For some people, planting African violets is simple. Their violets grow well with minimal additional attention, blooming frequently, and regularly producing new, fuzzy leaves. Some people struggle, never get a bloom, complain about spotted leaves, and ultimately throw their plants away. You don’t need these suggestions if you fall into the first category. Try these suggestions for producing African violets effectively if you fall into the second category.
Light must be bright and indirect. Forests in the mountains of eastern African nations like Tanzania are where African violets, or Saintpaulia ionantha, are found naturally. They are low-growing plants that do best when they are shaded by other plants. In their natural habitats, their leaves are never exposed to direct light. In a setting similar like this, your African violets will thrive. But never expose yourself to direct sunlight. Use a sheer drape in a window that gets plenty of sunlight to shield the plant from the sun. It’s likely that your plant isn’t getting enough light if it isn’t flowering. Try out various settings to determine the ideal light exposure (bright artificial light can be effective too). Take notice of your home’s climate as well. A minimum of 60 degrees Fahrenheit is required for African violets, who also don’t like unexpected temperature swings and drafts.
Wet soil and brittle leaves. African violets thrive in humid settings in the wild. They prefer regularly damp but never soggy soil. If your house is dry, consider placing the pot on top of a shallow dish filled with stones. As the water evaporates, it will fill the dish with dampness. However, never let the roots to sit in water as this could cause them to rot. Since cold water can shock plants, many people prefer to use water that is at normal temperature. If you water from the top, guide the water to the earth by using a watering can with a narrow spout. Spots may develop when water collects on leaves. Setting the pot in the sink first is the simplest approach to let the water drain through and get rid of any extra.
It’s joyful if it’s blooming. Don’t mess with success once you’ve established the ideal lighting and watering regimen for your plant! If the plant has outgrown its pot, you might think about repotting it once a year, but keep in mind that roots in a pot are what allow plants to flower. Similarly, when fertilizing, don’t overfeed your plant. A high-quality fertilizer designed for African violets will have instructions on it. Typically, liquid fertilizers shouldn’t be used more frequently than once per month. Gently removing dead leaves and blossoms and keeping a watch out for pests are two more routine maintenance tasks.
Remove suckers so you can grow new plants. You’ll notice your plant is generating “suckers” if you’ve mastered successfully cultivating African violets. One method that African violets reproduce is by sending out young plants from the main stem. Remove these suckers as soon as you see them to keep your plant healthy. You either throw them away or repot them so you can grow additional African violets for pals. Here is further information about trimming and re-potting suckers.
Do you have a knack for raising African violets? Share your advice in the section below!
Where should an African violet be placed?
Because they require dry leaves, African violets are only grown indoors in North America. If you want the finest color and flowers, grow your plants in bright, indirect light. The optimal location for a plant stand is three feet away from a window that faces west or south. When placed directly next to north or east-facing windows, plants will still grow, but their leaves will be thin and spindly, and they will be less likely to flower. African violets can be grown indoors, 12 to 15 inches above the ground, under 40-watt fluorescent lights (also known as grow lights), if you don’t have a nice location near a window.
African violets should be purchased when?
African violets grow best throughout the summer since both the plants and their growers are content during this season. Violets are ready to go, as long as you are practicing proper culture.
At this time of year, all the labor you put into caring for your African Violets is well repaid.
If you do not put in the work, do not anticipate getting strong results at the May exhibition.
Clean up your plants and repotte them in new soil if they have been in the same pot and soil for a while. To get rid of accumulated fertilizer salts, the soil can be properly cleansed. Pour enough water out of the pot by submerging it in water until it is saturated, draining it, and then filling it up again from the top. Make use of warm water, ideally rainwater.
In order to help the plant grow better until it reaches a size where it can support a good head of blossoms, little plants shouldn’t be permitted to flower. Leaf growth slows down after letting it blossom.
If you didn’t use much fertilizer throughout the winter, you can now gradually up the dosage. Just be careful not to go overboard. Cut off any unhealthy roots and any leaves that have reached the end of their usefulness. Now is the time to tidy up the plant and give it a decent symmetrical shape.
You could definitely discover that your violets are congested. This is a very frequent occurrence, so you must be firm and make more room or remove the ones you don’t need; otherwise, the vigorous growth you may anticipate over the coming months will make your difficulties worse.
Choose your favorite plants today, and make the commitment to cultivate them for our exhibition in May. Provide them with lots of space, groom them once a week, and keep the leaf symmetry.
Follow the 12-week plan, which calls for a fertilizing regimen and the removal of all blooms and buds up to 6–8 weeks before the performance.
from a Bob Richardson article (African Violet Society of South Australia Inc.)
How are African violets obtained?
- 8 Techniques for Restoring Bloom to Your African Violet.
- Allow for light.
- Set the humidity higher.
- Refill on Vital Nutrients.
- Keep it friendly.
- Select the Proper Soil.
- Defend against diseases and pests.
- Reduce the Roots.
How old are African violets on average?
Because of their lengthy lives, repotting these flowers is crucial. Ryan McEnaney, public relations and communications specialist for Bailey Nurseries, advises consumers to keep in mind that African violets can live for up to 50 years. To avoid becoming overly root-bound, plants can be repotted into larger pots as they mature. It’s probably time to relocate your African violet when it has doubled or quadrupled the size of your container and the leaves are beginning to wilt, according to McEnaney.
However, you don’t have to repot your plants right away. If your African violet appears to have outgrown its container, don’t rush to relocate it, advises Brian Parker, senior merchant for Live Goods at Home Depot. “African violets are best when their roots are in a little bound condition,” he adds. “They will produce and perform for years and years with just a simple routine of the right light and food,” the speaker said.
What makes African violets so unique?
The most common flowering houseplant growing now may be the African violet. There are several causes for this:
- The bushes typically bloom all year round, providing a nearly constant display of blossoms.
- They may easily be raised in our houses because they need the same temperatures that we need.
- Although they don’t need to be constantly tended to or repotted, African violets do well when given a little care.
- Leaf cuttings make it simple to grow new plants, which makes them accessible for trading with friends and neighbors.
- The variety of colors, sizes, and varieties that African violets come in appeals to both the eye and the collector.
Few plants, in summary, have as many favorable traits for a fruitful relationship with humans; even fewer have experienced the enormous popularity and success of the African violet.
How frequently should an African violet be watered?
Consider fluorescent lighting. Fluorescent lighting is the solution if you lack bright window light. I make use of four-foot lights that each have two cool white bulbs. I’ve successfully used one warm white and one cool white bulb in a fixture. unique plant bulbs, known as “A beautiful plant is also produced under grow lights. 8 to 12 inches is the ideal distance between the pot and the light.
How frequently should African violets be watered? “The most frequently asked question regarding African violets is how frequently they should be watered. The greatest indicator is to touch the surface of the soil; if it feels dry, it’s time to water. For best results, African violets should be given time to completely dry out in between waterings. An overwatered plant can die. A soggy, moist soil mass prevents air from penetrating the fine roots of an African violet, which they need. Half of your work is finished once you have learned the art of watering African violets.
Do African violets need to be watered from the top or bottom? Both are acceptable. It’s crucial to avoid using cold water; lukewarm or warm water is recommended. To prevent leaf spots, if you water from the top, take cautious not to get water on the leaves when the plant is in the sun. If you water from the bottom, you should dump any extra water once the plant has absorbed all that it requires. An African violet shouldn’t be left submerged in water for too long.
Are African violets challenging to maintain?
The easiest blooming houseplant to cultivate and maintain is the African violet, which is also one of the easiest indoor plants overall to grow. Treating African violets as you would your child is a fundamental principle of care. Why does that matter? Don’t ignore them, and give them all they require in moderation when they ask for it. This holds true for feeding, watering, and the environment. They’ll tell you (or demonstrate) your job as a “A good parent will listen. Below are some fundamental instructions for caring for African violets. There is a lot more information on this website’s other pages. view our “learning pages and use the “other posts and to access our FAQ library “search options are on the right.
History and types of African violets:
A genus of plants in the Gesneriad family are known as African violets (also known as Saintpaulia). Many of the species, which Baron von St Paul discovered in 1892 and gave their botanical name to, are still alive and well in Tanzania and Kenya’s Eastern Arc Mountains. Despite living in a tropical environment, the majority of species are found on mountains, at high altitudes, and in plant cover. African violets are therefore perfect for interior home gardens or windows since they just need moderate (“room”) temperatures and light. Millions of its modern descendants are grown worldwide in the homes of collectors and enthusiasts, despite the fact that many of the native Saintpaulia are currently threatened by habitat destruction. Viewing our website and catalog will show you how stunning and distinct from the basic species first identified more than a century ago modern hybrid African violets may be. These sections contain a ton of information regarding their surroundings and care.
Make them big.
African violet cultivars that reach a diameter more than 8 when fully grown are considered standard. In reality, most people reach a height of 10 to 12. They can grow to be around 18 to 24 across when cultivated for exhibition. We exclusively cultivate the types that, in our opinion, have the best growing and flowering habits. These African violets are not your typical, everyday grocery flowers! Just their size is typical.
Tiny them up a bit African violets in miniature and semiminiature sizes are our specialty. When fully grown, miniatures and semiminis have a diameter of less than six and eight, respectively. The size of the real plant is typically significantly lower with good cultivation. The smallest of them may only measure 2 or 3 leaves from tip to tip! Never use a pot larger than 2 1/2 in diameter, and much less for the smallest types, as these are small-growing plants with small root systems.
Grow these uncommon and unique plants.
For “Chimera” kinds of violets, leaf cuttings will not result in plantlets that are identical to the parent plant. These are often “pinwheel flowered varieties” with wide, multicolored side and center stripes. These can only be reproduced by suckers, are genetically more rare, and are highly odd. Leaf chimeras are cultivars with leaves that can only be propagated by suckers. Leaf chimera variation is extremely uncommon and is unaffected by alterations in temperature, habitat, or age. The same maintenance is required as for other African violets. There are chimeric African violets in both small and regular sizes.
Let them develop. The easiest African violets to grow and blossom, especially for beginners, are those that trail. They are naturally expanding, branching plants that are free to pursue their own interests. No need to eliminate suckers in order to maintain symmetry or promote blooming. These violets grow additional crowns at will, without degrading their beauty or bloom. In fact, this raises the likelihood of bloom! You have the option to spread them out in small pots or hang them as baskets in windows.
‘Native’ grow them. All contemporary hybrids can be traced back to the Saintpaulia species of African violets. In east Africa, many are still growing on the sides of hills. Some species are only found in the collections of collectors since the majority are endangered.
The basics of African violet care:
- Light. For healthy growth and blossom, there must be enough light. Be sure to offer bright but not direct sunlight. Place a two-tube fluorescent fixture 12–18 inches above plants if you’re growing things under artificial lighting, and leave it on for 12–13 hours each day. Provide more light if the foliage seems healthy and expanding but there are no blossoms. Light may be too bright if there are lots of blossoms but pale or stiff foliage.
- Watering. Water should be at room temperature. when the soil feels dry, water “Touchably dry Water can be poured from the top. Only if the water’s temperature is significantly lower than the leaf temperature can water on the leaves cause them harm. If you employ “Use plenty of perlite or another element that is rather non-absorbent when using violet pots or another self-watering approach!
- Feeding. The ideal formula is “balanced” (relatively equal amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium). In formulas, look for similarity among the three integers on the label (NPK). Avoid “flower enhancers Use the fertilizer as directed with every irrigation.
- Atmosphere. Like you, African violets prefer temperate temperatures and humidity. They also feel at ease if you do. Violets like temperatures between 65 and 75 °F, but they may endure temperatures well outside of this range.
- Soil. Utilize a bog-based, “a soilless mixture with at least 30 to 50 percent coarse perlite and/or vermiculite. Brand-name “African violets don’t necessarily do well in violet soils. As a general rule, the soil should contain more perlite the wetter you maintain it. Avoid soils that appear overly thick, dark, or rich, or that really contain topsoil! There is no need for additives like manure or dense compost.
- Grooming. Do not allow extra crowns (suckers), with the exception of trailers. Single-crowned plants should be grown for African violets. With little more than five rows of leaves, most African violets look their finest. An excessive amount of older, lower leaves are not necessary and will not encourage blooming because flowers only develop from fresh growth.
- Potting. Every 6 to 12 months, repot all of your plants. When mature, the majority of common African violets cultivated as houseplants will need a 4-5 pot. Use a pot with a diameter of no more than 2 1/2 for minis and semiminis. The size of the root ball dictates the size of the pot. Because they have rather shallow roots, African violets, pick “pots of the azalea variety that are slightly shallower than they are wide.
- Pests. Many of the same pests that affect other plants can also harm African violets. The best medicine is always prevention. Never bring outside-grown plants inside because you’ll also be inviting unwelcome guests! To find symptoms and treatments, use this website’s search function and FAQ area. You may significantly lower the risk of pests or other issues by giving your African violets a healthy atmosphere, taking good care of them, and maintaining a clean growth space.
Good African violet care is a dynamic process, just like good parenting—they depend on you!