Plant dracaenas in high-quality potting soil and place them in an area that receives bright indirect light to grow them as houseplants. The leaves of these plants can burn in direct sunlight.
These plants often thrive in typical home or office settings, but if you notice that the tips of their leaves are going brown, the humidity may be too low. Use a spray bottle to often mist your plant, or place it on top of some stones in a saucer of water. Keep the roots away from the water to prevent them from rotting. The water will increase the humidity of the air around it as it evaporates.
Follow the instructions on the label for how often and how much to apply a balanced houseplant fertilizer, and water your plant when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch. Feed typically once every two weeks in the spring and summer. In the winter, when the plant has to go mostly dormant, reduce feeding to once a month from once a month in the fall.
Dracaena indivisia ‘Spikes’
Dracaena indivisa ‘Spikes’ grows 2 to 3 feet tall in garden beds and requires part sun to full light. It is hardy in USDA Zones 7 to 11.
As one might anticipate from plants that are native to the tropics, dracaenas planted in the garden require warm temperatures. Frost will kill them, but if you occasionally have a cold snap, you might be able to temporarily protect your dracaena. Make careful to take off the cover as the weather starts to warm up again.
Outdoor soil doesn’t matter to dracaenas as long as it drains well. They will, however, thrive in garden soil that has been modified with compost or other organic matter. They cannot tolerate direct sunlight, just like dracaenas cultivated as houseplants.
My dracaena may I let it outside?
The reason dracaena types are among the most well-liked indoor plants is that they have magnificent leaves, available in a wide range of sizes and colors, and are hard to kill. Planting your dracaena outside in an unsuitable climate is one surefire method to kill it. A tropical plant that cannot withstand frost is the dracaena.
However, if you reside in zone 9, 10, or 11, go for it. When there is no frost, dracaena grows well outside. In the winter, Zone 9 can be a little dangerous. If you live somewhere that occasionally experiences frost, be ready to cover your outdoor dracaena plants.
Are dracaena plants grown indoors or outdoors?
In subtropical climes, the dracaena plant is a common attractive houseplant that may be cultivated both indoors and outdoors. It has a bushy tree-like appearance and grows to a height of around three feet indoors. Its lustrous leaves have a maximum length of one foot and a maximum width of a few inches.
The genus dracaena belongs to the asparagus family (Asparagaceae), and it has roughly 40 species. The yellow edged variegata variety known as Song of India is the most often used cultivar. It’s fascinating to note that dracaena has a secondary thickening meristem (the tissue which helps plants grow). It may develop broad, substantial, and succulent roots thanks to its secondary meristem.
In addition to creating a stunning focal point in any space with its spectacular leaves and lovely color patterns, dracaena also helps to purify the air. Regularly wiping the leaves’ upper and lower surfaces with a damp cloth allows the plant to freely exchange air.
If it’s summer, may dracaena go outside?
For at least a portion of the year, the majority of individuals should be able to transfer their Dracaena houseplants outside. In comparison to typical indoor conditions, putting your Dracaenas outside in the summer can revitalize them by offering more sunlight over a longer length of time and greater humidity. For tropical plants like Dracaenas, dry indoor air from air conditioners and heaters is not optimal.
Moving your plants outside for the summer may have the drawback of exposing them to excessive sunlight, which could result in the plant equivalent of a sunburn. Even in the shade, it is much brighter outside than indoors. Place the plant away from direct sunlight to lessen the possibility of damage. A porch that is covered is an excellent choice.
If moving your Dracaena into a sunny place is your ultimate goal, you can do so gradually over a few weeks. Keep an eye out for any color changes in the leaves. You’ll probably see significantly faster growth than typical while the plant is outdoors once it has adapted to the greater light levels.
Move your Dracaena back to the shade and take off any scorched leaves if you moved too rapidly and gave it a sunburn. In the highest leaves that receive the most direct sunlight, sunburn causes leaves to become pale or even white. Sunburned leaves should be removed because they can never regain their natural color and will most likely wither away anyhow.
Moving your Dracaenas outside also requires keeping in mind that some varieties might be top-heavy. They can typically be cultivated in a relatively small pot and have shallow root systems. However, other kinds have all of their foliage at the top and some can grow extremely tall. That implies that if you set them outside, they might be vulnerable to blowing over. When choosing the venue, keep this in mind and steer clear of areas that are particularly windy.
Dracaena leaves can potentially be harmed by wind. While some species have more delicate foliage, others have strong, thick leaves that can resist a lot. Outside, all plants are more vulnerable to harm, so if you cherish your plants’ pristine leaves, you might not want to place them there.
Prior to the nights becoming too chilly, be sure to remember to bring the plant inside once more. When transitioning from the sun to the shade, there is no need to proceed gradually.
It is a good idea to inspect your plants for pests before bringing them inside for the fall and winter. Avoid bringing inside hitchhikers that might infest your other plants.
Moving your Dracaena houseplants outside during the summer has both benefits and drawbacks. You’ll need to put in a little extra work, and there are certain hazards. But generally speaking, dracaenas will prosper in summertime outside conditions.
Growing dracaena indoors
Dracaena, sometimes known as the corn plant, is one of the houseplants about which the NYBG Plant Information Service receives the most inquiries. The ease of maintenance, tall, palm tree-like growth habit, and variety of eye-catching leaf forms of this houseplant may account for its appeal. These plants, which are of African origin, have a striking architectural influence in the home. The vibrantly striped, variegated, or even blotched leaves can be quite striking.
Dracaena marginata’s spikey leaves, which are occasionally mistaken for cordyline plants, are more tolerant to regular indoor circumstances than other dracaenas. If the growth is not controlled through pruning, it can grow to be 6 feet or more tall inside. As the plant becomes older, the lowest leaves naturally fall off, giving the adult D. marginata a palm tree-like look with a thin, elegantly scarred stem.
Dracaena fragrans, which gets its name from its fragrant blossoms that are rarely grown inside, can reach heights of 4 to 5 feet and spread out to a width of 2 feet. Compared to D. marginata, it appears larger and has wider leaves.
Dragon tree, also known as dracaena draco, can grow enormously in the wild, although it rarely grows taller than 4 feet and 2 feet broad indoors. If kept in proper light, the leathery leaves are 18 inches long, blue-gray, and have tiny crimson borders. While the leaves of the Dracaena draco are still young, they arch downward as they get older.
Dracaena goldieana is a lovely low-growing variety, but due to its sensitivity to temperature changes and requirement for high humidity, it may be challenging to grow this plant indoors. It tops out at around 1 foot high by 1 foot broad and has an upright stem. The vivid leaves have silvery gray crossing streaks and glossy green leaves with a yellowish midrib.
Other species that can be collected are:
- Dracaena hookerana is a sword-shaped plant with leathery, glossy leaves that can reach a length of 2 1/2 feet. The margins of the leaves are white or nearly translucent.
- Dracaena sanderana is a slender, upright shrub with dark green leaves and broad white borders. It is also known as the ribbon plant or Belgian evergreen. The brittle leaves can reach nine inches in length and one inch in width. Its compact columnar form makes it a wonderful choice for a small location despite its potential height of three feet.
- Gold-dust or spotted dracaena, Dracaena surculosa (syn. Dracaena godseffiana), are other names for this species. In contrast to its relatives, it has oval leaves and a shrubby appearance. There are cultivars of Dracaena surculosa such “Florida Beauty” and “Kelleri.” The spots on “Florida Beauty” are more numerous, occasionally to the point where they converge to form a solid, creamy white patch.
Give dracaena plants bright light every day, but avoid placing them in direct sunlight. The ideal lighting setup receives two to three hours of sunlight per day that is filtered using a transparent blind or curtain. Dracaena fragrans and Dracaena marginata can withstand a little less light. Move your plant farther away from the light source if you notice any pale, dry patches on the leaves.
Water and humidity
When the plant is actively growing, water frequently and keep the soil evenly moist; discard any extra water that accumulates in the saucer. A lack of water may be indicated by brown stains on leaves.
Reduce water use throughout the winter, but keep the root ball moist. Plant death is frequently caused by receiving too much water in the winter.
The difficulty of maintaining enough humidity when growing dracaenas indoors is one of the most frequent issues. Healthy growth requires a lot of dampness. By setting the plants on pebble trays filled with water, moist air may be provided around the plants. To prevent damp feet and potential rot, place the plant in a saucer on top of rocks. regularly mist. Your environment can be too dry if you see brown leaf tips on your plant.
For dracaenas to thrive, it must be warm. Give a range of 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. (With one exception: Dracaena draco can withstand temperatures as low as 50 F.) Brown leaf tips and curling brown leaf margins might result from placing plants too close to windows or air conditioners, which causes cold drafts.
Due to their diminutive stature, Dracaena goldieana, D. sanderana, and D. surculosa do not require frequent repotting and can live their entire lives in a small pot. Every one to two years, in the spring, larger containers can be used to repot larger dracaenas until they reach a huge pot size. The ideal soil is made up of equal parts peat, soil, and vermiculite or sharp sand for drainage, though regular soil-based potting soil is also suitable.
When the plant is in its early growth cycle in the spring, it is the ideal time to accomplish your propagating (though late summer will work too). You can remove the crown in a 3 to 6 inch length when it is still new and largely green. Remove all leaves except a couple, then cover the bottom 2 inches with rooting hormone. Place in a 3-inch container filled with a slightly wet rooting mixture made up of equal parts peat moss and sand or perlite. Keep the cutting warm and put it in a plastic bag. (It would be excellent if you could provide soft heat from underneath with a propagating mat or tray.) It should be kept in partial shade for 4 to 6 weeks or until roots emerge, at which point you should remove it from the bag, move it away from the warm area, and water it lightly. After the surface has dried, you should water it once more. every two weeks, feed.
If they have a growth bud, it is also feasible to root some of the long stem, but these roots are less dependable. Don’t forget to insert cuttings with the correct end up, or the direction the stem initially grew.
Cutting back a too tall plant
A plant will eventually grow too tall and lanky for the area it is in or lose so many leaves that it needs to be chopped back. Trim the leftover canes to just above the nodes for the neatest appearance because new growth will develop on the old stem from the nodes. Instead of developing the root stock again, you can prefer to start over with the piece you cut off; in that case, follow the propagation procedures above.
The full sun won’t harm Dracena.
In Mauritius, one can find the old dragon tree species Dracaena marginata flourishing in the wild. It is a lovely plant with lovely sword-like leaves. However, another kind is grown only for its foliage. Its scientific name is Dracaena marginata ‘Tricolor’. The major draw of this plant is its ornamental foliage, which is cream, green, and pink-striped and looks wonderful all year long.
It grows rather slowly and finally reaches a height of 3 to 4 meters. It looks best when placed in groups because of its striking, robust foliage. It has been paired with Phormium ‘Yellow Wave’ in this garden to create a stunning contrast. However, it also has a lovely morphology that looks beautiful in big tubs on a balcony or patio.
In tropical and subtropical gardens, Dracaena marginata ‘Tricolor’ thrives. Further south, it can withstand moderately cold winters, but not frost. It prefers healthy, well-drained soil with direct sunlight. One of the simplest plants to maintain is this one. To encourage a lovely branching habit, simply clip out a few of the cane-like stems in the spring. Watch out for mealy bugs if you’re growing these plants inside.
Dracaena marginata ‘Tricolor’ is one of those must-have leaf plants that looks amazing in every season, whether it is grown in striking groupings or as a lovely interior plant.
Do dragons like the sun?
The smooth, gray stems of the Dracaena marginata eventually reach a height of 20 feet. Crowns of slender, leathery leaves up to 2 feet long and 1/2 inch wide form the ends of stems. Deep glossy green leaves with a reddish crimson border. Dracaena is a fantastic houseplant for rooms with low lighting, and it looks particularly good when planted in pairs to flank doorways.
Dracaena prefers bright, indirect light for growing; it may survive lower light levels, but development will be slowed. With typical indoor potting soil, typical house temperatures, and ordinary humidity levels, the plant thrives nicely. Maintain a wet but not soggy soil by fertilizing frequently with a complete fertilizer in the spring and summer (like a squeezed-out sponge). Reduce your watering frequency and discontinue fertilizing during the fall and winter. Regularly clean leaves with a wet cloth or relocate your plant so it can receive a moderate shower to keep Dracaena healthy and looking its best. Avoid using commercial leaf shine. Simply use a pair of scissors to remove any brown tips that appear on your plant, being careful to preserve the natural form of the trimmed leaves. Dracaena is rarely troubled by pests or diseases and can endure a pot-bound environment for extended periods of time.