How To Plant Euphorbia

When working with these plants, always wear gloves since the milky sap they release may irritate your skin.

  • 1. Pick a spot with good drainage. Euphorbia thrives best where water flows downhill because it requires adequate water drainage. It works well to use elevated flower beds, drainage-holed pots, and hillsides.
  • 2. In the spring, plant euphorbia. Euphorbia can be planted after the last seasonal frost or in the early spring to help the plants grow to maturity.
  • 3. Use sandy, permeable soil. Euphorbia plants require potting soil made specifically for cacti and succulents, just as the majority of succulents. These mixtures are designed to drain effectively and have a tendency to be mildly acidic, which reduce overwatering and root rot, respectively.
  • 4. Plant euphorbia near a lot of sunlight. Euphorbia thrive best in full sun to light shade as native desert plants. The intensity and color of the leaf will increase in direct sunlight. Over eight hours of excessive direct sunshine may burn the leaves.
  • 5. Decide on a clay pot. Euphorbia should be planted in a porous clay pot rather than a glazed one if you intend to do so inside. This will make it easier for water to drain.

What is the ideal location to plant euphorbias?

In general, euphorbias need a sunny location and rich, well-drained soil. Light types, meanwhile, can tolerate some shade and do well as ground cover around shrubs and trees.

How to plant euphorbias

Dig a deep hole when planting euphorbias that have been cultivated in pots and fill it with compost or leaf mould. Euphorbia should be planted firmly, then it should be watered well and mulched to keep moisture in and weeds out.

Here, Monty Don proposes two exceptional euphorbia species and provides planting instructions. Additionally, he offers advice on how to grow euphorbias from cuttings.

How to care for euphorbias

As long as the growing environment is favorable, euphorbias don’t need feeding or special care. After the blooms have faded, blooming stems should be pruned. However, gloves must always be used when working with euphorbias because their milky sap is hazardous if consumed and irritates the skin and eyes.

How to propagate euphorbias

Euphorbias can be grown by taking springtime cuttings. Wear gloves to protect your hands from the sap.

By collecting cuttings of Euphorbia characias subsp. wulfenii in the spring, you can learn how simple and gratifying euphorbia propagation is. Monty Don offers advice on how to maintain the cuttings’ viability, plant them, and shield your hands from the irritating sap:

Can Euphorbia be Grown Easily?

With a bigger selection available by mail order from specialized plant nurseries, euphorbias are commonly available in garden centers, nurseries, and online retailers.

In the spring or as larger plants in bloom in the summer and early fall, they are primarily sold as plants. The majority are in 1- or 2-liter pots, however smaller plants can occasionally be seen in 9-cm (31/2-in) pots.

Where to plant

For information on growing requirements and actual size to determine spacing, check the plant label as this varies widely depending on what you select to plant. The RHS Find a Plant website also has euphorbia pictures and descriptions.

When to plant

In the majority of the UK, spring is the ideal time to plant since the moist soil and warmer temperatures promote rapid plant establishment. This is particularly true of the blue and silvery leafed varieties, which struggle to survive the winter on damp soils and are therefore best avoided throughout the fall and winter months.

How to plant

Euphorbias can be planted like any other boundary perennial. This is a straightforward process that often involves digging a hole that is larger than the new plant’s root ball, planting it there, and then covering the hole with soil that has been amended with organic matter, like well-rotted garden compost or manure. The organic stuff is not necessary for plants that prefer arid climates, such E. myrsinites. All need to be well watered in and kept moist until they take root.

While the majority of euphorbia prefer to grow in the ground, some, like E. myrsinites, can thrive in containers. This is mostly because they want soil that is freely draining and it is relatively simple to mix up potting compost that precisely meets their needs. Add one part of grit to three parts of John Innes No. 3 compost.

How is euphorbia grown and cared for?

Spurge typically needs full sun and well-drained soil. No one in the family is picky about the soil’s quality, however some can accept shadier surroundings. They may even survive in extremely poor soils and resist dry spells.

The upkeep of euphorbia plants is easy. Give them some light, a little moisture, and keep an eye out for pesky insects like whiteflies. To avoid powdery mildew, provide water underneath the plant’s leaves.

Spurge won’t require much fertilizing. Prior to feeding your plants with a water-soluble plant food, wait until the bottom leaves become yellow.

When the plant becomes out of control, prune. These plants are virtually unkillable and an excellent option for beginning gardeners. Growing Euphorbia to give to a friend is another excellent hobby for a novice.

Euphorbia: Is it difficult to grow?

Euphorbias require relatively little maintenance. These plants need some care to get started, but once they do, they are remarkably self-sufficient. In actuality, more people perish from over care, particularly overwatering, than from neglect. However, they are tough and make excellent starting plants.

Are euphorbias contagious?

The ideal plant for growing beneath large trees is Euphorbia amygdaloides var. robbiae, one of the few species that grows in poor, dry soil in shadow. It grows through subterranean runners and finally forms a low carpet that smothers weeds. From spring to early summer, it produces erect spikes of lime green blooms in contrast to the dark glossy leaves. It serves as a good evergreen foil all year long for other shade-loving plants. It has received The Royal Horticultural Society’s esteemed Award of Garden Merit (AGM).

Grow Euphorbia amygdaloides var. robbiae in partially to completely shaded, well-drained soil. Trim back fading flower stems in the fall. Every spring, as part of routine border maintenance, remove undesirable seedlings.

Wear gloves whenever handling euphorbias. The milky sap is a skin irritant.

Can euphorbia be grown outdoors?

A genus of flowering plants in the spurge family is called Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae). One of the biggest genera of flowering plants, Euphorbia contains approximately 2,000 different species, from diminutive annuals to enormous, long-lived perennial trees to deciduous shrubs. Some of the most recognizable euphorbias are poinsettia plants.

Plants native to Euphorbia are tough, hardy, and simple to cultivate in a variety of hardiness zones. Euphorbia plants are wonderful complements to flower beds and rock gardens because of their colorful leaves and distinctive flower structures called cyathiums. As long as they receive the proper amount of light, euphorbias thrive as both indoor and outdoor plants. The majority of them hibernate during the winter and bloom in the late spring and early summer.

How frequently should euphorbia be watered?

Every residence near a Joshua tree has a Euphorbia Ingens. It is known as the “cowboy cactus” and “good luck cactus,” and believe it or not, with the appropriate lighting, they are quite simple and straightforward to maintain. This instantly transforms any space into the boho paradise of your dreams when you throw it in. Euphorbia ingens are quite gorgeous!

Water: During the summer, water your euphorbia every two weeks. However, make sure the soil is fully dry before each watering. Make sure the water drains through the grower’s nursery container before watering. The main enemy of its beauty is excessive watering, which causes root rot. From November to March, don’t water your plants. Just a tiny bit of water is required once a month, if you feel the need to water at all. Allow them to rest since they remain dormant throughout these months.

What does light love, do cacti? Find your new cactus companion a sunny spot where it can live happily ever after.

Moisture: Euphorbia Ingens will blend seamlessly into the typical home environment. They need misting since they prefer it dry.

Pet-safe: Handle your euphorbia with extreme caution. To protect yourself, it is advised to handle with gardening gloves. The white, very toxic African milk sap from the tree, which is present in even the tiniest amounts, can cause excruciating skin irritation. Keep your pets away from this plant!

Euphorbia Care:

Some plants need to be divided or propagated every two to three years, preferably in the early fall or spring, even if they have a short lifespan.

After flowering is complete, many benefit from being severely pruned, at least by one-third. This prevents any free-seeders from taking over and promotes the growth of new, fresh foliage.

Trimming euphorbia:

  • Early in the spring, remove any damaged stems to keep the plant neat and healthy.
  • As soon as the euphorbia blooms, trim the stems at the base.
  • Clip carefully, since new shoots may appear that you wish to preserve.

anything touches your skin because it is a potent irritant. Additionally harmful due to the sap, spurges should be avoided.

euphorbias and yard cats survive for years without trouble, but I don’t have kids or pets.


Check individual entries as perennial euphorbias have varying hardiness, especially in regards to their northern boundaries.

for the plants that are listed here. Some species only have root hardiness further north but are evergreen in southerly zones. Other varieties do well as annuals.

Exposure: Sun or Shade?

Although some euphorbias can take some partial shade, most euphorbias prefer the sun. those with dark purple or reddish coloring

If planted in full sun, the foliage’s coloration will be more dramatic. In fact, just a few species prefer at least dappled.

Others require part shade in the South’s blazing sunshine but can tolerate intense sun in the North, where they can thrive. One option that works well in shadow is Euphorbia amygdaloides var. robbiae.


The ability of spurges to withstand drought is one of its greatest advantages, hence proper drainage is essential.

The “Chameleon” does like more wetness than other animals. Euphorbias are also not fussy about soil, and the majority can

tackle common and sandy circumstances. Fertile soils may promote those varieties that tend to run and spread.

Keeping things lean gives control since people tend to expand beyond their limitations. However, if you want your

How are euphorbias made bushy?

One of the uncommon succulents that can bloom for the majority of the year is the Crown of Thorns plant. It also happens to be one of the easiest plants to cultivate indoors because it likes warm environments just like humans do.

Its strong, thorny stems are covered in bright-green leaves. As a plant matures, its lower leaves will fall off naturally and won’t regrow. You can cut your plant back by half in the spring if it becomes too tall and lanky. It will splinter off as a result of this. This succulent will become bushy and lush because new stems will develop from where the pruning cuts were made below.

Its flowers are really bracts that endure for a few weeks and put on a consistent display of color for months. They come in vivid pink, salmon, peach, red, white, or yellow bracts.

More flowers, even bigger ones, are produced by modern hybrids than ever before. When they receive enough light, Crown of Thorns consistently bloom. Typically, spring and summer are the greatest times to see a lot of blossoms. With enough of bright light, you can, however, keep this peculiar succulent in bloom well into the fall.

Give the winter season to Crown of Thorns. The plant will develop more slowly in the fall because of the shorter daylight hours. During the winter, place your plant in a cooler location with sunlight and give it only occasional waterings. (See the instructions below for “Temperature” and “Water”).

They prefer slightly dry, sandy soil and are drought-tolerant and simple to grow. This succulent requires less watering than other house plants because it retains water in its thick stalks, just like a cactus. Reduce watering if the leaves turn yellow and drop off.

WARNING: When touching this plant, use strong gloves because the thorns are very sharp! Watch out for its milky, toxic sap as well, which can irritate your lips, eyes, and skin.