The best soil for growing African violets is well-drained and somewhat acidic. Specially formulated Miracle-Gro Indoor Potting Mix offers indoor plants like African violets the ideal growing conditions. African violet pots, which are tiny (4 to 5 inch) ceramic or plastic self-watering containers, are the finest option for growing African violets. These pots will give plants the right quantity of constant hydration they need to grow.
Which fertilizer is ideal for African violets?
African violets’ preferred fertilizer
- African Violet Plus Plant Food by Schultz 8-14-9.
- African violet plant food from Earthpods.
- Organic Violet Plant Food Espoma 1-3-1.
- Miracle-Gro 0.5–1 Blooming Houseplant Food
- African violet plant food Bonide 7-10-7 liquid.
- African violet fertilizer Jacks Classic Special 12-36-14.
How frequently should African violets be fertilized?
When the rate of growth slows down and the foliage turns a lighter shade of green, fertilize your African violets. Applications of fertilizer every four to six weeks are sufficient for the majority of African violets. African violets can use any water-soluble fertilizer that is approved for use on houseplants.
Why do leaves turn soft, limp or mushy on my African Violet plants?
- Your African violet leaves may be turning mushy, limp, or soft for a number of reasons.
- The soil will retain too much water if your African violet plant was overwatered.
- The leaves and/or leaf stems will become limp, mushy, or squishy as a result of this water retention.
- The roots of your plant could develop root rot if it was overwatered (To learn more about root rot, can read the article, “Root Rot on African Violet Plants).
- The roots take in so much water that they finally lose the ability to retain it and decay.
- The leaves will become mushy, limp, or squishy as a result of this. After developing root rot, the African Violet plant will finally succumb to crown rot and perish.
- If your soil isn’t overwatered and your plant still has floppy, limp, or mushy leaves, it’s possible that they’ve aged naturally, which happens to African violet leaves.
What to do if your African Violet leaves have turned soft, limp or mushy from overwatering?
- First and foremost, cease watering the plant if you notice soft, limp, or mushy leaves as a result of overwatering.
- After that, gently remove any limp, mushy, or squishy leaves, and take the plant out of the pot.
- Avoid removing too much soil, as the African Violet plant prefers to have its roots tied. Remove the old soil gently.
- Count the quantity of mushy or brownish roots to see if there are any in abundance. The good news is that root rot is not the reason of your leaf browning if only a few and the majority of the roots appear healthy (as shown below).
- However, if you do notice numerous roots that are mushy or brown in color (as shown below), root rot may be to blame for your violet’s soft, limp, or mushy leaves.
- Try to gently prune away any rotting or mushy, brown-colored roots.
- Read the article “Root Rot on African Violet Plants” for more details on root rot.
The best way to get my African violet to bloom?
The vibrant African violet blossoms are particularly lovely. They’ll provide color right away to any space.
Even during the gloomier winter months, they have a reputation for continuing to bloom. Place them around the house so you may enjoy their vibrant hues and plush textures all year long.
Once you establish a routine for caring for African violets, you’ll discover that they expand with ease. But unless all of their fundamental requirements are satisfied, they won’t develop. Give them the proper temperature, light, and nourishment, and you’ll start to bloom right away!
How to Choose and Take Care of African Violets:
1. Start out strong. Select a plant with the desired blossom color and vivid emerald foliage. Make sure the pot has openings for drainage.
2. The ideal lighting. African violets frequently don’t blossom because they don’t receive enough light. Because direct sunlight can burn the leaves, African violets require indirect light. For optimal results, pick a window that faces north or east. Keep plants away from cold glass, and turn the container once every week to ensure that all the leaves get enough light. African violets can be grown under a grow lamp to extend the day throughout the winter.
3. Remain cozy. The most comfortable temperatures for most people are between 70 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit at night.
4. Subsurface water. Water should be at normal temperature to fill the saucer. Pour off any extra water after letting it settle for about an hour. Between waterings, let the plant dry out completely.
5. Use the new liquid Violet from Espoma to fertilize! Every two to four weeks in the spring, summer, and fall, indoor houseplant food.
6. Be thoughtful before replanting. Only when a plant is root-bound will an African violet bloom. Use organic potting soil designed exclusively for African violets, such as Espoma’s African Violet Mix, when it comes time to repot your plants. Choose a pot that is about a third the diameter of their leaf spread in diameter because they flower best in compact pots.
How frequently should African violets be watered from the bottom?
Although they are often simple to care for, African violets need some effort to grow.
How frequently to water African violets is one of the most crucial considerations while caring for plants.
One of the most frequent mistakes made with this kind of plant is overwatering, therefore caution is necessary.
African violets typically require watering once a week, though this can change depending on the environment and potting mix.
In contrast, you might only need to water them every other week if you reside in a cooler environment.
Put your finger in the potting mix to get an idea of how frequently to water your African violets.
How Often To Water African Violets Indoors
The first factor affecting how frequently you need to water the plants is your home’s temperature and humidity.
You might have to water your African violets more frequently if your house is extremely warm or dry.
Second, the kind of potting mix you use can have an impact on how frequently you need water.
African violet potting mixtures are frequently drier, so they might not require as much watering.
On the other hand, potting mixtures created for different kinds of plants could require more frequent watering.
To make sure the plant needs water before watering, like with all plants, it is best to examine the potting mix.
African violets should generally be watered when the potting soil feels dry to the touch.
How Often To Water African Violets Outdoors
There are a few considerations if you are growing African violets outside.
The climate and weather will decide how much water they require.
You might need to water them more frequently if you live in a region with high humidity.
You might need to water them less frequently if you reside in a low-humidity environment.
After giving them a good drink, let the soil totally dry out before giving them another drink.
Checking the soil is the best approach to figure out how frequently to water your African violets.
African violets should be watered in the morning so that the leaves have time to dry before dusk. This will aid in the prevention of fungus illnesses.
The following general instructions are for watering African violets outside:
- If you reside somewhere with a lot of humidity, give your plants a good watering every 5-7 days.
- Water your plants every 3 to 5 days if you reside in a dry area.
- Water your plants every two to three days if you reside in a hot area.
- You should water your plants every 7 to 10 days if you reside in a chilly area.
Depending on the climate where you live, your particular plants can require more or less watering.
How Often Should You Water African Violets From the Bottom
The more conventional approach of watering from the top is fine for African violets.
The benefit of watering from the bottom is that the water may get to the roots directly, promoting strong development.
Additionally, it lessens the risk of fungal illnesses by keeping the leaves dry and preventing waterlogging.
Put your African violet plants in a saucer or tray with water and water them from the bottom.
Once every week, or whenever the top inch of soil is dry, the bottom should be watered.
The more conventional approach, watering from the top, is fine for African violets.
The biggest benefit of watering plants from the top is that it is simpler to determine whether they are receiving enough water.
Start by watering your African violet plant once a week and increase as necessary if you’re unclear of how much water it requires.
Use a watering can or cup to pour water onto the soil until it is uniformly wet to water from the top.
Feel free to experiment and find which works best for you and your African violets as each watering technique has benefits.
The most crucial thing is to monitor the soil’s moisture and make adjustments as necessary.
Once a week, or when the top inch of soil feels dry, water your African violets.
Can African violets be fertilized with normal fertilizer?
African violet-specific fertilizers are available for purchase. Always use a balanced fertilizer that has nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K), the three main plant nutrients (K). The growth and development of leaves and stems depend on nitrogen.
What should you do if the leaves of an African violet turn yellow?
Typically, African violet leaves only last for about a year. The older leaves typically deteriorate and turn yellow before dying and falling off, making place for new growth. It’s time to look at a few possible causes if more leaves than just the lowest ones are beginning to turn yellow. African violet leaves becoming yellow may occur for a variety of causes, including cultural maintenance, illumination, or illness.
Inadequate hydration is one of the most typical causes of yellow African violet leaves. The foliage will respond by developing yellow or bleached, necrotic areas or ring spots because the leaves cannot withstand water being applied directly to them.
The cells within the leaf collapse and the leaf turns discolored when the water is warmer or colder than the leaf. The leaf cannot be cured, but you can stop further harm by watering underneath the leaves. For African violets with longer stems to reach the soil surface beneath the foliage, there are even specialized watering cans available. Utilizing water that is at normal temperature will also help to reduce damage.
LightingWhile African violet plants don’t do well in direct sunlight or intense heat, they do require light for energy production and flower formation. Southeast or west windows are the ideal locations. For optimal light, place the plant 3 feet (91 cm) away from the window.
Plants that are cultivated longer indoors or in an office with artificial illumination will develop yellow margins. This indicates that the plant isn’t receiving enough light. If you move the plant to a brighter spot with indirect light, the leaves will grow back.
Another reason why African violet leaves become yellow is a lack of sustenance. The state of the plant suggests that it would require further feeding in order to grow glossy, dark-green leaves. Use an African violet food that has been diluted in accordance with the instructions.
Once a month during the growing season, fertilize. Four times a year, drench the soil to eliminate extra salts to prevent overfertilizing.
Should African violets be watered from the top or bottom?
Use only water that is room temperature because African violets are sensitive to temperature. Avoid soaking the plant’s fuzzy leaves or stem since water might get trapped there and lead to rot or fungus.
Watering an African violet plant is most effective when done from the bottom up. For 30 minutes, submerge your plant in a small tray of water and let the soil absorb the moisture through the drainage holes in the bottom of the pot. To prevent the roots from being soaked in water, let the pot drain in your kitchen sink or bathtub once the allotted time has passed. This will prevent root rot.
When 25% of the soil volume has dried out, Pangborn advises watering to maintain the soil continuously moist.