Can You Plant Dracaena Marginata Outside

  • Use routine topdressing when not repotting. This should fully satisfy the plant’s expanding needs.

Outdoor dracaena marginata

Only warm climates are suitable for dracaena marginata outdoor cultivation because it can’t tolerate freezing temperatures.

  • In general, dracaena marginata is sensitive to cold and will only flourish outside in climates where the average daily low temperature never falls below 63 to 65F (17 to 18C), even in the winter.

Feel free to lay down a bed of gravel, small stones, or clay pebbles to help the water drain more effectively, just as is done for plants in pots.

  • You’ll use a potting mixture of soil mix, garden soil, and sand on top of this layer.

My dracaena may I let it outside?

The reason dracaena types are among the most well-liked indoor plants is that they have magnificent leaves, available in a wide range of sizes and colors, and are hard to kill. Planting your dracaena outside in an unsuitable climate is one surefire method to kill it. A tropical plant that cannot withstand frost is the dracaena.

However, if you reside in zone 9, 10, or 11, go for it. When there is no frost, dracaena grows well outside. In the winter, Zone 9 can be a little dangerous. If you live somewhere that occasionally experiences frost, be ready to cover your outdoor dracaena plants.

In the summer, may I leave my Dracaena marginata outside?

Yes! It is possible to cultivate Dracaenas as part of your outdoor landscape if you reside in USDA zones 10 and 11. Dracaenas are susceptible to high temperatures in addition to not tolerating the cold. Only in an area with consistently mild temperatures will they be able to survive outdoors.

Some varieties, like Spike Dracaena (Dracaena indivisa), are frequently offered as outdoor annuals as part of an arrangement in a blooming basket. The reality is that dracaenas are an evergreen plant. They won’t grow back the next year if you let them wither, but you can easily bring them inside over the winter and replant them outside in the spring.

Are dracaena plants grown indoors or outdoors?

In subtropical climes, the dracaena plant is a common attractive houseplant that may be cultivated both indoors and outdoors. It has a bushy tree-like appearance and grows to a height of around three feet indoors. Its lustrous leaves have a maximum length of one foot and a maximum width of a few inches.

The genus dracaena belongs to the asparagus family (Asparagaceae), and it has roughly 40 species. The yellow edged variegata variety known as Song of India is the most often used cultivar. It’s fascinating to note that dracaena has a secondary thickening meristem (the tissue which helps plants grow). It may develop broad, substantial, and succulent roots thanks to its secondary meristem.

In addition to creating a stunning focal point in any space with its spectacular leaves and lovely color patterns, dracaena also helps to purify the air. Regularly wiping the leaves’ upper and lower surfaces with a damp cloth allows the plant to freely exchange air.

Growing dracaena indoors

Dracaena, sometimes known as the corn plant, is one of the houseplants about which the NYBG Plant Information Service receives the most inquiries. The ease of maintenance, tall, palm tree-like growth habit, and variety of eye-catching leaf forms of this houseplant may account for its appeal. These plants, which are of African origin, have a striking architectural influence in the home. The vibrantly striped, variegated, or even blotched leaves can be quite striking.

Dracaena marginata’s spikey leaves, which are occasionally mistaken for cordyline plants, are more tolerant to regular indoor circumstances than other dracaenas. If the growth is not controlled through pruning, it can grow to be 6 feet or more tall inside. As the plant becomes older, the lowest leaves naturally fall off, giving the adult D. marginata a palm tree-like look with a thin, elegantly scarred stem.

Dracaena fragrans, which gets its name from its fragrant blossoms that are rarely grown inside, can reach heights of 4 to 5 feet and spread out to a width of 2 feet. Compared to D. marginata, it appears larger and has wider leaves.

Dragon tree, also known as dracaena draco, can grow enormously in the wild, although it rarely grows taller than 4 feet and 2 feet broad indoors. If kept in proper light, the leathery leaves are 18 inches long, blue-gray, and have tiny crimson borders. While the leaves of the Dracaena draco are still young, they arch downward as they get older.

Dracaena goldieana is a lovely low-growing variety, but due to its sensitivity to temperature changes and requirement for high humidity, it may be challenging to grow this plant indoors. It tops out at around 1 foot high by 1 foot broad and has an upright stem. The vivid leaves have silvery gray crossing streaks and glossy green leaves with a yellowish midrib.

Other species that can be collected are:

  • Dracaena hookerana is a sword-shaped plant with leathery, glossy leaves that can reach a length of 2 1/2 feet. The margins of the leaves are white or nearly translucent.
  • Dracaena sanderana is a slender, upright shrub with dark green leaves and broad white borders. It is also known as the ribbon plant or Belgian evergreen. The brittle leaves can reach nine inches in length and one inch in width. Its compact columnar form makes it a wonderful choice for a small location despite its potential height of three feet.
  • Gold-dust or spotted dracaena, Dracaena surculosa (syn. Dracaena godseffiana), are other names for this species. In contrast to its relatives, it has oval leaves and a shrubby appearance. There are cultivars of Dracaena surculosa such “Florida Beauty” and “Kelleri.” The spots on “Florida Beauty” are more numerous, occasionally to the point where they converge to form a solid, creamy white patch.


Give dracaena plants bright light every day, but avoid placing them in direct sunlight. The ideal lighting setup receives two to three hours of sunlight per day that is filtered using a transparent blind or curtain. Dracaena fragrans and Dracaena marginata can withstand a little less light. Move your plant farther away from the light source if you notice any pale, dry patches on the leaves.

Water and humidity

When the plant is actively growing, water frequently and keep the soil evenly moist; discard any extra water that accumulates in the saucer. A lack of water may be indicated by brown stains on leaves.

Reduce water use throughout the winter, but keep the root ball moist. Plant death is frequently caused by receiving too much water in the winter.

The difficulty of maintaining enough humidity when growing dracaenas indoors is one of the most frequent issues. Healthy growth requires a lot of dampness. By setting the plants on pebble trays filled with water, moist air may be provided around the plants. To prevent damp feet and potential rot, place the plant in a saucer on top of rocks. regularly mist. Your environment can be too dry if you see brown leaf tips on your plant.


For dracaenas to thrive, it must be warm. Give a range of 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. (With one exception: Dracaena draco can withstand temperatures as low as 50 F.) Brown leaf tips and curling brown leaf margins might result from placing plants too close to windows or air conditioners, which causes cold drafts.


Due to their diminutive stature, Dracaena goldieana, D. sanderana, and D. surculosa do not require frequent repotting and can live their entire lives in a small pot. Every one to two years, in the spring, larger containers can be used to repot larger dracaenas until they reach a huge pot size. The ideal soil is made up of equal parts peat, soil, and vermiculite or sharp sand for drainage, though regular soil-based potting soil is also suitable.


When the plant is in its early growth cycle in the spring, it is the ideal time to accomplish your propagating (though late summer will work too). You can remove the crown in a 3 to 6 inch length when it is still new and largely green. Remove all leaves except a couple, then cover the bottom 2 inches with rooting hormone. Place in a 3-inch container filled with a slightly wet rooting mixture made up of equal parts peat moss and sand or perlite. Keep the cutting warm and put it in a plastic bag. (It would be excellent if you could provide soft heat from underneath with a propagating mat or tray.) It should be kept in partial shade for 4 to 6 weeks or until roots emerge, at which point you should remove it from the bag, move it away from the warm area, and water it lightly. After the surface has dried, you should water it once more. every two weeks, feed.

If they have a growth bud, it is also feasible to root some of the long stem, but these roots are less dependable. Don’t forget to insert cuttings with the correct end up, or the direction the stem initially grew.

Cutting back a too tall plant

A plant will eventually grow too tall and lanky for the area it is in or lose so many leaves that it needs to be chopped back. Trim the leftover canes to just above the nodes for the neatest appearance because new growth will develop on the old stem from the nodes. Instead of developing the root stock again, you can prefer to start over with the piece you cut off; in that case, follow the propagation procedures above.

You should grow your dragon tree plant in light shade. The best places to sit are on the sill of a window facing north, adjacent to a window facing east or west, or some distance from a window facing south. If it’s too bright, the leaves will scorch, and if it’s too dark, the fresher leaves will be little and limp-looking.


Try to maintain soil moisture (but never soggy or wet). A small bit of root dryness is preferable to the danger of overwatering. Be sure to reduce watering in the winter as this is when plants are most likely to develop the dreaded mushy, soft stems.


A suitable humidity level is needed. Most of the time, the humidity in a typical home is ideal, but if you can, water the leaves occasionally, especially if the air is really dry. Any dust that settles on the leaves will be helped off by the sprinkling.


You must feed your dragon tree if you want fresh leaves to emerge frequently. In the spring and summer, try to do it once a month. There are few in the autumn/fall and none in the winter.

The cold is not pleasant for this plant. There should never be a temperature below 10C in the room where it resides (50F). If you left your plant outside over the summer, don’t forget to bring it inside before the first sign of frost. The optimum temperature for growth is between 16C (60F) and 24C. (75F).

Only when the roots are severely crowded and the plant is suffering as a result do you need to repot (little to no growth for several months is the most common sign). If you strictly adhere to this rule, you might have to repot the Dragon Tree twice a year because its roots develop so quickly. Instead, we suggest being somewhat brutal and just repotting plants once every two years at most.

Very little root space is necessary for these plants to thrive. Look at the first image in the article and in the gallery to get a sense of just how enormous the plant is despite being in a tiny pot.

According to our observations, Dragon Trees don’t care what kind of potting soil you use to grow them. Just make sure it’s light and fresh. If you want to understand more about this subject, check visit our page on various growing media.

The big tap roots may occasionally begin to “twist” repeatedly around the pot, pushing the root ball upward out of the container. If this occurs, remove the plant from the container, trim back part of the massive, thick tap roots, and then re-pot what is left, which should eliminate the “coil” appearance.

There are three primary methods for growing a Dragon Tree, and you may usually use all three simultaneously to produce many plants.

It is better to propagate an older plant because when the leaf area gradually transfers higher up the plant, the canes will grow longer and more “leggy.” You have a lot of propagation material as a result, so you can:

To start a new plant, simply cut off the crown and the top inch of the stem, then put it up in potting compost.

Use a rooting hormone, and keep the cutting warm by applying bottom heat to improve the likelihood that it will succeed.

  • Tip: Only try this in the summer if you can’t give bottom heat because it will be simpler to keep it warm naturally.

Depending on the visual effect you’re going for, you can trim the remaining cane back to roughly half its original length after removing the crown.

If the new growths are large enough, you can either keep them on the present stem or cut them off and repeat “One” to develop more plants.

  • Tip: You can develop a multi-caned plant since multiple new growths can sprout at the cut. To see how this appears in action, check at the bottom three images in our gallery above.

After completing the two steps above, you should have a leftover piece of cane or stem. This can be used to make a “Ti Tree” by cutting it into pieces that are about 3 inches long.

To accomplish this, let the stem or cane dry for a day before planting the parts upright in potting soil or a tiny container of water.

Keep warm and moist if you are planting in soil. If you’re trying to establish roots in water, place them in potting compost once a sufficient number of roots have emerged.

  • Tip: To avoid misunderstanding later, mark the cutting with an arrow before you begin so that you know which way the pieces of stem or cane should face “up,” or in the direction they were growing when they were a part of the parent plant.

Speed of Growth

Compared to other houseplants, dragon trees grow slowly. However, they will experience rapid growth spurts at the crown in the spring and early summer, which you will undoubtedly notice when the crown produces numerous leaves in quick succession.

Height / Spread

Your ceiling height will determine the final height of your plant! Fair enough, even if they may grow up to 3 meters (10 feet) tall in their natural habitat, you won’t have many large enough pots for them indoors. Expect yours to eventually grow to only 2 meters (or 6 feet) in height. not more than 3 feet broad.

Are Dragon Trees Poisonous?

Small amounts of a toxic chemical are present in the sap that is found in the leaves and stems; however, these levels are not enough to cause harm to humans or animals when consumed.

Anything else?

You might get lucky and obtain too many Dragon Trees if you’ve used all the recommended propagation techniques to maximize your chances of receiving at least one healthy new plant. Instead of throwing them away, get a good pot and distribute them to friends and relatives.

Having the opposite issue and finding it challenging to locate a place that sells Dragon Trees? You may always check Amazon or read our article on where to buy houseplants for more ideas.