How To Plant French Peony Ranunculus

Ranunculus planting is quite simple. They are often ordered by mail or picked up at a garden center in the form of bulbs (or corms). Look for large, robust-appearing bulbs that will develop into robust, bloom-producing plants.

Ranunculus bulbs should be planted in full sun, four bulbs apart, and around two deep. After softly watering in, cover with dirt. Now, don’t touch it until you notice sprouting leaves; that’s right, no water! then water sparingly when the plant is actively growing and flowering. (Didn’t I promise you this would be simple?)

Let the foliage turn yellow and wither once the blossoms have finished before pruning. Do not water at all during this period because doing so could cause your bulbs to decay.

planting season? Depending on where you reside. For spring blossoms if you live in Zones 8–10, plant in the fall. Gardeners in Zones 4–7 intend to treat them as annuals and plant them in the spring for late summer flowering. Yes, I understand that you don’t want to plant annual bulbs, but don’t you think it would be worth it to have flowers this beautiful (and so simple to grow)?

How to Use Ranunculus Flowers

Ranunculus flowers are perfect for container plantings, borders, cutting gardens, and mixed perennial gardens due to their straight stems and medium-sized growth. Want to include them into a bouquet of cut flowers? Here are a few brief pointers:

1. Trim the stems when buds are visible but not fully opened.

2. Take off the leaves from the stem’s base.

3. After you enter the house, re-cut the stem bottoms, and put the flowers right away in a vase of water.

4. To enjoy stunning cut ranunculus blooms for up to 10 days, alternate days of water-changing.

What month should ranunculus bulbs be planted?

Ranunculus are adaptable and can be planted in spring for summer blooms or in September or November for spring blossoming. Autumn planting of ranunculus will result in blooming in early spring, which is the ideal remedy for winter depression.

Do ranunculus flowers reappear each year?

Do ranunculus flowers reappear each year? These plants can be either annual or perennial, and unless the environment prevents them from doing so, they will reappear. While perennials frequently develop from tubers left in the soil, annuals are typically cultivated from tubers harvested from the previous season.

Do ranunculus bulbs need to be soaked before planting?

  • Your ranunculus corms should be planted in a location that will receive full sun in either the autumn or late winter or early spring, depending on where you live and the type of setup you have. Corms can be planted in the fall and successfully overwintered outdoors with protection from a low tunnel or frost cloth in places with moderate winters (USDA zone 7 and above). Ranunculus must be held back and planted outside at the end of winter or in the early spring in colder climates (USDA zone 6b and below). Corms will freeze and eventually rot if they are exposed to temperatures below 25F (-4C). Therefore, be sure to shield them from extremely cold weather.
  • Your corms will look like small brown octopuses when you unpack them, which is probably not what you were expecting. Don’t panic; come spring, these odd little creatures will actually produce an abundance of beautiful blooms.
  • Soak corms in water that is at room temperature for three to four hours before planting. You must be careful not to soak them for too long or they may deteriorate. The corms will swell as they soak, frequently doubling in size. Corms can either be presprouted or put directly into the ground after soaking. Pre-sprouting the corms before planting will result in earlier flowering.
  • Fill a flat-bottom seed tray halfway with damp potting soil to encourage presprouting. Spread the moistened corms out over the earth, then thoroughly encircle them with extra soil. For 10 to 14 days, store this tray in a cool location (40F-50F / 4C-10C) out of the reach of rats. Every few days, check on the corms to ensure that the soil is moist but not soggy. Any corms that exhibit mold or rot should be removed.
  • Corms will expand to roughly twice their original size during this period and sprout tiny, white rootlets that resemble hair. It is time to plant the rootlets in the earth as they emerge. The growing beds need to be ready before planting. We amend the soil with a balanced organic fertilizer (such Nature’s Intent 7-2-4) and a generous amount of compost (2-3 in / 5-7.6 cm). 4 rows of ranunculus corms are planted in each bed, 9 in (23 cm) apart and 2-3 in (5-7.6 cm) deep. Place the “octopus tentacles pointing down” corms in the ground.
  • When the temperature drops below freezing during cold spells, cover the plants with a layer of frost cloth. Corms planted in the fall flower in the early spring, and corms planted in the late winter or early spring bloom in the middle of the spring.
  • The best way to keep ranunculus corms until it’s time to plant them and if they may be left in the ground to blossom the following year are two often asked questions. Corms can be kept in their original bags; until it’s time to plant them, keep them in a cool, dry place. Grow ranunculus like annuals in cooler climates, and plant fresh corms every season. If you live in a USDA zone 7 or higher and you grow, you can leave your corms in the ground. Depending on a number of variables, including how cold your winters are, how effectively your soil drains, and how much insect pressure you have in your garden, they may bloom the following year. Every year, I plant fresh corms instead of relying on those that overwintered. I always consider it an added bonus if the overwintering ones show up.
  • Ranunculus often last more than 10 days in vases, which is exceptional. For a vase life of 10 or 12 days, cut buds when they are pigmented and spongy like marshmallows but not yet fully opened. The blooms will still last a week if cut when they are open, but they will be more delicate to transport. To encourage fresh blooms, make sure to trim spent flowers right down to the ground.

In how many ranunculus do bulbs contain?

Two of the most popular cut flowers in the world are freesia and ranunculus. Learn how to cultivate beautiful blooms at home in a container or in your own garden.

Tips for Growing Ranunculus

The cup-shaped blooms of ranunculus have many paper-thin petals. The color options are truly amazing, ranging from pure white to peach, yellow, pink, orange, red, and burgundy, as well as numerous stunning bi-colors. They have the same lush, romantic appeal as peonies.

Ranunculus flowers range in size from 2 to 5, and their long stems make them perfect for cutting. Flowers last in a vase for 10 to 12 days if they are cut before they are fully opened.

1. Plant ranunculus corms in the fall for spring blossoms in hardiness zones 8 to 11 of the United States. The corms should be sown in the early spring in colder locations for late summer blossoms. Normally, newly planted corms start blooming in approximately 90 days and typically last for 4 to 6 weeks.

2. Ranunculus require all-day light and well-drained soil. The plants thrive in coastal regions or a cold greenhouse since they prefer cool temperatures. Heat and humidity do not agree with them.

3. The corms should ideally be soaked in room-temperature water for about three hours before planting. You can either pre-sprout the corms in a shallow tray of moist growing medium before planting them straight in the garden. For 2-3 weeks, set the corms in a cool location (50-55F) and cover them with a thin layer of soil. Water sparingly. The corms can be planted in the ground or pots once they have sprouted.

4. Place ranunculus corms with the fingers pointing downward, 2 deep, and roughly 5 apart. Ranunculus that is planted in the fall will develop roots in the fall, stems in the winter, and bloom in the spring. Corms sown in the spring will bloom in the late summer.

5. You may anticipate that each plant will yield between 5 and 10 flower stalks, depending on the kind of ranunculus and the size of the corms. Please feel free to cut as many stems as you like when the blooms are in bloom. The plant will produce more flowers the more you cut them, just like with dahlias.

6. You can uproot the plants when the flowering period is through and grow fresh corms the following year. If you garden in zones 8 through 10, you can grow ranunculus as perennials by leaving the corms in place. Allow the foliage to keep expanding so it can generate the energy required for the flowers to blossom the following year in order to guarantee another year of blooms. It will eventually become yellow and could be taken out. When the next flowering cycle is ready to start, the dormant corms will rest.

Tips for Growing Freesia

Since the 1800s, cut flowers have been grown from freesias, which are indigenous to South Africa. They are adored for their delicate, fresh scent, which could make you think of baby powder. Each stem of a freesia has six to ten funnel-shaped flowers that open one by one, starting at the bottom. White, pink, yellow, red, and violet-blue are some of the colors. The plants feature light-green, sword-like foliage and reach a height of around 12 inches.

1. Like sweet peas, freesias are cool-weather plants and won’t flourish in hot climates. 55 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit and 40 to 45 degrees Fahrenheit are ideal nighttime temperatures. Give young plants shade when they are small and full sun when they are a few inches tall.

2. Zones 9 to 10 are suitable for growing freesias. For late winter blossoms in these places, the corms should be planted in the fall. The corms can be planted in the fall and grown in a cool greenhouse in colder climates. Or you might plant them in the spring for late summer blooms.

3. Freesia corms have a teardrop form and are about one inch tall. Plant them 1-2 deep and 1-2 apart in well-drained soil, pointed end up. To blossom, freesias need 100–120 days.

4. Single or double flowers are now available on freesia plants. All varieties should be staked to keep the stems upright for optimal results. Small, twigby branches, thin bamboo canes, or pre-made stem supports can all be used.

5. Freesia can remain up to three weeks in a vase if the blooms are cut when they are still in the bud. Add flower food to the water, and change it twice weekly for optimal results. The most fragrant and long-lasting freesias are those that are yellow and white.

6. The leaves will gradually start to droop and turn yellow when the plants have finished flowering. Stop watering at this time and allow the soil to dry out. The corms may be left in situ in zones 9–10 until the next fall, when they will start to develop again. The corms may be overwintered indoors in cooler climates. The majority of people who plant freesias annually buy fresh corms. Commercial farmers of freesia subject the corms to a particular heat treatment that aids in good flower output.

Can you grow ranunculus easily?

Ranunculus, also known as Persian buttercup, are stunning flowers that draw attention to themselves in both photographs and florist arrangements. When ranunculus tubers were on sale at a big box store one spring, I bought a bag of them. Unfortunately, the results of my attempts to grow them were disappointing—they produced spindly foliage but no blossoms. I just put it down to the fact that they were challenging to develop. They flourish under the same conditions as pansies (Viola spp. & hybrids), snapdragons (Antirrhinum majus), and other springtime favorites, I later discovered. They are genuinely cool-season flowers. Let me give you a little introduction to ranunculus and some of the lessons I’ve learned since my first unsuccessful attempt.

Will ranunculus grow in number?

An ever-popular wedding and cut flower is the ranunculus. These exquisite, transient flowers are indigenous to the Mediterranean and Middle East, where they bloom in the early spring after putting on the majority of their growth over the chilly, wet winter months. However, depending on how much work the gardener is prepared to put in (read on for my instructions! ), they may be cultivated in many various climates, like so many bulb-forming plants adapted to that region (did you know that many tulips and narcissus came from there?).

They are among the greatest cut flowers I cultivate in my US zone 3/4 garden, making the extra effort they require here, where they are unlikely to survive a winter in the ground, worthwhile. The perennial species known as ranunculus has evolved to survive hot, dry dormant periods by storing food in larger root systems. They enjoy the typically cool late spring and early summer temperatures where I reside, in a frost pocket near the Canadian border, when they are actively growing. But there are several phases to make them pleased here, as you’ll learn later! I occasionally have corms to offer in the fall and winter because they develop swiftly when they are content; see the shop page for packs of ranunculus corms that you may cultivate yourself. (Not available in the winter of 2021–2022, but it might return in subsequent years.)

It’s very essential to me to be able to supply these incredibly well-liked, romantic flowers from my own garden for at least a fraction of the weddings I work on each year because I have a strong local-sourcing ethic for my floral work. The cut ranunculus flowers I purchase from the floral wholesaler occasionally arrive from Canada, but more often than not, they are shipped in from South America or the Netherlands; in our bizarre, globalized world, such a long voyage is typical for fresh flowers (for more on this, check out the book Flower Confidential). I don’t see the point in purchasing flowers when I can cultivate them in my own garden at least part of the year.

I had to figure out how to grow enough of these gorgeous flowers to meet demand during my typically busy late-June and early-July wedding season. This entails countless numbers of distinct plants, each of which develops from a strange corm-like food storage system. I’ve been cultivating ranunculus for a number of years, and I’ve learnt a lot about how to grow this plant. Below is a detailed explanation of my approach.

In contrast to many spring bulbs (such as daffodils and tulips), ranunculus are only thought to be hardy in zones 7 or 8 and the south. They are cultivated with a few more processes in colder climates.

Important: Make sure to plant them upright! The fuzzy/furry, lighter area at the top of the corm is where all the root “(You can see this in the image of the dry corms above, notably on the one at bottom right that is resting at the base of my pinkie finger.) Arms join together. The corms can still contain portions of the stem or leaves from the previous year. The root tips typically point downward.

Choosing a Location in Your Garden for Their Success:

After planting them, choose a location you can routinely water during dry spells because they dislike to dry out while they are first developing tiny roots and leaves.

They may also require some moderate shade or to be interplanted with taller plants in chilly locations with spring seasons that swiftly reach high 70s (like peonies)

Warm Climates and Ranunculus: They are sown in the ground in zones 7–11 in the fall for late winter or early spring flowering. Before planting, they need to soak in a shallow tray of water all night (they will swell many times the size they were when dry). If you take note of the type of garden location and upkeep they prefer (see “They are relatively similar in culture to the majority of other bulbs in these warm growing zones and are likely to become perennial in a site they enjoy (see Choosing a Spot in Your Garden above).

Cold Climates with Ranunculus: In growth zones 3-6 or so, ranunculus must spend the winter as dry small corms (when they get to you in the mail) in a cool, dry space in your home, such as the place where you store your seeds; not in the refrigerator or next to the furnace. After that, in late winter, roughly three months before you want them to blossom and three weeks before you may really plant them in the garden:

The corms will expand to many times their dry size if you soak them in a shallow tray of water for a whole night.

Plant in a potting soil of high quality, 1 inch thick, in 50-plug seedling flats or a comparable seed-starting tray. Per plug, one corm Do not forget to plant upside-down (fuzzy, pale, furry spot up, root tips down).

Grow until each corm has many tiny leaves in a COOL (45–60°F) area of your home or greenhouse with grow lights. Sometimes it takes them a week or two before any leaf growth appears.

SPARINGLY WASH THEM, but DO NOT ALLOW THEM TO DRY OUT! They are delicate to both excessive moisture rotting and excessive drying out.

Before putting the plants in the garden, harden them off outdoors for a few days after they have leaves and you are ready to plant them outside.

Plant out as soon as your garden is snow-free, or when the nights are between 25 and 35 degrees Fahrenheit and the days are in the 40s and 50s. They enjoy a teaspoonful of organic fertilizer in granular form. Plant with the same depth of soil as the plug or seed flat.

When you plant them, water them thoroughly. After that, water them as needed to prevent the tiny roots from drying out completely. Don’t overwater; a good soak once a week should suffice if it rains frequently.

They are hardy to 23 degrees F when growing, but if it is in the low 20s for several nights in a row, they benefit from being covered with frost fabric.

A couple of months after planting, enjoy the beauties! If cut as soon as they open and are frequently given clean water, ranunculus survive two weeks when used as cut flowers. If stored in shallow preservation water after cutting in the floral cooler, they can endure 3–4 weeks (!).

Ranunculus plants begin to hibernate as the temperature reaches the eighties Fahrenheit range. While flowers fade, the leaves begin to dry out and turn yellow. It’s time to dig the corms once all of the leaves have turned yellow. Once the plants have lost their green color, do this right away because moles and voles enjoy to devour them.

Once the corms have been dug, allow them to completely dry out (until they are tiny and hard/crisp) and then store them in paper bags in a cool, dry area of your home.

Ranunculus corms can be started in June, planted in July, and produce stunning blooms in September for a second crop, according to some producers in northern regions (the northern limit of the US and parts of Canada). It’s worth a shot if you’re a flower farmer!

Corms from ranunculus plants will keep well in a cool, dry area of your home. The same cool, dry location where you keep your garden seeds or a mouse-free location in a basement corner away from the furnace are also excellent options.

So there you have it! Wishing you success with the development of your ranunculus, and feel free to ask any questions on Instagram!