened by soaking the container in water slightly. Remove the container once the surface is moist, let it drain for 15 to 20 minutes, and then plant the seeds. Another method of moistening the medium is via a sprinkler’s tiny spray.

Petunia seeds are quite tiny. Each ounce contains between 250,000 and 300,000 seeds. It can be challenging for many backyard gardeners to plant the excellent petunia seeds. Thankfully, pelleted petunia seeds are frequently accessible. Pelleted seeds are seeds that have been coated with a substance to make them bigger and more manageable. Sow the seeds carefully on the soil’s surface, and then use a pencil or small piece of wood to gently press them into the germination media. Don’t bury petunia seeds in the germination mixture or cover them with other material because they need light to gerinate. Use a spray or partially submerge the container in water to completely damp the medium after sowing.

For the best seed germination, uniform medium temperatures and moisture are necessary. Place the container in an area that is warm (75 to 80 degrees F) and well-lit. Place a clear plastic food wrap or plastic dome over the container to ensure constant moisture levels. Avoid placing the covered container in the sun. Inhibiting or preventing germination may be due to the high temperatures that may arise from direct sunshine. In 7 to 10 days, petunia seeds should start to sprout.

As soon as germination takes place, remove the plastic food wrap or dome. After that, put the seedlings in a sunny window or beneath fluorescent lamps. Fluorescent lights should be turned on for 12 to 16 hours and placed no higher than 4 to 6 inches above the plants. It should be between 60 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit. When the seedlings have three genuine leaves, transplant them into plastic cell packs, peat pots, or other containers. Continue to grow the plants in a cool area under fluorescent lights or in a bright window if you want stocky plants. Between waterings, let the potting mix dry. Fertilization should not be required if a commercial potting mix with a slow-release fertilizer is used. For potting mixes without a slow-release fertilizer, one application of a diluted fertilizer solution every two weeks ought to be plenty. Before planting the seedlings into the garden, let them harden off outdoors for a few days.

Are petunias simple to grow from seed?

How are petunia plants rooted? Starting with the very best specimen of the plant you have in your garden is the best course of action. The plants you choose should have compact growth and showy, large flowers in colors you enjoy because you will be cloning them exactly. Before the first frost in the fall, take cuttings from the plant.

As long as you make the necessary preparations, rooting petunia flowers is quite easy. Peat moss, sand, and plant food should be combined in an equal amount. Fill a flat with the mixture, then mist it to thoroughly moisten it.

Clip petunia plant tops for their leaves, being sure to choose young, pliable specimens over older, woody varieties. Until you can bring the leaves inside to plant them, wrap them in a damp paper towel.

Each leaf’s tip should be coated with rooting hormone powder. With a pencil, poke a hole in the soil mixture, and insert the powdered stem. To keep the stem in place, tamp down the earth around it. Keep around 2 inches (5 cm) between each leaf as you arrange them all in the same way.

For almost three weeks, keep the tray in a cool, dark location. After this, gently pull on one leaf to check for subsurface roots growing on the stem.

Transplant all of the leaves into separate, little pots once they have stems. Place the pots on shelves with grow lights so they can continue to thrive all winter. Petunias will be ready to blossom as soon as the first spring frost has passed.

Petunias are difficult to grow from seeds.

Undoubtedly yes! Petunias are reasonably simple to cultivate from seed and very simple to grow from seedlings that have been developed commercially.

Use petunias wherever it is sunny. The low-growing varieties are perfect for patios, planters near doorways and swimming pools, and the front of flower borders. To enliven the area, tuck petunias amid evergreen plants. ‘Wave’ petunias can be used as groundcovers. Many home owners plant petunias close to landscape lights installed near a window or patio where they can enjoy the flowers and their guests at night because they frequently draw gorgeous moths after dark.

All varieties of petunias are excellent for window boxes and planters, although the ones with double flowers work better in containers than in beds. Hanging baskets are the perfect place for cascading petunias. 3 seedlings should be planted in each 10-inch basket, regardless of the petunia variety. In a window box or planter, place seedlings about 10 inches apart.

When should petunia seeds be planted?

In conclusion, it’s critical to start petunia seeds indoors roughly 10 weeks before the day that they will be planted outside. Depending on where you live, this should happen after any potential frost threat has gone, which might be anywhere from late February to early March, April, or late April to early May.

To guarantee the greatest growing conditions for your petunia plants, it is crucial to always verify your local frost date information in advance. Congratulations and happy gardening!

How are harvested petunia seeds stored?

According to Iowa State University Extension, “the key terms when storing seedsany seeds, including petuniasare cool and dry.” If you’re keeping bought seed, there’s no need to take the petunia seeds out of their packets. Place the packet in a glass jar with a lid or any other form of container that you can close after folding the top down.

Good Housekeeping advises adding a few teaspoons of powdered milk to a little envelope and placing that inside as well. Silica gel in a packet would also work. The dry milk will absorb any moisture and aid in maintaining a dry environment for the seeds. Place the container in a cool garage or the refrigerator. This method of seed storage will likely extend their shelf life to two to three years.

Petunias can you save them until next year?

One of the most popular summer bedding plants in our region is the petunia, which blooms from mid-summer until the first hard frosts of autumn. Their profusion of flowers fills gardens with wonderful color.

The trailing kinds liven up hanging baskets and flow down the edges of containers, while the compact, bushy varieties are ideal for planting in beds and borders.

Petunia flowers come in a vast array of colors, single and double blooms, smooth or ruffled petals, solid single, striped, veined, or picotee-edged colors, and even fragrance. The issue of ancient petunia types turning to mush in a wet summer has also been eradicated by recent breeding.

Petunias are perennial, despite the fact that the majority of bedding kinds are produced from seed annually as annuals. The perennial trailing varieties, like Surfinias, are cultivated from cuttings or young plants.


Although they will tolerate a little moderate shade during the hot, sunny summers, petunias like to be cultivated in full sun. They thrive on soil that is rich in nutrients, moist but well-drained. To keep moisture in sandy soils that drain very well, add lots of organic matter to the soil, such as garden compost, well-rotted manure, or other soil-improving materials.

Petunia varieties

Grandifloras, which have larger flowers, or multifloras, which have smaller flowers and are more resilient to rain, are the two varieties used as bedding.

The Surfinia, Wave, Tumbelina, Supertunia, and Cascadia series of petunias spread or trail.

Sowing petunias

Petunias can be grown from seeds inside with warmth in cell trays, seed trays, or tiny pots at a temperature of 18 to 24C as an annual or bedding plant (65-75F).

When plants are big enough to handle, prick them out into cell trays or tiny pots and let them continue to grow at a temperature of 50 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit (10 to 15 degrees Celsius) in good light.

Before planting the seedlings outdoors once all danger of frost has passed, gradually acclimate them to outdoor circumstances for 7 to 10 days.

Young petunia seedlings are available from garden centers and mail-order suppliers in the late winter/early spring if you don’t have the resources to grow them from seed.

Planting petunias

Make a good-sized planting hole that can readily fit the rootball. Fork in a layer of organic material, such as compost or planting compost, at the bottom of the hole.

Place the rootball in the planting hole, adjusting the planting depth (except for hardy fuchsias) until the top of the roots is level with the soil surface and the rootball is planted at the same depth as it was growing. Fill the planting hole with the excavated soil after adding more organic matter to it. Put some granular general feed on the soil and thoroughly wet it in. The soil can be kept moist and weeds can be controlled by adding a 5-7.5cm (2-3in) deep mulch of well-rotted garden compost or something similar over the soil. If you have a warm greenhouse, you can plant baskets and containers in the spring, let the plants mature, and then move them outside in late May or early June. You’ll have flowers earlier in the summer if you do this.

How to care for petunias

When there are protracted dry spells in the summer, water the soil frequently to keep it moist. Plants in containers will require routine, possibly daily watering with the intention of maintaining evenly moist compost. But be careful not to overwater, as this may make the plants leggy and produce few blossoms.

To ensure a steady supply of blossoms throughout the summer, feed your plants with a liquid plant food on a regular basis. Up to the first autumnal frosts, a high potash liquid plant feeding will promote more, better blooms.

The show will last longer if faded blooms and any sprouting seed pods are removed. Cut back straggly plants severely before feeding them with a liquid plant food to encourage fresh new growth and an abundance of blossoms.

Fall is the greatest time to dig up and compost bedding petunias that have been harmed by frost.

Overwintering petunias

Trailing perennial kinds can be pruned back severely in the fall, cleaned up by removing any dead or broken growth, and then gently lifted. They should be overwintered in a bright, frost-free location, preferably a greenhouse or cool conservatory, in pots just large enough to hold the rootball and with some fresh potting compost around the sides.

Propagating perennial petunias

Cuttings taken in March or April from plants that overwintered or in August or early September from perennial, trailing kinds can be used to create new plants.

Select young, robust, vigorous stems that aren’t in bloom. Cut back one or two stems at the back of the plants severely to promote vigorous regeneration if you are unable to locate adequate growth. collect clippings 7.5–10 cm (3–4 in) long and positioned immediately below the node or junction of a leaf. In pots of gritted cuttings compost, place five or six cuttings at the base of the lowest leaves after removing the leaves from the lower two-thirds of the stem. Put the pots in a propagator or a plastic bag and set them somewhere with good light—but not in the sun—to root.

In two to three weeks, the cuttings should have taken, at which point they can be potted up separately and continued to grow.