The most common technique of propagating African violets is via leaf cuttings since it is both simple and effective. This project should be completed in the spring. Take a healthy leaf and its stem from the plant’s base using a sterilised knife or pair of scissors. Reduce the stem to roughly 1-1.5 inches in length (2.5-3.8 cm.).
Consider dipping the stem’s tip into some rooting hormone. Put the cutting in a hole dug in potting soil that is one inch (2.5 cm) deep. Water the area surrounding it thoroughly with lukewarm water while pressing the soil firmly.
By covering the pot with a plastic bag and fastening it with a rubber band, you can give your cutting a little greenhouse atmosphere. Just be sure to occasionally let the cutting have some fresh air. Keep the soil in the pot just moist and place it somewhere sunny.
Usually, roots start to grow after 3 to 4 weeks. In 6 to 8 weeks, new, little plants typically develop leaves. At the base of the cutting, many plants ought to sprout. Carefully pluck or chop away the young, little plants to separate them. You will receive a brand-new plant from each of them.
Can an African violet be rooted in water?
You undoubtedly wish you could have a lot of African violets in your indoor garden if you love them as much as I do. The good news is that these gorgeous floral plants are simple to root.
African violets can be rooted in water using a leaf, which is the quickest and simplest method I’ve discovered. You can use a leaf from one of your own African violets or even one belonging to a friend.
1. Fill a wide-mouthed container with warm water close to the top. Make sure to tightly wrap a piece of plastic wrap around the surface.
2. Pinch a mature, yet yet young, African leaf. It should be in good condition—green, attractive, and undamaged. Leave at least an inch of the leaf stem intact when you remove the leaf from the plant’s base. Two inches are preferable. Make a straight, non-jagged cut.
Can an African violet be started from a cutting?
Leaf cuttings are a simple way to multiply African violets. Cut off a portion of a firm, healthy leaf using a sharp knife. Keep the petiole, or leaf stem, 1 to 112 inches from the leaf blade. Vermiculite and coarse sand mixed 50:50 with moisture should be placed in a pot. Each leaf cutting’s petiole should be inserted into the rooting medium at a 45-degree angle. Each leaf cutting’s petiole should be firmly encircled by the rooting medium.
Once all of the cuttings have been placed, moisten the rooting media and let it drain for a while. Next, put a transparent plastic bag over the clippings. Use tape or a rubber band to attach the plastic bag to the pot. The leaf cuttings’ water loss is significantly reduced by the contained habitat, which also keeps them from withering and dying before they have a chance to take root. Place the pot in a well-lit area. Normal root formation takes three to four weeks. In six to eight weeks, new plants typically sprout leaves.
At the base of each petiole, many plants typically emerge. Carefully pluck or cut apart the plants to separate them. Individualize plant care by potting each one into a container with a well-drained potting mix.
How Long Does it Take a Cutting to Root?
It takes a cutting of an African violet 3–4 weeks to develop new roots. You’ll start to notice fresh leaves about three to four weeks later. Repotting should be done when there are 2 to 3 new leaves emerging. The duration of this treatment can range from two to six months.
How Do You Collect Seeds From African Violets?
You must manually pollinate African violet flowers in order to extract the seeds from an African violet. After about a month, if you are successful, a seed pod will appear. After giving the pod two months to mature, carefully pry apart the pod to extract the seeds.
Are African Violets Easy to Grow From Seeds?
African violets are typically started from cuttings, although they can also be started from seed with relative ease. About the same amount of time is required. The seeds will probably need to be ordered because they can be challenging to gather on your own.
Are you unsure about the ideal temperature for your brand-new, small African violets? The fact that African violets thrive in typical domestic settings contributes to their ease of maintenance. Maintain the temperature of these new plants between 65 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit at night and between 70 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit during the day.
Although mature African violets may tolerate the rare dip or spike in temperature, they prefer the same conditions as developing African violets. Avoid allowing the temperature to rise over 85 degrees or fall below 60 degrees since these extremes might slow or kill budding African violet plants.
Can I cut an African violet’s stem?
Young African violets can have their beauty maintained by being fed African violet food, having their foliage kept dry and clean, and being potted up around once a year. Use only a slightly larger container when potting it up, remove any dead lower leaves, and plant it somewhat deeper than before to bury any potential long necks.
For long-necked African violet plants with up to an inch (2.5 cm) of bare stem, a similar approach of repotting can be used. After removing the plant from the pot, trim off any bottom foliage that is dead or damaged. The inner cambium layer can then be seen by carefully scraping away the top layer of the exposed stem with a knife. This cambium layer’s exposure encourages growth. Plant the African violet deeply enough so that the neck is under soil and the foliage is just above the soil line. Lightly dust the African violet’s scraped long neck with rooting hormone.
Cutting the plant off at the soil level and re-rooting it is the best way to save an African violet whose stem is bare and more than an inch long and lanky. African violet stems should be trimmed at the soil level and placed in a container with a combination of well-draining soil. Eliminate any unhealthy or dead foliage. Scrape or score the end of the stem that will be planted before applying rooting hormone. Plant the African violet cutting in its new container after that.
Which is preferable, repotting African violets in soil or water?
While growing African Violets in soil avoids the need to plant them in soil, growing them in water is far more enjoyable since you can watch the roots and tiny plants develop up close. It is quite acceptable to inspect the plant to see if the roots have developed every 5 minutes. Don’t give up, though; the first symptoms of growth may not appear for some time. Even if you think the bottom end of the leaf looks a little strange, as long as the leaf appears healthy, you are on the correct route (almost like it would be decomposing a little).
Simply submerge your leaf (including petiole) in water after cutting it. Choose the proper container because the leaf shouldn’t actually come into contact with the water.
Room temperature should be reached by the water. Most of the time, tap water is fine, but you might choose filtered water if you think your tap water is mineral-heavy. Unless it gets murky, you won’t actually need to change the water too often. Refill as necessary, and after a few weeks, change the water.
Put your cutting in a location with plenty of indirect light, but avoid too much direct sunlight.
Now, just wait and watch. Depending on the season and the leaf, you should start to notice the first hints of roots sprouting after a week or two. However, it may take longer; these may take their time, much as the propagation of a ZZ plant may take some time. Keep in mind that roots may grow as long as the leaf is strong and healthy.
First Root after Two Weeks
Our leaf developed its first root! The roots hadn’t yet appeared on the other two. A few days later, the second one began displaying roots. However, the third one took an additional two weeks (this was an ancient leaf).
The first two’s roots are developing well. The third one does appear pretty mushy and brown in the photos, but it will still produce roots (soon).
All three of them eventually developed roots, and they are all becoming stronger every day! Daily new growth is apparent, making it a fascinating process to watch.
About two months later, the first young plants began to emerge (in what seemed like an overnight thing). Things will start moving more quickly from this point on because the roots are good and solid.
There are a tonne of perfectly grown young plants present after another three weeks or so. It’s interesting to note that the oldest leaf, which took the longest to form roots, also generated the most young plants.
You can either plant your water-propagated African violets in soil when they reach this size, or you can put them back in the water and wait a little while longer.
Separate the Baby Plant From Leaf
Gently detach the petiole of the old leaf from the newborn plant’s roots. You should be able to remove the old leaf with your fingers, but if you feel uneasy or worried that you could harm the new plant, you can also cut it off. Use only sterile tools, please.
Put the young plant in the ground. You can purchase soil specifically made for African violets, but regular potting soil is also acceptable.
Place the young plant in soil with care, covering any exposed roots with earth. Do not completely drench the soil in water.
We like to place the baby seedlings into a bag for a time as the final stage in plant propagation. In addition to retaining moisture, this will deter any possible pests. Your newborn plant may appear a little under the weather for the first few days, but it should quickly recover and resume growing.
Are African violets a suitable fit for epsom salt?
Since most plants don’t perform well with salt water, it may seem illogical to fertilise your African violets with epsom salts. In reality, epsom salts only contain tiny amounts of the trace minerals sulphur and magnesium, which promote flowering in plants. Epsom salts, when used once a month, can help your violets flourish and work well with your specific fertiliser for African violets.
In a watering can or pitcher, combine two tablespoons of epsom salts with one gallon of warm water. To dissolve the salts and blend them, swish or swirl the water.
Pour the mixture under the leaves of the African violet plant while holding the pot over the sink to wet the soil but leave the leaves dry. Before putting the pot back in its tray or ornamental container, let all of the extra epsom solution drain away.
- Since most plants don’t perform well with salt water, it may seem illogical to fertilise your African violets with epsom salts.
- Epsom salts, when used once a month, can help your violets flourish and work well with your specific fertiliser for African violets.
How frequently should an African violet be watered?
Consider fluorescent lighting. Fluorescent lighting is the solution if you lack bright window light. I make use of four-foot lights that each have two cool white bulbs. I’ve successfully used one warm white and one cool white bulb in a fixture. unique plant bulbs, known as “A beautiful plant is also produced under grow lights. 8 to 12 inches is the ideal distance between the pot and the light.
How frequently should African violets be watered? “The most frequently asked question regarding African violets is how frequently they should be watered. The greatest indicator is to touch the surface of the soil; if it feels dry, it’s time to water. For best results, African violets should be given time to completely dry out in between waterings. An overwatered plant can die. A soggy, moist soil mass prevents air from penetrating the fine roots of an African violet, which they need. Half of your work is finished once you have learned the art of watering African violets.
Do African violets need to be watered from the top or bottom? Both are acceptable. It’s crucial to avoid using cold water; lukewarm or warm water is recommended. To prevent leaf spots, if you water from the top, take cautious not to get water on the leaves when the plant is in the sun. If you water from the bottom, you should dump any extra water once the plant has absorbed all that it requires. An African violet shouldn’t be left submerged in water for too long.
How are African violet seeds collected?
Purchasing your African violet seeds directly from a reliable online retailer is frequently the simplest option. When it comes to producing seeds, African violets can be difficult, and even when they do, the plants that emerge from the seeds hardly ever resemble the parent plant.
Despite this, you will still need to physically pollinate your African violets if you want to acquire seeds from them. Watch for the flowers to open, then record which bloom appears earliest. This is the “feminine flower” for you. Keep an eye out for another flower to open once it has been open for two or three days. Your male flower will be this.
The moment the male flower opens, gently swirl a little paintbrush around the centre of the male flower to collect pollen. After that, twirl it around the female flower’s centre to pollinate it.
In about 30 days, you will notice a pod forming in the middle of the flower if the female flower was fertilised successfully. The pollination was unsuccessful if no capsule develops, thus you will need to try again.
It takes the pod around two months to fully mature once it forms. After two months, take the pod from the plant, carefully open it up, and collect the seeds within.