What Is Dracaena Plant

Several species of the Draceana genus are included in the common houseplants generally known as Dracaenas, as well as some plants that are currently classified in separate genera. For instance, even though it is still occasionally sold as a dracaena, the houseplant formerly known as the “ti tree” is now scientifically known as Cordylineaustralis.

In light of this, when you buy a Dracaena houseplant, you often buy one of the species distinguished by spear- or grass-shaped leaves that extend from one or more thicker, cane-like main stems. There are additional Dracaena species that contain roots that resemble rhizomes, but they are often marketed under different names.

The following species are typically offered for sale as houseplants under the name Dracaena:

  • The strap-like leaves of Dracaena fragrans (fragrant Dracaena, corn plant) arise in a fountain-like cluster from a strong, woody stem. When grown in a pot, this plant can reach a height of up to 6 feet. It can grow up to 20 feet tall in hardy outdoor environments (zones 10 to 12).
  • A popular plant with many wonderful named cultivars is Dracaena deremensis. These plants can grow to be rather huge when planted outdoors in zones 10 to 12, but when grown in containers, they typically stay under 10 feet tall.
  • Dragon tree, Dracaena marginata, has multiple robust stems that sprout smaller, grass-like leaves.
  • Lucky bamboo, or Dracaena sanderiana, is frequently taught to produce curled stems by carefully adjusting the direction of sunlight. This well-known novelty plant can be managed at just a few inches tall or let to grow to several feet tall.
  • A palm-like plant known as Cordyline fruticosa (also known as the cabbage tree, ti tree, or ti plant) has larger, strappy leaves that arise in a fountain-like pattern above one or more thin, wooden stems. The leaves are shaped like lances and arch upward from the base.
  • Since the plant was originally categorized under the genus Dracaena, Cordyline australis (cabbage palm) is frequently sold under that name. In its natural habitat, it can grow rather large, although young plants are frequently utilized as indoor plants. It has thin, multicolored leaves that resemble grass and arch in a growth pattern resembling a fountain. Dracaena “Spikes” are occasionally offered as houseplants.

Although the size of these species varies greatly, the species that are offered as houseplants often have spear- or grass-like leaves that frequently arise from one or more stems that over time become thick and cane-like.

Is dracaena a healthy houseplant?

Dracaena reflexa, sometimes referred to as song of India or pleomele, is the most popular dracaena species. Its leaves are its main draw as one of the most attractive indoor plants. The yellow stripes on these houseplant’s slender, pointed leaves are impossible to miss. This flexible houseplant does well both indoors and in a slightly shaded outside space, such as a patio.

Dracaena marginata, also known as the red-edge dracaena or Madagascar dragon tree, is an evergreen tree that, given the right conditions, may reach heights of eight to fifteen feet and widths of three to eight feet. It features narrow, curved stalks for trunks and stiff, purplish-red leaves. It is frequently grown inside because it cannot survive low light and is not frost resistant. They are among the more forgiving dracaena plants and can withstand drought, making them great houseplants.

Massangean Dracaena

Mass cane or corn plant, also known as Dracaena fragrans massangeana or Dracaena massangeana, is a popular indoor plant. It is the most affordable variety of dracaena and is reasonably priced when compared to other indoor plants. Mass cane is distinguished by its long, strap-like leaves and thick, woody canes. It can tolerate low light levels, while moderate natural lighting is preferred. Because Dracaena massangeana grows slowly, it can occupy a place for a long period without needing much upkeep.

What are the benefits of dracaena plants?

Certainly, you have heard a lot about indoor plants and air filtration. They take in the airborne toxins. Every 24 hours, plants may remove up to 87 percent of volatile organic pollutants. This is in accordance with a NASA study. But certain plants are more effective at purifying the air than others.

One of the best houseplants for purifying the air is the dracaena. It aids in the removal of carbon dioxide, formaldehyde, benzene, and trichloroethylene. These substances have been associated to a number of health issues, including anemia, renal illness, marrow disease, migraines, and respiratory issues.

The interior air quality will rise thanks to the houseplant. The American Society of Horticultural Science claims that in some places, indoor air can be 12 times more contaminated than outdoor air. The compounds in furnishings, paintings, textiles, and building materials are mostly to blame for this. By removing airborne impurities, dracaena will ease breathing difficulties, prevent colds, and promote general health.

How should a dracaena be cared for?

Medium indirect sunlight is preferred by your dracaena colorama. The leaves may burn if there is too much direct light. It is not getting enough light when the leaves are pale, the growth is slow, and the new leaves are little.

When the top 50 to 75 percent of the soil is dry, water. Pour water into the pot until it begins to drain through the drainage hole at the bottom, then drain any excess water into the saucer.

Your Dracaena Colorama will thrive in situations with average humidity levels but will benefit from routine misting.

The ideal temperature range for your dracaena’s habitat is between 65 and 80 degrees. Make sure it doesn’t get colder than 60 degrees.

In the spring and summer, this plant prefers to be fed every two weeks with a well-balanced plant food that is applied at half the suggested dosage. During the winter, when plant development naturally slows, no nourishment is required. Before adding any fertilizer, always make sure the soil is moist.

Pets and people alike should avoid eating Dracaena Colorama leaves. Usually, eating will make you feel sick to your stomach and mouth, and you might even vomit.

Your Dracaena Colorama will have brown or yellow borders on its leaves if there is too much fluoride in the tap water. If you don’t have a filter system, you can reduce certain fluorides by letting tap water sit in an open container before using it for irrigation, or you can utilize rainwater.

By trimming the top of the plant to the proper height as it starts to overrun its container, you may control the height. For a while, the tall, bare cane seems strange, but after a few weeks, fresh branches start to show as the foliage starts to recover.

Is the dracaena a tree or a plant?

The dragon tree, or more often known as Dracaena marginata, is a pretty shrub with green leaves that resemble swords with crimson edges. The striking spiky tree, which is native to Madagascar, is well-known for making an excellent gateway plant for home gardeners. It is practically unbreakable, drought-tolerant, and requires little maintenance.

The plant grows slowly and can be planted any time of year. In the spring, it bears tiny white flowers (though it rarely flowers indoors). In warm environments, this little tree can reach a height of around 20 feet, although it is typically grown as a houseplant in a pot and cut to no more than 6 feet. Because the dragon tree is hazardous to animals if consumed, keep pets away from it.

Can dracaena purify the air?

The Dragon Tree is one of many Dracaena family plants that are renowned for their ability to purify the air. This plant, which is lean and tall, not only draws attention, but it also works wonderfully to get rid of toxins like formaldehyde and xylene, which are present in commonplace things like hairspray and furniture varnish.

Dracaenas require sunlight?

The smooth, gray stems of the Dracaena marginata eventually reach a height of 20 feet. Crowns of slender, leathery leaves up to 2 feet long and 1/2 inch wide form the ends of stems. Deep glossy green leaves with a reddish crimson border. Dracaena is a fantastic houseplant for rooms with low lighting, and it looks particularly good when planted in pairs to flank doorways.

Dracaena prefers bright, indirect light for growing; it may survive lower light levels, but development will be slowed. With typical indoor potting soil, typical house temperatures, and ordinary humidity levels, the plant thrives nicely. Maintain a wet but not soggy soil by fertilizing frequently with a complete fertilizer in the spring and summer (like a squeezed-out sponge). Reduce your watering frequency and discontinue fertilizing during the fall and winter. Regularly clean leaves with a wet cloth or relocate your plant so it can receive a moderate shower to keep Dracaena healthy and looking its best. Avoid using commercial leaf shine. Simply use a pair of scissors to remove any brown tips that appear on your plant, being careful to preserve the natural form of the trimmed leaves. Dracaena is rarely troubled by pests or diseases and can endure a pot-bound environment for extended periods of time.

Can I use dracaena in my bedroom?

With a breath of fresh air, indoor plants are welcoming spring. With the correct kind, you can begin to appreciate the flowers in your own bedroom and have a good night’s sleep as a result of their ability to purify the air. So for a brand-new season, test your green thumb with these 6 easy-to-care-for indoor plants.

The Pothos plant, with its heart-shaped, green leaves, is perfect for the bedroom since it removes hazardous chemicals from the air, particularly formaldehyde. Due to the low maintenance requirements, it is also a favored indoor plant. Put your Pothos in a spot with diffused light, give it water when it needs it, and fertilize it with houseplant food.

A houseplant called the Peace Lilly can aid in sleep as well as remove contaminants including benzene, ethyl chloride, and formaldehyde. Although this plant doesn’t require a lot of light, it does benefit from receiving distilled water and soluble fertilizers.

There is more to this plant than meets the eye. A Rubber Fig planted in the bedroom can assist eliminate airborne pollutants, battle parasites, tropical diseases, and formaldehyde absorption. To maintain the leaves’ capacity to maintain a clean atmosphere, remember to gently wipe them down with a damp towel.

For smokers, the dracaena makes the ideal bedroom plant. The Dracaena has the ability to filter the air as well as suck up harmful smoke particles. The plant was once thought to be magical, but it has since been mentioned in a NASA research on clean air, so it must be doing something good.

Sansevieria, commonly referred to as devil’s tongue, is a houseplant that has gained popularity in recent decades. To eliminate harmful pollutants like benzene, formaldehyde, trichloroethylene (TCE), xylene, and toluene from the bedroom, make sure to place this plant there. It’s also a simple species to grow, and the leaves can be applied topically to soothe skin irritation and soreness.

Aloe Vera is a revealing plant that can reveal whether or not an area is contaminated through the brown stains on the leaves. It is well-known throughout the world for its health benefits and its juice.

Aloe Vera in the bedroom can help control the air quality by eliminating formaldehyde, ammonia, xylene, and toluene particles in addition to its ability to monitor the air.

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Are humans poisoned by dracaena?

The Madagascar dragon tree (Dracaena marginata), despite its name conjuring up ideas of ferocity, is essentially a delicate perennial distinguished by slender, bending stalks and ribbon-like green leaves accentuated with scarlet or purple. The Dracaena genus is classified as harmless to people by the Universities of Connecticut and Nebraska, making it typically safe to cultivate around kids.

Is the dracaena plant toxic?

According to the ASPCA, dracaena fragrans, also referred to as the “corn plant,” is a common houseplant that is harmful to pets, including cats and dogs. The herb can result in vomiting (sometimes with blood), sadness, anorexia, hyper-salivation, and dilated pupils in cats when consumed. These 37 plants range in hazard and difficulty.

What is the lifespan of dracona plants?

Ideal temperatures range from 60F (15C) to 75F (24C). The plant will suffer from temperatures below 55F/12C, which may be apparent if the leaves start to curl. Avoid placing the plant close to cold drafts as they will hurt it as well.


For this dracaena, a nice balance of sun and shade is excellent, but not much direct sunshine. Although it develops more quickly and effectively in bright light, it can also live and thrive adequately in low light.


I would suggest that a gardener keep the soil just barely moist to the touch and, throughout the winter, just barely dry.



Use a diluted liquid fertilizer once every two to three weeks while it is growing from April to September.


I would advise repotting every two to three years and using a pot that is one size larger if it is getting severely pot constrained. A little pot bound is acceptable.



These can be easily multiplied from stem tip cuttings; spring or summer are the optimum times to accomplish this. Additionally, you can cut a fresh or aged rosette and replant it. Keep the soil moist after replanting and spray the foliage to promote plant growth. The air layering technique can be used to reproduce a tall plant.


The lower leaves on this plant eventually turn yellow, which is normal because they only have a two- to three-year lifespan in the first place. When the lowest leaves start to turn yellow, remove them. When a cane (stem) has grown to the desired height, you can also cut off the top and replant the cutting.

How frequently must I water my dracaena?

PRO TIP: If you’re unsure, let it rain! Overwatering is the most frequent error with these plants.

Always evaluate your plant’s watering requirements as soon as you get one. It is important to check the soil’s moisture content first to make sure it isn’t wet directly under the surface before giving your plant a drink. Additionally, think about aerating your plant’s soil before to the first watering. Aerating can help the soil breathe and enable rainwater to escape since we compact the soil to prevent it from shifting while being transported.

Dracaena trees prefer the soil to be moist but not fully dry between waterings. Usually, watering once every 10 to 14 days will keep the soil’s moisture content good and even. The soil should never be wet as this plant is susceptible to root rot; yet, if the earth becomes completely dry, the plant’s leaves will have brown tips. The Dracaena Lisa Cane will respond favorably to routine waterings after you establish a routine. The Dracaena also enjoys moisture, so a humidifier, pebble tray, or routine misting will be appreciated.

To maintain balanced growth on all sides, rotate your plant occasionally, and dust the leaves frequently to help the plant photosynthesize well. Take the chance to check the undersides of the leaves when dusting them and keep an eye out for bugs.

Keep in mind that every plant is a distinct living creature with different demands depending on where it is. You can have a long and fulfilling relationship with your dracaena lisa cane if you pay attention to its health and watering requirements.